Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice
|Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Zack Snyder|
from DC Comics
|Edited by||David Brenner|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
|Box office||$873.6 million|
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice is a 2016 American superhero film based on the DC Comics characters Batman and Superman. It is a follow-up to Man of Steel (2013) and the second installment in the DC Extended Universe (DCEU). The film is directed by Zack Snyder, written by Chris Terrio and David S. Goyer, and features an ensemble cast that includes Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill, Amy Adams, Jesse Eisenberg, Diane Lane, Laurence Fishburne, Jeremy Irons, Holly Hunter, and Gal Gadot. Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice is the first live-action film to feature Batman and Superman together, as well as the first live-action cinematic portrayal of Wonder Woman. In the film, criminal mastermind Lex Luthor manipulates Batman into a preemptive battle with Superman, whom Luthor is obsessed with.
The film was announced at the 2013 San Diego Comic-Con after the release of Man of Steel. Snyder stated that the film would take inspiration from the Batman comic book series The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller but clarified that it would follow an original premise. The incarnation of Batman in the film is different from the character's previous portrayal in The Dark Knight Trilogy, serving as a cinematic reboot of the character. The film is also inspired by narrative elements from the "Death of Superman". Pre-production began at East Los Angeles College in October 2013, with principal photography starting in May 2014 in Detroit. Additional filming also took place in Illinois and New Mexico, concluding that December.
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice premiered at the Auditorio Nacional in Mexico City on March 19, 2016, and was released in the United States on March 25, 2016, in 2D, 3D, premium large formats, and 70 mm prints by Warner Bros. Pictures. Following a strong debut that set new box office records, the film experienced a historic drop in its second weekend and never recovered. Despite turning a profit, it was deemed a box office disappointment and received generally unfavorable reviews from critics for its tone, screenplay, and pacing, though some praised its visual style and acting performances. An extended cut dubbed the "Ultimate Edition", which features 31 minutes of additional footage, was released digitally on June 28, 2016, and on Blu-ray on July 19, 2016. A follow-up, Justice League, was released in November 2017.
In a flashback, Bruce Wayne falls into a cave while running from his parents' funeral, where he has a memorable encounter with a legion of bats. Back in the present, eighteen months after the battle between Superman and General Zod in Metropolis,[N 1] Superman has become a controversial figure. Bruce is now a billionaire who has operated in Gotham City as the vigilante Batman for twenty years. Having witnessed the chaos of that battle in person, he sees Superman as an existential threat to humanity.
After learning of Batman's form of justice, Clark Kent (Superman's civilian identity) seeks to expose him via Daily Planet articles. Wayne learns that Russian weapon trafficker Anatoli Knyazev has been contacting LexCorp mogul Lex Luthor. Meanwhile, Luthor attempts to persuade Senator June Finch to allow him to import kryptonite discovered after Zod's terraforming attempt, so that it can be used as a deterrent against future Kryptonian and metahuman threats. She declines, but Luthor makes alternative plans with Finch's subordinate, which grants him access to Zod's body and the Kryptonian scout ship.
Bruce attends a gala at LexCorp to steal encrypted data from the company's mainframe, but antiquities dealer Diana Prince takes it from him; she returns it after failing to access the information. While decrypting the drive, Bruce dreams of a post-apocalyptic world where he leads rebels against an evil Superman. He is awakened by an unidentified person, appearing through a portal, who tells him that Lois Lane "is the key" and urges him to find "the others" before vanishing.[N 2] The decrypted drive reveals Luthor's files on several metahumans across the globe. One is Diana Prince, who appears in a photo from World War I. Wayne tells Alfred Pennyworth that he plans to steal the kryptonite and weaponize it, if necessary, to fight Superman.
A widely-publicized Congressional hearing, led by Finch, is held to question Superman's actions against Zod. A bomb smuggled in by Luthor detonates, killing everyone present except Superman. Superman blames himself for not detecting it in time and self-imposes exile. Elsewhere, Batman breaks into LexCorp and steals the kryptonite. He builds a powered exoskeleton, a kryptonite grenade launcher, and a kryptonite-tipped spear in preparation for battling Superman. Meanwhile, Luthor enters the Kryptonian ship and accesses a database of technology accumulated from over 100,000 worlds.
Luthor lures Superman out of exile by kidnapping Lois and Martha Kent, Clark's adoptive mother. He pushes Lois off the LexCorp building. Superman saves her and confronts Luthor, who reveals he manipulated him and Batman by fueling their distrust. Luthor demands he kill Batman in exchange for Martha's life. Superman tries to explain this to Batman, who instead attacks him and eventually subdues him using a kryptonite gas. As Batman prepares to move in for the kill using the spear, Superman pleads with him to "save Martha" - the same name as Batman's mother. Batman hesitates in confusion long enough for Lois to arrive and explain what Superman meant. Coming to his senses about how far he has fallen from grace, he promises to rescue Martha. Superman regains his strength and confronts Luthor on the scout ship.
Luthor executes his backup plan, unleashing a monster genetically engineered from DNA from both Zod's body and his own.[N 3] Diana arrives with her metahuman powers on display, and joins forces with Batman and Superman against the creature. Though outmatched, Superman realizes its vulnerability to kryptonite and retrieves the spear. He impales the creature with it, but in its dying moments, the creature kills Superman, who was weakened by kryptonite exposure.
Following Luthor's arrest, Batman confronts him in prison, warning him that he will always be watching. Luthor gloats that Superman's death has made the world vulnerable to powerful alien threats. A memorial is held for Superman in Metropolis. Clark is also declared dead, and Wayne and Prince both attend his funeral in Smallville. Martha gives Lois an envelope containing an engagement ring from Clark. Bruce tells Diana that he regrets having failed Superman in life. He asks her help to form a team of metahumans, starting with those named in Luthor's files, to protect the world in Superman's absence. After everyone leaves, the dirt atop Clark's coffin levitates.
- A billionaire socialite and owner of Wayne Enterprises who dedicates himself to protecting Gotham City from its criminal underworld as a highly trained, masked vigilante. The Batsuit in this film is made of a form-fitting fabric as opposed to the armored suits in previous portrayals, and a mechanical suit is also featured which Batman uses in his fight against Superman. On Batman's suit, Zack Snyder commented "I had a really strong idea about what I wanted to do – I really wanted to do sort of a fabric-based Batman; not what's become the more normal, armored Batman. That's how we evolved it." Unlike previous versions who spoke in a deeper voice as Batman, this version uses a voice modulator to distort his real voice, with Affleck stating a well known billionaire would likely have his voice recognized. When asked what makes this Batman different from the previous portrayals, Affleck said this Batman "is a little older, he's a little more world-weary. He's been around the block once or twice so he's a little wiser but he's definitely more cynical and a little darker and more jaded", adding that Batman has gotten "more exposed to the violence and the criminal element of that world over time." The film's Batman was influenced by Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns, which shows Batman in his 50s. Snyder said, "I definitely wanted an older Batman. I wanted a war-weary Batman. That's why, in a lot of ways, Ben was really perfect for me - we kind of aged him a little bit. It worked really great. I'm really excited about the Batman we created." On Affleck's casting as Batman, Snyder said, "Ben provides an interesting counterbalance to Henry's Superman. He has the acting chops to create a layered portrayal of a man who is older and wiser than Clark Kent and bears the scars of a seasoned crime fighter, but retain the charm that the world sees in billionaire Bruce Wayne." Affleck praised Snyder for tackling the impact of the destruction caused in Metropolis in the previous installment, saying, "One of the things I liked was Zack's idea of showing accountability and the consequences of violence and seeing that there are real people in those buildings", adding, "And in fact, one of those buildings was Bruce Wayne's building so he knew people who died in that Black Zero event". Brandon Spink portrays a young Bruce Wayne.
- A Metropolis-based Kryptonian survivor and a journalist for the Daily Planet who uses his extraterrestrial abilities to protect humanity. Superman's suit in Batman v Superman is somewhat similar to that in Man of Steel, but with enhanced, high-tech-style surface detail and a shinier, more metallic-looking cape. A quote written in Kryptonian was added into Superman's symbol which says "Where we had thought to stand alone, we will be with all the world". As to how Superman has embraced his role as a hero since the previous installment, Cavill said "He's more used to this gig, doing his best to save as many lives as he can", further explaining, "He is no longer frantic. He's no longer a wet-behind-the-ears kind of superhero." And as to how Superman views Batman's approach to crime fighting, Cavill said "He doesn't agree with his form of justice. For this farm boy, who tries to do things the right way, justice at any cost is not something he can come to terms with" hoping to use his position as a journalist for the Daily Planet to "show the world what this Batman dude is doing." The film addresses the destruction caused by Superman and Zod in Metropolis, a part of Man of Steel that was criticized for being too extensive for Superman, to which Snyder responded "I was surprised because that's the thesis of Superman for me, that you can't just have superheroes knock around and have there be no consequences". On what the public perception of Superman is in the film, Cavill said "In this movie, everyone has split into different directions as to how they feel about this alien", adding, "Some people love him, some hate him. Other people fear him. Is he a tyrant?" When asked how Superman has evolved since Man of Steel, Cavill said "Superman himself isn't that different. He does, however, have to deal with a new set of problems because he's now been revealed to the world. This film is more about how the world in general – and Batman in particular – sees this alien, and less about the evolution of Superman." Cavill described Superman and Batman as being the "two sides of the same coin. They have the same goal, but use very different methods to achieve it. Understandably, that leads them to clash with one another, and their conflict is a historic moment."
- A reporter for the Daily Planet and love interest of Clark Kent. About her role, Adams stated that "Lois is still sort of like the key to the information. She's the girl going out and getting it and figuring it out and putting it together and all of that, so she's very much involved." When asked on her thoughts on portraying Lois Lane in the film, Adams replied "I love that she's fearless. I'm not that way so it's really fun that she really is not afraid of the consequences." On Lois Lane and Clark Kent's relationship in the film, Adams said, "What's great about this is that, as far as the relationship with Lois and Clark goes, when we meet them you can tell that they've been in a relationship for while," further explaining, "So it was great to get to develop that sort of intimacy and that sort of friendship that I've developed with Henry, to get to bring that to the screen." She also described Clark Kent as being Lois Lane's connection to humanity and said, "She may have some tunnel vision, but she's got a job and moral standards. [When] we met her before, she would do anything to get the story – now Clark has instilled some faith in humanity in her. Her relationship with Clark is the closest thing she has to anything faith-based, you know? Although moving in with Clark brings issues."
- An eccentric young businessman and hereditary CEO of LexCorp who is obsessed with defeating Superman. Luthor is usually depicted as bald in the comics while the film's version of Luthor depicts him with hair throughout the majority of the film. When speaking about his portrayal of Luthor compared to previous portrayals, Eisenberg said, "When you're doing a movie like this and playing a character that's already been played, the further away it is from those previous incarnations the better", adding, "Because chances are, especially with a guy like Gene Hackman or Kevin Spacey, you're not going to get favorably compared." Eisenberg explained his character's background as having "a core of reality", saying, "[Luthor] has a backstory that's tragic and an emotional inner life that's authentic. That's in the movie. It was my interest in playing the character with a real emotional core, and this writer, Chris Terrio's interest in creating a character that seemed viable in reality." On Luthor's behavior and attitude towards Superman, Eisenberg said, "He is a narcissist of the first order but complicated in that way as well in that he is terribly troubled and competitive and vengeful. He looks at Superman not as somebody to destroy but as genuine threat to humanity." Eisenberg described his role as Lex Luthor as his most advantageous role yet, saying, "In a lot of ways Luthor is more of a stretch than any character you would do in an independent movie, which is normally the place you stretch. So in that way it was not at all compromised. If anything it was the best, most advantageous role I've ever been given. The opportunity to do an interesting character on a movie of that scale is incredibly rare." Eisenberg describes a theme in the film, saying, "It raises the question of how one man can have so much power. These are the kind of things that we talk about authoritarian states. They're addressing geopolitics in this movie and not in a way that's pretentious or esoteric".
- Clark's adoptive mother. On her role as Superman's mother, Lane stated, "I always said if I had a son that would be the ultimate test. Raise a good man — there's something noble about that." When asked on her experience working with Zack Snyder on Batman v Superman, Lane said she was impressed by Snyder's imagination and added, "Who gets offered the opportunity to bring such things to the screen for millions of people? That's tremendous. It's an honor and a burden, and I can't imagine shouldering that load." On Martha Kent's support for her son Superman, Lane stated, "I think that she's reminding him he does have a choice", further explaining, "He doesn't have to be yoked to this destiny. He can actually feel the pleasure of making the choice."
