Batman (Earth-Two)

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Batman (circa 1939).png
The original iteration of the superhero Batman in 1939, on a variant cover of Detective Comics #1000 (March 2019), based on the cover art of Detective Comics #27 (1939) by the character's co-creator Bob Kane. Art by Alex Ross
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceJustice League of America #82 (1970) (retroactively stated to have originally appeared in Detective Comics #27, 1939)
Created byDennis O'Neil and Dick Dillin
based on Batman, created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger
In-story information
Alter egoBruce Wayne
Team affiliationsBatman Family
Justice Society of America
All-Star Squadron
Gotham City Police Department
Huntress (Helena Wayne)
AbilitiesGenius-level intelligence, master detective, peak human physical condition, martial arts master, escapologist, expert ventriloquist, access to advance equipment of its time.

The Batman of Earth-Two is an alternate version of the fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was introduced after DC Comics created Earth-Two, a parallel world that was retroactively established as the home of characters whose adventures had been published in the Golden Age of comic books. This provided justification within the fictional world of Batman stories for DC Comics publishing Batman comic books that disregarded the character's Golden Age stories, as Batman had been presented as a single ongoing incarnation of the character since his earliest stories were published.

Publication history[edit]

Batman of Earth-Two first appeared in Justice League of America #82 and was created by Dennis O'Neil and Dick Dillin.

The character history of the Earth-Two Batman accordingly adopts all of the earliest stories featuring the character from the 1930s and 1940s, while the adventures of the then-mainstream Silver Age Batman (who lived on "Earth-One") begin later in time and with certain elements of his origin retold. Each were depicted as separate, though parallel, individuals living in their respective universes, with the "older" Earth-Two character eventually reaching his retirement and death.

A parallel to this character is introduced in Justice Society of America Annual #1 (2008) entitled "Earth-2" where the Post Crisis Earth-2 is fully introduced. The most notable difference between Pre-Crisis Earth-Two Wayne and his newer Post-Crisis Earth-2 incarnation is that the Post-Crisis Earth-2 Joker learned the real identities of Robin and the Huntress after turning Gotham DA Harvey Simms into the new Two-Face (Harvey knowing Helena's identity already).

A new parallel to this character was introduced in the 2012 Earth-2 series who died in the first issue, protecting that world from Darkseid's forces, alongside that world's Superman and Wonder Woman. His father, Thomas Wayne, later took up the mantle to atone for earlier sins, including deceiving his son about his own death. Dick Grayson would also take up the mantle during Earth 2: Earth's End and Earth 2: Society. Helena would later don the mantle after Dick retired at the end of the Society series.

Fictional character biography[edit]

Childhood and early history[edit]

Batman's origin and history is essentially similar to the Earth-One version of the character, but events unfold in more of a real-time fashion. For example, the Batman makes his debut in 1939, meets Robin, the Joker, Catwoman and Clayface at various points in 1940, the Penguin in 1941, Two-Face in 1942, etc. These dates reflect the publishing dates of the original stories, rather than taking the Earth-One and Modern Age approach of keeping the characters eternally youthful.

  • Bruce Wayne was born in Gotham City on April 7, 1915.[1]
  • Bruce's parents, Thomas and Martha Wayne, were killed when he was eight years old by a robber named Joe Chill, in 1923.[2] According to a later retcon, Martha died from a heart attack soon after Thomas was shot to death.[3]
  • Like his Earth-One counterpart, the Earth-Two Wayne is raised by his father's brother, Phillip Wayne, though he never recovers from his parents' murder and vows to one day wage a war against the criminal underworld in Gotham City. This aspect of the Batman mythos was retconned in the Post-Crisis history established by Frank Miller's Batman: Year One, where Phillip is eliminated and Alfred largely raises Bruce. In the Golden Age and Earth-Two reality, Wayne and Alfred meet for the first time in 1943, after Batman has already met Robin (and in fact, this version of Alfred is Alfred Beagle - his originally published name which was kept for the Earth-Two distinction).
  • After a period of training, a young Bruce Wayne becomes Batman. His first printed story is "The Case of the Chemical Syndicate",[4] although story content implies that this was not his first mission.
  • Bruce Wayne meets eight-year-old Dick Grayson, following the murder of his parents by a gangster who he overheard. Grayson eventually takes the identity of Robin.[5]
  • Batman meets Superman for the first time in the inaugural case of the Justice Society of America;[6] the two heroes both become honorary members of the society[7] and soon become lifelong friends, learning each other's secret identities.[8] Unlike their Post-Crisis incarnations, they get along right away and often team up over the years. Along with Kal-L, Batman participates in the Justice Society and the war-time only All-Star Squadron.[9][10][11]
  • Batman dies in 1979.[12]

Divergence with Earth-One[edit]

