List of Batman Family enemies
The Batman Family adversaries are a collection of fictional supervillains appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. These characters are depicted as adversaries of the superhero Batman and his allies.
Since Batman first appeared in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939), his supporting cast has expanded to include other superheroes, and has become what is now called the "Batman Family". As with most superheroes, a cast of recurring enemies to the Batman Family have been introduced throughout the years, collectively referred to as Batman's "rogues gallery". Many characters from Batman's rogues gallery who are criminally insane become patients at Arkham Asylum after they are apprehended.
The Batman Family's rogues gallery has been well received, considered by many journalists to be one of the greatest superhero rogues galleries in all of comics.
- 1 Super-villains and themed criminals
- 2 Teams
- 3 Mobsters and plainclothes criminals
- 4 Corrupt cops and government officials
- 5 Allies in conflict
- 6 In other media
- 7 Reception
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 Citations
- 11 Sources
- 12 External links
Super-villains and themed criminals
The following fictional characters are listed in alphabetical order by the name of their supervillain persona. Each character's first appearance and brief biographies of each fictional character are also listed, pertaining to their fictional histories and characteristics in the DC Universe. Sometimes more than one fictional character will share a supervillain persona. In those cases, the name of the character most associated with said supervillain identity will have their name in bold in their biography.
Classic rogues gallery
Listed below are the Batman Family's most enduring and iconic adversaries.
|Villain||Creator(s)||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Batman: Vengeance of Bane #1
|The international masked criminal known as Bane has immense strength that comes from a super-steroid called Venom. Bane's raw power coupled with his genius level intellect makes him a considerable threat to Batman, having once succeeded in breaking Batman's back.|
|Black Mask||Doug Moench
|Roman Sionis is a corrupt businessman and crime lord who has a fixation with masks. Sionis wears a black mask resembling a human skull that gives him limited mind control abilities over the weak-minded.|
|Shadow of the Bat #1 [Note 1](June 1992)||Jeremiah Arkham became the new Black Mask following the death of Roman Sionis. Arkham, the director of Arkham Asylum, began to develop split personality disorder leading to him taking on the Black Mask identity.|
|Batman #1 [Note 2] (April 1940)||Selina Kyle is an accomplished jewel thief. Although traditionally considered a villain, she is often portrayed as an antihero. She also has an on-again, off-again romantic relationship with Batman.|
|Clayface||Bob Kane||Detective Comics #40
|Actor Basil Karlo went mad when he learned that there would be a remake of one of his films with another actor in the lead role. Adopting the alias of the film's villain, "Clayface", his role, he attacked several of the remake's cast and crew at the points in filming when they were supposed to die before being stopped by Batman and Robin. Later he gained shape-shifting powers and became the Ultimate Clayface.|
|Detective Comics #298
|Treasure-hunter Matt Hagen is transformed into the monstrous Clayface II by a pool of radioactive protoplasm. He now possesses super-strength and can change his claylike body into any form.|
|Detective Comics #478
|Preston Payne suffered from hyperpituitarism, so he worked at S.T.A.R. Labs to search for a cure. He obtained a sample of Matt Hagen's blood, isolating an enzyme which he introduced into his own bloodstream. However, his flesh began to melt, so he built an anti-melting exoskeleton to not only preserve himself, but to also prevent him from touching anyone, as he also gained the ability to melt people with a touch. This was until he learned that he needed to spread his melting contagion onto others to survive. He later met and fell in love with Lady Clay, and the two had a son named Cassius "Clay" Payne.|
|Lady Clay (Sondra Fuller) has superpowers similar to that of the second Clayface, Matt Hagen. She meets and falls in love with the third Clayface, Preston Payne, and gives birth to Cassius "Clay" Payne.|
|Cassius "Clay" Payne, otherwise known as Claything, is the son of Preston Payne and Lady Clay who inherited the abilities of his parents. Payne was separated from his parents and was experimented on by the government. Unlike his parents, Payne can only keep his metahuman abilities while awake and, if a piece of his clay body is separated from him, it can grow a mind of its own.|
|Dr. Peter Malley, also known as the second Claything, was a DEO scientist who was transformed when he merged with a sample of Cassius Payne. Dr. Malley has the ability to melt objects simply by looking at them.|
|Catwoman (vol. 3) #1
|Todd Russell is a serial killer with the ability to transform into virtually any shape and size who targets prostitutes.|
|A.J. Lieberman||Batman: Gotham Knights #60
|Johnny Williams is a former firefighter who gained a clay appearance and the ability to shape shift following an explosion at a chemical plant. He was manipulated by Hush and the Riddler to transform his appearance into that of Jason Todd in order to deceive Batman, which ultimately failed.|
|Batman Incorporated #6
|The Clayface of Japan is a samurai with abilities similar to previous Clayfaces.|
|Deadshot||Bob Kane
David Vern Reed
|Batman #59 (June 1950)||Floyd Lawton is an excellent sniper assassin who, when wielding a gun or projectile, never misses a shot. He is often considered to be the second greatest assassin in the DC Universe, the first being Deathstroke.|
|Firefly||France Herron
|Detective Comics #184 (June 1952)||Garfield Lynns is an orphan who became a pyromaniac, having developed a fireproof suit with a flamethrower to further pursue his "hobby". He invents numerous weapons that involve light to commit crimes with.|
|Batman #126 (September 1959)||Ted Carson was a man of wealth before he gambled away his fortune. Desperate, Carson turned to crime, becoming the second Firefly.|
|Harley Quinn||Paul Dini Bruce Timm||The Batman Adventures #12 [Note 3] (September 1993)||Dr. Harleen Quinzel was the Joker's psychiatrist at Arkham Asylum until she fell in love with him and subsequently reinvented herself as his madcap sidekick, Harley Quinn. She is often mistreated by the Joker, but that rarely changes how she feels about him.|
|Hugo Strange||Bob Kane
|Detective Comics #36 (February 1940)||Professor Hugo Strange is an insane psychologist who uses his mastery of chemistry to create a serum that turns his victims into mindless brutes who obey his every command. He has succeeded in deducing that Batman is Bruce Wayne.|
|Batman #609 (January 2003)||Dr. Thomas Elliot is a brilliant surgeon who targets both Bruce Wayne, his childhood friend, and Batman.|
|Joker[Note 4]||Bob Kane
|Batman #1 (April 1940)||The Joker is a homicidal maniac with a clown-like appearance, bent on creating havoc in Gotham City and fighting a never-ending battle against Batman. His arsenal of weapons includes razor-cards, acid-spewing flowers, and fatal laughing-gas. He is Batman's archenemy as well as the most famous and recurring villain.|
|Killer Croc||Gerry Conway
|Batman #357 (March 1983)||Waylon Jones has a medical condition that warped his body into a massive crocodile-like form. As Croc descended into madness, he sharpened his teeth to razor points and began murdering innocent victims. He possesses super-strength and is immune to toxins.|
|Mad Hatter||Bob Kane
|Batman #49 (October 1948)||Jervis Tetch is inspired by Alice's Adventures in Wonderland to commit crimes. He uses his mind-control technology to bend people to his will, and is never seen without a large and fantastic hat. He desires Batman's cowl, even if it means killing Batman.|
|Man-Bat||Frank Robbins
|Detective Comics #400 (June 1970)||Dr. Kirk Langstrom invented a serum to give him echolocation to cure his growing deafness. The serum had an unforeseen side-effect, transforming him into the monstrous Man-Bat.|
|Mr. Freeze||Bob Kane
|Batman #121 [Note 5] (February 1959)||Dr. Victor Fries is a scientist who accidentally spilled cryogenic chemicals on himself while inventing a freeze-gun. Now requiring subzero temperatures to survive, he uses freeze-inducing weaponry and must wear a fully contained, refrigerated ice-suit. Fries was later reinvented as a tragic figure and occasional antihero: Victor Fries was a brilliant cryogenicist whose beloved wife Nora fell terminally ill. He obsessively searched for a way to cure her, until an industrial accident caused by a greedy business executive turned Fries into a mutant who can only survive in subzero temperatures.|
|Detective Comics #58 (December 1941)||Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot is a devious bird-themed crime boss who is seldom seen without one of his trick umbrellas. The Penguin uses his nightclub, the Iceberg Lounge, as a front for his criminal activities.|
|Poison Ivy||Robert Kanigher
|Batman #181 (June 1966)||Pamela Lillian Isley, a former student of advanced botanical biochemistry, employs plants of all varieties and their derivatives in her crimes. She has the ability to control all plant life and can create new henchmen with her mutated seeds. She is immune to all plant-based poisons.|
|Ra's al Ghul||Dennis O'Neil
|Batman #232 (June 1971)||Ra's al Ghul ("demon's head" in Arabic) is a centuries-old international eco-terrorist who believes that his actions help "bring balance" to the world. Ra's al Ghul is the founder of the League of Assassins and is fully aware of Batman's secret identity. Impressed by Batman's skills and intellect, he wants the Dark Knight to take his place as Heir to the Demon.|
|Detective Comics #140 (October 1948)||Edward Nigma is a criminal mastermind who has a compulsion to challenge Batman by leaving clues to his crimes in the form of riddles, puzzles, and word-games. Nigma's intelligence rivals that of Batman. Nigma often carries a question-mark cane around with him, as well as many other trick puzzle gimmicks.|
|World's Finest Comics #3 (September 1941)||Professor Jonathan Crane was an outcast in childhood due to the constant bullying, until he grew up to face his fears as a psychologist and biochemist in the specialization of fear. Kicked out of a university for his unorthodox teaching methods, he now dresses symbolically as a scarecrow, and employs a toxin that causes its victims to hallucinate the presence of what they most fear.|
|Solomon Grundy||Alfred Bester
|All-American Comics #61 (October 1944)||Cyrus Gold was a Gotham City merchant who was murdered and thrown into Slaughter Swamp, where he was transformed into an undead, incredibly strong, zombie-like creature. Solomon Grundy was initially an enemy of Green Lantern, but has had numerous encounters with Batman.|
|Detective Comics #66 (August 1942)||Harvey Dent was a district attorney until half of his face was disfigured after being assaulted by mob boss Sal Maroni. Having developed Dissociative identity disorder, Harvey Dent is obsessed with duality and must make most of his decisions with the flip of a coin. As Two-Face, Harvey Dent commits crimes themed around the number two.|
|Ventriloquist||Alan Grant
|Detective Comics #583 (February 1988)||Arnold Wesker is a small, mild-mannered ventriloquist. Under his dummy Scarface's psychological influence (via Dissociative identity disorder), the Ventriloquist is a dangerous crime-boss. He was among the many villains that were executed by the second Tally Man.|
|Detective Comics #827 (March 2007)||Peyton Riley, called "Sugar" by Scarface, became the second Ventriloquist after the death of Arnold Wesker.|
|Gail Simone||Batgirl (vol. 4) #20 (July 2013)||The third Ventriloquist, Shauna Belzer, is obsessed with murder. Through the use of telekinesis, Belzer murders innocent people with her "partner", a puppet she controls named Ferdie. Belzer is primarily an enemy of Batgirl.|
|Victor Zsasz||Alan Grant
|Batman: Shadow of the Bat #1 (June 1992)||Victor Zsasz is a serial killer who cuts a tally mark on to his own body for each of his victims.|
Other recurring adversaries
These are major Batman Family adversaries that have not quite reached the status of Batman's classic rogues gallery.
|Villain||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Anarky||Detective Comics #608 (November 1989)||Lonnie Machin, sometimes called Moneyspider, is a teenage prodigy that creates improvised gadgets in order to subvert governments. His violent methods and political philosophy set him, Batman, and Robin at odds.|
|Detective Comics #654 [Note 6] (December 1992)||Ulysses Hadrian Armstrong, formerly known as the General, is a young, psychotic military genius who became the second Anarky after kidnapping Lonnie Machin. Unlike Machin, who had used the Anarky identity to cause social change, Armstrong's used the persona to cause psychotic and meaningless acts of chaos and destruction. This Anarky is primarily an enemy of Tim Drake.|
|Green Lantern Corps (vol. 3) #25 (November 2013)||A new Anarky surfaced during the Zero Year, appearing during a blackout in Gotham City. This Anarky is depicted as being an African American teenager who was shown rallying a group of followers and evacuees to occupy a sports stadium, on the basis that the area the stadium was built upon was gentrified at the expense of the local community and should be returned to them. The true name and identity of this character remains a mystery, making him the only Anarky to remain anonymous.|
|Detective Comics (vol. 2) #37||Sam Young is a corrupt politician who became the most recent Anarky in order to exact revenge on the Mad Hatter. Young's sister was the Mad Hatter's first murder victim, or his first "Alice", as the Mad Hatter affectionately calls his female victims.|
|Barbatos||Batman #452 (August 1990)||The mysterious Bat-Devil that haunted Gotham across time, fought Vandal Savage in the Stone Age and corrupted or possessed a man that would become Simon Hurt. Later, revealed to be Hyper-Adapter, a sentient weapon from Apokolips, unleashed by Darkseid to travel across time and torment Batman.|
|Dark Days: The Casting #1 (September 2017)||An ancient God-Monster from the Dark Multiverse, worshipped by Hath-Set, the Bat Tribe, the Tribe of Judas, the Court of Owls, Simon Hurt, the Black Glove and the Dark Knights. He had first noticed Bruce Wayne when he slipped through time and now has finally arrived in the DC universe.|
|Brother EYE||OMAC #1 (October 1974)||Evil artificial intelligence created by Bruce Wayne and Michael Holt as metahuman database and deterrent, hellbent on conquering the world.|
|Calculator||Detective Comics #463 (September 1976)||Noah Kuttler is a highly intelligent criminal who fights Batman and the Justice League wearing a costume designed like a pocket calculator. In spite of his powerful arsenal, Calculator never makes it big as a costumed villain. Now relying solely on his intellect, he works as a successful information broker, a source of information for supervillains planning heists, charging $1,000 per question. He sees Oracle as his nemesis and opposite number.|
|Calendar Man||Detective Comics #259
|Julian Gregory Day is known for committing crimes that correspond with holidays and significant dates. He often wears costumes to correlate with the date of the designated crime. His best-known latter day incarnation is in the miniseries Batman: The Long Halloween, where he is portrayed as a Hannibal Lecter-like figure, offering insight in Batman's search for Holiday, a vigilante who uses holidays as his modus operandi.|
|Catman||Detective Comics #311 (January 1963)||Thomas Blake was a world-famous trapper of jungle cats who turned to crime because he had grown bored with hunting and squandered most of his fortune. He became a burglar who committed his crimes in a cat-suit made out of an ancient African cloth he believes gives him a "cat's nine lives".|
|Clock King II||Teen Titans #57 [Note 7] (May 2008)||While the original Clock King was an enemy of Green Arrow, the Temple Fugate version of the character leads the Terror Titans, which antagonizes Robin and the Teen Titans.|
|Cluemaster||Detective Comics #351
|Arthur Brown was a game show host until he turned to a life of crime. He is the father of Stephanie Brown.|
|Copperhead||The Brave and the Bold #78 (June 1968)||The original Copperhead, John Doe, was a criminal who committed numerous thefts in Gotham City wearing a snake costume before finally being apprehended by Batman and Batgirl. He eventually becomes a hired assassin and would sell his soul to the demon Neron in exchange for more power, being transformed into a deadly human/snake hybrid.|
|Teen Titans (vol. 3) #56 (April 2008)||A second Copperhead, Nathan Prince, was introduced as a member of the Terror Titans.|
|Count Vertigo||World's Finest Comics #251 (July 1978)||The victim of a hereditary inner ear defect that affected his balance, Werner Zytle had a small electronic device implanted in his right temple that compensated for this problem. Tinkering with the device, Zytle learned he was able to distort other people’s perceptions, causing vertigo. Donning a costume and taking the name "Count Vertigo", he embarked on a life of crime. Despite primarily being an enemy of Green Arrow and Black Canary, he has been known to come into conflict with Batman.|
|Doctor Hurt||Batman #156 (June 1963)||A Wayne, from the second generation of the family, who lived in the XVIII century and worshipped Bat-God Barbatos, but instead confronted Hyper-Adapter. Corrupted or possessed by the Adapter's energies, Wayne became extremely long-lived, renamed as Doctor Simon Hurt, he became the leader of a secret cult known as the Black Glove and the Club of Villains. He also set out to kill his descendant, Bruce Wayne.|
|Electrocutioner||Batman #331 (January 1981)||The original Electrocutioner is an unnamed vigilante who murders criminals with electricity. He is eventually killed by Adrian Chase.|
|Detective Comics #626 (February 1991)||The second Electrocutioner's identity remains unknown. He is a vigilante like his predecessor.|
|Detective Comics #644 (May 1992)||Lester Buchinsky is the brother of the original Electrocutioner who started off as a vigilante like his brother but soon became a mercenary.|
|Great White Shark||Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #1 (July 2003)||Former crooked investor Warren White thought he scored a legal victory when he won the insanity plea in court. However, White learned that he had made a mistake as he found himself among Batman's most dangerous enemies within Arkham Asylum. After much torture and abuse, a disfigured Warren White was driven insane. Now one of Batman's enemies himself, Warren White serves as a benefactor for other villains.|
|Joker's Daughter||The Batman Family #6 (August 1976)||Duela Dent is a psychotic young woman with an obsession with the Joker. In order to try and impress the Joker, Duela began a series of crimes before deciding to track down the Dollmaker, who is a mad surgeon and one of the Joker's allies. When Duela found the Dollmaker, she convinced him to inject her veins with the Joker's blood, which he had been keeping in jars. She then proclaimed herself to be the Joker's "daughter", continuing her career as a supervillain.|
|KGBeast||Batman #417 (March 1988)||Anatoli Knyazev is an ex-KGB assassin. He is among the villains who are executed by the second Tally Man.|