- The editor-in-chief of the Daily Planet and Clark and Lois' boss. When asked about reprising his role in the film, Fishburne said, "I was happy to come back to the character. I got really excited when I read it and I saw what was at the center at the movie, which was this huge fight between these two titans." On Perry White's role in the film, Fishburne said, "He's dealing with the fact that his medium looks like it's going the way of the dinosaurs, so that's a difficult position to be in", adding, the "good news is he's got a great reporter like Lois Lane and a new great reporter like Clark Kent who are interested and hungry to do the job." Describing Perry White's working relationship with Lois Lane, Fisburne stated, "She's my favorite child and she's my problem child." On his experience filming and his character's interactions, Fishburne said, "It was really just a couple of days in the beginning with Lois, Clark, and Perry. And the rest was just me with Lois, figuring out how to get her where she needed to go. But the relationships I think were established really well in Man of Steel."
- Bruce Wayne's butler, chief of security and trusted confidant. Irons described his take on Alfred Pennyworth as being "quite a different Alfred than we have seen so far. Zack Snyder had very clear views about what he wanted. I would just say he's more hands-on perhaps than just a butler." When asked what makes his Alfred different than from previous portrayals, Irons said, "Zack Snyder, the director, wanted to create a completely different Alfred. So I felt I didn't have to carry any baggage from previous ones. It's sort of a reincarnation, if you'd like. I had a feeling I was creating my own Alfred, more of a man who can actually do anything if he has to." According to Irons, Alfred is "a bit of a grease monkey, and he's very involved in the decisions Bruce makes." On how Alfred would be in the film, Irons stated, "He has an interesting history. He's a very competent man. He's the sort of man I think anyone would like to be married to. He can sort of do everything: change light bulbs, blow up bridges if he has to."
- Holly Hunter as June Finch:
- United States Senator from Kentucky who heads the political argument on Superman and his actions. Describing her experience on being in the film, Hunter said, "It was really fun to be part of a giant, massive piece of machinery, headed up by Zack Snyder, who is thoroughly at home in that uber mega environment. Most people would have a nervous breakdown with that kind of pressure, and he's enthralled." When asked how she got involved in the film, Hunter said, "Zack asked me. He came to me with an offer, and I was like, 'Yeah, that would be fun.' It's fun to mix it up. I have scenes with Superman. He looks phenomenal. And to see Ben [Affleck, who plays Batman] and Henry [Cavill, who plays Superman] together is quite formidable." On acting in a superhero film, Hunter stated, "Being somebody who's like a theater geek that I am, I can just go right back to Aeschylus and Euripides and Sophocles. They were writing about gods and goddesses versus humans, and how gods could distort, pervert or help people get what they want. And so, for me, this didn't feel foreign because that was the translation that it went through for me; that was my filter." On her character's views on Superman, Hunter stated, "What is her problem with Superman? That absolute power corrupts absolutely. When power is acting autonomously, unilaterally with no legislation, with no boundaries, with no law, except for the ones that he deems in his own mind, that can be detrimental." Describing her character, Hunter said, "I thought that, you know, as a senator, she brought her female-ness to the job in how she listened, in her curiosity, in her ability to evaluate", adding, "[It] felt very female to me."
- An immortal Amazonian warrior who is the crown princess of Themyscira. Wonder Woman's suit is made out of chrome-painted polyurethane, and she uses her hand wraps and sword harnesses. Gadot described her character as having "many strengths and powers, but at the end of the day, she's a woman with a lot of emotional intelligence". Describing Wonder Woman's compassion, Gadot stated, "It's all her heart—that's her strength. I think women are amazing for being able to show what they feel. I admire women who do." On her thoughts on portraying Wonder Woman, Gadot said, "You know Wonder Woman; she's amazing. I love everything that she represents and everything that she stands for. She's all about love and compassion and truth and justice and equality, and she's a whole lot of woman. For me, it was important that people can relate to her." Describing her role in the film, Gadot said, "In this movie you get a glimpse of who Wonder Woman is — she's being introduced into this DC Comics universe. But we were talking about her strengths, her façade, her attitude. Why is she acting the way she is?" On Wonder Woman's battle scene with Doomsday, Gadot stated, "I remember after we did that take, Zack came to me and he said, 'Did you just have a smirk?' I said, 'Yeah.' And he asked, 'Why? I think I like it, but why?' 'Well, if he's gonna mess with her, then she's gonna mess with him. And she knows she's gonna win.' At the end of the day, Wonder Woman is a peace seeker. But when fight arrives, she can fight. She's a warrior and she enjoys the adrenaline of the fight." Gadot also stated "I don't want people to think she is perfect", further explaining, "She can be naughty." On Gadot's casting as Wonder Woman, Snyder said "Wonder Woman is arguably one of the most powerful female characters of all time and a fan favorite in the DC Universe. Not only is Gal an amazing actress, but she also has that magical quality that makes her perfect for the role." Gadot underwent a diet and training regimen, practiced different martial arts and gained 17 pounds of muscle for the role. Gadot was previously offered the role as Faora Hu-Ul in Man of Steel but declined because she was pregnant at that time; this allowed her to be later cast as Wonder Woman in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.
- Scoot McNairy as Wallace Keefe:
- An amputee employee of Wayne Enterprises who is crippled during the destruction of Metropolis and holds Superman responsible. McNairy describes his character as a type of character who he has never played before and stated "getting into that thing was definitely something I had to wrap my head around emotionally in order to play that character." When asked if the character was being kept as a surprise until the film's release, McNairy said "I don't know if I'd call it necessarily a surprise. I would say it's a character that lends itself to the story being told." On his thoughts on being in the film, McNairy stated "Playing in that world with comic books you've been reading since you were a kid, being someone in that world, it's awesome."
- A Russian terrorist who works for Luthor. On casting Mulvey in the film, Zack Snyder stated, "I just had the good fortune to work with Callan on 300: Rise of an Empire and was very impressed with his incredible talent," further adding, "He's a fantastic actor and I'm looking forward to having the chance to work with him again." On working with Snyder again, Mulvey stated "Zack is such a visionary, so I know it's going to be an amazing project. Talent as a director aside, people really love working for Zack and being on his sets, which says it all really."
- Assistant to Luthor. On her role in the film, Okamoto said "It was so fascinating. I didn't have a big speaking role. I used to act as sassy girls all the time as a model so that wasn't so challenging to me. But I enjoyed it so much, being mean. I tried to be mean." On Okamoto's casting, Snyder said "Tao is a striking presence whose beauty is aptly rivaled by her amazing abilities as an actress. I'm really excited to have her joining us on this adventure."
Robin Atkin Downes performed the motion capture and voice work for the creature at the film's climax. Although the character is not named directly, it was revealed later to be that of Doomsday. The role was kept under such heavy secrecy that Downes did not know who he was playing until the second trailer was released. On his role, Downes stated that he was proud to be part of the film and expressed his admiration in helping bring Doomsday to life in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. When asked why Doomsday was chosen to be in the film, Zack Snyder stated "To go up against heroes like Batman and Superman, we wanted to introduce one of the DC Universe's most iconic and powerful villains", further explaining, "He is essentially an unstoppable force. He poses a real threat to the world within the film." Snyder has confirmed Doomsday will return in the DCEU, stating "Well, you have Doomsday, right? He doesn't just crawl out of the ground. He has his own mythology, right? So that has to be explored." Downes has previously provided voice roles for various DC animated films and shows as well as DC video games.
Additionally, Jeffrey Dean Morgan and Lauren Cohan portray Thomas and Martha Wayne, Bruce Wayne's deceased parents, Patrick Wilson portrays the President of the United States in a voice role, and Michael Cassidy portrays Jimmy Olsen, a CIA agent. Reprising their roles from Man of Steel are Harry Lennix as Secretary Calvin Swanwick, Christina Wren as Major Carrie Farris, Kevin Costner as Jonathan Kent, Rebecca Buller as Jenny Jurwich, Chad Krowchuk as Glen Woodburn, and Carla Gugino as the Kryptonian A.I. Kelor. The corpse of General Zod also appears in the film in a crucial role; however, Michael Shannon did not film any scenes for the film and the corpse was created using the physique of fitness model Greg Plitt and a head-shot of Shannon. Mark Edward Taylor portrays Jack O'Dwyer, an executive of Wayne Enterprises.
Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, and Ray Fisher appear as Barry Allen / Flash, Arthur Curry / Aquaman, and Victor Stone / Cyborg respectively in brief appearances, which led to their inclusion in the Justice League film. Joe Morton appears in a role as Silas Stone, Victor's father. U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy makes a cameo appearance as Senator Purrington, whilst U.S. Senator Debbie Stabenow also makes a cameo as the Governor of New Jersey. Neil deGrasse Tyson, Soledad O'Brien, Anderson Cooper, Nancy Grace and Charlie Rose appear as themselves. Jena Malone was cast as S.T.A.R. Labs scientist Jenet Klyburn, but her scenes were cut from the theatrical release, along with Man of Steel characters Coburn Goss as Father Leone and Joseph Cranford as Pete Ross; they were restored for the Ultimate Edition home media release. Talk show host Jon Stewart has a cameo in the extended cut. To further establish the interconnection between the films of the shared universe, Chris Pine, Saïd Taghmaoui, Ewen Bremner, and Eugene Brave Rock appear on Diana Prince's photo as Steve Trevor, Sameer, Charlie, and Chief Napi, all characters who would appear in the Wonder Woman film.
Themes and analysis
Batman v Superman has been interpreted as an allegory about contemporary American politics. Writing for The New Yorker, Richard Brody analyzed the allegory: Batman, according to Brody, represents the Democratic Party, whereas Superman represents the Republican Party. Brody feels this notion is supported by the fact that Batman's eyes glow blue when he is wearing the exoskeleton and Superman's glow red when he uses his heat vision. Brody writes:
The classic distinction between the right and the left is that the right represents the uninhibited force of natural power, while the left represents a check on natural power in the name of an idea. Batman embodies that check—and, because he himself isn’t up to a mano a mano with Superman, he needs allies... Superman may be able to kill Batman at will, but Batman, in order to combat Superman effectively, has to have help. He has to make an alliance, even an unwitting one, with other forces, which, in the event, turn out to be the forces of evil, at the command of Lex Luthor.
Brody criticized this allegory as "salacious" for suggesting that the Democratic Party allies itself with evil, which he says "has no relationship to contemporary politics". However, he called it "a powerful metaphor" for suggesting "there'd be much less of an urge to find a superhero—or to magnify demagogues who pretend to be one—if politicians merely did their jobs competently and sensitively."
Kofi Outlaw of ComicBook.com interpreted the allegory the other way around: that Batman represents "the right-wing hawk reaction to 9/11... an America that prefers security over civil liberties; the Bush-era mentality of stopping threats pro-actively before they can threaten close to home". Meanwhile, Superman, Outlaw writes, represents "the more left-wing, liberal, American ideal", while Luthor represents "insidious opportunists who exploited (and still exploit) the turmoil of a post-9/11, war-torn, world for personal gain." Outlaw suggests that the scene where Batman and Superman find common ground in their mothers is parallel to the notion that conflicting political ideologies still have similarities.
Writing for The Commercial Appeal, John Beifuss noted the similarities between the Metropolis battle at the beginning of the film and 9/11: "The idea is that just as 9/11 had a transformative existential impact on the psyche of America (hello, President Donald Trump), the battle of Metropolis -- and the subsequent realization that an all-powerful alien could destroy his adopted planet with ease -- has altered human consciousness, creating new standards of morality and levels of fear -- "the feeling of powerlessness that turns good men cruel," in the words of Wayne's butler, Alfred (Jeremy Irons)."  He says that Batman comes out of the Metropolis battle scene as "a changed -- and even more deranged -- man."
Writing for Screen Rant, Andrew Dyce wrote "Bruce has, like so many political figures and nations, given up the moral high ground, rationalized his extreme methods as necessary, identified an enemy he does not seek to understand, and abandoned the spirit, if not the explicit values upon which his country - rather, upon which his mission was founded."
Writing for Vice, Kaleem Aftab wrote that the film "was intended as an unpleasant lambast of the government and the popular reaction to 9/11." He compared Superman's character to the Muslim American experience, concluding that the film "is a condemnation of what America is becoming, a place where immigrants, especially those unfairly tainted because of the mass destruction caused by a few, are no longer part of a viable American dream."
Mark Hughes writing for Forbes notes that the film inverts the politics of The Dark Knight Returns by having Superman as the outsider character who is questioned by the government and media. He writes "This is a reversal of sorts from the comic, where Superman represents the establishment perspective while Batman is the outcast under constant press, public, and government scrutiny." He also noted how Batman sees Superman as human for the first time during the Martha scene: "he's never looked at Superman as a real person or as a man before. Then suddenly Superman is vulnerable, he has a regular guy's name and a woman who loves him crying over him, and a mom -- his last words are basically "save my mother." We see, very emotionally, how Batman realizes what he's doing and that he's the bad guy, a painful but very human revelatory moment."