At the dawn of the Silver Age of comics, DC Comics decided to reintroduce several of their Golden Age superheroes, all of whom had ceased publication several years earlier. Flash and Green Lantern were reimagined as Barry Allen[13] and Hal Jordan.[14] Superman, Wonder Woman and Batman, having been continuously published since their Golden Age introductions, were not given any reimaginings (although much about the mythos of each had evolved slowly over the years). It was later revealed that the current heroes live on a parallel world to the Golden Age heroes: The newer Silver Age heroes are on "Earth-One", while the older Golden Age characters reside on "Earth-Two" (the numbering does not indicate any hierarchy of parallel Earths, only the number by which they were discovered). When Barry Allen met Jay Garrick,[15] it meant there were two Flashes, two Green Lanterns, two Supermen and two Batmen. Unlike the Silver Age versions of the Flash and Green Lantern, who had entirely different secret identities from their Golden Age counterparts, the Batman and Superman of each world were both Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent, respectively. There is no clear demarcation between when the stories of one Batman ends and the other begins. Indeed, many stories from the 1940s and the 1950s were treated as canon to both incarnations of Batman after the concept of Earth-One and Earth-Two was established;[16][17][18][19] Some stories from the mid-1950s could have only occurred on Earth-One,[20][21] while some stories as late as the early-1960s seem as though they could have also occurred on Earth-Two.[22][23] DC has mandated that only the Earth-One Batman wore a yellow oval around the bat symbol on his chest, making 1964 the fixed year in which all Batman stories were set on Earth-One,[24][25][26] although there are several instances where this is contradicted in-story.[27]

The Earth-Two Wayne made several different character evolutions from the mainstream Batman, as the Earth-Two Bruce accepts his one-time adversary Catwoman as his true love and shares his secret identity with her after her memory is restored of her real life. The Earth-Two Wayne and Catwoman, Selina Kyle, later marry, after she had voluntarily served prison time for her crimes.[28] They have a daughter, Helena Wayne, the Huntress,[29] and the family resides at Wayne Manor where Bruce devotes himself and his fortune to philanthropy. By the early 1960s, Wayne has retired as Batman with Robin taking over crimefighting in Gotham City. He even accepted Wayne's position in the reformed Justice Society.[30] Wayne is later called out of retirement by the ancient god, Mercury to help defeat King Kull along with other superheroes of Pre-Crisis Earth-Two, Earth-One and Earth-S. Several years after, that he again dons his costume to answer the Batsignal when Robin is away from Gotham City, but this adventure ends in tragedy as Batman's kick causes a criminal to fire his gun wildly, striking and killing Selina Wayne. Bruce burned his cape and cowl that night, swearing to never wear it again. His years of civic volunteerism results in him being named to replace the retiring James Gordon as Police Commissioner. In this capacity, Wayne is soon mind-controlled by the Psycho Pirate. Resulting in his declaring the current roster of the Justice Society of America to be outlaws and he attempts to arrest them. Once freed from the Psycho Pirate's control, Wayne clears the JSA of all trumped-up charges.

Adventure Comics #462 (1979), featuring the death of Batman. Cover art by Jim Aparo.

The elder Earth-Two Wayne is eventually coaxed out of retirement for one last mission as Batman when a thief named Bill Jensen is magically empowered by a sorcerer named Frederick Vaux (possibly the Earth-Two analogue to Felix Faust) and attacks Gotham City. As when he was eight, Earth-Two Wayne faces an overpowering criminal with a weapon that is greater than himself, though this time it is magical bolts rather than bullets. Already dying of cancer from his years of pipe smoking (as stated in Brave and the Bold #197), Wayne decides to fight to the death against Jensen, who bears a furious grudge against Wayne, stopping his threat at the cost of his own life.[12] In the aftermath of the battle, the public learns that Wayne was Batman's secret identity. The Earth-Two Doctor Fate later removes the memory of the battle from the consciousness of the general public, so as to protect the secret identities of Robin and the Huntress, which were also thus exposed, and causing everyone to believe instead that Wayne died of cancer at home on the same day that Batman died.

Several years after Bruce Wayne's death, Batman's diary was discovered and made public (as described in the limited series America vs. the Justice Society). In it, he charged the JSA with treason, being spies for Hitler, resulting in the team being put on trial. It is ultimately revealed that this was a hoax on Batman's part, designed to set a trap for a longtime Justice Society foe, Per Degaton. Knowing he was dying and would not be alive to combat Degaton's as yet unrevealed scheme, Wayne fabricated the treason charges so as to bring about a reexamination of the JSA's history, giving them clues as how to defeat the time traveling villain. It would prove to be the Earth Two Batman's final case, solved from the grave. Professor Zee, the scientist who had invented the Time Machine (and someone Per Degaton shot), appeared from it, which he had used to transport himself 40 years into the future, and accused Per Degaton of murder. Per Degaton then shot himself in the head.

As a tribute to this version of the character, his final formal 'appearance' was in Secret Origins vol. 2, #6 (Sept. 1986) in the story "Secret Origins Starring the Golden Age Batman" by writer Roy Thomas and artists Marshall Rogers and Terry Austin, a retelling of the Earth-Two Batman's origin.