|Killer Moth||Batman #63 (February 1951)||Drury Walker, alias Cameron Van Cleer, is a moth-themed criminal, known for being the first villain to have been defeated by Batgirl.|
|Kite Man||Batman #133 (August 1960)||Charles "Chuck" Brown commits crimes by arming himself with kite weapons and hang-gliding on a large kite. He is among the villains who was killed by Bruno Mannheim.|
|Maxie Zeus||Detective Comics #483 (May 1979)||Maximillian Zeus is a former history teacher who loses his mind and believes himself to be the Greek god Zeus, committing crimes modeled after Greek mythology. Completely delusional, yet quite dangerous, he usually uses electricity-based weaponry to emulate the lightning bolt of Zeus, and at one point formed the New Olympians consisting of characters based on Greek mythology characters. Though briefly cured of his delusional state, he reverted to his Maxie Zeus persona when the Joker murdered his nephew.|
|Onomatopoeia||Green Arrow #12 (March 2002)||Onomatopoeia is a serial killer who targets non-powered, vigilante superheroes. He earned his name because he imitates noises around him, such as dripping taps, gunshots, etc. No personal characteristics are known about Onomatopoeia, including his real name or facial features. Onomatopoeia is a superb athlete, martial artist, and weapons expert. He carries two semi-automatic handguns, a sniper rifle, and an army knife.|
|Owlman||Justice League of America #29 (August 1964)||Thomas Wayne Jr. is an exceptionally intelligent supervillain who is the Earth-Three counterpart of Bruce Wayne. He is a member of the criminal organization known as the Crime Syndicate of America, the Earth-Three equivalent of the Justice League and one-time ally of Lex Luthor. On Prime Earth, one of leaders of the Court of Owls, under the name of "Lincoln March".|
|Prometheus||New Year's Evil: Prometheus #1 (February 1998)||While the original Prometheus, Curtis Calhoun, was an enemy of Blue Beetle, the most notable villain to use the name is a twisted mirror image of Batman. As a child, he watched in horror as police slaughtered his parents in a Bonnie and Clyde style shoot-out. He swore revenge upon "justice".|
|Rag Doll||Flash Comics #36 (December 1942)||Peter Merkel is a master contortionist and hypnotist who has fought Batman on many occasions. Since the New 52, he has been an inmate at Arkham Asylum.|
|Villains United # 1 (July 2005)||Peter Merkel Jr. is the son of the original Rag Doll who was born with normal limbs but underwent surgery to become a contorting supervillain like his father.|
|Ratcatcher||Detective Comics #585 (April 1988)||Otis Flannegan is a one-time rat catcher who turns to a life of crime. He has the ability to communicate with and train rats, and uses them to plague Gotham City. Shortly after the Infinite Crisis began, Ratcatcher was killed by an OMAC agent in hiding who identified the Ratcatcher as a gamma level threat and vaporized him.|
|Reverse-Flash||The Flash #139 (September 1963)||Eobard Thawne is a speedster from the 25th century, who went insane on discovering he would become a villain. He is behind Flashpoint where he was killed by Thomas Wayne, but brought back to life later developing the new grudge over his killer and his family (i.e. Bruce Wayne). Opposed Batman in the Button where he was decimated by an unknown being. Eventually, brought back even after this.|
|Riddler's Daughter||Teen Titans (vol. 3) #38 (September 2006)||Enigma is the heroic and criminal partner of Duela Dent, the Joker's Daughter.|
|Tweedledum and Tweedledee||Detective Comics #74 (April 1943)||Dumphrey and Deever Tweed are a pair of cousins whose similar looks often have them mistaken for identical twins. The pair wear costumes modeled on their namesakes from Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass when committing their crimes and are members of the Mad Hatter's Wonderland Gang.|
|Vandal Savage||Green Lantern #10 (Winter 1943)||A caveman that was exposed to a meteorite that gave him immortality, and who has manipulated history, such as being a Pharaoh in Egypt and assisting the murder of Julius Caesar. Savage is the enemy of the Justice League, the Justice Society, Immortal Man, Resurrection Man, Hawkman, Alan Scott, Jay Garrick, Pandora, Superman and Batman, with special occasional interest in the Wayne family.|
The League of Assassins
First appearing in Strange Adventures #215, the League of Assassins is a team of highly trained killers that was founded by Ra's al Ghul and has often swayed from working under his organization to working independent of it. The group has been led at times by Dr. Ebeneezer Darrk, the Sensei, Lady Shiva, and Cassandra Cain.[Note 8] [Note 9]
|Villain||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Alpha||Batgirl #35 (November 2003)||Michael Sommers is a dangerous assassin and a terrorist-for-hire. Sommers joined the League of Assassins under Lady Shiva.|
|Anya Volkova||Talon #3 (February 2013)||Anya Volkova is a former League of Assassins member who has allied herself with Casey Washington in a fight against organizations like the League and the Court of Owls.|
|Boone||Nightwing Secret Files & Origins #1 (October 1999)||Boone harbors a long-standing enmity for Dick Grayson dating back to their youth, when the two shared a friendship that was in many ways doomed from its inception. The boy who would become known as the predatory Shrike travel alone throughout the Pacific Rim, gleaning an array of martial arts skills both from a variety of unsavory teachers, including several former operatives of insidious League of Assassins.|
|Bronze Tiger||Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter #1 (April–May 1975)||Ben Turner comes from an upper middle class black neighborhood in Central City. When he was only 10 years old, he saw a burglar attacking his parents, and he proceeded to kill the man with a kitchen knife. In an effort to control the rage inside him, Turner turns to martial arts and eventually crime. He trained with the same masters as Batman and Green Arrow.|
|Cheshire||New Teen Titans Annual #2 (August 1983)||Batman battled Cheshire when she teamed up with KGBeast, bringing her into conflict with the Dark Knight and Arsenal. Batman battled her in Zurich, but the fight ended when Batman had Nightwing rescue Lian, after which she gave up peacefully, allowing Batman to arrest her.|
|Dark Archer||Justice League of America #94 (November 1971)||Merlyn (Arthur King) is a highly skilled archer and mercenary. Although primarily an enemy of Green Arrow, Merlyn has had several encounters with the Batman Family as a member of the League of Assassins.|
|David Cain||Batman #567 (July 1999)||David Cain is the father of Cassandra Cain and an enemy to both her and Batman. David Cain helped train Batman in the field of martial arts.|
|Deathstroke||New Teen Titans #2 (December 1980)||Slade Wilson is a ruthless metahuman mercenary and the worlds greatest assassin known to take on seemingly impossible jobs and the toughest targets as a personal challenge.|
|December Grayson||Red Hood and the Outlaws #21 (August 2013)||December Grayson is a League of Assassins operative that can perform blood magic where he cuts himself to access various powers through spilled blood, such as telekinesis and teleportation.|
|Detonator||Batman (December 2007)||Detonator is a member of the Seven Men of Death, aside from the League of Assassins.|
|Dr. Ebenezer Darrk||Detective Comics #405 (November 1970)||Dr. Darrk is the first known individual assigned to head the League of Assassins by Ra's al Ghul. Although many of the League's leaders over the years have been accomplished martial artists, Darrk himself did not depend on physical prowess and, as an assassin, he instead relied upon careful planning and manipulation, ambushes and death traps, as well as a variety of cleverly concealed weapons and poisons. After earning Ra's enmity (for reasons unknown), Darrk died during a plot to kidnap Talia Head.|
|Dr. Moon||Batman #240 (March 1972)||Dr. Moon is a highly immoral scientist and neurosurgeon. His areas of expertise are body modifications, psychological conditioning, and torture. He is known for hiring his services out to many different super-villains.|
|Dr. Tzin-Tzin||Detective Comics #354 (August 1966)||Doctor Tzin-Tzin is a Fu Manchu-inspired Asian-looking (but actually American) crime lord who battles Batman several times and once encounters Jonny Double and Supergirl. Tzin-Tzin is seemingly killed on an airship during a battle with Peacemaker.|
|Dragonfly||Batman #181 (June 1966)||Dragonfly, alongside Silken Spider and Tiger Moth, attacked Wayne Manor.|
|Dusan al Ghul||Batman Annual #26 (October 2007)||Dusan al Ghul is the son of Ra's al Ghul and the brother of Taila al Ghul, who was rejected by his father because of the fact that Dusan was born an albino. He tried everything to earn his fathers respect and eventually gave up and left. Dusan returns later as the White Ghost to use his nephew's Damian Wayne body for his father to use as a vessel.|
|Expediter||Red Robin #5 (December 2009)||Expediter is a computer expert that was forced to join the League of Assassins.|
|Fadir Nasser||Azrael: Death's Dark Knight #3 (July 2009)||Fadir Nasser (going under the alias White Ghost) is top secret agent of the League and loyal servant to Ra's al Ghul. He frequently clashed with Azrael (Michael Lane), Batman and Robin and on one occassion with Gotham City Sirens.|
|Grind||Batman Annual #8 (January 1982)||Grind used to be Ra's al Ghul's bodyguards, until he was replaced by Ubu. He possessed the same temperament as his predecessors. Grind was seemingly killed in the subsequent explosion of Ra's' mountain fortress.|
|Hook||Strange Adventures #210 (March 1968)||The Hook is a retired gangster known for having shot and killed Boston Brand, making Brand into the Deadman.|
|Kirigi||Batman #431 (March 1989)||Kirigi is a top martial artist and a League of Assassins trainer. Kirigi taught Bruce Wayne and various members of the League of Assassins the art of ninjutsu.|
|Kitty Kumbata||Richard Dragon #1 (July 2004)||Kitty Kumbata is a talented but mentally unstable martial artist. She has been a member of the League of Assassins and Lady Shiva's Circle of Six.|
|Kyle Abbot||Detective Comics #743 (April 2000)||Formerly an agent for the late Ra's al Ghul, Kyle Abbot is the bodyguard of Whisper A'Daire, empowered by his mistress with the same serum that gave her immortality and shape shifting abilities. In Kyle's case, the serum turned him into an ageless werewolf, second in command of a small army of similarly empowered henchmen.|
|Lady Shiva||Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter #5 (December 1975)||Lady Shiva is a deadly martial artist and the mother of Cassandra Cain.|
|Maduvu||Batman #671 (January 2008)||Maduvu is a member of the Seven Men of Death.|
|Mad Dog III||Batgirl #67 (October 2005)||Mad Dog is the son of David Cain, who had begun thinking about what he would leave behind when he died. He wished for a "perfect child"—specifically a "perfect artisan of his craft". This led to the birth of Mad Dog.|
|Malaq||Detective Comics #750 (November 2000)||Malaq is a member and henchman of the League of Assassins.|
|Nyssa Raatko||Detective Comics #783 (August 2003)||Nyssa Raatko is a daughter of Ra's Al Ghul.|
|Onyx||Detective Comics #546 (January 1985)||Highly trained in the martial arts, Onyx first aligned herself with the League of Assassins before reforming and becoming a vigilante. She resides in Gotham City and is considered an ally of the Batman. She is a member of the Outsiders and the leader of the Fist Clan.|
|Owens||Red Robin #1 (August 2009)||Owens is a sniper that was partnered up with Pru and Z to assassinate Red Robin. Owens was killed by Widower of the Council of Spiders.|
|Professor Ojo||Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter #16 (August 1977)||Ojo is a brilliant criminal scientist with a vendetta against atomic energy.|
|Prudence Wood||Red Robin #1 (August 2009)||Pru is an assassin who worked for the Demon's Head, but later defected to work with Tim Drake.|
|Razorburn||Batman #671 (January 2008)||Razorburn was a member of the team Seven Men of Death. As part of this team, he was summoned to Gotham City by Talia al Ghul in order to retrieve the Suit of Sorrows from the Order of Purity.|
|Rictus||Red Hood and the Outlaws #21 (August 2013)||Rictus is a criminal that replaced his body parts with cybernetics.|
|Sensei||Strange Adventures #215 (November–December 1968)||The Sensei is a top martial artist and the immortal father of Ra's al Ghul.|
|Silver Monkey||Detective Comics #685 (May 1995)||Silver Monkey is a martial artist who was trained by the Cult of the Monkey Fist. As an assassin and mercenary, he has become an enemy of Batman and Green Arrow. He was eventually gunned down and killed by the Ventriloquist.|
|Silken Spider||Batman #181 (June 1966)||Silken Spider is a member of the League of Assassins.|
|Shellcase||Batman #670 (December 2007)||Shellcase was part of the team Seven Men of Death. As part of this team, Shellcase was summoned to Gotham City to retrieve the Suit of Sorrows from the Order of Purity.|
|Talia al Ghul||Detective Comics #411 (May 1971)||Talia al Ghul is a daughter of Ra's al Ghul, the mother of Damian Wayne and a high-ranking member of both the League of Assassins and Leviathan. She has been known to have on-off romantic relationships with Batman.|
|Targa||Green Arrow and Black Canary #9 (August 2008)||Targa is a telekinetic who is the leader of the League of Assassins' metahuman faction. He thinks he's leading a group of the League of Assassins. They took orders from whom they thought was Ra's al Ghul to kidnap Connor Hawke.|
|Tiger Moth||Batman #181 (June 1966)||Tiger Moth's costume disorients opponents, making them incapable of hitting her.|
|Tigris||Batgirl #68 (November 2005)||Tigris (not to be confused with Tigress) is a member of the League of Assassins under Nyssa Raatko's leadership and a devout disciple of Cassandra Cain. She is recognized by her niqab.|
|Ubu||Batman #232 (June 1971)||Ubu is Ra's Al Ghul's bodyguard.|
|Vial||Red Robin #3 (October 2009)||Vial is a member of the League of Assassins killed by Funnel, a member of their rival the Council of Spiders.|
|Whisper A'Daire||Detective Comics #743 (April 2000)||Formerly an agent for the late Ra's al Ghul, Ra's gave Whisper a serum that grants her immortality and the ability to shapeshift.|
Morrison-era super villains (2007–2011)
These are supervillains that were introduced under writer Grant Morrison.
|Villain||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Flamingo||Batman #666 (July 2007)||Nicknamed "the eater of faces" for his cannibalistic tendencies, Eduardo Flamingo is a psychotic hitman who works for the mob.|
|Jackanapes||Jackanapes is a gorilla in a clown costume that wields a machete and sub-machine gun.|
|Max Roboto||Max Roberto is a cyborg with a partially cybernetic face who operates in a futuristic timeline in which Damian Wayne is Batman.|
|Phosphorus Rex||Phosphorus Rex is a member of the Circus of Strange who is constantly on fire. His metahuman abilities make him immune to the harmful affects of fire.|
|Professor Pyg||Donning a pig mask, Lazlo Valentin is a mad scientist known for kidnapping people and brutally transforming them into minions he calls "Dollotrons". Valentin sometimes experiments with transforming human beings into humanoid animals.|
|Weasel||The Weasel is a man with all canine teeth. He appears as an enemy of Damian Wayne in the future.|
|Absence||Batman and Robin #18 (January 2011)||A former girlfriend of Bruce Wayne, Una Nemo received a bullet in her head and survived. Now, she is stalking and killing Bruce Wayne's former mistresses.|
|Big Top||Batman and Robin #2 (September 2009)||Big Top is a morbidly obese bearded man in a tutu. He is part of the Circus of Strange.|
|Dr. Dedalus||Batman Incorporated #3 (March 2011)||Otto Netz is a mad scientist and father of Kathy Kane, the original Batwoman. Years go, Netz was defeated by the spy syndicate Spyral and imprisoned; suffering from Alzheimer's disease, he was locked away, but secretly escaped and brainwashed his jailer to take his place. Netz was recruited by Leviathan to build a doomsday device but died at the hands of Damian Wayne in order to save Batman and Nightwing.|
|Heretic||Batman and Robin #12 (April 2010)||The mysterious Heretic is a clone of Damian Wayne, artificially aged and genetically enhanced by Talia al Ghul. He is Leviathan's most fearsome soldier, having killed both Knight and his "brother", Damian.|
|Id||Batman Annual #28 (February 2008)||The Id is a French supervillain who could awaken hidden desires in any human being with a mere touch. Sister Crystal turned his head into glass, with his brain always visible.|
|Jezebel Jet||Batman #656 (October 2006)||President of a small African nation, Jezebel Jet was a successful model and philanthropist who became romantically involved with Bruce Wayne. However, she was also a high-ranking member of the Black Glove and agreed to seduce Wayne in exchange for the Black Glove murdering her adopted father and installing her as president. Her attempt to drive Batman insane failed due to Batman realizing she was a spy; she was ultimately murdered and decapitated by Man-Bat ninjas sent by Talia.|
|King Kraken||Batman #676 (June 2008)||King Kraken is an aquatic criminal from Sweden and a deep sea diver known to go up against Batman and Wingman.|
|Mr. Toad||Batman and Robin #1 (August 2009)||Mr. Toad is a mutated frog man. He is part of the Circus of Strange.|
|Ray Man||Batman and Robin #26 (August 2011)||Ray Man is a French supervillain who can create visual illusions out of a hole in his head. While creating a mass illusion, Ray Man pretends to be a reality-warping god-like superbeing, Paradox.|
|Siam||Siam is a name used by conjoined triplets with a specialized fighting style. They are members of the Circus of the Strange.|
|Sister Crystal||Sister Crystal is a French supervillainess who has the ability to turn everything she touches into glass.|
|Skin Talker||Skin Talker has a unique skin disease that make words appear on his body. He is fully in control of this ability, and the words on his skin have hidden hypnotic effects.|
|Son of Man||Otherwise known as the Man Who Laughs, the Son of Man is a French supervillain and an enemy of Nightrunner. As an infant, Norman S. Rotrig was mutilated by his insane father into becoming what his father believed was a living masterpiece of art. The Son of Man now has a permanent Glasgow smile on his face and retaliated against his father by dissecting him and keeping him alive in front a mirror, while still alive but in pieces. Determined to turn Paris, France into a "work of art", Son of Man is considered to be a French counterpart of the Joker.|
|Son of Pyg||Batman Incorporated #4 (March 2011)||Janosz Valentin is the son of infamous Professor Pyg. Janosz wears a similar pig mask to his father, but it is heavily damaged and has red eyes. He is masochist who claims he can teach others to feel no pain.|
|Swagman||Batman #676 (June 2008)||Swagman is an armoured super-villain who targets members of the Batman Family.|
|White Knight||Batman and Robin #21 (April 2011)||A mysterious being of light who seeks to battle the darkness of Gotham City, White Knight targeted the relatives of Arkham Asylum inmates in order to save their souls by dressing them as angels and forcing them to commit suicide. As a very resourceful and inventive serial killer, White Knight's ultimate goal is to kill Arkham inmates.|
The New 52 and beyond
In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. Since this new timeline, these supervillains have been introduced. These are characters that have not been around long enough to apply to any other category.