— Snyder, on how Batman came into the film
In June 2013, Warner Bros. announced that director Zack Snyder and screenwriter David S. Goyer would return for a Man of Steel sequel, with the studio considering the release for the film in 2015. The following month, Snyder confirmed at San Diego Comic-Con International that the follow-up to Man of Steel would feature Superman and Batman meeting for the first time on film. Goyer and Snyder would co-write the story, with Goyer authoring the script despite saying in 2006 that a 'Batman Vs. Superman' film "is where you go when you admit to yourself that you've exhausted all possibilities ... an admission that this franchise is on its last gasp", and Christopher Nolan involved in an advisory role as executive producer. According to Snyder, the film would take inspiration from the comic The Dark Knight Returns.
In November 2013, Snyder clarified his film would not be based upon the aforementioned graphic novel. "If you were going to do that, you would need a different Superman. We're bringing Batman into the universe that now this Superman lives in." Batman v Superman marks the first appearance of Wonder Woman in a live-action, theatrical film, which Warner Bros. had been developing as far back as 1996. In December 2013, Chris Terrio was hired to rewrite the script, due to Goyer's commitments to other projects. Further commenting on the influences, Terrio revealed in an article published by The Wall Street Journal that the movie would draw inspiration from Nolan's Batman trilogy, Italian semiotician Umberto Eco's 1972 essay "The Myth of Superman", and the W.H. Auden poem "Musée des Beaux Arts" which contrasts the quotidian details of normal people's lives with the epic struggles of mythological figures. According to him, "In superhero stories, Batman is Pluto, god of the underworld, and Superman is Apollo, god of the sky. That began to be really interesting to me — that their conflict is not just due to manipulation, but their very existence." The Joker and the Riddler were supposed to appear in the film, but Snyder ultimately decided to cut them from the final script.
The film's official title, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, was revealed in May 2014. Snyder stated that having the "v" in the title instead of "vs." was a way "to keep it from being a straight 'versus' movie, even in the most subtle way". Henry Cavill later stated, "I wouldn't call this a Superman sequel [...] This is Batman versus Superman. It's a separate entity altogether. It's introducing the Batman character and expanding upon the universe, which was kicked off by Man of Steel." Forbes noted that although the film originated as a sequel to Man of Steel, it was "revamped into a backdoor pilot for Justice League and/or an eventual stand-alone Batman movie." As part of a settlement with his heirs, this is the first Batman production that lists Bill Finger as a co-creator.
Henry Cavill, Amy Adams, Kevin Costner, Diane Lane, Laurence Fishburne, Harry Lennix and Christina Wren reprise their roles from Man of Steel. Joining the cast are Ben Affleck as Batman, Gal Gadot as Wonder Woman, Jesse Eisenberg as Lex Luthor, Jeremy Irons as Alfred Pennyworth, Ray Fisher as Cyborg, Jason Momoa as Aquaman, and Tao Okamoto as Luthor's assistant Mercy Graves. Scoot McNairy and Callan Mulvey were cast as Wallace Keefe and Anatoli Knyazev, while Jena Malone was cast as Jenet Klyburn, a character that was featured exclusively in the Ultimate Edition home media release.
Dawn of Justice is Affleck's second film as a comic book superhero; he played Daredevil in the 2003 film of the same name, and was initially reluctant to accept playing Batman, citing that he "felt [he] didn't fit the traditional mold. But once Zack [Snyder] showed [him] the concept, and that it would be both different from the great movies that Chris[topher Nolan] and Christian [Bale] made, but still in keeping with tradition, [he] was excited." Affleck previously stated in 2006 that Daredevil had "inoculated [him] from ever playing another superhero".
Snyder cast an older Batman to be a layered juxtaposition against a younger Superman; while "bear[ing] the scars of a seasoned crime fighter, but retain[ing] the charm that the world sees in billionaire Bruce Wayne." Nolan was involved with the casting of Affleck and he was the first actor Snyder approached for the part. The director had also discussed the part with Josh Brolin. Bale admitted he wanted to play Batman again after The Dark Knight Rises, though he stated that his Batman does not belong in any other film and he was never approached by Warner Bros. to play the role again.
On casting Eisenberg as Lex Luthor, Snyder offered, "Having Jesse in the role allows us to explore that interesting dynamic, and also take the character in some new and unexpected directions". Bryan Cranston was considered for the role before Eisenberg was cast. Producer Charles Roven revealed that this incarnation of Wonder Woman would use the character's origins from 2011's The New 52 reboot of the DC continuity, wherein the character would be a demigoddess, and the daughter of Zeus. This deviates from the character's original origins, where she was "a clay figure brought to life by the gods". Olga Kurylenko was considered for the role of Wonder Woman before Gadot was cast. Dawn of Justice is Ray Fisher's feature film debut, and the first live-action film to feature Cyborg, whose role will become more significant in future DC Comics films. It is also the live-action theatrical debut of Aquaman.
The casting of Affleck, Gadot, and Eisenberg was criticized. Affleck's casting caused significant backlash from comic book fans, with multiple online petitions demanding his removal from the role; unlike previous Batman actors, he was not considered intimidating enough for the role by the protesters. Conversely, PopMatters journalist J.C. Maçek III supported Affleck's casting as Batman, stating, "Way back when the news was new I wrote a PopMatters article defending the choice of Ben Affleck as Batman. I'll let that one speak for itself." Via social media, fans criticized Gadot's small frame in contrast to Wonder Woman's warrior-like build in the comics. Responding to this, Gadot stated that she had been participating in various training regimens to achieve a body that stays closer to the source material. Fans also criticized Eisenberg's casting, feeling that the then-30-year-old was too young for the role, and not physically imposing enough. Upon the film's release, both Affleck and Gadot received considerable praise for their performances, despite the overall negative reception of the film itself.
Michael Wilkinson reprised his duties as costume designer. He updated the Superman suit from Man of Steel so that it "feels fresh and right for this installment of Zack Snyder's comic-book universe". The first Batsuit featured in the film is influenced by The Dark Knight Returns; unlike the suits seen in previous live-action Batman films, it is made of cloth instead of armor and is a cast of the physique of fitness model Rossano Rea. An image of the Wonder Woman costume was revealed at the 2014 San Diego Comic-Con, in which the costume desaturates the red, blue, and gold colors that make up the costume of most versions of the character.
A second Batsuit was also unveiled at Comic-Con, and unlike the first, it is armored. Aquaman's look in this film shows him "tattooed in Maori-like patterns", and wearing a suit "decked out in shades of gold, black and silver armor". According to the Warner Bros. Studios lot, the next generation Batmobile combined inspiration from both the sleek, streamlined design of classic Batmobiles and the high-suspension, military build from the more recent Tumbler from The Dark Knight Trilogy. Designed by production designer Patrick Tatopoulos, the Batmobile is about 20 feet long and 12 feet wide. The glasses Cavill wears as Clark Kent are made by British spectacle designer Tom Davies.
In September 2013, Larry Fong joined the crew as cinematographer, having previously worked with Zack Snyder on 300, Watchmen, and Sucker Punch. Initial filming commenced on October 19, 2013, at East Los Angeles College, to shoot an American football game between Gotham City University and rival Metropolis State University. At the end of the month, construction began on the Kent farm seen in Man of Steel for the film. Principal photography involving the main cast of the film began on May 19, 2014, in Detroit, Michigan, with scenes featuring Gal Gadot as Diana Prince being filmed early on May 16. While filming in Michigan, the production spent a total of $199 million in the state. The scene of a state funeral at the Arlington National Cemetery, a tribute by the United States Army, was actually filmed in Michigan as well, using green screen.
Additional filming began in Chicago, Illinois in November 2014. Other locations included the Michigan Motion Picture Studios, the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum at Michigan State University, Yorkville, Illinois, the South Pacific, and New Mexico. Sequences of the film, including a scene depicting the murder of Bruce Wayne's parents, were filmed using IMAX cameras. The planned shoot in Morocco was shifted to New Mexico due to incidents related to the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Principal photography wrapped on December 5, 2014.
Music and soundtrack
Hans Zimmer composed the film score, emphasizing a challenge not to reuse the themes he established with the Batman character from Christopher Nolan's trilogy. Junkie XL, who provided additional music in Man of Steel, also returned for this film, helping to compose the theme for Batman. Originally, Zimmer enlisted Junkie XL to compose the Batman material, with Zimmer planning to focus solely on the Superman side of the score, but the final Batman theme was written by both composers as a collaboration. Zimmer noted that he had significant trouble in finding a new angle from which to tell the story and after the release of the film, Zimmer announced that he was retired from superhero films, though he has since retracted this. The soundtrack album of the film was released on March 18, 2016 by WaterTower Music.
Songs featured in the film include: "Kang Ling (An Instrument Made From A Human Thigh Bone)", a traditional song performed by the monks of the Dip Tse Chok Ling Monastery, Dharamshala; "Night and Day" and "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye" written by Cole Porter and performed by Richard Cheese; "Shostakovich: Waltz II (Jazz Suite No. 2)" written by Dmitri Shostakovich performed by the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by Riccardo Chailly; and "Amazing Grace" arranged and performed by John Allan and again performed by the Canadian Scottish Regiment Pipes and Drums and the United States Third Marine Aircraft Wing Band.
An estimated $165 million marketing effort helped promote Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. At the 2014 San Diego Comic-Con International, Snyder introduced the film's first footage intended to be exclusive to the event. A teaser trailer was scheduled to be screened in selected cinemas on April 20, 2015. However, on April 16, the trailer leaked online, and within a few hours Snyder officially released the trailer to Twitter. At the 2015 San Diego Comic-Con International, Snyder and the cast attended to present an initial trailer of the film. The trailer was, unlike the teaser, which received mixed response, positively received by attendees, who gave the trailer a standing ovation. Mark Hughes of Forbes said the trailers "both set the stage for a story about the world's distrust and fear of Superman, Batman's rage at Superman and intention to duke it out with the Man of Steel, and Wonder Woman's participation in a big fight featuring the 'Trinity.'"
Warner Bros. Consumer Products partnered-up with "a powerhouse slate of global licensees for a broad, multi-category licensing and merchandising program", including Mattel, Lego, Rubies, Funko, Thinkway Toys, Hot Toys, Junkfood, Bioworld, Pez, Seiko, Converse and among many other licensees to sell merchandise related to the film. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles was also a licensee for the film, offering a special edition Jeep Renegade in exchange for a near-exclusive product placement deal; aside from Bruce Wayne's Aston Martin, all vehicles in the film were either from Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, Ram, or Iveco. Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice – Cross Fire, an original companion novel tied to the film, telling a tie-in story set before the events of the movie, was published by Scholastic Corporation.
A five-issue comic-book prelude exploring what happened in the weeks and months leading up to the events of the film was released as a tie-in with Dr Pepper's character-branded bottles. Also, there are a series of four minicomics found in Batman v Superman-branded General Mills cereals. Additionally, those who purchased Batman v Superman-themed Doritos Family Fun Mix at Walmart received the comic book prequel Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice – Upstairs/Downstairs. Rocksteady Studios released downloadable content for the video game Batman: Arkham Knight that featured the Batmobile and Batsuit from the film.
The third trailer debuted on Jimmy Kimmel Live! on December 3, 2015. It received positive responses, with Scott Mendelson of Forbes calling the trailer a "Saturday morning cartoon nerd's wildest dreams." Molly Driscoll of CS Monitor stated that it looks like the film "will continue the trend of adapting comic book stories as timely tales." Graeme McMillan of The Hollywood Reporter noted that based on the trailer's content, the film might be the anti-Civil War, referring to Marvel's Captain America: Civil War as "Superman and Batman complete the comic book trope by overcoming their differences to fight a common foe, alongside a third hero, who saves them both — that feels the most fresh, especially in light of the Civil War trailer. While that ended with a showdown between three heroes, this trailer moves beyond that to show three heroes standing united." However, it was criticized for revealing that, with Rob Tornoe of NewsWorks pointing out that this trailer was targeting the "broadest audience" rather than just fans, as studios try to "maximize a film's opening day box office."
Warner Bros. did not buy a Super Bowl 50 commercial; instead, they worked with Turkish Airlines to put together a pair of Batman v Superman-themed airline commercials. McMillan of The Hollywood Reporter stated that the spots "inform interested parties about the culture, geography and history of Batman and Superman's individual stomping grounds, each one filled with Easter eggs for the comic book faithful and newcomer alike." Jesse Eisenberg's part as Lex Luthor in these commercials was praised, as Dirk Libbey of CinemaBlend noted that "he matches up well with Bruce Wayne by playing the welcoming billionaire business man. It's a far cry from the somewhat cartoonish villain we've seen in the clips from the film."