In the limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Anti-Monitor destroys most universes, reducing the universe to the anti-matter universe and a single positive matter universe. Earth-Two "never existed" in this new universe's history, which retroactively removes the Earth-Two Batman from history, blending elements of his past with that of the Earth-One Batman's, effectively creating a Batman with a new fictional history.[31][32]

One Year Later[edit]

During Infinite Crisis, senior members of the Justice Society regain some memories of Earth-Two's previous existence. One year later, when the Gentleman Ghost attacks the JSA using powers of limited control over the spirits of the dead, Jakeem Thunder and the Thunderbolt are assisted in battle by the spirits of various deceased JSA members and allies, including the Batman of Earth-Two. Although Jakeem is confused by his presence, noting that Batman is not dead, the Thunderbolt tells him not to worry about it.[33]

The New 52[edit]

In September 2011, DC Comics carried out a line-wide revision to its superhero comic book series and the fictional histories of their characters, branded as "The New 52". In this revised fictional history, the Earth-2 Batman is now Thomas Wayne, father to Bruce Wayne. Wayne, a corrupt doctor, works for the Mafia in Gotham City until he fakes his own death, deceiving his son about whether he has survived. The original Batman (Bruce Wayne) discovers his father's actions and disassociates himself with Thomas. Following Bruce Wayne's death, Thomas Wayne becomes the second Batman. As Batman, Thomas Wayne uses Hourman's Miraclo pills.

After Thomas Wayne sacrifices his life to prevent villains from a parallel world from entering his own, Dick Grayson becomes the new Batman.[34]

In other media[edit]

Two Earth-Two Batman skins are available as downloadable content for the video game Batman: Arkham Origins. One is based on the New 52 Earth-Two Bruce Wayne and the other the New 52 Earth-Two Thomas Wayne. The latter skin is also available as downloadable content for Batman: Arkham Knight.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Secret Origins Starring the Golden Age Batman" Secret Origins v2, 6 ((Sept 1986)), DC Comics
  2. ^ "The Batman Wars Against the Dirigible of Doom" Detective Comics 33 ((November 1939)), DC Comics
  3. ^ "The Origin of the Batman!" Batman 47 ((June 1948)), DC Comics
  4. ^ "The Case of the Chemical Syndicate" Detective Comics 27 ((May 1939)), DC Comics
  5. ^ "Robin the Boy Wonder" Detective Comics 38 ((Apr 1940)), DC Comics
  6. ^ "The Untold Origin of the Justice Society" DC Special 29 ((September 1977)), DC Comics
  7. ^ "$1,000,000 for War Orphans" All-Star Comics 7 ((November 1941)), DC Comics
  8. ^ "The Mightiest Team in the World" Superman 76 ((May 1952)), DC Comics
  9. ^ "The Mightiest Team in the World" Superman 76 ((June 1952)), DC Comics
  10. ^ "$1,000,000 for War Orphans" All-Star Comics 7 ((October 1941)), DC Comics
  11. ^ "The World on Fire!" All-Star Squadron 1 ((September 1981)), DC Comics
  12. ^ a b "Only Legends Live Forever!" Adventure Comics 462 ((Mar 1979)), DC Comics
  13. ^ "Mystery of the Human Thunderbolt!" Showcase 4 ((Sept/Oct 1956)), DC Comics
  14. ^ "SOS Green Lantern!" Showcase 22 ((Sept/Oct 1959)), DC Comics
  15. ^ "Flash of Two Worlds!" The Flash 123 ((Sept 1961)), DC Comics
  16. ^ "Batman meets "Professor Hugo Strange"" Detective Comics 36 ((February 1940)), DC Comics
  17. ^ "The Joker" Batman 1 ((June 1940)), DC Comics
  18. ^ "The Cavalier of Crime" Detective Comics 81 ((November 1943)), DC Comics
  19. ^ "The Batwoman" Detective Comics 233 ((July 1956)), DC Comics
  20. ^ "When Batman Was Robin" Detective Comics 226 ((December 1955)), DC Comics
  21. ^ "The First Batman" Detective Comics 234 ((September 1956)), DC Comics
  22. ^ "Batman's First Case" Detective Comics 265 ((March 1959)), DC Comics
  23. ^ "Web of the Spinner" Batman 129 ((February 1960)), DC Comics
  24. ^ "The Olsen-Robin Team Versus the Superman-Batman Team!" World's Finest Comics 141 ((May 1964)), DC Comics
  25. ^ "The Mystery of the Menacing Mask!" Detective Comics 327 ((May 1964)), DC Comics
  26. ^ "Two-Way Gem Caper!" Batman 164 ((June 1964)), DC Comics
  27. ^ ""The Dividing Line Between Earth-1 and Earth-2" (Part 7)". 2002-12-02. Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
  28. ^ "The Autobiography of Bruce Wayne!" Brave and the Bold 197 ((April 1983)), DC Comics
  29. ^ First appearance: "Divided We Stand!" All Star Comics 68 ((Sept/Oct 1977)), DC Comics
  30. ^ Justice Society (Vol 1) #55
  31. ^ "Final Crisis" Crisis on Infinite Earths 12 ((Mar 1986)), DC Comics
  32. ^ "The End of the Beginning" All-Star Squadron 60 ((Aug 1986)), DC Comics
  33. ^ "...The Living Must Answer" JSA 85 ((Jul 2006)), DC Comics
  34. ^ Earth 2: Society #1. DC Comics.

External links[edit]