|Villain||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Bentley||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #2 (October 2011)||A member of the Dollmaker's family, Bentley is a being of brute strength.|
|Dollhouse||Matilda Mathis is the Dollmaker's daughter who initially dressed as a nurse with a ceramic mask stitched into her face as the Dollmaker's right hand henchman. She later took up her father's cause and became Dollhouse, kidnapping children and harvesting their organs for the organ trade. She then turns what is left of their bodies into human dolls that she uses to decorate her garden.|
|Jack-in-the-Box||Jack is a member of the Dollmaker's family who has a mutilated, surgically enhanced body with arms seemingly made of rubber.|
|Mr. Toxic||Mr. Toxic began as a low level criminal known as "Gas Man", one of several amateur super-villains that the Penguin called upon in order to offer them "protection" for their money. Gas Man eventually became Mr. Toxic and found himself more than a match for Batman. After Mr. Toxic robbed several nuclear plants, Batman discovered that Mr. Toxic was the dying clone of one of Bruce Wayne's fellow businessmen. Batman was able to defeat Mr. Toxic, who has not been seen since.|
|Olivia Carr||Olivia Carr girl that was kidnapped and brainwashed into the Dollmaker Family.|
|Orifice||Orifice is a member of the Dollmaker Family who has various foreign limbs and tissue stitched to his body.|
|Sampson||A member of the Dollmaker's family, Sampson is a small man made to look like a toy monkey.|
|Wesley Mathis||A serial killer and former enemy of James Gordon who would take his son, Barton Mathis (who would grow up to become the Dollmaker), on "hunting trips" in which he kidnapped and cannibalized human beings. He was eventually killed in a struggle with Gordon, leading to his son's personal vendetta against Gordon.|
|Brute||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #19 (June 2013)||Brute is a prisoner of Santa Prisca who has gone through extensive new experimentations with Venom.|
|Malicia||Malicia is an ally of Bane who has gone through Venom experiments at Santa Prisca.|
|Professor||The Professor is a scientist who works at Santa Prisca that specializes in Venom experiments for Bane.|
|Wolf-Spider||Wolf-Spider is a recruit of Bane, who has been enhanced with the super drug Venom.|
|Dr. Falsario||Batman Eternal #18 (October 2014)||Dr. Falsario is a supervillain who has hypnotic abilities.|
|Dollmaker||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #1 (September 2011)||The leader of his "Family", Barton Mathis is a mad doctor who specializes in organ transplantation. He is responsible for the creation of twisted surgical abominations made of several different limbs and organs, stitched into one being. He runs an organ trade business and is responsible for cutting the Joker's face off. Though the Dollmaker sees the Toyman as a father figure, he is not to be confused with the Toyman's biological son, Anton Schott, who also used the Dollmaker alias.|
|Eli Strange||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #5 (March 2012)||Eli Strange is the criminal son of Hugo Strange. Eli Strange collaborated with Catwoman during some of his criminal activities.|
|Emperor Blackgate||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #13 (December 2012)||Ignatius Ogilvy was the right-hand man of the Penguin, who had aspirations of taking over the Penguin's criminal empire as his operative "Emperor Penguin". Ogilvy briefly managed to do so until he was incapacitated by Batman and was arrested. Within Blackgate Penitentiary, Ogilvy gained control of the prison's organised criminal activity and took on the name "Emperor Blackgate".|
|Fishnet||Catwoman (vol. 4) #17 (April 2013)||Otto Baxter Kruft, aka "Fishnet", is a henchman for Gotham City mobster Penguin, recognizable for wearing a fishnet stocking over his face.|
|Volt||Volt is the Penguin's resident tech genius and creator of many of his weapons. An accident gave Volt electrical powers.|
|Hypnotic||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #6 (April 2012)||Hypnotic is an upstart criminal who works under Penguin's guidance. He uses radio waves to control his victims minds.|
|Imperceptible Man||Imperceptible Man is a seemingly invisible criminal who came to Gotham in an alliance with the Penguin.|
|Jill Hampton||Jill Hampton works for the Penguin and is Charlotte Rivers' sister.|
|Mr. Combustible||Mr. Combustible is an upstart criminal who works under Penguin's guidance.|
|Snakeskin||Snakeskin is a shapeshifter and Jill Hampton's boyfriend.|
|Grotesque||Batgirl (vol. 4) #7 (May 2012)||Grotesque is a masked man identified as 'snobbish' because of his very eccentric tastes.|
|Knightfall||Batgirl (vol. 4) #10 (August 2012)||Charise Carnes was a prisoner at Arkham Asylum when a massive breakout took place in which she watched the other inmates torture and kill others. After getting out of the Asylum, Carnes became a vigilante called Knightfall who torments and murders criminals, eventually becoming an enemy of Batgirl.|
|Merrymaker||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #17 (February 2013)||The Merrymaker is a supervillain who leads a gang of criminals called the League of Smiles who are obsessed with the Joker.|
|Mr. Bloom||Batman (vol. 2) #43 (August 2015)||Real name unknown, Mr Bloom stole high-tech seeds that allowed him to manipulate his own body, seeing himself as a gardener come to prune the garden of Gotham as a failed experiment.|
|Mr. Bygone||Batman Eternal #6 (July 2014)||Mr. Bygone is a mysterious man who is a product of the insanity infesting Arkham Asylum.|
|Mr. Mosaic||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #5 (March 2012)||Mister Mosaic is a deformed rich underboss of the Penguin.|
|Mother||Batman and Robin Eternal #1 (October 2015)||The sole survivor of a village that was destroyed in the crossfire of a brutal war, 'Mother' sees herself as making children stronger by forcing them to endure tragedy, believing that Batman shares her views in his efforts to "mold" the Robins.|
|Nobody||Batman and Robin (vol. 2) #1 (September 2011)||Morgan Ducard (aka Nobody) has almost telekinetic powers seemingly based on sound waves. Ducard is the son of Henri Ducard, the detective who once trained Bruce Wayne. He seeks to destroy Batman Incorporated and believes that killing criminals could save more lives than simply putting them in prison and allowing them to live.|
|Talon||Batman (vol. 2) #2 (December 2011)||William Cobb is an agent of the Court of Owls, a near-mythical organisation in Gotham City. William Cobb is the great-grandfather of Dick Grayson.|
|Trickster||Batman/Superman #1 (June 2013)||Kaiyo is a mischievous New God from Apokolips who can pass between worlds at will. She is responsible for the first meeting between Batman and Superman.|
|White Rabbit||Batman: The Dark Knight (vol. 2) #1 (September 2011)||Jaina Hudson is the mastermind behind a toxin known to obliterate all fear from one's mind. Due to her involvement with Bane and the Scarecrow, she once managed to defeat Batman.|
|Colonel Blimp||Batman (vol. 3) #6 (November 2016)||Real name unknown, Colonel Blimp is a man in a purple and gold uniform similar to that of a German zeppelin pilot. He has twice stolen a submarine, using a blimp he flies armed with magnetic tentacles. He holds the submarine for ransom, announcing to the city that he will not return the submarine until a certain amount of money is paid. The second time, he is stopped by Gotham Girl.|
|Haunter||Batman (vol. 3) Annual #1 (January 2017)||Real name unknown, The Haunter is a malnourished woman with orange hair. She has the ability to kill anyone whose DNA she comes in contact with, causing them to dissipate into black smoke. She is hinted to be already known to Batman and to be on good terms with the rest of Batman's villains in Arkham. She escapes from Arkham and assists Scarecrow in a plan to release fear gas in Gotham on Christmas Eve, but both are paralyzed with the gas and recaptured by Batman.|
|Stag||Batman (vol. 3) Annual #1 (January 2017)||Stag is a mysterious woman adorned in black and yellow, a black horned headdress and a white mask. Not much is known about her currently. She is first seen invading the apartment of Barry O'Neill and killing him with a stab to the forehead.|
|Blackbird||Batgirl and the Birds of Prey #8 (May 2017)||Blackbird is a woman with the metahuman power to drain those of others. Feeling that metahumans were oppressed, she planned to take the powers of many for herself and use them to create a revolution. She managed to lure in several students under the guise of a training school, forming an association with Roulette. Her students included Gemini and an undercover Black Canary.|
Batman Beyond villains
Foes of lesser renown
These adversaries are categorised by their obscurity and for being less notable than other characters in this article.
|Villain||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Abattoir||Detective Comics #625 (January 1991)||A superstitious and cannibalistic serial killer who was convinced that his family was evil, Arnold Etchison has thanatophobia (fear of death) and is under an insane delusion that he absorbs his victims' life force when he kills them therefore prolongs his lifespan as an immortal. He was apprehended and incarcerated in Arkham Asylum, from which he escaped several times, always being returned by Batman.
Eventually he was tracked down by Jean Paul Valley, who chased him into a refinery and knocked him into a vat of molten metal. When Batman journeyed to Hell with Etrigan the Demon, he briefly encountered Abattoir, who believes that he shouldn't have died and thus remains deluded that he is an immortal, and blames Batman for his death. Batman did not feel guilt over Abattoir's plight, fully aware that the serial killer condemned himself to Hell for the atrocities he had committed long before encountering Jean Paul Valley. He later returned as a ghost (during a brief period of increased supernatural activity, worldwide), to torment the original Batman using Valley's Batman armor, but Batman proved much less susceptible to psychological assault than his substitute. Batman tricked Abattoir's ghost into abandoning the armor and his mission. Abattoir's corpse is reanimated by a black power ring and recruited to the Black Lantern Corps.
|Actuary||Detective Comics #683 (March 1995)||Actuary is a mathematical genius who applies formulas to aid the Penguin in committing crimes.|
|Agent Orange||Batman and the Outsiders #3 (October 1983)||Claiming to be a Vietnam War veteran, Agent Orange is a supervillain who blames the United States government for his injuries. He attacks the innocent citizens of Gotham City with the help of his followers.|
|Amba Kadiri||Batman #274 (April 1976)||An Indian thief and leader of the Afro-Asian block of Underworld Olympians, Amba Kadiri crossed paths with Batman only to be captured so that her team may go on in the competition. She is an accomplished thief and martial artist who bears steel-clawed fingertips.|
|Amygdala||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #3 (August 1992)||Aaron Helzinger is a powerful behemoth with a childlike temper. He is quick to anger and turns into a murdering monster after doctors experiment on his brain. He has been stopped by Batman in the past by applying a severe blow to the back of the neck.|
|Answer||Batman Villains Secret Files #1 (October 1998)||Mike Patten is an engineer in Gotham City that believed a civilization 15,000 years ago was wiped out due to a massive earthquake. During the events of Cataclysm, his wife and daughter perished, leading Mike to believe the end of humanity was nigh. He became the costumed Answer to prove his theory to society through robbery and murder.|
|Architect||Batman: Gates of Gotham #1 (July 2011)||Zachary Gate is the descendant of Nicholas Anders, one of the architect brothers who constructed Gotham City's bridges. Upon his stepbrother's death, Nicholas attempted to avenge him by killing Gotham's founding fathers: the Waynes, Cobblepots, and Elliots, on whom he blamed his death. He was then jailed for the murder of Robert Kane and declared that the forefathers' descendants would suffer for their sins. Zachary comes across this knowledge and name of the Architect from his ancestor's journals and decided to avenge him, setting his goals on eliminating the forefathers' descendants.|
|Atomic-Man||Detective Comics #280 (June 1960)||Paul Strobe is a scientist who can shoot beams from his eyes that can transmute matter into another form and focuses them through the special lenses of his goggles.|
|Bad Samaritan||Outsiders #3 (January 1986)||The Bad Samaritan is a highly trained agent of the USSR that became an independent contractor in espionage, terrorism, and assassination working for virtually all major governments.|
|Bag O'Bones||Batman #195 (September 1967)||Radioactivity transforms Ned Creegan into a skeletal-looking "living x-ray photo" who calls himself Bag O'Bones and battles Batman and Robin. Creegan later returns as the Cyclotronic Man fighting Black Lightning and Superman. Still later, he adopts the name One Man Meltdown and battles the Outsiders. After getting the medical treatment he needs, Creegan goes back to prison, content to do his time in jail and then reform.|
|Benedict Asp||Batman #486 (November 1992)||Benedict Asp is the brother of Shondra Kinsolving, the trained physiotherapist who meets Bruce Wayne when he is dealing with exhaustion and helps to look after him after he is injured by Bane. He kidnaps her and turns her abilities to evil uses. Asp reveals Shondra's healing powers and, along with his own psychic abilities, uses her to telekinetically kill an entire village. Bruce eventually defeats Benedict, but the events traumatize Shondra.|
|Baffler||Robin (vol. 4) #1 (November 1993)||Titus Samuel Czonka is an unintelligent brute that leaves riddles for Batman to solve similar to Cluemaster.|
|Billy Numerous||Catwoman (vol. 3) #78 [Note 10] (April 2008)||Billy Numerous has the ability to make copies of himself, which he uses for criminal activity. He has taken on Slam Bradley and Catwoman.|
|Birthday Boy||Batman: Earth One (July 2012)||In the Earth One re-imagining of Batman's origin, Ray Salinger is a serial killer who operated at the beginning of Batman's career. Nicknamed "the Birthday Boy", Salinger kidnaps and murders young women who resemble his first victim. His modus operandi is to give the person that he is about to kill a birthday cake with his first victim's name on it and tells them to "make a wish".|
|Bizarro-Batman||World's Finest Comics #156 (March 1966)||Not to be confused with Batzarro, Bizarro-Batman is a Bizarro version of Batman who appeared as a member of a Bizarro version of the Justice League of America. Bizarro-Batman originates from the Bizarro World.|
|Superman/Batman #20 (June 2005)||Batzarro is a Bizarro version of Batman whose origins remain unknown.|
|Black Spider||Detective Comics #463 (September 1976)||The first Black Spider is Eric Needham, a hunter of the drug dealers who ruined his life.|
|Batman #518 (May 1995)||The second Black Spider is Johnny LaMonica. He is killed by Crispus Allen during a gang shooting.|
|Birds of Prey #87 (December 2005)||A third Black Spider appears named Derek Coe who battles the Birds of Prey.|
|Black and White Bandit||Batman Gotham Knights #12 (February 2001)||Roscoe Chiara was an artist who was hired to create a portrait with experimental paint. After doing so, he completely lost the ability to see colour. Chiara began robbing public locations of valuable materials.|
|Blockbuster||Detective Comics #345 (November 1965)||Mark Desmond is a former chemist who experiments on himself and subsequently becomes a mindless brute who possesses super-strength.|
|Starman #9 (April 1989)||Roland Desmond became the second Blockbuster after a severe illness forced him to be treated with experimental steroids. Like his brother Mark, Roland became a child-minded super-strong monster. He ran wild in the Southwest, but Batman and Starman (Will Payton) brought his rampage to an end.|
|Blue Bat||Batman #127 (October 1959)||In an alternate universe, the Blue Bat was a criminal who wore the Batman costume.|
|Bouncer||Detective Comics #347 (January 1966)||The Bouncer is a metallurgist who discovers "an alloy of rubber, steel, and chrome" called "elastalloy", which he uses to create a suit that allows him to bounce "tremendous distances or from great heights—yet not be harmed at all!" The Bouncer fights Batman twice, once alone and once as a minion of the Monarch of Menace.|
|Bonaventure Strake||Batman #514 (January 1995)||The Bonaventure Strake is a villain that is incarcerated at Blackgate Penitentiary for murder.|
|"Brains" Beldon||Detective Comics #301 (March 1962)||Brains is a criminal genius who pulls off a $20,000,000 heist in Gotham City before being defeated by Batman. He is the father of Teen Titans foe the Disruptor.|
|Brand||Batman #137 (February 1961)||The Brand is a cowboy-themed supervillain who uses cattle brands as weapons and as clues for future crimes.|
|Bruno||The Dark Knight Returns (February–June 1986)||In the Dark Knight Universe, Bruno is a Neo-Nazi who is a chief henchwoman of the Joker, who has ties to the Mutant gang.|
|Brutale||Nightwing #22 (July 1998)||Guillermo Barrera was a top-level interrogator/torturer for the secret police in the Latin American country Hasaragua, until a revolution forced him to flee. He began a new career as a mercenary/assassin and eventually began working for Blockbuster in Blüdhaven, battling Nightwing on several occasions. Brutale is an expert with all forms of knives and blades, being able to both fight superbly and inflict horrible pain on his victims.|
|Captain Stingaree||Detective Comics #460 (June 1976)||Karl Courtney is a criminal who commits crimes using a pirate motif.|
|Cavalier||Detective Comics #81 (November 1943)||Mortimer Drake is an expert swordsman who speaks in Shakespearean English and dresses in a French musketeer costume. Initially depicted as craving adventure and riches, the rogue was repeatedly bested by Batman and Robin. The Cavalier eventually lost his mind, and can sometimes be seen as an inmate or escapee from Arkham Asylum.|
|Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #32 (June 1992)||The second Cavalier is Hudson Pyle, a sword-wielding vigilante.|
|Charlatan||Detective Comics #777 (February 2003)||Paul Sloan is a successful actor who is persuaded to impersonate Two-Face by a number of Gotham's villains when Two-Face refused to join their scheme after Two-Face's coin landed with the unscarred side up. Paul ends up encountering Batman briefly in the process. He is later tortured and disfigured by Two-Face and experimented upon by Scarecrow. Paul returned years later, attacking the various villains who had recruited him, all in an attempt to get to Batman. He is currently incarcerated at Arkham Asylum.|
|Chancer||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #7 (December 1992)||The Chancer is a bank robber of unknown identity who is armed simply with a baton.|
|Clock II||Star-Spangled Comics #70 (July 1947)||In Pre-Crisis continuity, the second character to use the moniker, the Clock, is a clock-themed criminal who is primarily an enemy of Robin. Not to be confused with The Clock King II.|
|Colonel Sulphur||Batman #241 (May 1972)||Colonial Sulphur is a self-styled warrior with a vast knowledge of psychological terror who fights Batman four times in the comics of the 1970s and 1980s. Sulphur also encounters Superman and Supergirl and puts together an Army of Crime.|
|Composite Superman||World's Finest Comics #142 (June 1964)||An out-of-work scuba diver, Joseph Meach gained the combined powers of the Legion of Super-Heroes after being struck by the energy discharge of their statues while he slept. He then desired to defeat Superman and Batman. Later the effect and his memory faded, but his powers were restored by an alien whose father had been imprisoned by Batman and Robin. Joe sacrificed himself to save the superheroes.|
|Condiment King||Batgirl: Year One #8 (September 2003)||Mitchell Mayo is a villain who makes use of various condiments, sometimes capable of causing anaphylactic shock. He is a comedic relief villain that is easily defeated by Robin and Batgirl.|
|Corrosive Man||Detective Comics #587 (June 1988)||A convicted murderer, Derek Mitchel escapes from jail seeking vengeance on Mortimer Kadaver, but is involved in an unfortunate accident on the way that turns him into a literally corrosive man, his entire skin burned with chemical fire which can eat through walls and floors or burn human flesh. His encounter with Kadaver leaves the latter with a handprint burned onto his forehead and leaves Mitchell inert, although he surfaces at least twice more.|
|Cornelius Stirk||Detective Comics #592 (November 1988)||Cornelius Stirk is an Arkham Asylum inmate who possesses latent psychic abilities, specifically the ability to induce fear and hallucinations in others. A delusional psychotic, Stirk believes that he will die unless he regularly consumes human hearts.|
|Crazy Quilt||Boy Commandos #15 (May–June 1946)||Paul Dekker is an ex-painter who leads a double life as a master thief and is blinded by a gunshot wound during a botched robbery. While in prison, he volunteers for an experimental procedure that would restore his vision. There is a side effect, however: even though he can see, he can only see in blinding, disorienting colors. This drives him insane, and he adopts the identity of Crazy Quilt.|
|Villains United #2 (August 2005)||Apparently, the new Secret Society of Super Villains, led by Alexander Luthor Jr., has in its roster a new version of Crazy Quilt; a female with the characteristic costume and vision-helmet of the previous villain. Only glimpsed in the background, she has yet to resurface.|
|Crime Doctor||Detective Comics #77 (July 1943)||Matthew Thorne was a reputable surgeon for criminals, but he would stop his crimes to minister to the sick or injured. He later appears under a new name, Bradford Thorne. He is an expert in torture.|
|Crimesmith||Batman #443 (January 1990)||Dr. Ryan Smith is a brilliant scientist and media personality. He gives detailed plans for robberies to gangs of crooks with the understanding that they would give him a large percentage of the loot.|
|Crimson Knight||Detective Comics #271 (September 1959)||The Crimson Knight, whose real name is Dick Lyons, is a mysterious, metal-clad crime fighter who appears in Gotham City as an apparent aide to Batman and Robin. The Caped Crusaders suspect the new arrival may have illegal motives.|