The final trailer was released to the public on February 11, 2016, which was described as "intense" by Kwame Opam of The Verge. Mendelson of Forbes felt that Warner Bros. "probably wouldn't have even dropped this one had the prior trailer back in December been received better. So now we have this fourth and final sell, and at least they are going out on a high note." Jonathon Dornbush of Entertainment Weekly said that the footage "works to establish Batman as his own independent crime fighting force, while also providing a deeper look at his existential struggle against Superman."
In February 2016, Warner Bros. and Doritos formed a partnership, creating a website offering fans the opportunity to enter codes found on Doritos purchases branded with the film's logo, and enter to win movie tickets, tech toys, and a trip the premiere in New York City. Warner Bros also partnered with Omaze to give fans who donated a chance to win "The Ultimate Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Experience", while benefiting three nonprofit organizations nominated by Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill and Jesse Eisenberg. "The Ultimate Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Experience" offered a fan and their friend the chance to win tickets to the premiere of the film, as well as fly on a helicopter with Cavill or ride in the Batmobile with Affleck. Hendrick Motorsports drivers Jimmie Johnson and Dale Earnhardt, Jr. drove cars based on Superman and Batman respectively, at Auto Club Speedway on March 20, 2016. A tie-in endless runner video game to the film, entitled Batman vs Superman – Who Will Win?, debuted March 16, 2016, released by Warner Bros. International Enterprises.
In November 2013, Warner Bros. announced that Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice would be released on July 17, 2015. In January 2014, however, the studio announced that it was delayed from its original release date of July 17, 2015, and moved to May 6, 2016, in order to give the filmmakers "time to realize fully their vision, given the complex visual nature of the story." The release date was moved once again in August 2014 from May 6, 2016, to March 25, 2016, with a Warner Bros. insider saying the studio was "not flinching" in regards to the previous opening date being on the same day as Marvel Studios' Captain America: Civil War, but instead stating that March 2016 was a "fantastic corridor" for them. According to sources obtained by The Hollywood Reporter, Warner Bros. considered the possibility of having a 70mm release for the film, which was partially shot in the 65mm IMAX format.
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice premiered at Auditorio Nacional in Mexico City on March 19, 2016, followed by a New York City premiere on March 20 at Radio City Music Hall. Following the 2016 Brussels bombings, Warner Bros. originally cancelled the red carpet of the London premiere, but decided to carry on with the premiere for the fans. The film was released in the United States and the United Kingdom on March 25 in 3D. It opened simultaneously in North America, China and Japan, the world's three largest film markets, as well as additional international territories, with the exception of Poland, where theaters do not open on Good Friday. The film debuted simultaneously across 30,000 screens in nearly every major foreign territory across 61 markets, including China, with domestic open across roughly 4,242 locations of which 3,500 theaters (85%) were in 3D, 390 IMAX screens, 470 PLF locations, 150 D-Box theaters and ten 70 mm prints.
The film grossed $166 million in the United States and Canada in its opening weekend, the eighth-biggest opening of all time, ahead of The Dark Knight Rises' $160.9 million. The film had a worldwide opening of $422.5 million, which stands as the second-biggest for Warner Bros. and the fifth-biggest of all time at the time of its release. It became the fourth film to have a global opening above $400 million. It also had an IMAX worldwide opening weekend total of $36 million from 945 IMAX screens, the third-biggest ever, behind Star Wars: The Force Awakens ($48 million) and Jurassic World ($44 million). However, both inside and outside of the United States, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice experienced a notable poor Friday-to-Sunday hold and set a new record for the worst Friday-to-Sunday drop for a superhero movie release in modern box office history with a 58% decline, which was previously held by 2015's Fantastic Four.
In its second weekend, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice experienced a "historic" box-office drop, with an 81.2% decline on Friday that was "one of the biggest Friday-to-Friday drops any blockbuster has ever seen", and an overall 68.4% drop for the weekend despite not "facing any big competition at the box office", making it the second largest decline for a marquee superhero title, behind only 2003's Hulk. Brad Brevet, writing for Box Office Mojo, reported that "it appeared Batman v Superman was looking at a drop anywhere from 58–68% and it ended up settling in on the wrong side of those expectations." Scott Mendelson, writing for Forbes, said "Whether or not the movie is any good, and whether or not audiences respond to the picture, is best measured by the second and third weekends...Yes, we're still talking about a $15.35 million second Friday and a $50m+ second weekend, but in terms of legs, this film sadly doesn't seem to have any." Continuing this trend, in its third weekend, the film dropped by 54.3% in which Brad Brevet concluded in a follow-up for Box Office Mojo that "the legs on this one are proving quite short."
In the weeks leading up to the film's release, advance ticket sales outpaced The Dark Knight Rises, The Avengers, and Furious 7. Worldwide, it was estimated to gross between $300–340 million in over 35,000 screens in its opening weekend. It passed the $50 million mark in IMAX ticket sales on its second weekend, grossing a total of $53.4 million from 571 IMAX screens. Warner Bros. domestic distribution chief Jeff Goldstein described the film's box office performance as a "fantastic result, by any measure." Box office analyst Jeff Bock said "Still, outside of Christopher Nolan's two Dark Knight movies, and Tim Burton's Batman films when you adjust for inflation, this is the highest-grossing property in DC's bullpen thus far. It tops Man of Steel by more than $200 million," and that "overall, BvS successfully relaunched DC's cinematic universe." The film needed to reach $800 million in revenue at the box office to "recoup its investment" according to financial analysts. Despite surpassing this amount, it was considered "a disappointment" for failing to reach $1 billion, This resulted in Warner Bros., in May 2016, creating DC Films, giving a dedicated executive team responsibility for films based on DC Comics, similar to the dedicated Marvel Comics focus of Marvel Studios within the larger Walt Disney Studios group. Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice grossed $330.4 million in North America and $543.3 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $873.6 million, making it the seventh-highest-grossing film of 2016 behind Captain America: Civil War, Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, Finding Dory, Zootopia, The Jungle Book, and The Secret Life of Pets. Deadline Hollywood calculated the net profit of the film to be $105.7 million, when factoring together all expenses and revenues for the film.
Following reports of pre-tickets sales in both the United States and Canada on February 29, many insiders and analysts predicted an opening weekend haul between $120–140 million for Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, with projections as high as $185 million. However, Warner Bros. insiders were more conservative in their estimates projecting in the lower range of $110 million. According to Deadline Hollywood, an undisclosed rival studio box office analyst indicated that if the film is truly pacing in tandem with The Dark Knight Rises, then Dawn of Justice could possibly be looking at a $180 million+ debut. The film also became Fandango's top pre-selling superhero film ever, beating The Dark Knight Rises and Avengers: Age of Ultron, representing 90% of the site's weekend's ticket sales. A survey carried out showed that the introduction of Wonder Woman is a primary draw for moviegoers. It pre-sold around $20–25 million worth of advance tickets. Dawn of Justice made $27.7 million in Thursday previews from around 3,800 theaters which is the biggest of 2016, the biggest Easter weekend preview, the second-biggest for a superhero film (behind The Dark Knight Rises), and the seventh-biggest of all time of which $3.0 million came from IMAX showings, also a new record for Easter weekend.
On its opening day, it earned $81.59 million from 4,242 theaters, including previews, marking the biggest pre-summer opening day of all time, the second-biggest superhero Friday opening and the fourth-biggest opening-day and fourth-biggest single-day gross, with $9 million coming from IMAX showings. Excluding the Thursday previews, it earned $53.89 million on Friday which is the fifth-biggest ever. It fell 37.8% on Saturday, which is the second-worst superhero opening Friday-to-Saturday drop, only behind the 40% drop of The Dark Knight Rises. In total, it earned $166 million for its debut weekend, setting records for the biggest March and pre-summer openings, the biggest Easter opening, the second-biggest opening for Warner Bros., the biggest for a DC Comics property, and the eighth-biggest opening of all time. (Some of these records have since been broken by Beauty and the Beast.) Conversely, the film holds the record for the worst superhero Friday-to-Sunday drop with a 58% decline, eclipsing the previous 48% decline record held by Fantastic Four in 2015. IMAX comprised 11% or $18 million of the weekend's gross from 388 theaters which is the fifth-biggest of all time (a record it shares with Age of Ultron) and 3D represented 40% ($68 million) of the total ticket sales. RealD 3D comprised $47 million of the opening gross. Premium large formats generated $17.6 million (10%), with $3.6 million of that coming from Cinemark XD auditoriums from 475 theaters.
Following its record breaking opening weekend, it posted the biggest March Monday with $15.05 million, a drop of 55% from its Sunday gross. This broke The Hunger Games' previous record of $10.8 million, and also the biggest March Tuesday with $12.2 million. It made $209 million in its first week full which stands at the eleventh-biggest opening week of all time and surpassed the lifetime total Batman Begins. Despite earning $15.35 million in its second Friday, the film dropped 81.2% and broke the record for the biggest Friday-to-Friday drop for a comic book adaptation film, not including $27.7 million worth of previews which represented an even larger decline. It fell precipitously by 69.1% in its second weekend, grossing $51.3 million from 4,256 theaters (an addition of 14 cinemas) due to poor reviews and mixed word of mouth, establishing itself an infamous record for the seventh steepest drop for a superhero/comic book adapted film and the steepest decline since the -69% posted by X-Men Origins: Wolverine in 2009, despite facing little to no competition or new wide-releases and having the added benefit of 30% K–12 schools off, and 9% of colleges on break, per ComScore. The steep drop also marks the fourth-biggest for a film that opened above $100 million (tied with The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2). In its third weekend it was overtaken by the comedy The Boss after falling 54% with $23.3 million.
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice proved to be front-loaded, failing to generate significant revenue after its opening weekend/week release. It earned just 1.99 times ($330 million) its opening weekend numbers ($166 million), which is lower than Man of Steel's 2.28 multiplier. Like other DC films, such as Watchmen, Green Lantern and Man of Steel, it opened to record breaking numbers but then dropped the following weekend onward due largely to bad critical reception and mixed word of mouth from audiences. It earned just 1.99 times its opening weekend, the worst [multiplier] for a film opening above $100 million. A similar result was followed by DC's third superhero film, Suicide Squad released in August 2016, although Suicide Squad became less front loaded than Dawn of Justice.
Outside North America
Internationally, it was projected to open between $180–200 million; however, Deadline.com pointed out that these figures were only early predictions pegged to the performance of similar films in their respective territories. It opened in ten countries on Wednesday, March 23, 2016, earning $7 million and debuting at No. 1 in all markets on approximately 5,900 screens. The following day, the film was released in 38 additional countries, earning $33.1 million on 19,700 screens for a two-day total of $44 million. On March 25, it opened in the remaining 17 countries delivering $67.2 million in revenue, for a three-day total of $115.3 million in 62 countries on more than 30,000 screens. Through Sunday, March 27, it earned an opening-weekend total of $256.5 million from 66 countries on over 40,000 screens, making it the biggest superhero opening weekend of all time, the biggest overall March opening, the second-biggest opening ever for Warner Bros., and the fifth-biggest international opening on record. The film's accomplishments also included the second-biggest IMAX opening record of $18 million, behind only Jurassic World which tallied $23.5 million. 3D accounted 59% or $149.86 million of the weekend gross led by China (98%), Germany (88%), Brazil (81%), Russia (55%), and France (51%). As with North America, the film witnessed a steep decline in its second Friday internationally, falling 72% to $19.2 million, with the biggest decline in the U.K. (77%) and China (87%). Its second weekend earnings fell 66% overall to $85.25 million. Despite the decline, the film topped the box office for three consecutive weekends.
In Mexico, it had the biggest opening day for Warner Bros. and the second-biggest of all time with $5.8 million, including record-breaking midnight showings. It also scored the biggest opening day of all time in Brazil ($3.5 million) and the biggest opening day for a superhero film in Germany ($2.8 million). Elsewhere, it opened in the United Kingdom and Ireland ($9 million), Australia ($2.5 million), India ($2.54 million), Russia ($1.9 million), South Korea ($1.7 million), Japan ($1.2 million), the United Arab Emirates and Hong Kong ($1.1 million respectively). In China, it earned $21.22 million on its opening day, including around $1.34 million worth of previews, which is the biggest for Warner Bros. and the sixth-biggest Hollywood opening day of all time. However, other Chinese sources have the film open to around $20 million. In terms of opening weekends, the biggest openings were recorded in China ($57.2 million), the United Kingdom and Ireland ($20.7 million), Mexico ($18.2 million), Brazil ($12 million), South Korea ($10.2 million), Australia ($9.9 million), France ($8.6 million), Germany ($8.1 million), Russia ($7.7 million), India ($6.6 million), Spain ($6.1 million) and Japan ($4.5 million). It broke all-time opening record in Brazil and Warner Bros. opening records in Mexico, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Puerto Rico and Venezuela. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it benefited from the long Easter weekend holiday and despite a distinctly mixed bag of reviews in the U.K. press, it posted an opening £14.62 million or $20.7 million from 612 theaters, a record for 2016 so far and for a superhero title on straight Friday to Sunday, but fell short of The Avengers and Avengers: Age of Ultron, when accounting for previews.