|Cryonic Man||Batman and the Outsiders #6 (January 1984)||Philip was a lab assistant for professor Niles Raymond who developed a cryogenic chamber. Fearful of the threat of nuclear war, Raymond froze himself, Philip, and their wives in 1947 in hopes of surviving any oncoming conflict. Decades later, Philip was chosen to be awakened to determine if the world had become a safe place again. However, Philip's wife was inflicted with a debilitating disease and he subjected themselves to the freeze in hopes of waking up in a time with the medical advances to save her life. Becoming Cryonic Man, Philip sought organs to replace those of his wife which were failing, bringing him into conflict with Batman and the Outsiders.|
|Cyber Cat||Catwoman (vol. 2) #42 (February 1997)||Christina Chiles is a skilled assassin hired by Talia al Ghul to steal a prized artifact from the Gotham Museum. Talia wants it for her father, Ra's al Ghul, so he can use it to power a superlaser that can destroy an entire city. Catwoman is initially hired, but when Ra's al Ghul sees that she only wants it for herself, he secretly hires Cyber Cat to kill Catwoman and take the artifact.|
|Cypher||Detective Comics #657 (March 1993)||Avery Twombey, who works under the moniker "Cypher", is a corporate spy who uses his hypnotic powers to force his victims to commit suicide. After a failed attempt to hypnotize Cluemaster, Twombey was murdered.|
|Dagger||Batman #343 (January 1982)||David Rennington is the owner of a blade manufacturing company called Rennington Steel. When facing hard times, Rennington starts masking himself as the Dagger, running an old-fashioned protection racket until being apprehended by Batman. He is later recruited by Ra's al Ghul.|
|Deacon Blackfire||Batman: The Cult #1 (August 1988)||Deacon Blackfire is a religious fanatic who forms an army in the sewers beneath Gotham, largely composed of the homeless. Blackfire begins a violent war on crime, which escalates into him taking over the entire city, isolating it from the rest of the country.|
|Dealer||Batman #872 (February 2011)||Primarily an enemy to Dick Grayson, the Dealer is an auctioneer who sells to the wealthy memorabilia and weapons used or that have formally belonged to reputable super-villains.|
|Dr. Aesop||Detective Comics #846 (July 2008)||Doctor Aesop is a criminal who commits crimes based on Aesop's Fables. Aesop is an older man who carries a cane which he wields as a deadly weapon. He keeps a menagerie of dangerous animals which represent some of the fables he seems to cherish. Doctor Aesop was seemingly killed, but recovered from his wounds and later resurfaced in Gotham City Sirens #9.|
|Dr. Death||Detective Comics #29 (July 1939)||Dr. Karl Hellfern is a mad scientist who made a few appearances in the earliest days of Batman and is considered Batman's first supervillain. Doctor Death developed lethal chemical gases and threatened wealthy citizens, demanding money and tribute to him in exchange for their safety. Hellfern was disfigured in an explosion.|
|Dr. Double X||Detective Comics #261 (November 1958)||Dr. Simon Ecks discovers that human auras could be enhanced to function outside of the body. When Ecks creates an energy-duplicate of himself, the introverted scientist's unstable mind becomes dominated by the doppelganger Double X.|
|Dr. Fang||Detective Comics #536 (March 1984)||Dr. Fang is a criminal mastermind who was killed by the Night-Slayer.|
|Dr. No-Face||Detective Comics #319 (September 1963)||Bart Magan tried to use a device that would erase a facial scar, but ended up erasing his face.|
|Dr. Phosphorus||Detective Comics #469 (May 1977)||Alexander James Sartorius is a mad criminal with radioactive powers resulting from the meltdown of a nuclear power plant.|
|Dr. Zodiac||World's Finest Comics #160 (September 1966)||Theodore B. Carrigan is a carnival mystic who turns to crime, basing his robberies on horoscopes. In his first outing, he is apprehended by Batman, Robin, and Superman. Later, he steals a dozen coins from Atlantis, each bearing a Zodiac symbol, which bestow him with various powers. Once again, Batman and Superman thwart his plans. Still later, he allies himself with Madame Zodiac to obtain a different set of Zodiac coins, but the two of them are defeated by Batman, Superman, and Zatanna. (Doctor Zodiac should not be confused with the Zodiac Master.)|
|Dodge||Robin #160 (March 2007)||Michael Lasky was just a kid who wanted to be a hero. He ran into Robin a few times and tried become Robin's partner, but Robin refused since he just got in the way and told him to go home. One night as Robin was trying to stop some kidnappers, Dodge interfered and his teleportation belt got damaged. Dodge was left in a coma after the battle and Robin took him to a hospital. Robin, feeling responsible for Dodge's condition, visited regularly until one day he disappeared. In the future, Dodge would return, but not as his former self; his skin had been turned to a shimmering red and he was furious with Robin. He had fallen into a life of crime, selling a dangerous drug that turned normal people into meta-human murderers. His criminal enterprise built upon the hope that he would eventually meet Robin again and kill him. During a battle with Robin, Zatara, and Rose Wilson, his body inexplicably vanished and he is presumed dead.|
|Doodlebug||Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #1 (July 2003)||Daedalus Boch is an artist who believes he receives visions of inspiration and then compulsively recreates them on whatever canvas they indicate, including people.|
|Dummy||Batman #134 (September 1960)||Danny the Dummy, a pint-sized ventriloquist in a top hat and suit, has a hit act in which he plays the dummy to a normal sized "ventriloquist", Matt, who is revealed as the real dummy at the end of each show. The fact that people invariably refer to Danny as "the Dummy" infuriates him, and inspires him to use dummies for crime to make dummies out of the law.|
|Egghead||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #3 [Note 11] (August 1992)||Edgar Heed believes himself to be "the world's smartest criminal", and his crimes usually have an egg motif to them, as well as including egg puns in his speech where appropriate (e.g., "egg-zactly", "egg-cellent", etc.). The character is an inmate of Arkham Asylum and a patient of Jeremiah Arkham.|
|Eivol Ekdal||Detective Comics #346 (December 1965)||Eivol Ekdal is a bald, slightly hunchbacked criminal scientist who is described as a "master craftsman, builder of escape gadgets and tantalizing traps for the criminal underground of America." He encounters Batman twice, before meeting his death at the hands of a couple of his criminal "customers".|
|Elemental Man||Detective Comics #294 (August 1961)||John Dolan was exposed to a leak from an experiment the professor he assisted was working on, leaving him randomly turning into different elements. Designing a belt to control these transformations, he took to a life of crime as the Elemental Man before Batman was able to restore him. Strike Force Kobra had a member fashioned after Dolan named Elemental Woman.|
|Executioner||Detective Comics #191 (January 1953)||Willy Hooker is a vigilante who murders wanted criminals for the reward money.|
|Eraser||Batman #188 (December 1966)||Leonard Fiasco is a professional at covering the tracks of other crimes. For a 20 percent cut, the Eraser will "erase" the evidence of another crime.|
|Facade||Detective Comics #821 (July 2006)||Erik Hanson is a former employee at a trendy Gotham City nightclub for the city's popular socialites. He organizes a gang to replace them as a ploy to enter Gotham's elite.|
|False-Face||Batman #113 (February 1958)||False-Face is a criminal make-up artist and master of disguise who uses his skill to impersonate wealthy people.|
|Firebug||Batman #318 (December 1979)||An African-American former soldier and demolitions expert, Joseph Rigger returned to find his family dead due to substandard housing in three separate buildings. As the Firebug, Rigger seeks revenge on the buildings themselves, destroying them regardless of how many innocents die. He later turns to more straightforward crime. His weapons of choice are explosive bombs.|
|Gotham Central #3 (March 2003)||Harlan Combs is wanted in the murder of his daughter. Combs had purchased the Firebug costume and armor from Rigger. He is injured fleeing the police and quickly arrested.|
|Deadshot: Urban Renewal #1 (February 2005)||An unnamed character won the moniker and costume from an Internet auction. After taking on the Firebug name, he enters the super-villain business.|
|Famine||52 #26 (2006)||Famine is one of the Horsemen of Apokolips who once posed as Sobek, friend to the Black Marvel family.|
|Film Freak||Batman #395 (May 1986)||Burt Weston is a wannabe actor who dreams of getting a big break by playing quirky villains. When each of his plans fails, he fakes his death similar to the movie The Sting. He is later killed by Bane.|
|Catwoman (vol. 2) #54 (June 2006)||The second Film Freak answers to the surname of "Edison".|
|Fright||Batman #627 (July 2004)||Linda Friitawa is an albino geneticist who was stripped of her medical license for her unauthorized, gruesome experiments on human beings. She assisted the Scarecrow with his experiments; however, oblivious to Scarecrow, she was secretly hired by the Penguin to corrupt Scarecrow's toxins and infect Scarecrow with them, causing him to transform into a creature dubbed "the Scarebeast". In contrast to her deeds and the Penguin, Friitawa always treated Scarecrow with kindness.|
|Gearhead||Detective Comics #712 (August 1997)||Nathan Finch had lost his arms and legs when frostbite affected him after a fight with Batman. An unnamed underworld doctor replaces them with cybernetic limbs.|
|General||Detective Comics #654 (December 1992)||See also - Anarky. Ulysses Hadrian Armstrong was a brilliant military strategist who also happened to be a psychopathic, murderous eight-year old child. Called The General, he was obsessed with war and victory and embarked on his plan of declaring war on Gotham City. Subsequent depictions toned down the character's violent streak somewhat, though he was still dangerous. He was later seen as an adolescent who briefly took on the persona of the new Anarky. During Rebirth, Ulysses is a seen as a young genius working for a military organization, where he is depicted as a cheerful yet sociopathic adolescent who goes by Th3 G3n3r4l online.|
|Gentleman Ghost||Flash Comics #88 (October 1947)||Primarily a Hawkman foe, the spectre once named James Craddock often finds himself at odds with Batman.|
|Getaway Genius||Batman #170 (March 1965)||The Getaway Genius (Roy Reynolds) is a criminal and getaway mastermind who has encountered Batman several times.|
|Globe||Detective Comics #840 (March 2008)||Hammond Carter is obsessed with maps and "plots crimes by latitude, longitude, time zones, and the shape of landmasses."|
|Gorilla Boss of Gotham City||Batman #75 (February–March 1953)||Mobster George "Boss" Dyke is executed in the gas chamber, but has his brain transplanted into the body of a huge gorilla. The Gorilla Boss of Gotham City fights Batman twice. Later, the alien villain Sinestro steals the Boss' cerebellum, expands it to planet-size, and uses it as a power source. This unnatural abomination is destroyed by Superman. Later, however, the Boss is returned to his gorilla body and is used as a pawn by Gorilla Grodd.|
|Gunhawk||Detective Comics #674 (May 1994)||Liam Hawkleigh is a highly-paid mercenary who has encountered Batman and Robin several times. He had a female companion named Gunbunny, later Pistolera, who is a member of the Ravens. After the death of Pistolera, Gunhawk gets himself a new female partner, the second Gunbunny.|
|Gustav DeCobra||Detective Comics #455 (January 1976)||Gustav DeCobra is a vampire, very much in the classic Dracula mold, whom Bruce Wayne and Alfred stumble upon in a seemingly abandoned house after their car overheats in the countryside.|
|Harpy||Batman #481 (July 1992)||Iris was Maxie Zeus' girlfriend when he was in Arkham Asylum. She fought Batman after gaining super-strength and agility, but was bested by him.|
|Hatman||Detective Comics #230 (April 1956)||Originally posing as the Mad Hatter (Jervis Tetch), this unnamed character was revealed to be an impostor. When the real Mad Hatter returned, he claimed to have disposed of the impostor, though the impostor was eventually shown to be very much alive. The former Mad Hatter impostor is currently working under the moniker of " the Hatman".|
|Headhunter||Batman #487 (December 1992)||Headhunter is an assassin who attempts to kill James Gordon, but is thwarted by Batman. Headhunter is accustomed to eliminating his targets by shooting them twice in the head. He was killed by Swamp Thing in Batman #23 (2017).|
|Humpty Dumpty||Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #2 (August 2003)||Humphrey Dumpler, a large, portly, well-mannered man, is obsessed with putting broken things back together again even if he has to take them apart. Thinking that his abusive grandmother is broken, Dumpler dismembers and reassembles her in an attempt to fix her.|
|Huntress||Sensation Comics #68 (August 1947)||Having battled various members of the Batman Family, Paula Brooks is the daughter of the original Tigress.|
|Jane Doe||Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #1 (July 2003)||Jane Doe is a cipher who obsessively learns her victims' personality and mannerisms, then kills them and assumes their identity by wearing their skin, eventually becoming that individual even in her own mind.|
|Jackie Glee||Untold Tales of Batman #3 (August 1994)||Jackie Glee was a man working for Sal Maroni, but failed him for not killing a police officer named James McDouget. He told Maroni that he could kill Batman, but killed a reporter, Brian Townsend, instead, believing he was the Batman. His failure cost him his life.|
|Johnny Stitches||Gotham Underground #3 (February 2008)||Johnny Denetto was the right-hand man of Tobias Whale. After Tobias Whale moved his operations from Metropolis to Gotham, Denetto ran afoul of his boss and had his skin peeled off while being kept alive. Denetto was saved by Bruno Mannheim, his skin sewn together and reattached by Desaad, becoming Mannheim's contractor in Intergang's bid to take over organized crime in Gotham.|
|Johnny Warlock||Robin (vol. 2) #121 (February 2004)||A cruel enforcer working for mob boss Henry Aquista in Gotham City, Johnny Warren is fused with a demonic artifact, gaining tremendous power, but also losing a certain amount of will. He encounters Robin and Spoiler in his attempt to take over Aquista's operation, but burns his energy out. He then heads to Istanbul, determined in time to return to Gotham and get his revenge on the Boy Wonder.|
|Johnny Witts||Detective Comics #344 (October 1965)||Johnny Witts is the arrogant self-proclaimed "Crime-Boss Who's Always One Step Ahead of Batman!" Johnny Witts employs quick-thinking and quick reflexes to outwit Batman. He has countered Batman in disguise as "The Swami".|
|Junkyard Dog||Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #1 (July 2003)||Tucker Long is completely obsessed with scavenging prizes and treasures from garbage. He apparently has the ability to create all manner of functional items—especially weapons—from junk. He is killed by fellow Arkham inmate Doodlebug.|
|Key||All Star Comics #57 (February 1951)||The original Key was the head of a major crime syndicate and used various agents around the world in his misdeeds. He presumably perished after he leaped out of a cable car moving over a gorge.|
|Justice League of America #41 (December 1965)||The second person to call himself the Key (real name unknown) was originally a chemist with Intergang. He develops mind-expanding "psycho-chemicals" that help activate his senses and allow him to plan crimes mere humans can never hope to understand. Being an enemy of the Justice League as a whole, Batman is his primary enemy. In one of his most famous encounters with the Dark Knight, he tries to provoke Batman into murdering him so he could escape life itself, but the plan proves unsuccessful.|
|King of the Cats||Batman #69 (February 1952)||Not to be confused with Catman, Karl Kyle is the brother and former cat-themed partner of Catwoman.|
|King Cobra||Batman #139 (April 1961)||King Cobra is a cobra-themed costumed crime boss, not to be confused with Copperhead, King Snake, or Kobra.|
|King Snake||Robin #4 (February 1991)||Sir Edmund Dorrance is a martial artist who becomes a mercenary, offering his professional expertise to various anti-communist rebels, and apparently made a great deal of money in doing so. While in Santa Prisca working with local rebels, his camp is taken by surprise by government commandos and he is blinded by gunfire. He flees to Hong Kong and becomes a businessman and the leader of the feared Ghost Dragons. He eventually gravitates to Gotham where he seizes control of the Chinatown district from the Triad gangs. This does not last long, however, and he loses control of the gang, sending him to join the terrorist cult Kobra. It is later revealed that he is the biological father of Bane. Bane tracks down his father, where Snake tries to have his son help him in taking over Kobra. The struggle results in Snake's apparent death.|
|King Tut||Batman Confidential #26 [Note 12] (April 2009)||Victor Goodman is an Egyptian-themed supervillain who leaves behind clues at the scene of his crimes in a similar fashion to the Riddler.|
|Kobra||Kobra #1 (February 1976)||Jeffrey Burr and his twin brother, Jason Burr, were born as Siamese twins (with a psychic link to one another) but were kidnapped and separated from each other's bodies soon after their birth by the Cult of the Kobra God because a prophecy stated he would lead them to world domination. As they grew, Jeffrey became a terrorist and mad scientist, taking on the name "Kobra" as the leader of the cult. After Jason began working with another organization to combat Kobra and his cult, Kobra killed Jason, only to be haunted by visions of his deceased brother. He came into conflict with Batman after he began using Lazarus Pits of his creation. Both Kobra and his organization would go on to fight many other heroes and a rival criminal organization called SKULL. Kobra is finally captured and eventually murdered by Black Adam.|
|Following the death of their leader, Jeffrey Burr, the Kobra Cult resurrects Jason Burr. Jason Burr follows in his brother's footsteps and becomes the second Kobra.|
|Lady Vic||Nightwing #4 (January 1997)||Lady Elaine Marsh-Morton is a woman hailing from a rich British family. She becomes a hired assassin in order to prevent foreclosure on her family estate.|
|Lark||Batman #448 (June 1990)||Lark is the Penguin's personal chauffeur and bodyguard. She was noted as having remarkable strength by Batman, and managed to keep Penguin alive when Black Mask was after him.|
|Lazara||Batman: Mr. Freeze [Note 13] (May 1997)||Nora Fries, Mr. Freeze's wife, is resurrected by a Lazarus Pit by Nyssa Raatko and now possesses the ability to manipulate flame and reanimate the dead.|
|Lock-Up||Robin (vol. 2) #24 [Note 14] (January 1996)||Lyle Bolton is a former security guard who is obsessed with order, and becomes a costumed vigilante who brutalizes criminals. Unlike Batman, however, he is willing and eager to kill them. He sets up a private prison for costumed villains.|
|Lord Death Man||Batman #180 (May 1966)||Lord Death Man is a Japanese criminal that wears a skeleton outfit. Originally he could put himself into a yoga trance to trick people into thinking he's dead but when the character was revived he received "upgrades".|
|Lump||Mister Miracle #7 (April 1972)||The Lump is a living psychological weapon created by the malevolent New Gods of Apokolips that was used to mentally torture Batman during the Final Crisis.|
|Lunkhead||Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #1 (July 2003)||Lunkhead is a large, imposing, somewhat deformed bruiser of a man. He is killed by demons tricked by the Ventriloquist as revenge for destroying his Scarface puppet.|
|Lynx||Robin #1 (January 1991)||Ling is a beautiful martial artist and a member of the Parisian branch of the Ghost Dragons, a Chinese youth gang that serves King Snake. For failing to kill Tim Drake, King Snake takes out her left eye. Eventually, she takes control of the Ghost Dragons and attempts to expand their Gotham territory. She is later killed during an encounter with Batgirl.|
|Mabuse||Batman: Gotham Knights #3 (May 2000)||Mabuse is a common street criminal, a "geek" in a suit of armor made from a trashcan, who faces a young Batman early in the Dark Knight's career. He is responsible for breaking Batman's nose in a fight.|
|Madame Zodiac||Batman Family #17 (April–May 1978)||Madame Zodiac first appears committing horoscope-themed crimes in Gotham City, but is defeated by Batgirl, Batwoman, and the Earth-Two Huntress. Later, she allies herself with Doctor Zodiac to obtain a set of Zodiac coins, but the two of them are defeated by Batman, Superman, and Zatanna. Recently, she reappeared helping the Riddler in solving a mystery.|
|Magpie||The Man of Steel #3 (November 1986)||Margaret Pye is a jewel thief who targets jewels named after birds and then replaces the jewels with booby-trapped replicas. She is named for the magpie, who in folklore is attracted to bright, shiny things. She is among the villains who was killed by the second Tally Man.|
|March Hare||Detective Comics #841 (April 2008)||Harriet Pratt is an Alice in Wonderland-themed super-villainess and a member of the Mad Hatter (Jervis Tetch)'s Wonderland Gang.|
|Matatoa||Batman: Gotham Knights #16 (June 2001)||Nicknamed "the Eater of Souls", Matatoa is an immortal cursed with killing people in order to consume their souls and essence in order to maintain his existence. He traveled to Gotham to battle Batman after a voice in his head told him to seek out an "undefeated warrior" so he could take his soul. Batman was able to beat Matatoa.|
|Mekros||Batman #501 (November 1993)||Mekros is an assassin that was hired by Don Mercante to kill Batman but failed to do so.|
|Metalhead||Batman #486 (November 1992)||During his search for Black Mask, an exhausted Batman comes across a series of waterfront taverns filled with mauled, bloody inhabitants. After interrogating one of many severely injured victims, he finds the whereabouts of the so-called "Metalhead" at the local cemetery in the Sionis family crypt, resting place of Black Mask's family.|
|Mime||Batman #412 (October 1987)||Camilla Ortin is a girl who commits crimes dressed as a mime. She seldom speaks, which leads people to think she is mute.|
|Mirage||Detective Comics #511 (February 1982)||"Mike" (alias Kerry Austin) is a common man who takes a course at the Academy of Crime and starts using illusions as a gimmick villain. He fights Batman twice and Manhunter Mark Shaw once. He is killed by Bruno Mannheim, who bashes Mirage's head into the "Crime Bible"; then sends his body to the kitchen.|
|Mirror Man||Detective Comics #213 (November 1954)||Floyd Ventris is a criminal scientist who uses mirrors in his crimes, in a fashion similar to Mirror Master. In both his meetings with Batman, Ventris tries to expose Batman's secret identity.|
|Mr. Camera||Batman #81 (February 1954)||Mr. Camera is a camera-headed villain that uses cameras in his crimes.|
|Mr. Cipher||Batman #71 (June 1982)||Not to be confused with Cypher, Mr. Cipher is a masked criminal who was killed after a confrontation with Batman.|
|Mr. ESPER/Captain Calamity`||Detective Comics #352 (June 1966)||An inventor builds an ultrasonic projector able to put "telepathic" suggestions in people, specifically Batman, to distract him from his main crime. Later, as Captain Calamity, he advanced his device so it could tap into the psychic powers of some people, namely Titans member Lillith.|
|Mr. ZZZ||Detective Comics #824 (June 2008)||Gotham City gangster. Appears to be half-asleep all the time.|
|Mr. Polka-Dot||Detective Comics #300 (February 1962)||Abner Krill turns the polka dots covering his costume into a variety of weapons.|
|Mole||World's Finest Comics #80 (January–February 1956)||A minor criminal named Harrah, nicknamed "the Mole", tries to tunnel into the Gotham City Bank, but is stopped by Batman and Superman. Years later, during a tunnel prison break, Harrah almost drowns in a wave of toxic sewage that mutates him into a mole-like creature. During a second clash with Batman, the Mole is knocked into a flooded cavern of the Batcave and washed away, his ultimate fate still unknown.|
|Monarch of Menace||Detective Comics #350 (April 1966)||In the earliest days of Batman’s career, the Monarch of Menace represented the Dark Knight’s only failure, being the first criminal ever to defeat Batman and leave Gotham with a fortune in stolen goods. Years later, however, the Monarch's teenage son tries to prove himself using his father's outfit in a crime spree. The young Monarch is defeated by Robin, while his father is lured out of hiding by Batman, who then finally defeats his old nemesis.|
|Mad Monk||Detective Comics #31 (September 1939)||The Monk is one of the earliest Batman villains. He wore a red cassock, with a hood that bore a skull and crossbones on it. The Monk turned out to be a vampire, who has hypnotic powers and the ability to turn into a wolf, and was killed after being shot with a silver bullet along with his vampiric assistant Dala. His battle with Batman was the first multi-part Batman adventure. The Monk's hood has been in a glass display case in the Batcave ever since, in all subsequent official continuities.|
|Mortician||Batman: Gotham Knights #28 (June 2002)||Porter Vito was trying some reanimation techniques to raise his dead parents, but when one of his zombies killed someone, he felt remorse and gave up his plans.|
|Mortimer Kadaver||Detective Comics #588 (July 1988)||Mortimer Kadaver is a murderous criminal possessing a morbid obsession with death and torture. Kadaver enjoys feigning his own death and his hideout is filled with a wide variety of means of murder and torture.|
|NKVDemon||Batman #445 (March 1990)||Gregor Dosynski is the protégé of KGBeast who tries to kill a list of ten Soviet government officials in Moscow, considering them traitors to the cause of communism. He is killed by police gunfire in an attempt to assassinate the tenth person on his list, then-president Mikhail Gorbachev.|
|Aquaman (vol. 4) #8 (July 1992)||An assassin named Nicodemus (not to be confused with Thomas Hart who is also known as Nicodemus) takes up the mantle and costume of the original NKVDemon, and is hired to kill Aquaman. He is defeated by Aquaman and Batman, and eventually killed while in jail.|
|Robin (vol. 2) #47 (November 1997)||The third NKVDemon initially works for Ulysses "The General" Armstrong. More recently, he served as the bodyguard to the head of the Gotham Odessa family, and was killed in the shootout that incited the Gotham gang war.|
|Mutant Leader||The Dark Knight Returns (February–June 1986)||In the Frank Miller Batman Universe, the Mutant Leader was the leader of the gang known as the Mutants until the Batman came out of retirement and defeated the Mutant Leader, dismantling the Mutant gang.|
|Narcosis||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #50 (May 1996)||Real name unknown, he uses dream-inducing gasses to rob his victims of their sense of reality. His mother was a lush and his father was a thief. They were both sent away and he was neglectfully passed around the city. At the age of five, his face was horrifically burned in a kitchen accident and, coupled with his family being split up, he began having chronic nightmares. He hates Gotham for being neglectful and wishes to plunge the city into an ever-lasting nightmare.|
|Nicodemus||Batman #601 (May 2002)||Thomas Hart is a masked figure in Gotham City who kidnaps corrupt city officials and burns them to death. He, like the Batman, had lost his parents to a Gotham crime at an early age.|
|Nocturna||Detective Comics #529 (August 1983)||Natalia Knight (alias Natalie Metternich) is a thief and manipulator whose skin was bleached pale white by an experimental laser. Sensitive to light, she prefers to operate in darkness. Her adopted half-brother and lover is Anton Knight, originally known as the Thief of Night and then known as Night-Slayer.|
|Ogre and Ape||Batman #535 (October 1996)||Michael Adams is a genetically altered man whose "brother" is a genetically enhanced gorilla. The Ogre has increased strength and the Ape has increased intelligence. Ogre tracks and murders the scientists who had collaborated with the experiment, only to be tracked by Batman himself. In the end, the Ape dies and Ogre wanders aimlessly through Gotham City.|
|Orca||Batman #579 (July 2000)||Grace Balin is a marine biologist who transforms herself into a monstrous orca, first attempting to steal a valuable necklace. She is among the villains who were killed by the second Tally Man.|
|Outsider||Detective Comics #356 [Note 15] (October 1966)||The Outsider is the Earth-3 incarnation of Alfred Pennyworth and the leader of the Secret Society of Super Villains.|
|Panara||Catwoman #37 (September 1996)||Ms. Dorsey is a young woman that is diagnosed with an incurable disease. She seeks the aid of a geneticist who specializes in radical cures for illnesses. He traps Catwoman, believing her to be a werecat and thinking her to have special DNA, to use in Dorsey's cure, but finds that she was a "mere human".|
|Penny Plunderer||World's Finest Comics #30 (September–October 1947)||Joe Coyne, a thief obsessed with penny-oriented crimes, starts his career selling newspapers for pennies. He is later caught stealing pennies and gets the electric chair. The giant penny on display in the Batcave, which has been a longtime staple of Batman's lair, was originally one of the Penny Plunderer's devices.|
|Pistolera||Detective Comics #674 (May 1994)||Gunbunny (real name unknown) is a costumed criminal and the former partner and lover of Gunhawk. After a falling out with Gunhawk, she became a western-themed villainess known as Pistolera and joined a group called the Ravens. She is later shot and killed by Deadshot.|
|Pix||Batman: Gotham Knights #34 (December 2002)||Ariadne Pixnit is an avant-garde tattoo artist who used "nanite-ink"—a nanobot-filled color matrix that she could program to form itself into designs on her subjects. After being beaten and raped by a street gang, Pixnit works undercover at her attackers' favorite tattoo shop, designing lethal tattoos (swords, scorpions, etc.) that she brings to "life" via computer in order to dispatch the gang members one by one. She later injects a large amount of the nanite-ink into her skull, giving her the ability to create creatures and weapons on her skin that she could animate and send against Batman.|
|Planet Master||Detective Comics #296 (October 1961)||Professor Norbert starts a crime wave using gimmicks based on the nine planets after inhaling a strange gas which turns him into a "Jekyll and Hyde"-like character. After the gas' effect wears off, it is revealed that Norbert's assistant, Burke, is the one who has manipulated him into committing crimes. Planet Master later appears as a member of Kobra's Strikeforce Kobra, and still later as part of The Society during the Infinite Crisis.|
|Professor Carl Kruger||Detective Comics #33 (November 1939)||Professor Krueger is a mad scientist who uses elaborate schemes and devices in order to battle Batman.|
|Professor Milo||Detective Comics #247 (September 1957)||Professor Achilles Milo is a scientist who uses chemicals to battle Batman, most famously transforming Anthony Lupus into a mutated werewolf.|
|Professor Radium||Batman #8 (December 1941-January 1942)||Professor Henry Ross is a scientist who is accidentally transformed into "a human radium ray". In need of an expensive antidote, Ross uses his newfound powers to commit crimes in Gotham; anxious not to hurt anyone, he accidentally kills his girlfriend Mary Lamont. Going insane, Professor Radium finds himself battling Batman and Robin. He seems to drown in his first appearance, but returns in recent times and is revealed to have joined a subgroup of the villainous Society known as the Nuclear Legion.|
|Proteus||Beware the Creeper #2 (July 1968)||Offalian immigrant Remington Percival Cord escapes an environment of fear and violence of his home country to America but finds the same brutality he escaped. Becoming a shape-shifting figure in the Gotham underworld, Proteus emerges as the nemesis of the Creeper.|
|Puppet Master||Batman #3 (October 1940)||Not to be confused with the Marvel Comics character of the same name, the Puppet Master is a criminal who uses his thought waves and puppets to control people after an injection from a chemical weakens their will.|
|Rainbow Beast||Batman #134 (September 1960)||After helping the president of a small South American republic against a dictatorial rebel, Batman and Robin are confronted with another menace—a Rainbow Beast. Spawned from a fiery volcano, the Rainbow Beast radiates four separate power-auras from different areas of its body. However, after using a power, the section of the Beast's body used becomes white, and it must leach color to regain its power. Batman and Robin trick the Rainbow Beast into expending all of its auras, leaving it entirely colorless. They ram it with a log and the Beast shatters into fragments.|
|Raven||Detective Comics #287 (January 1961)||Joe Parker was given the identity Raven as a pawn for aliens Kzan and Jhorl who seek a meteorite.|
|Batman Family #18 (July 1978)||Dave Corby is an agent for MAZE that battled Robin and Batgirl on occasion.|
|Reaper||Detective Comics #237 (December 1971)||Dr. Benjamin Gruener is a Holocaust survivor who took on the Reaper identity in order to exact revenge on his former Nazi captors.|
|Detective Comics #575 (June 1987)||After losing his wife in a robbery, Judson Caspian became a vigilante and began murdering criminals.|
|Batman: Full Circle (January 1991)||Joe Chill Jr., the son of Joe Chill, briefly became the Reaper as part of a plan to drive Batman insane.|
|Roadrunner||Detective Comics #876 (April 2011)||Once an exotic car dealer, Bixby Rhodes took the opportunity to start smuggling guns and other firearms to the newcomers in Gotham's crime world when Gotham City's organized crime fell after the capture of Jeremiah Arkham as the new Black Mask. Taking up the nickname of "Roadrunner", Bixby would deliver guns in the trunks of custom ordered cars.|
|Rob Callender||World's Finest Comics #11 (August–November 1943)||Rob Callender is a laboratory assistant from the future who became a thief after being transported to the present day.|
|Savage Skull||Batman #360 (June 1983)||Jack Crane is a rogue cop that is fired from the Gotham City Police Department due to his illegal activities. Disfigured in an accident that burns off his skin, Crane seeks revenge as the Savage Skull, but is defeated by Batman.|
|Sewer King||52 #25 [Note 16] (October 2006)||The Sewer King is a staff-carrying, sewer-dwelling villain with an army of runaway children he uses as pickpockets. He appeared among other obscure villains slain at the hands of Intergang boss Bruno Mannheim.|
|Signalman||Batman #112 (December 1957)||Phil Cobb is a small-time criminal in Gotham who is convinced that he needs a gimmick to hit it big. Inspired by the Bat-Signal, he becomes the Signalman, using signals, signs, and symbols in his crimes, but is inevitably defeated by Batman and Robin time and again. He is also a member of the Secret Society of Super Villains. For a brief time, Cobb changes his modus operandi and, inspired by Green Arrow, commits crimes as the Blue Bowman. Signalman is kidnapped and tortured by Dr. Moon and Phobia, and is presumed deceased, but later appears as a drug-addicted informant to Black Lightning.|
|Snowman||Batman #337 (July 1981)||Klaus Kristin is the son of a male yeti and a human woman. In his first appearance, he comes to Gotham City to freeze it over, but encounters Batman in the process.|
|Spellbinder||Detective Comics #358 (December 1966)||Delbert Billings (also known as Keith Sherwood) is a painter who uses optical illusions and hypnotic weapons to commit crimes. Spellbinder is on the run from the law with his new girlfriend, Fay Moffit, when he is confronted by the demon lord Neron, who makes an offer of immense power in exchange for his soul. Spellbinder declines, but Fay shoots Spellbinder in the head and accepts the offer for herself.|
|Justice League International (vol. 2) #65 (June 1994)||A genuine mystic takes the name and appears as a member of the government-sanctioned "League-Busters".|
|Detective Comics #691 (November 1995)||During the Underworld Unleashed crossover, Delbert Billings turns down Neron's offer and is shot by his girlfriend, Fay Moffit, who then takes the deal and becomes Lady Spellbinder.|
|Spinner||Batman #129 (February 1960)||Swami Ygar is a villain in a metal-clad outfit that is lined with metal discs.|
|Spook||Detective Comics #434 (April 1973)||Val Kaliban is one of the world's greatest escape artists, and uses his extraordinary abilities together with special effects to commit spectacular crimes and make people believe he was a real ghost. After several battles with Batman, he is killed by Damian Wayne.|
|Steeljacket||Detective Comics #681 (January 1995)||Steeljacket is a bio-engineering experiment, a cross between man and bird. His hollow bones give him extremely light weight, allowing him to fly. However, he must wear metallic armor to protect his frail body.|
|Stranger||Batman #78 (August 1953)||Really a Martian criminal Quork, who steals a spaceship and comes to Earth to steal weapons with his incredible technology, as weapons are outlawed on Mars. He is pursued by the First Lawmen of Mars, who team up with Batman and Robin, having observed them from Mars. The Stranger meets the lawmen but kidnaps Robin, and is tracked down by a bug the Martian Manhunter has placed in his pocket. Robin is tied to a missile which is launched but is saved, and Quork is taken back to Mars.|
|Sylph||Nightwing #48 (October 2000)||Sylvan Scofield is the daughter of an inventor of a micro-thin fabric that can be manipulated into shooting out from around the wearer. Her abilities including gliding and wrapping others with the cloth. When others try to steal this invention, her father commits suicide and she goes after those she believe caused it in Blüdhaven. It was believed that she had committed suicide after her encounter with Nightwing, but that was later proven to not be the case.|
|Synaptic Kid||Detective Comics #633 (August 1991)||The Synaptic Kid is a deformed metahuman telepath who attempts to enter Batman's mind and learn his secret identity for the purpose of blackmailing him, only to be rendered comatose when the attempt backfires.|
|Tally Man||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #19 (October 1993)||The Tally Man is a serial killer who has murdered around 60 people. He is a hired killer who wears a mask over his face, a long purplish smock with ruffled sleeves, and an oversized top hat.|
|Detective Comics #819 (July 2006)||A hitman using the "Tally Man" moniker later surfaces while under the employ of the Great White Shark.[volume & issue needed]|
|Ten-Eyed Man||Batman #226 (November 1970)||Philip Reardon is a former Vietnam War veteran and warehouse guard who is blinded in a warehouse explosion that burns his retinas. Doctor Engstrom reconnects them to his fingers. Reardon blames Batman for his blindness.|
|Thanatos||Batman #305 (November 1978)||Thanatos is the masked leader of the gang of terrorists known as the "Death's Head", devoted to the destruction of capitalism. The Death's Head is defeated by Batman, and Thanatos is unmasked as Sophia Santos, also known as "Lina Muller", a reporter who had associated with Batman.|
|Thor||Batman #127 (October 1959)||Henry Meke is proprietor of a small museum featuring replicas of mythological curios. One night, a meteorite smashed through a window, hit the Hammer of Thor, and disintegrated. The hammer began to glow and Meke reached out to examine it. After touching the hammer, he was transformed into the mighty Thor himself. The metamorphosis is repeated during thunderstorms. Thor then began a quest to finance the building of a temple to Odin by robbing banks.|
|Tiger Shark||Detective Comics #147 (May 1949)||Dr. Gaige is a famous oceanographer turned gang leader. He operates at sea and at Gotham's waterfront.|
|Trapper||Detective Comics #206 (April 1952)||Jason Bard is a criminal who is obsessed with animal traps and uses them in his crimes. He is not to be confused with the actual Jason Bard who is a member of the Gotham City Police Department.|
|Trigger Twins||Detective Comics #666 (December 1993)||The Trigger Twins (Thomas and Tad Trigger) are two cowboys that grew up apart without knowing they were twins. They discover they share a great skill as gunslingers and become bandits, taking their motif from their heroic Wild West namesakes. They are seemingly killed during the Infinite Crisis.|
|Torque||Nightwing #1 (October 1996)||Inspector Dudley "Deadly" Soames was the most corrupt cop working in the Blüdhaven Police Department before a near-death experience. He then became a super-villain called Torque.|
|Ugly American||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #6 (November 1992)||Jon Kennedy Payne was brainwashed by the US government to be an assassin with extreme patriotic emotions. Something went wrong however and he developed a hatred for non-whites and foreigners of all shapes and sizes, including dogs like French poodles. But his rage came to an end when he was taken out by the same government as Batman subdued him.|
|Wasp||Detective Comics #287 (January 1961)||Willie Blaine was given the identity Wasp as a pawn for aliens Kzan and Jhorl that seek a meteorite.|
|Wa'arzen||The Brave and the Bold #180 (November 1981)||Wa'arzen is the vengeful spectre of an ancient Japanese wizard.|
|Weasand||Batman: Blackgate - Isle of Men #1 (April 1998)||Weasand is referred to as one of the prisoners who escape from Blackgate Penitentiary in the aftermath of the earthquake in Batman: Cataclysm. He is shown as tall and extremely thin.|
|Werewolf||Batman #255 (March 1974)||Anthony Lupus is a former Olympic decathlon champion who is turned into a werewolf by a drug given to him by Professor Milo.|
|Wrath||Batman Special #1 (June 1984)||The original character to become the Anti-Batman, known as the Wrath, was a child who watched his criminal parents die at the hands of a then-rookie policeman James Gordon, who killed them in self-defense. As an adult, the Wrath becomes a cop-killer who copies many of Batman's methods, except for a readiness to use both lethal force and firearms to accomplish his goals. He is killed in a battle with Batman.|
|Batman Confidential #13 (March 2008)||Elliot Caldwell was one of the several orphan children whom the original Wrath kidnapped in order to train them to become Scorn, the Anti-Robin.[Note 17] Caldwell was the only orphan to survive the training, but was unable to become Scorn due to the Wrath's untimely death. When Caldwell grew into an adult, he became the second Wrath and devoted himself to the original Wrath's cause. As the C.E.O. of Caldwell Tech, Caldwell began creating an army of soldiers to take on the Scorn identity.|
|Zebra-Man||Detective Comics #275 (January 1960)||Jacob Baker is the original Zebra-Man, who was a high-tech scientist whose body is irradiated, granting him "magnetic" powers to attract or repel metal, wood, stone, and human flesh. His name comes from the black and white stripes on his body.|
|Outsiders #21 (1987)||A second Zebra-Man is later created by Kobra as a member of Strikeforce Kobra in order to combat the Outsiders.|
|Batman: The Dark Knight (vol. 2) #1 (September 2011)||A version of Zebra-Man, who goes by the name "Vortex", appears in the New 52 as an inmate of Arkham Asylum.|
|Zeiss||Batman #582 (October 2000)||Philo Zeiss possesses surgically enhanced speed, reflexes, vision-enhancing goggles, and extensive martial arts training. Brought up by the Sicilian mafia, Zeiss eventually becomes a contract killer and bodyguard. He fights Batman to a standstill and nearly kills Catwoman.|
|Zodiac Master||Detective Comics #323 (January 1964)||The masked villain known as the Zodiac Master makes his presence known in Gotham by predicting a succession of disasters, all of which he has secretly orchestrated. Having cemented his reputation, he starts offering odds on the relative success or failure for the plans of various criminals, all in exchange for 25% of the take.|
The following is a list of fictional teams or groups of supervillains that are enemies of the Batman Family, listed in alphabetical order by name. The first appearance and a brief fictional biography of each team is also listed.