In Japan, it opened in third place, behind two local films, Assassination Classroom: Graduation and Doraemon: Nobita and the Birth of Japan 2016. In South Korea, it scored the biggest March opening after opening on a Tuesday and dominating 68.3% of the market share with $10.2 million. In China, after scoring the biggest Hollywood opening Friday (behind Transformers: Age of Extinction), it earned an estimated $57.2 million from approximately 16,000 screens in its opening weekend, besting all other DC Comics adaption film just by its weekend haul except for Man of Steel and gave Warner Bros. its biggest three day opening there with $7 million coming from 557 IMAX screens. However, the opening figure fell below analysts projections of $70–80 million. It held the top spot for its first seven days only, after which it faced stiff competitions from local productions, and fell dramatically from then onwards in accruing revenue. As a result, it fell to third place in its second weekend after falling enormously by 78% to $12.7 million, a record for a superhero film.
It became the Warner Bros.' highest-grossing film of all time in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam. It also crossed $100 million Latin American markets, making it Warner Bros.' second highest-grossing film there. In total earnings, its biggest markets outside of North America are China ($95 million), followed by the UK ($52.1 million), Mexico ($36 million) and Brazil ($35.5 million).
On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 28% based on 415 reviews, with an average rating of 4.94/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice smothers a potentially powerful story – and some of America's most iconic superheroes – in a grim whirlwind of effects-driven action." Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average to critics' reviews, gave the film an average score of 44 out of 100, based on 51 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale. It earned "B–" from men, "B" from women, a "B" from those under 25 and a "B–" from those over 25. According to PostTrak, 73% of audiences graded the film "very good" or "excellent", with a 60% giving it a "definite recommend". BBC News reported that "the film had been widely praised by fans after its first screening in New York".
Lindy West in The Guardian described the film as "153 minutes of a grown man whacking two dolls together", asking "[h]as the definition of 'movie' changed from 'motion picture story that a human wrote on purpose' to '700 only tangentially related 12-second grey and red vignettes'?" A. O. Scott of The New York Times wrote: "The point of Batman v Superman isn't fun, and it isn't thinking, either. It's obedience. The theology is invoked ... to buttress a spectacle of power. And in that way the film serves as a metaphor for its own aspirations. The corporations that produce movies like this one, and the ambitious hacks who sign up to make them, have no evident motive beyond their own aggrandizement." Writing in The Telegraph, Robbie Collin called the film "humourless" and "the most incoherent blockbuster in years". Cynthia Fuchs of PopMatters said, "As you're watching this movie, you might also contemplate your own part, in being swayed into consuming so much of what you've consumed before." Adding, "Wonder Woman remains Batman v Superman's most compelling story, precisely because it's untold." Matt Patches of Thrillist wrote "what Batman v Superman can do, it does, at the cost of coherency and thrills. The movie is bat-shit crazy. A dour, disdainful demeanor, plus a gluttony of complex plot twists, dissipates most of the contact high." Michael Philips of Chicago Tribune wrote, "A near-total drag, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice plays like a loose, unofficial quarter-billion-dollar remake of The Odd Couple, in which Oscar and Felix are literally trying to kill each other." On his podcast Hollywood Babble-On, film director Kevin Smith, a long-time friend and collaborator of Affleck, praised Affleck's performance but panned the film, commenting that it "didn't really have a heart" and was "humorless", arguing that "there seems to be a fundamental lack of understanding of what those characters are about. It's almost like Zack Snyder didn't read a bunch of comics, he read one comic once, and it was Dark Knight Returns, and his favorite part was the last part where Batman and Superman fight." On a second viewing, however, Smith via his Instagram lightened his stance.
Taking a softer tone, David Betancourt of The Washington Post and Scott Mendelson of Forbes praised the film's visual spectacle and performances from Affleck and Gadot, though Mendelson also called the film "an utter mess of thinly sketched characters, haphazard plotting, surprisingly jumbled action". Peter Travers of Rolling Stone called the film "better than Man of Steel but below the high bar set by Nolan's Dark Knight," adding that "Dawn of Justice is still a colossus, the stuff that DC Comics dreams are made of for that kid in all of us who yearns to see Batman and Superman suit up and go in for the kill." Jake Coyle of Associated Press wrote, "it hurtles not with the kinetic momentum of Mad Max: Fury Road nor the comparatively spry skip of a Marvel movie, but with an operatic grandeur it sometimes earns and often doesn't." Mark Hughes of Forbes called it "the follow-up to The Dark Knight that many viewers and fans wanted or hoped for", adding that it's "visually stunning, with powerful emotional storytelling and awe-inspiring action spectacle." Andrew Barker of Variety said "as a pure visual spectacle... Batman V Superman ably blows the hinges off the multiplex doors." Charles Koplinski of the Illinois Times called it "a brooding, but most importantly intelligent take on the seminal figures of our 20th century pop culture mythology, a movie that at once pays tribute to these characters' roots while offering up modern incarnations of them that ring true for our times." Nicolas Barber of the BBC called the film "a four-star epic" praising Affleck's performance as Batman and the visual grandeur of Fong's cinematography. Jordan Hoffman of The Guardian gave an ambivalent review; he especially criticized the "very bad writing", but conceded "there are a lot of moments... that work" and praised Affleck and Gadot's performances, calling Gadot as Wonder Woman the best thing in the film.
Multiple commentators criticized Eisenberg on the grounds that his interpretation of Lex Luthor hewed too close to character traits associated with another DC Comics villain, the Joker. Even before the film was released, Affleck compared Eisenberg's performance to that of Heath Ledger in The Dark Knight. Once the film came out, critics lambasted Eisenberg's take on Luthor. Sonny Bunch of The Washington Post lamented that "As the film progresses, Lex degenerates into a gibbering mad man, some strange mix of the Riddler and the Joker with a little bit of Mark Zuckerberg added for flair." Charlie Jane Anders of Gizmodo wrote that "Someone clearly told Jesse Eisenberg that this movie is the Dark Knight to Man of Steel's Batman Begins, and he's doing his damndest to give a Heath Ledger-esque performance... Watching the trailers, I had thought Eisenberg's loopy acting might be this movie's saving grace – but a concentrated dose of his faux mania actually turns out to be the worst thing." Andy Scott of Grunge, in an article titled "How Jesse Eisenberg Ruined Batman v Superman," wrote that "Eisenberg's speech patterns and mannerisms felt almost entirely lifted from Ledger's iconic performance, to the point where he walked the dangerous grey line between respectful homage and downright thievery." Eisenberg responded to the critiques by saying he attempted to "make these people real and relatable and interesting and engaging, not just, you know, a surface bad person."
In June 2018, Mise-en-scène: The Journal of Film & Visual Narration published the article "Applying Suspense to Archetypal Superheroes: Hitchcockian Ambiguity in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice," which argued that the film "warrants analysis as a particularly ambitious development within the evolving superhero genre. It applies a remarkable amount of Hitchcockian thrills to a story pitting two protagonists against one another within a villain’s conspiracy to create the first live-action Hitchcockian superhero thriller featuring branded, culturally established characters. By displacing its protagonists from their inherently justified positions, it creates a critical moral ambiguity that directly deconstructs the assumptions at the heart of Western society’s two most archetypal superheroes."
|List of awards and nominations|
|Critics' Choice Awards||Best Actress in an Action Movie||Gal Gadot||Nominated|||
|Golden Raspberry Awards||Worst Picture||Charles Roven and Deborah Snyder||Nominated|||
|Worst Director||Zack Snyder||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay||Chris Terrio and David S. Goyer||Won|
|Worst Actor||Ben Affleck||Nominated|
|Worst Supporting Actor||Jesse Eisenberg||Won|
|Worst Screen Combo||Ben Affleck and Henry Cavill||Won|
|Worst Prequel, Remake, Ripoff or Sequel||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Won|
|Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Nominated|||
|Favorite Movie Actress||Amy Adams||Nominated|
|Favorite Movie Actor||Ben Affleck||Nominated|
|Favorite Butt-Kicker||Ben Affleck||Nominated|
|Favorite Frenemies||Ben Affleck and Henry Cavill||Nominated|
|People's Choice Awards||Favorite Action Movie||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Nominated|||
|Saturn Awards||Best Comic-to-Film Motion Picture||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Nominated|||
|Teen Choice Awards||Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie - Sci-Fi/Fantasy||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Nominated|||
|Choice Movie Actor: Sci-Fi/Fantasy||Henry Cavill||Nominated|
|Choice Movie Actress: Sci-Fi/Fantasy||Amy Adams||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Scene Stealer||Gal Gadot||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Villain||Jesse Eisenberg||Nominated|
|Choice Movie: Liplock||Henry Cavill and Amy Adams||Nominated|
|Jupiter Awards||Best International film||Zack Snyder||Nominated|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Most Original Poster||Warner Bros. Pictures||Won|
An extended cut of the film dubbed the Ultimate Edition was released on home media platforms, alongside the theatrical cut. This version received an R rating from the Motion Picture Association of America, for more violence than the PG-13 rated theatrical cut, and is longer by 31 minutes. With the release of the Ultimate Edition, which was the director's original version of the film before additional editing, critics noted that the film would have likely been better received with the additional footage. Ben Kendrick of Screen Rant stated that while it was more "intelligible", character portrayal was not "fundamentally changed" and "for viewers who didn't like Man of Steel or Batman v Superman for larger reasons, such as tone, approach, and the darker characterization of DC's most iconic heroes, the Ultimate Edition is only a longer... version of a film that... is likely to remain divisive, even if the final product is a better film." Phil Owens of TheWrap called it an improvement upon the original cut, writing, "Lo and behold somehow Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice has become something that approaches a functional movie. In the process, it only makes the original cut even more inexplicable and terrible."
The film debuted in first place on the home video sales chart for the week ending July 24, 2016. As of January 19, 2019[update], it has made $22.1 million in DVD sales and $55.9 million in Blu-ray sales, totaling an estimated of $78 million.
- As depicted in the 2013 film Man of Steel.
- Although the film never explicitly identifies the mysterious man nor where he comes from, producer Deborah Snyder has confirmed that he is the Flash traveling back in time, played by Ezra Miller. He is also credited as the Flash in the Ultimate Edition.
- While never identified onscreen or in the credits, beyond Luthor telling Superman the creature is "your doomsday", actor Robin Atkin Downes has identified the character as Doomsday.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
- McClintock, Pamela (March 27, 2016). "'Batman v Superman': Inside Warner Bros.' Massive Marketing That Led to a Record Opening". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- FilmL.A. (June 2017). "2016 Feature Film Study" (PDF). p. Page 23. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Wade, Jessie (July 21, 2018). "DC Finally Names Its Movie Brand - Comic-Con 2018". IGN. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Gonzalez, Umberto (August 8, 2016). "Warner Bros. Puts 'Man of Steel' Sequel Into Active Development (Exclusive)". The Wrap.
- Chitwood, Adam (March 13, 2017). "Exclusive: Warner Bros. Eyeing Matthew Vaughn to Direct 'Man of Steel 2'". Collider.com. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
- Chitwood, Adam (March 28, 2016). "Exclusive: Deborah Snyder on The Flash 'Batman v Superman' Cameo, 'Wonder Woman' Connection". Collider. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- Dockterman, Eliana (March 27, 2016). "Explaining That Monster at the End of 'Batman v Superman'". Time. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Downes, Robin Atkin (February 27, 2016). "Very proud to release that I helped bring #Doomsday to life in the upcoming @BatmanvSuperman #Dreamgigs". Twitter. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- "Ben Affleck Revealed As Batman in Warner Bros. Picture' New Super Hero Feature Film, Now Slated to Open July 17, 2015" (Press release). DC Comics. August 22, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Zack Snyder 'Really Excited' About the Dark Knight of "Batman v Superman"". October 21, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Begley, Chris (March 18, 2016). "Ben Affleck talks 'Batman v Superman' and what it was like in the "heavy" armored Batsuit (video)". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "'Man of Steel 2′: Director & Producer Explain Ben Affleck Batman Casting". August 23, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Zack Snyder defends 'Man of Steel' ending: You can't have superheroes knock around with no consequences". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Free, Erin (March 7, 2016). "Brandon Spink: The Other New Batman". Filmink.com. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Fawnia Soo Hoo (March 28, 2016). "How the 'Batman v Superman' costume designer updated their iconic supersuits". Fashionista. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- "There's a genius detail added to Superman's suit in 'Batman v Superman' that you would never notice". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Batman V Superman: 8 Major Reveals From The New Images". January 25, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Semlyen, Phil de (July 26, 2015). "Empire's Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice Cover Revealed". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Begley, Chris (December 18, 2015). "French 'Batman v Superman' magazine features new interviews with Ben Affleck and Henry Cavill". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Kit, Borys (July 20, 2013). "Superman and Batman Film Set for Comic-Con Reveal". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- Nemiroff, Perri (December 16, 2014). "Amy Adams Says Lois Lane Is Key to Finding Information in BATMAN V SUPERMAN: DAWN OF JUSTICE; Will She Have a Scene with Jason Momoa?". Collider. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- Nemiroff, Perri (December 16, 2014). "Amy Adams Says Lois Lane Is Key to Finding Information in BATMAN V SUPERMAN: DAWN OF JUSTICE; Will She Have a Scene with Jason Momoa?". Collider. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- "Amy Adams on Playing Lois Lane, Shirtless Scenes With Henry Cavill". ABC News. March 25, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Batman V Superman: Amy Adams Teases Lois' 'Big Moment' With Batman". January 26, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Breaking News: Lex Luthor and Alfred Pennyworth Cast in Upcoming Man of Steel Sequel". DC Comics. January 31, 2014.
- "Lex Luthor Jr.: Not Just His Father's LexCorp". Fortune. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
- Times, Los Angeles (January 8, 2016). "A 'super-scary' Jesse Eisenberg? Meet the new Lex Luthor (with hair) in 'Batman v Superman'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Jesse Eisenberg and Jeremy Irons Talk Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice - ComingSoon.net". September 16, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "'Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice': Jeremy Irons Dishes On Playing Alfred". September 21, 2015. Archived from the original on February 3, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Diane Lane Comments On Working With Zack Snyder For Batman Vs. Superman". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- about, George Pennacchio, bio (March 25, 2016). "Lois Lane, Martha Kent help ground the Man of Steel in 'Batman v. Superman'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Laurence Fishburne - Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Interview (2016) - Movie Trailers and Videos". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Laurence Fishburne Interview - Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- about, George Pennacchio, bio (March 31, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman' success thrilling to Laurence Fishburne". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "July 4, 2016: Interview – Laurence Fishburne Talks "Batman v Superman" – Superman Homepage". July 4, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Wilding, Josh (February 17, 2016). "Batman V Superman: 8 Major Reveals About The Dark Knight From The New Images". What Culture. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
- "Marrakech Fest: Jeremy Irons Receives Career Tribute, Talks 'Batman v. Superman'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "How Jeremy Irons' Alfred Will Be Different From Michael Caine's - CINEMABLEND". September 16, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "See the new Batcave from 'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "'Batman V Superman's Alfred Can 'Blow Up Bridges' if Needed". December 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Breznican, Anthony (April 3, 2014). "Superman/Batman: Holly Hunter, Callan Mulvey, Tao Okamoto join cast". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- Ford, Rebecca; Kit, Borys (July 15, 2015). "'Batman v. Superman' and 'Suicide Squad': Ben Affleck, Will Smith, Cara Delevingne Pose for THR's Epic Group Photo". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
- Cohen, Stefanie (November 7, 2014). "The Truth Behind Holly Hunter's Role Swings". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Holly Hunter Talks 'Batman V Superman'; Confirms Scenes With Henry Cavill". November 5, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Holly Hunter on Batman v Superman, The Incredibles 2". March 30, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Holly Hunter on Acting With 'Superman' Henry Cavill". ABC News. March 18, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Upcoming Superman and Batman Film Casts Its Wonder Woman". DC Comics. December 4, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Batman vs Superman Images, Wonder Woman Age Revealed". Collider. January 26, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- "Batman vs Superman: Wonder Woman's origin revealed for Dawn of Justice film". Metro.co.uk. October 14, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "Gal Gadot on why she loves Wonder Woman: 'She's not there because of a love story'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Times, Los Angeles (March 24, 2016). "Gal Gadot brings Wonder Woman to life in 'Batman v Superman'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Nugent, John (January 28, 2016). "Exclusive: Gal Gadot talks Wonder Woman's role in Batman v Superman". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Gal Gadot Cast as Wonder Woman in Man of Steel Sequel". December 4, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Wayne, Teddy (July 22, 2015). "Gal Gadot". Interview. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Ryder, Taryn (March 18, 2016). "How Gal Gadot Transformed Her Body to Play Wonder Woman". Yahoo!. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
- Bugley, Chris (September 17, 2015). "Gal Gadot is Wonder Woman because she turned down a major 'Man of Steel' role". Batman News.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (June 26, 2014). "Scoot McNairy Taking Sides In 'Batman V. Superman'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Batman v Superman: Scoot McNairy Drops More Clues About Who He's Playing - CINEMABLEND". January 21, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Why Scoot McNairy Almost Certainly Won't Be In The DC Universe For Long - CINEMABLEND". October 26, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Scoot McNairy couldn't be more cryptic about 'Batman v Superman'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Superman/Batman: Holly Hunter, Callan Mulvey, Tao Okamoto join cast". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Moran, Jonathon (April 6, 2014). "Callan Mulvey cast in big budget follow-up to Man of Steel, Batman V Spiderman". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Trailer Breakdown – Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". DC Entertainment. July 27, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
- Staff, AOL. "OnlyOnAOL: Tao Okamoto has no Mercy for Lex Luthor in 'Batman v Superman'". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Batman Vs. Superman Casts Holly Hunter, Tao Okamoto In Key Supporting Roles - CINEMABLEND". April 3, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Brayson, Johnny (March 24, 2016). "The Actor Who Plays Doomsday In 'Batman V Superman' Has Quite A Resume". Bustle. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- "Batman V Superman: Robin Atkin Downes Confirms Doomsday Performance". February 26, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Batman V Superman: 8 Major Reveals From The New Images". January 25, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Yamato, Jen (January 12, 2016). "Zack Snyder: 'Justice League' Film Will Explore the 'Mythology' of Doomsday". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Goldberg, Lesley (November 10, 2015). "'Walking Dead' Casts Major Comics Villain Negan". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Clark, Noelene (January 23, 2016). "Walking Dead star set for Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice cameo". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Breznican, Anthony (March 25, 2016). "Batman v Superman: Jimmy Olsen makes a secret appearance". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Comicbook, Joe (August 8, 2014). "Harry Lennix Confirms Some Of The Batman V. Superman Rumors Are True". ComicBook.com. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- Collier, Sean (February 9, 2015). "Exclusive: Pittsburgh Native Christina Wren to Appear in "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice"". Pittsburgh Magazine. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- Berman, Eliza (March 23, 2016). "What to Know Before You See Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Time.
- Gugino, Carla [@carlagugino] (February 27, 2016). "You might hear me in it if you listen carefully" (Tweet). Retrieved March 4, 2016 – via Twitter.
- Wood, Matt (April 2, 2016). "Batman V Superman Video Shows How General Zod's Body Was Made". Cinema Blend. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
- "Batman v Superman Review - ComingSoon.net". March 23, 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Wickman, Forrest (March 25, 2016). "FAQ: Batman v Superman". Retrieved August 13, 2016 – via Slate.
- Carissimo, Justin (December 9, 2015). "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice: The Flash confirmed". The Independent. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- "Batman v Superman: Costume Designer Confirms Flash Appearance, Nightmare Scene". IGN. December 7, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Burlingame, Russ (December 6, 2015). "Batman V. Superman: Bruce Wayne Nightmare, Flash Cameo Reportedly Confirmed". Cosmic Book News.
- McWeeney, Drew (June 14, 2014). "Jason Momoa will play Aquaman in 'Dawn Of Justice,' and we know how it will happen". HitFix. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- Acuna, Kirsten (October 16, 2014). "'Game Of Thrones' Actor Will Play Aquaman In New Movie". Business Insider. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Lee, Chris (October 21, 2014). "DC's 'Cyborg,' Ray Fisher, didn't know he was getting his own movie". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Truitt, Brian (January 10, 2016). "2016 brings Batman, Superman and the 'Dawn' of a new superhero universe". USA Today. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- Breznican, Anthony (March 3, 2016). "This Week's Cover: Behind the brawl of Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- Burlingame, Russ (March 25, 2016). "Batman v Superman Reveals Who Plays Cyborg's Dad". comicbook.com. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Emily Heil (March 24, 2016). "How two senators scored cameos in 'Batman v Superman'". Washington Post.
- Jaffe, Alexandra. "Leahy returns to 'Batman,' Ben Affleck says". CNN. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "Jena Malone's Cut Character From 'Batman v Superman' Revealed". Variety. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
- Kit, Borys (October 17, 2014). "Jena Malone to Appear in 'Batman v. Superman' in Mystery Role". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- Breznican, Anthony (March 3, 2016). "How Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice maps out DC's movie universe". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- Osborn, Alex (March 10, 2016). "Batman v Superman: Jena Malone's Role Accidentally Revealed". IGN. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- Brody, Richard (March 29, 2016). ""Batman v Superman" Is Democrats vs. Republicans". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Outlaw, Kofi (November 15, 2017). "Why Batman v Superman Is Smarter Than You Think". ComicBook.com. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Beifuss, John (March 25, 2016). "'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice' - A Review". Commercial Appeal.
- Aftab, Kaleem (March 28, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Is Actually a Good Depiction of the American Muslim Experience". Vice.
- Hughes, Mark (April 1, 2016). "Interview: Zack Snyder Discusses Themes Behind 'Batman v Superman'". Forbes.
- Dyce, Andrew (August 31, 2017). "What DCEU's Batman Says About Modern America". Screen Rant.
- "Zack Snyder Explains How Batman Ended Up in the 'Man of Steel' Sequel". The Moviefone Blog. Moviefone.com. April 18, 2014. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- Finke, Nikki (June 10, 2013). "'Man Of Steel' Sequel Underway With Zack Snyder And David S. Goyer". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Fritz, Ben (June 16, 2013). "'Man of Steel' Movie May Give DC Comics More Superpowers". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- Sperling, Nicole (July 20, 2013). "Comic-Con 2013: 'Superman & Batman' movie will follow 'Man of Steel'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- Greenberg, James (May 8, 2005). "Rescuing Batman". Los Angeles Times. p. E-10. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
- Rahman, Abid (October 13, 2014). "Charles Roven: Ben Affleck "Was the First Guy We Went to" for Batman Role". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- Anders, Charlie Jane (July 20, 2013). "They're doing a Superman/Batman movie... but that's not the big news". io9. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- Johnson, Scott (November 12, 2013). "Zack Snyder Clarifies Batman Vs. Superman Is Not An Adaptation Of Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns". Comicbook.com. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- Burr, Ty (April 19, 1996). "Comic movies". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
- Siegel, Tatiana (December 18, 2013). "Batman-Superman Film Enlists 'Argo' Writer (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
- "The Great Comic-Book Movie Debate - 'Batman v Superman' is just the start of a complex battleplan. Is there room for DC?". The Wall Street Journal. March 10, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- Goldberg, Matt (March 20, 2016). "These Two Batman Villains Came Close to Being in 'Batman v Superman'". Collider. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
- Kroll, Justin (May 21, 2014). "Batman-Superman Titled 'Batman V Superman: Dawn of Justice'". Variety. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- Truitt, Brian (July 3, 2014). "'Justice' is served with another helping of Superman". USA Today. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Murphy, Shaunna (April 22, 2015). "Henry Cavill Tells Us Why 'Dawn Of Justice' Is Not 'A Superman Sequel'". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- Mendelson, Scott. "Marvel Must Sell 'Civil War' As 'Captain America 3,' Not 'Avengers 2.5'". Forbes. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- McMillan, Graeme (September 18, 2015). "DC Entertainment to Give Classic Batman Writer Credit in Gotham and Batman v Superman (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Cameras Roll on Director Zack Snyders "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice" from Warner Bros. Pictures" (Press release). DC Comics. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- Dyce, Andrew (November 5, 2014). "Holly Hunter Talks 'Batman V Superman'; Confirms Scenes With Henry Cavill". Screen Rant.
- Fleming, Mike. "Ben Affleck On Playing Batman, And How Not To Accept An Academy Award". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- Goldblatt, Daniel (October 25, 2013). "Ben Affleck: 'Initially, I Was Reluctant' to Play Batman". Variety. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Sciretta, Peter (November 2, 2006). "Ben Affleck says No to Daredevil sequel". /Film. Archived from the original on August 11, 2008. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
- Parfitt, Orlando (September 8, 2013). "Josh Brolin hints at why he turned down Batman". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- Hawkes, Rebecca (November 24, 2014). "Christian Bale: I wanted to be Batman again". Telegraph. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Cornet, Roth (December 5, 2014). "CHRISTIAN BALE: OUR BATMAN DOESN'T BELONG IN ANY OTHER MOVIE". IGN. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Davis, Johnny. "Christian Bale Is Esquire's January Cover Star". Esquire. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015.