|Villains||First appearance||Fictional biography||Notable members|
|Batman Revenge Squad||World's Finest Comics #175 (May 1968)||The Batman Revenge Squad is a trio of villains who don similar costumes to Batman in a bid to destroy him.||Cash Carew|
Barney the Blast
|Black Glove||Batman #667 (August 2007)||The Black Glove is a corrupt and exclusive organisation led by Doctor Hurt that is made up of wealthy and villainous individuals.||Dr. Hurt|
|Circus of Strange||Batman and Robin #1 (August 2009)||The Circus of Strange is a circus-themed group of criminals led by Professor Pyg.||Professor Pyg|
|Club of Villains||Batman #676 (June 2008)||The Club of Villains is made up of supervillains led by Dr. Hurt as an antithesis to the Club of Heroes.||Dr. Hurt|
|Court of Owls||Batman (vol. 2) #2 (December 2011)||The subjects of a popular Gotham City nursery rhyme, the shadowy Court of Owls is a secret society composed of some of the most powerful men and women in Gotham City. They use assassins known as Talons to eliminate threats.||Joseph Powers|
|Disgraced||Batgirl (vol. 4) #10 (August 2012)||The Disgraced would use whatever means necessary to apprehend, torment, and kill all criminals.||Knightfall|
|Dollmaker Family||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #1 (September 2011)||The Dollmaker family is a family of serial killers led by the Dollmaker that run an organ trade business and make dolls out of human flesh.||Dollmaker|
|Falcone Crime Family||Batman #404 (March 1987)||The Falcone Crime Family was an organized crime syndicate that was prominent during the early years of Batman's crime fighting career.||Vincent Falcone|
Sofia Falcone Gigante
|False Face Society||Batman #152 (December 1962)||The False Face Society is a gang of masked criminals led by Black Mask.||Black Mask|
|Fearsome Foot-Fighters||Detective Comics #372 (February 1968)||Experts in a French form of kickboxing, these acrobatic martial artists hail from the fictional Balkan nation of Karonia.||Idimo|
|Gorilla Gang||Batman #156 (June 1963)||The Gorilla Gang is a group of criminals who dress up in gorilla suits and commit crimes.||Luke|
|Kings of the Sun||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #30 (June 2014)||The Kings of the Sun are a biker gang that has moved in on Gotham City, led by Holter.||Holter|
|League of Smiles||Detective Comics (vol. 2) #16 (March 2013)||The League of Smiles is a cult of criminals that hero-worships the Joker.||Merrymaker|
David "Happy" Hill
Rodney the Torch
|Leviathan||Batman: The Return (December 2010)||Leviathan is a shadowy organization with origins unknown, capable of creating surgically and genetically altered super-humans. They have also shown an ability to brainwash people for their cause. The leader of the organization is Talia Head.||Talia Head|
Son of Pyg
|Maroni Crime Family||Detective Comics #66 (August 1942)||Led by Sal Maroni, the Maroni Family are a prominent crime family in Gotham City. In the early years of Batman's career, the Maronis often vied for power and control of the Gotham City's criminal underworld with the Falcone Family.||Big Lou Maroni|
|Masters of Disaster||Batman and the Outsiders #9 (April 1984)||The Masters of Disaster are a group of mercenaries with an elemental theme.||New Wave|
|Mirror House cult||Detective Comics #871 (November 2010)||A cult led by the Dealer that religiously believes in immorality, the Mirror House cult gathers at the Mirror House.||Dealer|
|Misfits||Batman: Shadow of the Bat #7 (December 1992)||The Misfits are a group of Batman's enemies led by Killer Moth.||Killer Moth|
|Mud Pack||Detective Comics #604 (September 1989)||The Mud Pack are a group composed of several of the super-villains who call themselves "Clayface". During their alliance, Basil Karlo, the original Clayface, consumes samples of the other Clayfaces, gaining all of their unique super-powers and abilities, becoming the "Ultimate Clayface".||Basil Karlo|
|Mutants||The Dark Knight Returns (February–June 1986)||A gang of mutant punks that have taken over the city, the Mutants typically wear visors and have shaved or Mohawk hair styles.||Mutant Leader|
|Network||Batman: Family #1 (December 2002)||The Network is a crime family led by the Athena.||Athena|
|New Olympians||Batman and the Outsiders #14 (October 1984)||The New Olympians are Maxie Zeus' group of mercenaries selected to represent Greek and Roman gods in order to disrupt the 1984 Olympics.||Monitor|
|Red Hood Gang||Batman: The Killing Joke (July 1988)||The Red Hood Gang is a gang of Gotham criminals who rotate men under the guise of their leader in order to help protect the identity of the gang's true leaders if a job goes wrong. The most notable faux leader of the Red Hood Gang was the man who became the Joker.||Joker|
An unnamed member
|Royal Flush Gang||Justice League of America #43 (March 1966)||There have been several incarnations of the Royal Flush Gang. Each gang has consisted of a King, Queen, Jack, Ten and Ace. Over the years, several aristocratic crime gangs existed where they bring in new members (i.e., sons, daughters, husbands, wives) when the old ones retire or go to jail. At one point, a King was in charge of several members (two being his daughter and a Jack) to which Batman broke up the group.||King|
|Seven Men of Death||Batman #670 (December, 2007)||The Seven Men of Death is a group belonging to Ra's Al Ghul's League of Assassins.||Detonator|
An unnamed member
|Spyral||Batman Incorporated #4 (May 2011)||Spyral is an international spy agency, recently headed up by the enigmatic Doctor Dedalus. Following his death, the agency came under the leadership of his daughter Kathy Kane, the original Batwoman.||Agent 1|
|Strike Force Kobra||Outsiders #21 (July 1987)||Strike Force Kobra is a group of super-powered operatives created by Kobra based upon some of Batman's rogues in an operation against Stagg Enterprises. Kobra operative Eve would form another incarnation that would menace the Outsiders led by the Eradicator.||Clayface IV|
|Terminus' group||Batman and Robin (vol. 2) #10 (August 2012)||Terminus was, by his own account, beaten by Batman at some point in his past and as a result he has some rare condition that required painful treatment to extend his life. He vowed to spend the remainder of his life in pursuit of defeating Batman, and showing the people of Gotham that Batman is the true villain. He gathers a group of villains who all blame the Batman for their current conditions.||Terminus|
|Terrible Trio||Detective Comics #253 (March 1958)||Warren Lawford, Armand Lydecker, and Gunther Hardwicke are a trio of magnates and scientists who wear masks of cartoon animals to commit crimes as the Fox, the Shark, and the Vulture, and have obsessions with Earth, Water, and Air.||Warren Lawford|
Great White Shark
|Underworld Olympics||Batman #272 (February 1976)||Underworld Olympics is an organization that hosts an international contest of the best criminals in the world separated by South American, North American, European, and Afro-Asian branches to see what region has the most accomplished villains on Earth.||Various branches|
|Victim Syndicate||Detective Comics #943 (October 2016)||Victim Syndicate is a criminal organization composed of people who have been hurt through Batman's exploits against his Rogues Gallery. Their goal is to rid Gotham of Batman and the Bat Family forever.||The First Victim|
|Wonderland Gang||Detective Comics #841 (April 2008)||The Wonderland Gang is a gang of supervillains themed around Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.||Mad Hatter|
Mobsters and plainclothes criminals
In alphabetical order (with issue and date of first appearance)
|Able Crown||Detective Comics #743 (April 2000)||Able Crown is a local thug that has had a few run ins with Batman. Crown is also the same gangster who accidentally starts a huge gang war in Gotham City.|
|Alfred Stryker||Detective Comics #27 (May 1939)||Alfred Stryker is the mastermind behind a chemical syndicate. He was killed in a confrontation with Batman when he fell into a vat of chemicals early in Batman's vigilante career.|
|Athena||Detective Comics #775 (December 2002)||Celia Kazantkakis is a former CEO of Wayne Enterprises and current leader of a criminal organization called the Network.|
|Bad Cop||Batman Confidential #22 (December 2008)||Geoff Shancoe is a former police officer that was tortured into insanity by the Joker.|
|Brainy Walker||Detective Comics #242 (April 1957)||Brainy Walker was paroled after three years for counterfeiting and immediately set out to commit fresh crimes. This time though, he used counterfeit thousand-dollars in bills as a distraction. He first planted the phony bills around Gotham City and broadcast clues to their whereabouts. The streets were choked as citizen sought the money. This kept the police occupied with crowd control and traffic control, allowing Walker to commit robberies in relative peace. Walker then tricked Robin into accidentally telling the location of the Batcave. Batman worked with Alfred Pennyworth to make Walker believed Robin's slip of the tongue was part of a plan to trap Walker and his men. When Walker gave up seeking the secret headquarters, he and his gang were finally apprehended.|
|Bruno Groft and Lekkey||Batman #128 (December 1959)||Bruno Groft was a foreign agent and assassin-for-hire whose gang kidnapped the Prince, Princess, and Ambassador of Morania. Batman and Robin defeated the gang and prevented Lekkey from assassinating the royal couple.|
|Carmine "The Roman" Falcone||Batman #404 (February 1987)||Carmine Falcone is a powerful crime boss in the early years of Batman's career and the leader of the Falcone Crime Family. He is the father of Alberto Falcone, Mario Falcone, and Sofia Falcone Gigante.|
|Catfoot Regan and Beetles Branagan||Batman #134 (September 1960)||Batman and Robin apprehend Catfoot Regan trying to rob jewels from the movement of a huge clock at a clock fair. Clues on Regan's clothes lead them to the thief's boss, Beetles Branagan, operating a crime-ring from above the city in a huge advertising balloon.|
|Ernie Chubb||Batman and Wildcat #1 (April 1997)||Ernie Chubb is a criminal currently incarcerated at Blackgate Penitentiary.|
|Erin McKillen||Batman and Robin (vol. 2) #24 (December 2013)||Erin McKillen and her twin sister Shannon were born into the McKillen crime family. When they were little, they attended school with Bruce Wayne, who was still in mourning for his parents. Erin was regarded as a feisty child, getting into trouble and stealing kisses from Bruce. Upon the death of her father, she and Shannon took control of the McKillen family, and while she gained a penchant for ruthlessness, she and her twin sister were eventually arrested and sent to Blackgate Penitentiary. After losing three appeals, their defense attorney Harvey Dent betrayed them by joining the D.A.'s office and personally helping to keep them locked up. When Erin escaped from Blackgate, after her sister sacrificed her life to help Erin, she visited Harvey Dent, murdered his wife and scarred his face as a reminder of how he treated them.|
|Faceless Killer||Batman #542||Joseph Zedno is a killer who removes the faces of his victims.|
|Frenchy Blake||Detective Comics #28 (June 1939)||Frenchy Blake is a dapper criminal who ran a successful group of jewel thieves.|
|Gentleman Jim Jansen||Batman #134 (September 1960)||Gentleman Jim Jansen was an orchid fancier and smuggler whom Batman and Robin discover trying to smuggle hot diamonds inside orchids.|
|Graham||Batman #130 (March 1960)||Graham was an expert builder of replicas of ancient weapons for movies. He begins leading a gang that uses ancient weapons such as ballistas and caltrops to loot banks.|
|Gregorian Falstaff||Batman #317 (November 1979)||Gregorian Falstaff is a reclusive billionaire and business rival of Bruce Wayne who time and again tries to put Wayne Enterprises out of business. He once tried to kill Batman with an energy gun, but was pushed by Talia al Ghul into the gunfire, which instantly killed him.|
|Henri Ducard||Detective Comics #599 (April 1989)||Henri Ducard was once one of Batman's teachers in the art of crime fighting. Years later, Batman learns that his former mentor is a master criminal. He appears in the three-part miniseries "Blind Justice" in Detective Comics and a few other times later on.|
|James Gordon Jr.||Batman #407 (May 1987)||The son of Commissioner Gordon and his ex-wife Barabara Kean, Gordon is a psychopathic serial killer and is primarily an enemy of his sister, Batgirl, and sometimes Dick Grayson.|
|Joe Chill||Detective Comics #33 (November 1939) [Note 18]||Joe Chill is the mugger who murdered Bruce Wayne's parents, inspiring him to become Batman. Different continuities have portrayed him as a small-time criminal, a mob boss or a professional assassin.|
|Lew Moxon||Detective Comics #235 (November 1956)||Lew Moxon is a mob boss who hired Joe Chill to kill Thomas Wayne, which sparked Bruce Wayne into becoming Batman, as well as bringing the villain Zeiss to Gotham City.|
|Matt Thorne||Batman #62 (December 1950-January 1951)||Matt Thorne is an American criminal that brought several fellows felons with him to England to search of hidden Nazi treasure. They were thwarted in there efforts by the United Kingdom protectors, The Knight and Squire, aided by the Dynamic Duo.|
|Mr. Lyon||Batman #19 (October–November 1943)||Lyon criminal who frames the Joker for placing people in animal enclosures that echo their names. He claims the Joker sent him a note threatening to place him in a lion cage, and uses this as an excuse to get bodyguards inside a secure area, which he uses to commit a robbery. The Joker hears of his framing, and places Lyon, Batman, and Robin inside a lion cage, but the Dynamic Duo are able to escape with Lyon, who is arrested along with the Joker.|
|Peter Pan Killer||Detective Comics #875 (March 2011)||Roy M. Blount is a serial killer and pedophile that kidnaps children in Gotham City with a Peter Pan-motif.|
|Rex Calabrese||Batman Eternal #4 (June 2014)||Rex Calabrese is a gangster who used to run the Mob in Gotham City, his power was so immense he became known as the Lion. Operating around the mid twentieth century, Calabrese believed in something he referred to as the Natural Order. He believed that one day, much like he had done to the previous Mob boss, a new up and coming gangster would depose of him and kill him. This self-made prophecy was self-fulfilling as Calabrese was killed and his empire taken over by Carmine Falcone. Though he was not really dead but imprisoned in Blackgate, he was revealed as the father of Selina Kyle though they are estranged.|
|Ruby Ryder||The Brave and the Bold #95 (April–May 1971)||The world’s richest woman and top female tycoon, based in Gotham City, Ruby Ryder is also a femme fatale and a full-fledged big time criminal. Three meetings with Batman ended in defeat and prison. She also encounters Metamorpho, Green Arrow, the Metal Men, and Plastic Man (the latter of who falls in love with her).|
|Rupert Thorne||Detective Comics #469 (May 1977)||Rupert Thorne is a prominent head of one of Gotham City's top smuggling gangs. He is also the boss of Matches Malone, the criminal whose identity was taken over by Batman.|
|Salvatore "The Boss" Maroni||Detective Comics #66 (August 1942)||Boss Sal Maroni is the leader of the Maroni Crime Family and the gangster most notable for scarring Harvey Dent.|
|Sleeper Killer||Batman #516 (March 1995)||A killer who was under the control of her handler, Remmy, who was assassinated by a government agent.|
|Squid||Detective Comics #497 (December 1980)||The Squid (Lawrence Loman, also known as Clement Carp) is a Chinese crimeboss in Gotham City. He takes control of the underworld and almost succeeds in defeating Batman before apparently being killed by Killer Croc, a former member of the Squid's gang. However, the Squid returns alive, only to die again as one of the crime bosses killed by Bruno Mannheim.|
|Sterling Silversmith||Detective Comics #446 (April 1975)||Sterling T. Silversmith (alias The Sterling Silversmith) has been obsessed with silver since childhood and now, as a silver-haired older man, has amassed a fortune in stolen goods. Bullets bounce off Silversmith thanks to a silver alloy woven into the fabric of his white suit. Batman has fought him twice, and once prevented Silversmith from murdering the Crime Doctor.|
|Tobias Whale||Black Lightning #1 (April 1977)||Primarily the nemesis of Black Lightning, Tobias Whale moved his Metropolis-based operations to Gotham becoming a figurehead in organized crime after the demise of the Black Mask. This accomplishment is short-lived when the likewise Metropolis-based Intergang follows suit and Whale is forced to join their organization.|
|Tony Zucco||Detective Comics #38 (April 1940)||Tony Zucco is a mob boss (or low-level thug, depending on the continuity) who is responsible for the death of Dick Grayson's parents. In most continuities, Zucco tries to extort the circus the Graysons work for. When the ringmaster refuses to pay him, he sabotages the act by causing the highwire ropes to break, which sends Dick's parents falling to their deaths.|
|Wylie||Detective Comics #42 (August 1940)|
Two of Batman's mobster foes have donned costumes and crossed over to become supervillains:
- Hangman: A serial killer (during the Dark Victory storyline) who murders police officers on every holiday of the year, leaving behind a version of the children's word game "Hangman" (with key letters missing) with each new victim. All of the victims are police officers who, in one way or another, helped Harvey Dent rise to his position of District Attorney. In the end, the Hangman is revealed to be Sofia Falcone Gigante, daughter of the late crime boss, Carmine Falcone.