- "Batman v Superman: Jimmy Olsen appearance revealed - EW.com". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com.
- Serrano, Zulai (August 18, 2014). "'Batman vs. Superman' Movie Update: Olga Kurylenko Opens Up About Losing Role Of Wonder Woman To Gal Gadot". Headlines & Global News. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "Ray Fisher Didn't Know About Cyborg Solo Movie". Yahoo. October 22, 2014. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Eisenberg, Eric. "Batman v Superman: What We Know So Far About Dawn Of Justice". Cinema Blend. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Kroll, Justin (April 24, 2014). "Ray Fisher to Play Cyborg In Batman-Superman Movie (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
- "Aquaman surfaces! Jason Momoa's superhero costume is revealed by 'Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice' director Zack Snyder". Daily News. February 20, 2015. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
- Abrams, Rachel; Graser, Marc (August 23, 2013). "Fans Petition Warner Bros. to Remove Ben Affleck as Batman". Variety. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- Maçek III, J.C. (March 29, 2016). "An Open Letter to Warner Bros". PopMatters.
- Maçek III, J.C. (August 27, 2013). "To Be Continued... On Affleck Being Batman". PopMatters.
- Wickman, Kase (December 19, 2013). "Amy Adams Talks Back About Wonder Woman Body Shaming". MTV.com. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- Malkin, Marc (March 31, 2014). "Wonder Woman's Hot Body: Gal Gadot Reveals How She Stays in Superhero Shape". E!. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Setoodeh, Ramin; Kroll, Justin (January 31, 2014). "Jesse Eisenberg as Lex Luthor: Miscast or Inspired Choice?". Variety. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- Cavassuto, Maria (March 22, 2016). "Early 'Batman v Superman' Reviews: What the Critics Are Saying". Variety. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Chan, Louise (March 25, 2016). "Review Roundup: Critics Say 'Batman v Superman' Is An Injustice To Comic Book Fans". Tech Times. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Zemler, Emily (March 12, 2014). "Inside the Evolution of Superman's Look". Esquire. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
- Child, Ben (May 22, 2014). "Batman's new costume returns to classic colours, says Kevin Smith". The Guardian. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- "'Batman vs. Superman' Movie Batsuit Made Of Cloth Not Armor, Kevin Smith Says : Entertainment : Headlines & Global News". Hngn.com. July 7, 2014. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- FOX. "Batman made in Ferndale gym owner's image - Story - WJBK". WJBK. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Reyes, Mike (July 26, 2014). "Don't Get Too Excited About Wonder Woman's New Costume, It'll Probably Change". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Buchanan, Kyle (July 26, 2014). "Comic-Con: We Just Saw Ben Affleck As Batman". Vulture. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Castillo, Monica (February 20, 2015). "'Batman Vs. Superman' Director Zack Snyder Releases First Look At Jason Momoa's Aquaman Suit". International Business Times. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Up-Close Look @ NEW Batmobile! + Catwoman DLC". DC Entertainment. September 22, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
- "Batman VS Superman Clark Kent Glasses - MyGlassesAndMe - Eyewear Blog". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- Taylor, Drew (September 10, 2013). "Comic Book Issues: Larry Fong To Photograph 'Man Of Steel' Sequel, Wolverine Was Almost In 'Spider-Man'". The Playlist. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Vasquez, Danny (October 15, 2013). "Batman, Superman step onto the field". East Los Angeles College Campus News. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- "Photos of the Kent Farm Construction for Batman vs. Superman". ComingSoon.net. November 30, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- "'Batman Vs. Superman' filming location in Birmingham, MI & first set photos of Gal Gadot & Zack Snyder!". Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Derek (May 18, 2014). "Batman Vs Superman Gal Gadot Seen Filming Wonder Woman, Diana Prince Scenes Other Day". On the Flix. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Kendrick, Ben. "Batman V Superman Ending Explained". Screen Rant. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Frei, Vincent. "BATMAN V SUPERMAN – DAWN OF JUSTICE: BRYAN HIROTA – VFX SUPERVISOR – SCANLINE VFX". Art of VFX. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- "World's Greatest Superheroes Returning to Chicago". My Fox Chicago.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Gomez, Luis (March 20, 2014). "Batman-Superman movie expected to film in Illinois in mid May". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 24, 2014.Allen, Jake (July 24, 2015). "MSU's scenes in 'Batman v Superman' revealed". The State News. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
- Derschowitz, Jessica (May 21, 2014). "Batman vs. Superman film gets a title, new logo". CBS News. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- "Man of Steel 2 Production Departs Vancouver For Toronto". Vancitybuzz.com. July 2013. Archived from the original on December 1, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.[better source needed]
- "UPDATE: 'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice' Filming With IMAX Cameras". /Film. November 14, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Because of Ebola Batman vs. Superman to Relocate from Morocco to New Mexico Desert". Morocco World News. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Briggs, Michael (December 5, 2014). "'Batman Vs Superman' ('Man Of Steel 2') Wraps Filming, Cinematographer Hints At 'Dark Knight Returns' Clash?". Design & Trend. Archived from the original on August 13, 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Reynolds, Simon (April 15, 2014). "Exclusive: Hans Zimmer poised to return for Batman vs Superman score". Digital Spy. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Buchanan, Kyle (October 16, 2013). "Hans Zimmer Hasn't Been Asked to Score the Man of Steel Sequel Yet". Vulture. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Huver, Scott (November 3, 2014). "Hans Zimmer on His 'Interstellar' Leap of Faith and Scoring a New Batman". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- Weintraub, Steve. "'Batman v Superman': Hans Zimmer and Junkie XL on the Batman Theme, Collaboration and More". Collider. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
- Towers, Andrea (March 30, 2016). "Hans Zimmer retiring from scoring superhero films after Batman v Superman". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
- Teti, Julia (September 19, 2018). "Hans Zimmer Thanks Ron Howard For Inspiring His Return To Superhero Work On 'Wonder Woman 2' & 'Dark Phoenix'". The Playlist. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". Water Tower Music.
- Pride, Rayy. "Review: Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Newcity Film. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Chase, Andrea. "BATMAN V SUPERMAN: DAWN OF JUSTICE". Killer Movie Reviews. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Reynolds, Michael. "Scottish expat plays bagpipes in Batman v Superman movie, but extra is used on screen". Daily Record. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016) Soundtracks". IMDb.com. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Song Credits". Soundtrack.net. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (March 28, 2016). "How 'Batman V Superman' Will Turn A Profit Despite Critical Kryptonite". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Acuna, Kirsten (July 27, 2014). "'Batman V Superman' Teaser Trailer". Business Insider. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Acuna, Kirsten (April 15, 2015). "'Batman V Superman' trailer in theaters". Business Insider. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Acuna, Kirsten (April 16, 2015). "'Batman V Superman' trailer leaks online". Business Insider. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Acuna, Kirsten (April 17, 2015). "'Batman V Superman' official teaser trailer". Business Insider. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- "'Batman v Superman' trailer Comic-Con". Business Insider. July 11, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Hughes, Mark. "See The New 'Batman V Superman' Footage From 'Gotham'". Forbes.
- Kendrick, Ben (June 5, 2015). "'Batman V Superman' Toys & Merchandise Details Teased for Licensing Expo 2015". Screen Rant.com. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- "Official Batman Vs. Superman Merchandise Launch Announcement & Images". Cosmic Book News.
- Hard, Andrew (February 29, 2016). "Jeep Renegade Dawn Of Justice Special Edition". Digital Trends.
- Osborn, Alex (November 28, 2015). "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Gets 2 New Companion Books". IGN.
- "7 Major Reveals From The Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice Prequel Comics". WhatCulture.com. Archived from the original on March 16, 2016.
- Carpenter, Nicole (February 27, 2016). "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Gets a Prequel Comic". IGN.
- "Batman Arkham Knight November DLC adds Batman v Superman Batmobile, Batsuit". Entertainment Weekly. November 24, 2015.
- Rivera, Joshua. "If You Wanted to Know the Whole Plot of 'Batman v Superman,' Well, Guess What". GQ.
- Child, Ben. "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice – five things we learned from the new trailer". the Guardian.
- "The Audience's Reaction to the Batman v Superman Trailer Attached to Star Wars". DC Comics Movie. December 21, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Mendelson, Scott. "'Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice' Trailer Goes 'Full Cartoon'". Forbes.
- "'Batman v Superman' trailer: How the movie will differ from previous adaptations about the superheroes (+video)". The Christian Science Monitor. December 3, 2015.
- McMillan, Graeme (December 3, 2015). "Marvel vs. DC: Why 'Batman v. Superman' Might Be the Anti-'Civil War'". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Justice League: what is the 'big plan' after Batman v Superman?". The Week UK.
- Tornoe, Rob (December 4, 2015). "'Batman vs. Superman' has much to learn from 'Star Wars'". Newsworks.org. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015.
- McClintock, Pamela (January 29, 2016). "Super Bowl: Ryan Reynolds' 'Deadpool' to Invade the Big Game (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- Libbey, Dirk (February 8, 2016). "Watch The Batman V Superman Ads That Didn't Run During Last Night's Super Bowl". Cinema Blend. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- McMillan, Graeme (February 8, 2016). "'Batman v Superman': Gotham and Metropolis Detailed in New Promo". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- Opam, Kwame (February 11, 2016). "The final Batman v. Superman trailer is here and it's intense". The Verge. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (February 11, 2016). "'Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice' Trailer Finally Brings The Butt-Kicking Fun". Forbes. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- Dornbush, Jonathon (February 11, 2016). "The Dark Knight takes the spotlight in final Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice trailer". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- "Doritosbatmanvssuperman.com". Doritosbatmanvssuperman.com. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016.
- Burlingame, Russ. "Batman V Superman Fans Can Win a Trip to the Premiere, Game Consoles and More". Comicbook.com.
- "Watch These Kids Tell Henry Cavill Who Is Better: Superman Or Batman?". Tech Times.
- "Superman, Batman schemes arrive this weekend at Fontana". Hendrick Motorsports. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
- "Warner Bros. Pictures Pushes Batman vs. Superman Back to 2016". ComingSoon.net. January 17, 2014.
- "'Batman/Superman' Film Hits Expected Delay". The Fandom Post. January 20, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
- Sneider, Jeff; Cunningham, Todd (August 6, 2014). "Warner Bros. Blinks in Marvel Showdown: 'Batman v Superman' Avoids 'Captain America 3'". TheWrap. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Giardina, Carolyn (December 17, 2015). "'The Hateful Eight': Meeting the Challenge of a 70mm Roadshow Release". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Jayson, Jay (February 15, 2016). "Zack Snyder Announces Batman V. Superman Red Carpet Premiere In Mexico City". Comicbook.com. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
- THR Staff (March 20, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice' Premiere: Watch the Live Stream". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice London Premiere Still On Despite Brussels Attacks, Red Carpet Canceled". E! Online. March 22, 2016.
- "Batman V Superman: Dawn of Justice". Film Dates.co.uk. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- Brzeski, Patrick (February 7, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Scores Coveted Day-And-Date China Release". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- Lang, Brent (March 3, 2016). "'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice' Eyes Massive $140 Million Debut". Variety. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; Tartaglione, Nancy (March 21, 2016). "'Batman V. Superman' Targets Second-Best Pre-Summer Global Opening With $350M". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- Brevet, Brad (March 24, 2016). "'Batman v Superman'... Dawn of a New March Opening Weekend Record?". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Brent Lang (March 28, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Debuts Lower Than Projected With $166.1 Million". Variety. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Brevet, Brad (March 27, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Dominates the Box Office, Opening With $420 Million Worldwide". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "WORLDWIDE OPENINGS". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Fritz, ben (May 8, 2016). "'Batman' Fails to Ride Debut Momentum". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (March 28, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Lassoes $254M Offshore For Biggest Superhero & March International Opening Ever – Final". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Rob Cain (March 28, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Sets Record With Worst Friday-Sunday Drop For A Superhero Pic". Forbes. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Pamela McClintock (April 4, 2016). "Box Office: Inside 'Batman v Superman's' Historic Drop-off". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Alex Osborn (April 2, 2016). "Batman v Superman Breaks New Record, and It's Not a Good One". IGN.
- "What Should We Expect from 'Batman v Superman's Second Weekend?". Box Office Mojo.
- "Batman v Superman Box Office Drop Is a Record 81% in 2nd Weekend". Slashfilm.com. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- "'Batman v Superman' Drops Big While Crossing $680 Million Worldwide". Box Office Mojo.
- "Friday Box Office: 'Batman V Superman' Plunges Record 81%". Forbes. April 2, 2016.
- "Melissa McCarthy's 'The Boss' Narrowly Tops 'Batman v Superman' for Weekend #1". Box Office Mojo.
- Child, Ben (March 15, 2016). "Advance Ticket Sales Suggest Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice will Hit $1bn". The Guardian. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 3, 2016). "'Batman V. Superman' Hits Tracking Boards: Looks To Rule World With $300M-$340M Opening – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (April 4, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' At $422.5M Offshore; 'Zootopia' Crosses $500M; 'Deadpool' Tops $750M WW – Intl Box Office Final". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Brad Brevet (April 3, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Drops Big While Crossing $680 Million Worldwide". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (May 2, 2016). "Box Office: The Verdict for 'Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Doty, Meriah (May 4, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Won't Be Joining $1 Billion Box Office Club". The Wrap. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Rainey, James (March 16, 2016). "Why 'Batman v Superman' Is Still a High-Stakes Bet". Variety. Retrieved March 19, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (April 15, 2016). "Box Office: As 'Batman V Superman' Tops $800M, Here's One Big Advantage Marvel Had Over DC". Forbes.
- "Warner Brothers Has Taken Exactly the Wrong Message From the Box Office Disappointment of 'Batman v Superman'". Flavorwire.
- Kit, Borys (May 17, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman' Fallout: Warner Bros. Shakes Up Executive Roles (Exclusive)". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
- Mike Fleming Jr (March 23, 2017). "No. 13 'Batman V. Superman' Box Office Profits – 2016 Most Valuable Movie Blockbuster Tournament". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 14, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Advance Ticket Sales Pacing Ahead Of 'Deadpool', 'Avengers' & 'Furious 7'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 23, 2016). "The Main Reason Why Audiences Want To See 'Batman V Superman'? It's Wonder Woman". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 23, 2016). "'Batman V Superman': Estimated $160M+ U.S. Opening Super-Powered By Social Media, Billion-Plus Viewed Ads & Gal Gadot". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Cavasutto, Maria (March 22, 2016). "Early 'Batman v Superman' Reviews: What the Critics Are Saying". Variety. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 25, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' KOs 'Avengers' & 'Ultron' In Thursday Previews". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Ford, Rebecca (March 25, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Soars to Huge $27.7 Million Thursday". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (March 26, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Box Office: 'Dawn Of Justice' Zooms To $82M Friday For Possible $185M Weekend". Forbes. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
- "TOP OPENING WEEKENDS BY MONTH (MARCH)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "EASTER OPENINGS". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "WARNER BROS". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "DC Comics". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (March 27, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Kicks 'Avengers' For Best Superhero Global Debut & Beats 'Hunger Games' For Pre-Summer Opening U.S. Title — Sunday B.O." Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (March 27, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Opening Taking Pre-Summer, Easter & March & Warner Bros. Records — Early Sunday B.O. Update". Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (March 27, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Box Office: 'Dawn Of Justice' Opens With Relatively Super $170.1M Weekend". Forbes. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (March 29, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Posts Best March Monday; 'Deadpool' Becomes 2nd Highest R-Rated Pic". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (March 29, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Box Office: A Surprising Super $15M Monday For $181M Four-Day Total". Forbes. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (March 30, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Super Tuesday: Superhero Smackdown Flies Past $500M Worldwide". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (April 1, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Counts $209.1M In First Week At Box Office, Pacing Behind 'Iron Man 3'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (April 1, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Box Office: 'Dawn Of Justice' Tops 'Batman Begins,' Ends First Week With $209M". Forbes. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (April 2, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman V Superman' Plunges Record 81% For $15.35M Friday". Forbes. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (April 3, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman V Superman' Plummets 68% For $52M Weekend". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (April 2, 2016). "'Batman V Superman's Knock-Down, Drag-Out Fight With The Box Office: 2nd Weekend At $52M+, -68%: Sunday AM Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Gregg Kilday (April 10, 2016). "Box Office: Melissa McCarthy's 'The Boss,' With $23.5 Million, Squeezes Ahead of 'Batman v Superman'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (April 11, 2016). "'The Boss' Fires Batman & Superman – Monday Box Office Final". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (August 7, 2016). "The DC Film Franchise May Not Have To Make Good Movies To Score Big Hits". Forbes. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (August 7, 2016). "Box Office: 'Suicide Squad' Scores Record-Crushing, But Front-Loaded, $135M Weekend". Forbes. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
- Brad Brevet (August 4, 2016). "'Suicide Squad' Set for August Opening Record Despite Negative Reviews". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (August 8, 2016). "'Suicide Squad' Is A Bigger Disaster Than 'Batman V Superman'". Forbes. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
- Scott Mendelson (August 25, 2016). "Box Office: 'Suicide Squad' Is Now Leggier Than 'Batman V Superman'". Forbes. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (March 26, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Superpowers To $115.3M 3-Day Overseas Cume – Intl Box Office Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (March 24, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice' Flies to Early $7M Overseas". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- "OVERSEAS TOTAL ALL TIME OPENINGS". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Pamela McClintock (April 1, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman v. Superman' Plunging 70 Percent in Second Weekend to $50M". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (April 2, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' At $363.4M Offshore; Faces China Fight As Local Pics Storm Ring". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (April 11, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' At $487.7M Offshore; 'Jungle Book' Swings With $31.7M; 'Huntsman' Misses Mark; 'Zootopia' Sets Dis China Record – Intl B.O. Final". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (March 25, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Overseas Box Office: $44M In Two Days, Nearing $100M Global". Forbes. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Guanzon, Michelle (March 26, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' Is China Box Office Hit: 'Dawn Of Justice' Nets $21M On Friday". China Christian Daily. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "BOX OFFICE DATA FOR FRIDAY, 25TH MARCH 2016 (ESTIMATES AS OF 21:30 CST)". Box Office China. Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Mendelson, Scott (March 25, 2016). "'Batman V Superman' China Box Office: 'Dawn Of Justice' Nets Strong $20M Friday". Forbes. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Brad Brevet (March 27, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Dominates the Box Office, Opening With $420 Million Worldwide". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Alex Ritman (March 29, 2016). "U.K. Box Office: 'Batman v. Superman' Smashes Superhero Record". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Charles Gant (March 30, 2016). "Batman v Superman sets superpowered record at UK box office". The Guardian. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- Gavin J. Blair (March 28, 2016). "Japan Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Beaten by Two Local Films". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Lee Hyo-won (March 29, 2016). "South Korea Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Has Biggest March Opening Ever". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Patrick Frater (March 29, 2016). "China Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Has Okay $56 Million Opening Weekend". Variety. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Patrick Brzeski (March 29, 2016). "China Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Opens Well Behind Marvel's 'Avengers' Franchise". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Jonathan Papish (March 27, 2016). "China Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Fails to Pack a Punch". China Box Office. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Pamela McClintock (April 4, 2016). "Box Office: 'Batman v. Superman' Plunges 69 Percent in Second Weekend to $51.8M". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- Patrick Brzeski (April 4, 2016). "China Box Office: 'Batman v Superman' Sinks 78 Percent in Second Weekend, Lands in Third Place". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (April 17, 2016). "'The Jungle Book' Packs $136.1M Offshore As WW Cume Nears $300M; 'Batman V Superman' At $516M Overseas – Intl B.O." Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- Nancy Tartaglione (May 1, 2016). "'Captain America: Civil War' Blasts Off With $200.2M In First Overseas Frame; 'Jungle Book' Still A Beast – Intl Box Office Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "'Batman V Superman' Looks To Punch Out 'Hunger Games' For Best Pre-Summer Debut With $157M-$170M". Deadline Hollywood.
- "How 'Batman V Superman' Will Turn A Profit Despite Critical Kryptonite". Deadline Hollywood. March 27, 2016.
- "Mixed reviews for Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". BBC News.
- West, Lindy (April 3, 2016). "Batman v Superman is 153 minutes of a grown man whacking two dolls together".
- Scott, A. O. (March 23, 2016). "Review: 'Batman v Superman' ... v Fun?". The New York Times.
- Collin, Robbie (March 24, 2016). "Batman V Superman: Dawn of Justice is the most incoherent blockbuster in years". The Telegraph.
- Fuchs, Cynthia (March 23, 2016). "The Boys Are Oversharing in 'Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice'". PopMatters.
- Patches, Matt (March 24, 2016). "I Saw 'Batman v Superman' and Only Want to Talk About Wonder Woman". Thrillist.
- Philips, Michael (March 23, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' review: Yawn of justice". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
- Child, Ben (March 30, 2016). "Kevin Smith: Batman v Superman shows 'fundamental misunderstanding' of both superheroes". The Guardian.
- Michael Briers. "Kevin Smith Offers Second Take On Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice". We Got This Covered.
- Betancourt, David (March 23, 2016). "The fanboy review: 'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice' is flawed yet fearless". The Washington Post.
- Mendelson, Scott (March 22, 2016). "Review: 'Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice' Is A Beautiful Disaster". Forbes.
- Travers, Peter (March 22, 2016). "Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice". Rolling Stone.
- Coyle, Jake (March 22, 2016). "Review: Worlds collide in 'Batman v Superman'". Associated Press. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Hughes, Mark (March 22, 2016). "Review: 'Batman V Superman' Triumphant". Forbes.
- Barker, Andrew (March 22, 2016). "Film Review: 'Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice'". Variety.
- Koplinski, Chuck (March 24, 2016). "Intelligent script grounds Justice". Illinois Times.
- Barber, Nicholas (March 23, 2016). "Ignore the backlash – Batman v Superman is a four-star epic". BBC.
- Hoffman, Jordan (March 23, 2016). "'There's a lot to be worried about': a comics geek's verdict on Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". The Guardian. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- "Why fans are slamming Jesse Eisenberg's Lex Luthor". Looper.com. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- EnStars (December 28, 2015). "'Batman v Superman' Movie News: Ben Affleck Compares Jesse Eisenberg's Lex Luthor To Heath Ledger In 'The Dark Knight' [VIDEO]". Enstarz. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- Bunch, Sonny (March 24, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman' copied the worst thing about Marvel movies: Their villains". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- Scott, Andy. "How Jesse Eisenberg ruined Batman v Superman". Grunge.com. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- Chavez, Danette (May 31, 2016). "Under drone threat, Jesse Eisenberg defends his Lex Luthor and teases his return". The A.V. Club. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Boucher, Ian (2018). "Applying Suspense to Archetypal Superheroes: Hitchcockian Ambiguity in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". Mise-en-scène: The Journal of Film & Visual Narration. 3 (1): 52–67. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- "La La Land Leads with 12 Nominations for the 22nd Annual Critics' Choice Awards". Critics' Choice. December 1, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Razzies staff (January 23, 2017). "37th Razzie Nominations Press Release". Razzies. The Golden Raspberry Awards LLC. Archived from the original on January 24, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "Razzie Awards 2017: Full list of nominations led by 'Zoolander 2' Goldderby". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- ""Captain America: Civil War," "Batman v Superman" Top Noms for Nickelodeon's Kids Choice Awards". abcnewsradioonline. February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- "People's Choice Awards 2017: Complete List of Nominations". E! Online. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- McNary, Dave (March 2, 2017). "Saturn Awards Nominations 2017: 'Rogue One,' 'Walking Dead' Lead". Variety. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- Vulpo, Mike (May 24, 2016). "Teen Choice Awards 2016 Nominations Announced: See the "First Wave" of Potential Winners". E!. Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
- Breznican, Anthony (February 23, 2016). "Batman v Superman will be R-rated in extended cut". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Siegel, Tatiana (March 17, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman': Married Creative Duo on That R-Rated DVD, Plans for DC Superhero Universe". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Anderton, Ethan (June 28, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Ultimate Edition Early Buzz, Plus Watch the First 10 Minutes Right Now". Slash Film. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- Hughes, Mark (June 28, 2016). "Review: 'Batman V Superman: Ultimate Edition' Expands Story And Wins Praise". Forbes. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- Kendrick, Ben (July 20, 2016). "Is Batman V Superman Ultimate Edition Better Than the Theatrical Cut?". Screen Rant. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- Nordine, Michael (July 5, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Ultimate Edition Review Roundup: R-Rated Extended Cut an Improvement Over the Theatrical Cut". IndieWire. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- Latchem, John (July 28, 2016). "'Batman v Superman' Shoots to Top of Disc Charts". Variety. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016)". The Numbers. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice|
- Official website
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice on IMDb
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice at Box Office Mojo
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice at Rotten Tomatoes
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice at Metacritic
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice at AllMovie
- Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice at TV.com