- Holiday: Mysterious serial killer who murders mobsters and others over a year (during The Long Halloween storyline). The killer's weapon is a .22 pistol (using a baby bottle nipple as a silencer) with the handle taped and the serial number filed off. Also, every crime takes place on a holiday and a small trinket representing each holiday is left behind at the scene. Alberto Falcone, youngest son of Carmine Falcone, admits to be the Holiday killer, but then Harvey Dent says there were two holiday killers. Batman deduces that since he killed Vernon on Halloween with a .22 pistol, he was in fact the second holiday, however later in a lone monologue Gilda reveals herself as the second or technically first Holiday, who was responsible for the first three murders.
Corrupt cops and government officials
In alphabetical order (with issue and date of first appearance)
|Adolf Hitler||Green Lantern #3 (Spring 1942)||A character based on the historical figure of the same name, Hitler appeared as an enemy of many members of the Justice Society, including Batman.|
|Amanda Waller||Legends #1 (November 1986)||Amanda Waller is a powerful government agent and mastermind (having no literal super-powers) who often comes into conflict with Batman and other heroes due to her questionable choices. Her moral ambiguity has put her in a position where she is portrayed in both protagonistic and antagonistic roles.|
|Arnold John Flass||Batman #404 (February 1987)||Then Lieutenant Jim Gordon's partner, upon his arrival in Gotham, Detective Arnold John Flass is in the pocket of drug dealer Jefferson Skeevers, crime boss Carmine Falcone, and corrupt Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb. He is apparently murdered by the Hangman killer, but had previously appeared in a story set years after the Hangman killings.|
|Branden||Batman #405 (March 1987)||Branden was a corrupt S.W.A.T. leader in the early days of Batman's career. He is eventually murdered by the Hangman killer.|
|Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb||Batman #404 (February 1987)||Gillian Loeb is the commissioner of police when Bruce Wayne first returns to Gotham and becomes Batman. He is on the payroll of Carmine Falcone and is later murdered by the Hangman killer.|
|Commissioner Grogan||Catwoman Annual #2 (1995)||Loeb's replacement as commissioner during the final part of Bruce Wayne's first year as Batman. Grogan is described by Gordon as being even more crooked than his predecessor.|
|Commissioner Peter Pauling||Batman #341 (November 1981)||Peter Pauling is a puppet commissioner installed by Mayor Hill, on the behest of Rupert Thorne, who later kills him.|
|Harvey Bullock||Detective Comics #441 (June 1974)||Prior to the 1984–85 DC maxi-series Crisis on Infinite Earths, Bullock is a corrupt police detective under instructions from Gotham City's Mayor Hamilton Hill to sabotage Commissioner Gordon's career. His method of doing so is to pretend to be exceedingly clumsy, thereby spoiling whatever Gordon is trying to do, seemingly accidentally. After inadvertently giving Gordon a heart attack, however, Bullock turns over a new leaf and becomes an honest cop.|
|Jack Forbes||Batman: The Dark Knight #1 (2011)||Member of Gotham Police Department's internal affairs. He became the new Commissioner after James Gordon's imprisonment and he had secretly allied himself with Carmine Falcone.|
|Lex Luthor||Action Comics #23 (April 1940)||Though Superman's primary foe, Alexander "Lex" Luthor attempted to illegally acquire a vast percentage of Gotham's property during the No Man's Land incident, but he was stopped by the efforts of Bruce Wayne and Lucius Fox. Later, when Luthor became President, he framed Bruce Wayne for murder. Eventually, Luthor was revealed as a criminal and deposed from the Presidency by Superman and Batman. Eventually, Luthor learned that Bruce Wayne is Batman.|
|Mayor Armand Krol||Detective Comics #647 (August 1992)||More incompetent than malicious, Krol had a strong dislike of Commissioner Gordon, demoting and replacing him with his wife, Sarah Essen Gordon. During Krol's last days in office, Gotham descended into near anarchy after Ra's al Ghul released the "Clench" virus during the Contagion story arc. He died after contracting the virus.|
|Mayor Daniel Danforth Dickerson III||Detective Comics #743 (April 2000)||Dickerson is the corrupt mayor of Gotham beginning after No Man's Land and remaining in office until his assassination by the Joker.|
|Mayor David Hull||Gotham Central #13 (January 2004)||David Hull was Deputy Mayor under Dickerson and was his replacement.|
|Mayor Hamilton Hill||Detective Comics #511 (February 1982)||Hamilton Hill is a corrupt politician who became mayor of Gotham City thanks to Rupert Thorne. He helped Thorne oppose Batman, notably by firing Commissioner James Gordon.|
|Mayor Sebastian Hady||Batman #693 (January 2010)||Introduced in Batman as an immensely corrupt and ruthless politician, and has publicly admitted to cheating on his wife. He was taken hostage by Azrael (Michael Washington Lane) during the events of "Judgement on Gotham", but was rescued by Red Robin. He also tried to frame Commissioner Gordon for murder during the early days of Batman Incorporated, but Batman easily exposed the allegations as false.|
Allies in conflict
Some characters generally considered to be allies, yet have come into conflict with Batman.
In alphabetical order (with issue and date of first appearance)
|Villain||Creator(s)||First appearance||Fictional biography|
|Detective Comics #267
|Bat-Mite is an imp similar to the Superman villain Mister Mxyzptlk. Appearing as a small childlike man in an ill-fitting Batman costume, Bat-Mite possesses near-infinite magical powers and comes from another dimension. Bat-Mite idolizes Batman, and thus he has visited Batman on various occasions, often setting up strange events so that he could see his hero in action. Bat-Mite is arguably more of a nuisance than an enemy to Batman, and often leaves the hero alone when he realizes that he has angered his idol.|
|Jason Todd||Gerry Conway
|Batman #357 (March 1983)||Jason Todd became the second Robin when the previous Robin, Dick Grayson, went on to leave Batman in order to become Nightwing. After the character was killed off, he was resurrected as an enemy of Batman, becoming Red Hood and assuming a new role as an anti-hero.|
|Action Comics #1 (June 1938)||Despite usually being an ally to Batman, on many occasions throughout the decades, Batman has had to battle Superman for various reasons including (but not limited to) idealistic differences, mind control by a super-villain, and even simple misunderstandings.|
|Batman #65 (June 1951)||A former ally and student of Batman and a member of the Batmen of All Nations, it was Benedict Rundstrom's jealousy of Batman that drove him to try to kill Batman and the other heroes who were the Batmen of All Nations.|
In other media
Batman's rogues gallery has received acclaim, cited by many journalists as one of the greatest rogues galleries in all of comic books. Newsarama ranked Batman's villains as the second greatest comic book rogues gallery of all time, only preceded by that of Spider-Man, stating that "The Dark Knight Detective is one of comics' most enduring, most iconic, and most popular characters, and none of that would be possible without the denizens of Gotham City's dense and dangerous underworld. Batman may be a household name, but the Joker, the Penguin, Mr. Freeze, Catwoman, Two-Face, and the Riddler are just as recognizable."
The internet blog io9 observed that "much of the appeal of Batman is that, unlike other superheroes, he’s simply a person who has pushed himself to the edge of his natural limits. The flipside of that, though, is that the villains he faces are also by and large simply people with a single, notable obsession – and that’s why they’re so much more interesting than the usual set of villains." According to What Culture!, "Batman's villains stand in stark contrast to the other rogues galleries in comics lore; they're an unusual collection of freaks who generally blame the Dark Knight for their existence to begin with. Batman villains are usually cut off from reality, often coming to terms with a deranged part of their psyche – mirroring the darkness and split that also defines the Bat." HitFix praised Batman's rogues gallery, stating that "Great heroes are defined by the villains they face, and no group of evil-doers, murderers, criminals and psychopaths are greater than those stalking Gotham City. From murderous clowns, to cerebral assassins, to brutish monsters, Batman has a literal murderer's row of foes that constantly test his crime fighting acumen."
- Not originally a supervillain: Jeremiah Arkham did not become the second Black Mask until his appearance in Batman: Battle for the Cowl #1 (May 2009).
- Selina Kyle was introduced as "The Cat". Designation changed to "Catwoman" in Batman #2 (June 1940).
- Harley Quinn was originally introduced in the Batman: The Animated Series episode, "Joker's Favor", which first aired on September 11, 1992. The character's first comic book appearance is The Batman Adventures #12 (September 1993), which is set in the DC animated universe. Harley Quinn's first appearance in the mainstream DC Universe was in the original graphic novel, Batman: Harley Quinn (October 1999).
- Batman's archenemy: though usually having numerous adversaries, most superheroes tend to have one main nemesis, or archenemy, that is considered to be their greatest or most notable enemy. Examples of superhero archenemies include Lex Luthor to Superman, Reverse-Flash to the Flash, Sinestro to Green Lantern, Deathstroke to the Teen Titans and Tobias Whale to Black Lightning from DC Comics. The Joker serves as Batman's archenemy.
- Victor Fries was introduced as "Mr. Zero". Designation changed to "Mr. Freeze" in the 1960s Batman TV series.
- Ulysses Armstrong was introduced as a supervillain called "The General". Designation changed to "Anarky" in Robin (vol. 4) #181 (February 2009).
- The second Clock King (Temple Fugate) was originally introduced in the Batman: The Animated Series episode, "The Clock King", which first aired on September 21, 1992. Teen Titans #57 (May 2008) was the character's first comic book appearance.
- Cassandra Cain is traditionally an ally to Batman rather than an adversary, hence why the character does not appear on this list.
- Cassandra Cain was under the influence of Deathstroke during her leadership of the League of Assassins.
- Billy Numerous was originally introduced in the Teen Titans episode, "Deception", which first aired on August 28, 2004. Catwoman #78 (April 2008) was the character's first comic book appearance.
- Egghead was originally introduced in the 1960s Batman TV series episode, "An Egg Grows in Gotham", which first aired on October 19, 1966. Batman: Shadow of the Bat #3 (August 1992) was the character's first comic book appearance.
- King Tut was originally introduced in the 1960s Batman TV series episode, "The Curse of Tut", which first aired on April 13, 1966. Batman Confidential #26 (February 2009) was the character's first comic book appearance.
- Nora Fries was originally introduced in the Batman: The Animated Series episode, "Heart of Ice", which first aired on September 7, 1992. Batman: Mr. Freeze (May 1997) was the character's first comic book appearance. Nora Fries didn't become Lazara until Batgirl #70 (January 2006).
- Lock-Up was originally introduced in the Batman: The Animated Series episode, "Lock-Up", which first aired on November 19, 1994. Robin (vol. 2) #24 (January 1996) was the character's first comic book appearance.
- The Outsider first made an off panel cameo in Detective Comics #334 (December 1964). The character's first physical appearance was in Detective Comics #356 (October 1966). Alfred Pennyworth, an alternative incarnation of the Outsider, first appeared in Batman #16 (April 1943).
- The Sewer King was originally introduced in the Batman: The Animated Series episode, "The Underdwellers", which first aired on October 21, 1992. 52 #25 (October 2006) was the character's first comic book appearance.
- The concept of Scorn, the Anti-Robin, was introduced in an episode of The Batman animated series titled "The End of the Batman", which aired February 9, 2008. The episode re-imagines Wrath and Scorn as the sons of jewel thieves, who are convicted on the same night Batman's parents are murdered. To avenge the loss of their parents, Wrath and Scorn become the costumed protectors of other criminals.
- Joe Chill first appears in Detective Comics #33, but is not named until Batman #47 (June–July 1948).
- "The 10 Greatest BATMAN Villains of ALL TIME!". Newsarama.
- "Gotham recap: 'Rogue's Gallery'". Entertainment Weekly.
- "Top 20 villians [sic] in Batman's rogues gallery". Hitfix.
- "Get to Know Gotham's Rogues' Gallery". DC Comics.
- "The Dark Knight Rises: the history of Bane". Denofgeek.com. June 1, 2012.
- "Conservative Bane Creator Says Rush Limbaugh's 'Dark Knight Rises' Conspiracy Theory Is Silly". Forbes.
- "'Dark Knight Rises': Bane creator pleased with Tom Hardy portrayal". Digital Spy.
- "Batman: Vengeance of Bane #1". DC Comics. Archived from the original on July 1, 2015.
- "'Dark Knight Rises': 10 Comic Book Inspirations". Entertainment Weekly.
- Batman #497 (July 1993)
- Wallace, Dan (2008). "Black Mask". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 52. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5
- "Gotham: Who Is The Black Mask?". comicbook.com.
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #9 (May 2012)
- "Spoiler Sport: DAVID HINE TALKS the BLACK MASK Unmasked". newsarama.com.
- "The 10 Greatest BATMAN Villains of ALL TIME!". Newsarama. September 6, 2017.
- Zambrano, Mark (July 19, 2016). "The 15 Greatest Batman Villains Of All Time". Screen Rant.
- "Batman: the history of Catwoman". Den of Geek.
- Arvedon, Jon (October 17, 2017). "Classic Batman Villain Clayface Gets A Rebirth Origin Story". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
- Wallace, Dan (2008). "Clayface I-IV". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley. p. 85. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5. OCLC 213309017.
- "DC Histories: Clayface". iFanboy.
- "New 52 – Batman: The Dark Knight #24 review". batman-news.com.
- "75 Greatest Friends and Foes of Batman: Villains #20-16". comicbookresources.com.
- Detective Comics #40 (June 1940)
- Secret Origins (vol. 2) #44 (September 1989)
- "Batman: The Triumphant Return of B-List Bad Guys". Den of Geek.
- "INSIDE ARKHAM: Batman's Greatest Foes, Part 1: #20-11". Comic Book Resources.
- Wallace, Dan (2008). "Clayface". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 670. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5
- Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Clayface", in Greenberger, Robert, The Essential Batman Encyclopedia, New York: Ballantine Books, p. 91, ISBN 0-345-50106-3, OCLC 178280528
- Batman #618 (October 2003)
- "The Real Batman Chronology Project: Modern Age (Year Twenty-Three Part One)". therealbatmanchronologyproject.com.
- Batman Incorporated #6 (June 2011)
- "Deadshot is number 43". IGN.
- Jimenez, Phil (2008), "Firefly", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 122, ISBN 0-7566-4119-5, OCLC 213309017
- "New 'Gotham' Villain Firefly Has Appeared In DC Comics, But Bridgit Pike Is A Whole New Take On The Character". Bustle.
- "Gotham Just Added Another Villain, Because Of Course". Cinema Blend.
- "13 Times Harley Quinn Was An Independent Woman Who Didn't Need No Joker". MTV.
- "The Hidden Story of Harley Quinn and How She Became the Superhero World's Most Successful Woman". Vulture.
- "15 Batman Villains Who Haven't Shown Up On Gotham...Yet". Screen Rant. August 23, 2016.
- "BD Wong to play Professor Hugo Strange in Gotham, Kristen Hager cast as Nora Fries". Flickering Myth.
- Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #11-15 (September 1990–February 1991)
- "'Gotham': 7 Rogues Gallery Villains That Should Be Introduced in Season 3". The Hollywood Reporter. July 11, 2016.
- "Dini Cuts Into "The Heart of Hush"". Comic Book Resources.
- "10 Things DC Comics Want You To Forget About The Joker". What Culture.
- Eason, Brian K. (July 11, 2008). "Dark Knight Flashback: The Joker, Part I". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- "Who Owns Power Girl? On Ownership, Gerry Conway, and DC Entertainment's Royalty System". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on December 25, 2015.
- "DC Entertainment Criticized Over 'Despicable' Creator Credit Policy". Screen Rant.
- "Akinnuoye-Agbaje Reportedly Cast as Batman Villain in "Suicide Squad"". Comic Book Resources.
- "Killer Croc Coming To 'Injustice'". MTV.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
- Nichols, Catherine (2014), "Wonderland in DC Comics' Batman", Alice's Wonderland: A Visual Journey Through Lewis Carroll's Mad, Mad World, Race Point Publishing, p. 137, ISBN 193799497X, OCLC 871319595
- John Clute
John Grant (1999), "Batman", The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, Macmillan, p. 90, ISBN 0312198698, OCLC 40347477
- "From "Batman" to "Gotham": The Complex History of Mr. Freeze". Comic Book Resources. February 23, 2016.
- "The Zero Effect; Is Mister Freeze the Best Example of Villain Reinvention?". Comics Alliance. July 10, 2015.
- "Mr. Freeze: Where Do I Start?". iFanboy.
- Batman #121 (February 1959)
- Batman: Mr. Freeze (May 1997)
- "DC Histories: Oswald Cobblepot (The Penguin)". iFanboy.
- "5 things you probably didn't know about Batman creator Bob Kane". Entertainment Weekly.
- "The Heirs Of Batman's Uncredited Co-Creator Are Seeking Proper Recognition From DC". Nerdist.
- "Ask Chris #170: Everyone's Favorite Pre-Owned Nuclear Submarine Captain, P.N. Gwynn". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016.
- "DC Fans Are Clamoring For A 'Poison Ivy' Comic Series – Here's Why That's A Great Idea". MTV.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
Poison Ivy first cropped up to plague Gotham City in issue #181 of Batman. Scripter Robert Kanigher and artist Sheldon Moldoff came up with a villain who would blossom into one of Batman's greatest foes.
- "Game of Thrones' Alexander Siddig will play classic Batman villain Ra's al Ghul in Gotham". Digital Spy. March 2, 2017.
- "5 Ra's al Ghul Stories To Read For Arrow Season 3". October 29, 2014.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
Writer Denny O'Neil once stated that he and artist Neal Adams 'set out to consciously and deliberately to create a villain...so exotic and mysterious that neither we nor Batman were sure what to expect.' Who they came up with was arguably Batman's most cunning adversary: the global eco-terrorist named Ra's al Ghul.
- "Batman: 15 Things You Didn't Know About The Riddler". Screen Rant. September 15, 2016.
- "DC Histories: Edward Nigma (The Riddler)". iFanboy.
- "Gotham Adds Another Iconic Batman Villain". TV Guide. November 3, 2014.
- "The Scarecrow Confirmed For Gotham". comicbook.com. November 3, 2014.
- "Byron's Top 10 Greatest Comic Book Monsters of All Tomb!". Cosmic Book News.
- "Batman vs Two-Face Could Have Featured Poison Ivy". Denofgeek.com. October 17, 2017.
- "10 Things DC Comics Want You To Forget About Two-Face". What Culture.
- Daniels, Les (1999). Batman: The Complete History. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 45. ISBN 0811824705.
Nearly everyone seems to agree that Two-Face was Kane's brainchild exclusively
- "Gotham Season 2 Features 'Serialized' Story; Bill Finger Getting Batman Credit". Screen Rant.
- "DC Villains Month: The Ventriloquist In Batgirl". Bleeding Cool.
- Detective Comics #818 (June 2006)
- "Batman: The Dark Knight #23.1: Ventriloquist Review". IGN.
- "Gail Simone on how 'Secret Six' fits into an increasingly diverse DC Comics clubhouse". Daily Dot.
- Batgirl (vol. 4) #20-21 (May–June 2013)
- "BATMAN: ANARKY". DC Comics.
- "Exclusive DC preview: Anarky breeds chaos in Detective Comics #39". AV Club.
- Alan Grant (w), Norm Breyfogle (p), Steve Mitchell (i). "Anarky in Gotham City, Part 1: Letters to the Editor" Detective Comics 608 (November 1989), DC Comics
- "Know Your Villains: Anarky, the boy who was almost Robin". Batman News.
- Chuck Dixon (w), Michael Netzer (p), Scott Hanna (i). "God of Battle" Detective Comics 654 (Dec, 1992), New York City, NY: DC Comics
- Green Lantern Corps (vol. 3) #25 (November 2013)
- Asburry, Andrew (November 14, 2013). "Green Lantern Corps #25 review". Batman News. Batman-news.com. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #40 (May 2015)
- "MANAPUL, BUCCELLATO Bring 'ANARKY' to DETECTIVE COMICS". Newsarama.com.
- "The 28 hidden characters in Batman: Arkham Asylum". gamesradar.com.
- "The Best & Worst Batman Villains". ign.com.
- "15 Batman Villains That Deserve Their Movie Due". screenrant.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2015.
- "Catman". DC Comics.
- "Gail Simone's Bisexual Catman and the 'Secret Six'". The Daily Beast.
- "Review: Secret Six #1". Comic Book Resources.
- "Top 10 Villains We Want to See in the Next Batman Game". Crave Online. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015.
- "The Arkham Sessions: The Psychology of O.C.D. In 'Batman: The Clock King'". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on September 17, 2015.
- "Terror Titans Stand the Test of (Clock King's) Time". Comics Book Resources.
- Rogers, Vaneta (January 23, 2008). "Sean McKeever on The Terror Titans". Newsarama. Archived from the original on February 11, 2011.
- "'Batman Eternal #51′: One Last Twist, As Batman's Identity Is Revealed". MTV.
- "Did BATMAN ETERNAL Just Reveal Its Villain? Or Is It Another Red Herring?". Newsarama.
- "The #DCTV Secrets of GOTHAM: Episode 10 – "Lovecraft"". DC Comics.
- "copperhead". DC Comics.
- "Copperhead Joins The Batman: Arkham Origins Cast". Game Informer.
- "DC HeroClix: Justice League – Trinity War". Hero Clix. Archived from the original on July 23, 2015.
- John Wells, Phil Jimenez (2010), "Copperhead", in Moulton Marston, William, The Essential Wonder Woman Encyclopedia, New York: Random House Publishing Group, p. 96, ISBN 0345501071
- "Count Vertigo". DC Comics.
- "'Arrow' Adds Count Vertigo As Green Arrow Nemesis". Screenrant.
- "BATMAN: Reanimated – Off Balance". Nerdist.
- "The #DCTV Secrets of GOTHAM: Episode 12 - "What the Little Bird Told Him"". DC Comics.
- "What Is Jack Gruber Planning on 'Gotham'? The Electrocutioner's Escape From Arkham Means Serious Trouble". Bustle.
- "Batman: Arkham Origins: Electrocutioner Confirmed With Trailer". Cinema Blend.
- Vigilante #27 (March 1986)
- "ARKHAM ASYLUM: LIVING HELL". dccomics.com.
- "Jada Pinkett Smith joins 'Gotham': Who is Fish Mooney?". ew.com.
- "Arkham Asylum: Living Hell Deluxe Edition review". batman-news.com.
- Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #1-6 (July 2003-December 2003)
- Harras, Bob (April 18, 2013). "What's New in The New 52 – Joker's Daughter?!". DC Comics. dccomics.com. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Sunu, Steve (April 18, 2013). "DC Comics Teases Joker's Daughter's New 52 Debut". Comic Book Resources. comicbookresources.com. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Rogers, Vaneta (April 18, 2013). "DC Introduces 'JOKER's Daughter?!'". Newsarama. newsarama.com. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- Batman: The Joker's Daughter #1 (February 2014)
- Grey, Marissa (February 5, 2014). "Batman: Joker's Daughter #1 Review". IGN. ign.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30.
- Asberry, Andrew (February 5, 2014). "Batman: Joker's Daughter #1 Review". Batman News. batman-news.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30.
- McElhatton, Greg (February 5, 2014). "Batman: Joker's Daughter #1". Comic Book Resources. comicbookresources.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30.
- "10 Strangest Batman Villains Of All Time". What Culture. Archived from the original on July 6, 2015.
- "kgbeast". DC Comics.
- "Will the Supervillain 'KGBeast' Appear in 'Batman v Superman'?". Screen Rant.
- "KGBeast To Appear In 'Batman V Superman,' Maybe Be The Best Thing In It". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015.
- "DC HeroClix Batman: KGBeast!". Hero Clix. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015.
- Detective Comics #817 (May 2006)
- Detective Comics #359 (January 1967)
- 52 #25 (October 25, 2006)
- "TALES OF THE BATMAN: DON NEWTON VOL. 1". DC Comics.
- "Gotham: Easter Eggs and DC Comics References in "Viper"". ComicBook.com.
- "20 Laughably Terrible Batman Villains". io9.
- "owlman". DC Comics.
- "owlman". Comic Book Resources.
- "JAMES WOODS Talks OWLMAN in JUSTICE LEAGUE: CRISIS". Newsarama.
- "FACES OF EVIL: PROMETHEUS #1". DC Comics.
- "10 Most Dangerous Villains in the DC Universe (5)". Newsarama.
- "Arrow: The DC Comics Heroes and Villains We'd Like to See". IGN.
- "ragdoll". DC Comics.
- "Exclusive: Ragdoll returns in "Batgirl" #31 [Preview]". Multiversity Comics.
- "C2E2 2014: DC COMICS - THE NEW 52 Panel LIVE!". Newsarama.
- Villains United #3 (September 2005)
- "Exclusive Preview of Digital-First Comic BATMAN: ARKHAM ORIGINS". DC Comics.
- "9 Lesser-Known Batman Villains We Want To See On 'Gotham' ASAP". Bustle.
- Infinite Crisis #1 (December 2005)
- "5 Villains to Ditch in the DC Reboot". Crave Online.
- "The 28 hidden characters in Batman: Arkham Asylum". Games Radar. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.
- "Top 10 Worst Batman Villains & Why They Are Lame". Top Tenz.
- "Batman: Arkham Knight #11 Review: Tweedledee and Tweedledum". Tech Times.
- Strange Adventures #215 (November–December 1968)
- "Red Hood and the Outlaws #21 Review". IGN.
- "Arrow Executive Producer Andrew Kreisberg on Whether Malcolm Merlyn's Origin is Tied to Ra's Al Ghul". IGN.
- "New 52 – Batman Inc. #4 review". Batman News.
- "HOLLYWOOD JUSTICE #6: Who Is Merlyn?". MTV. Archived from the original on September 9, 2015.
- "DC HeroClix Streets of Gotham - Assassins Team Pack". HeorClix. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016.
- "Meet the Other DC Villains That Will Appear in 'Batman vs. Superman'". ScreenCrush.
- "10 Villains We Want in 'Batman: Arkham Origins'". Game Rant.
- "DEATHSTROKE". dccomics.com.
- "Exclusive: 'Arrow' Bad Guy Deathstroke Gets A New Ongoing Series From DC Comics". mtv.com.
- "Exclusive: DC Comics' DEATHSTROKE # 7 Preview". nerdist.com.
- "'Arrow' Sneak Peek: The Return of Deathstroke Puts Oliver and Thea in the Crosshairs (EXCLUSIVE)". variety.com.
- "10 Massively Underrated Batman Villains". What Culture.
- "20 Batman Stories Most Influential to "The Dark Knight" Trilogy". Just Press Play.
- "Batman Eternal #46 review". Batman-News.
- Resurrection of Ra's al Ghul
- "Announcing the Guest Creative Team for NIGHTWING #13-14". DC Comics.
- "7 Classic Comic Villains Arrow Needs to Use". Cinema Blend.
- "Beware the Batman: Sacrifice review (S01E10)". Batman-News.
- Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Cain, Cassandra", in Greenberger, Robert, The Essential Batman Encyclopedia, New York: Ballantine Books, p. 72, ISBN 0-345-50106-3, OCLC 178280528
- "10 Villains We Want in 'Batman: Arkham Origins'". Game Rant.
- "Nyssa Al Ghul, Not Talia, Headed For Arrow, To Be Played By Spartacus Actress Katrina Law". Bleeding Cool.
- "The Sensei". DC Comics.
- Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Sensei, The", in Greenberger, Robert, The Essential Batman Encyclopedia, New York: Ballantine Books, p. 324, ISBN 0-345-50106-3, OCLC 178280528
- "A Guide to Batman Incorporated". IGN.
- "talia al ghul". DC Comics.
- "42. Talia Al Ghul". IGN.
- "ubu". DC Comics.
- "Son of Batman: Damian Wayne Takes on Ubu in new clip". Den of Geek.
- "'Son of Batman' review". Batman-News.
- "How about a look at Frank Quitely's cover to BATMAN AND ROBIN #6?". DC Comics.
- "Gotham: Ben McKenzie, Robin Lord Taylor, Bruno Heller Season 2 Interview - Comic-Con 2015". IGN.
- "BATMAN REDRAWN part 4 – NEW CHARACTERS". DC Comics.
- "Annotations: 'Batman' #700 [Spoilers]". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015.
- Batman #666 (July 2007)
- Batman #700 (August 2012)
- "Grant Morrison: The Batman and Robin to Come". Newsarama.
- "Beware the Batman: "Allies" Review". IGN.
- Batman and Robin #1-3 (August–October 2009)
- "Exclusive Preview: "Batman Eternal #10"". complex.com.
- "Top 12 Moments From Grant Morrison's Batman Run". IGN.
- "Professor Pyg Returns in New Video from "Beware the Batman," "Teen Titans Go!"". Comic Book Resources.
- Batman Eternal #10 (June 2014)
- "BATMAN #679". DC Comics.
- "Who Are the Villains of Beware the Batman?". IGN.
- "'Beware The Batman' Trailer Shows Off The Menace Of Professor Pyg". MTV.
- "Review: Batman and Robin #26". Crave Online. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015.
- "Batman and Robin #26 Review". acomicsblog.
- "Batman Incorporated: Leviathan Strikes review". Batman-News.
- "Review: Batman Incorporated: Leviathan Strikes". Crave Online. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.
- "Batman #681 Batman RIP Review -SPOILERS". Calliope's Realm.
- "Scott's Classic Comics Corner: Ned Kelly's Impact on Western Comics". Comic Book Resources.
- "Batman #681: Batman RIP Review". Comic Book Revolution.
- "Fabian Nicieza on Picking Up 'Robin' Post-Dixon". Newsarama.
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #1-4 (September–December 2011)
- Catwoman (vol. 4) #7-12 (March–August 2012)
- "'Arrow' react: All dolled up". Entertainment Weekly. January 18, 2015. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- "Is [SPOILER] The Same Character On 'Gotham' And 'Arrow'?". MTV News. September 29, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- ""Gotham" Casts Colm Feore as Villainous Dollmaker". Comic Book Resources. January 26, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #1 (September 2011)
- Catwoman (vol. 4) #12 (August 2012)
- "The Dark Knight Rises Sequel: 3 Actors Who Could Play Hugo Strange (Editorial)". What Culture. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015.
- "New 52 – Detective Comics #5 review". Batman-News.
- "This Just Happened: Emperor Penguin's New Title". DC Comics.
- "EXCLUSIVE: DC's "Detective Comics" #20 Preview & John Layman Interview". Nerdist.
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #13 (October 2012)
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #20 (May 2013)
- "New 52 – Detective Comics #17 review". Batman News.
- "Batman: Detective Comics #17 Review". What Culture. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #17 (February 2013)
- "mr. bloom". DC Comics.
- "Batman's Terrifying New Villain: Snyder and Capullo Introduce Mr. Bloom". DC Comics.
- "Snyder & Capullo Introduce New "Batman" Villain; "Harley Quinn" Takes a Road Trip". Comic Book Resources.
- "BATMAN & ROBIN ETERNAL To Re-Define BANE, Reveal 'Secret History' of BRUCE & DICK". Newsarama.
- "Batman vs Robin Blu-ray review". Batman-News.
- "Gotham's "Gray Son" NIGHTWING Gets a New Role in Gotham". Newsarama.
- "What's New In The New 52: Introducing Trickster". DC Comics.
- "Two Crazy Villains Introduced in DC's 'What's New'". Newsarama.
- "DC Comics Brings Out The Bad Guys With '#thenewvillains' of the Relaunch". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.
- "New 52 – Batman: The Dark Knight #3 review". Batman-News.
- Batman: The Dark Knight (vol. 2) #1-9 (September 2011–July 2012)
- Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Abattoir", in Greenberger, Robert, The Essential Batman Encyclopedia, New York: Ballantine Books, p. 3, ISBN 0-345-50106-3, OCLC 178280528
- Robert Greenberger, "Abbatoir," The Essential Batman Encyclopedia (2008), 3.
- Unearthing Batman's Rogues Archived November 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Broken Frontier, by Fletch Adams Oct 15, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
- Darius, Julian (2005). Batman Begins and the Comics. Lulu. p. 128. ISBN 1-4116-4543-X.
- Batman: Demon #1 (August 1996)
- Blackest Night: Batman #1 (October 2009)
- Kristin Dos Santos. "Spoiler Chat: Scoop on The Walking Dead, Teen Wolf, The Good Wife, Homeland, Arrow and More!". eonline.com.
- LeDoux, J; 'Fear and the Brain: Where Have We Been, and Where Are We Going?'; Biological Psychiatry; Vol. 44, No. 12 pp1229; 1998
- Beatty, Scott (2008), "Bad Samaritan", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia, London: Dorling Kindersley, p. 36, ISBN 0-7566-4119-5
- Robin (vol. 4) #1-5 (November 1993–April 1994)
- "TEEN TITANS GO! #25". DC Comics.
- "Preview: Catwoman #78". Comic Book Resources.
- Catwoman (vol. 3) #78 (April 2008)
- "Geoff Johns and Gary Frank Talk Batman: Earth One, Superman, and Green Arrow". Den of Geek. May 7, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Graphic Novel Review: Batman - Earth One Vol. 2". IGN. May 6, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- Batman: Earth One Volume 1 (July 2012)
- World's Finest Comics #156 (March 1966)
- "Lego Justice League Vs. Bizarro League Movie Revealed". ComicBook.com.
- "black spider". DC Comics.
- "10 Villains Not In Suicide Squad That Should Be". The Richest.
- "Batman Black & White: The Black & White Bandit". Beyond the Lot.
- "'Suicide Squad' Begins Filming; Will Blockbuster Appear?". Screen Rant.
- Greenberger, Robert (2008). "Blockbuster I". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 56. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5.
- Starman #10 (May 1989)
- Wallace, Dan (2008). "Blockbuster II". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 55. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5.
- The Dark Knight Returns (February–June 1986)
- "5 More Embarrassing Moments in Batman Comic Book History". Dorkly.
- "Lego Batman 3 To Have Playable Versions Of Condiment King, Green Loontern and Conan O'Brien". Bleeding Cool.
- Detective Comics #494 (September 1980)
- "Beware the Batman - Who Is Cypher?". IGN.
- "Beware the Batman: "Control" Review". IGN.
- "DC Nation - Beware The Batman - "Control" (clip 2)". DC Comics.
- Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Cypher", in Greenberger, Robert, The Essential Batman Encyclopedia, New York: Ballantine Books, p. 102, ISBN 0-345-50106-3, OCLC 178280528
- Detective Comics #657-658 (March–April 1993)
- Robin (vol. 4) #2 (December 1993)
- Batman #400 (October 1986)
- World's Finest Comics #268 (April – May 1981)
- World's Finest Comics #285-288 (November 1982 – February 1983)
- Batman: Shadow of the Bat #3-4
- Detective Comics #346 (December 1965) and #361 (March 1967)
- Batman #310 (April 1979)
- Batman #319 (January 1980)
- Detective Comics #326 (April 1964)
- Detective Comics #840 (March 2008)
- World's Finest Comics #254 (December 1978 – January 1979)
- Swamp Thing Annual #3 (1987)
- "Modern Age (Year Fourteen) Part One". The Real Batman Chronology Project. October 27, 2009.
- Batman #297 (March 1978)
- Detective Comics #573 (April 1987)
- Batman #700 (June 2010)
- Batman #487
- "BEWARE THE BATMAN "Games" Review". Unleash The Fanboy.
- Arkham Asylum: Living Hell #3 (September 2003)
- "'Gotham' Season 2: Jessica Lucas Cast as Tigress". Screen Rant.
- All Star Comics #72-73 (June–August 1978)
- Batman Family #7 (October 1976)
- Who's Who: Update '87 #1 (August 1987)
- "BATMAN: KING TUT'S TOMB". DC Comics.
- "At Last: Batman Vs. King Tut". Comic Book Resources.
- "EXCLUSIVE PREVIEW: Batman '66 and the Madness of King Tut". 13th Dimension.
- Batman Confidential #26-28 (April–June 2009)
- "jsa vs kobra". DC Comics.
- "DC Reveals 8 New Limited Series - METAL MEN, SUGAR & SPIKE, METAMORPHO, More". Newsarama.
- "DC You Expands By 8 Mini-Series In 2016 Featuring A Batman Villain, 2 Of Batman's Outsiders & More! New Art! SDCC 2015 October DC Comics News To Follow!". Inside Pulse.
- "Ivan Brandon Sharpens Fangs on "Kobra"". Comic Book Resources.
- Faces of Evil: Kobra #1 (March 2009)
- "What's New In The New 52 – Introducing Lady Vic". DC Comics.
- Trinity #12 (August 20, 2008)
- "10 Great Batman Villains No One Ever Remembers". What Culture.
- "Beware the Batman: Attraction review (S01E12)". Batman News.
- "'Batman: Arkham Origins' Adds Villains Killer Croc & Magpie?". Game Rant.
- Batman #651 (May 2006)
- Batman #340 (October 1981)
- "What's New In The New 52: Pandora Confronts The Outsider". DC Comics.
- "Forever Evil Spoilers: What Is The Crime Syndicate's Outsider Origin & Where Is Earth 3's Joker? (Justice League #23.4 Secret Society #1 / DC Comics New 52)". Inside Pulse.
- "CRIME SYNDICATE's THE OUTSIDER Story Told in SECRET SOCIETY Special". Newsarama.
- Justice League (vol. 2) #23 (October 2013)
- Justice League of America (vol. 3) #1-4 (April–July 2013)
- "5.2 or so About 52 #25 with Michael Siglain". Newsarama. October 27, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007.
- Detective Comics #691-692 (November – December 1995)
- "What's New In The New 52: Introducing Wrath". DC Comics.
- "A History of Batman's Mirror-Image Villains". IGN.
- Batman Special #1 (June 1984)
- Batman Confidential #1 (March–June 2008)
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #22-24 (September–December 2013)
- Booker, M. Keith (2014), "Batman", in Booker, M. Keith, Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas, Connecticut: Greenwood, p. 476, ISBN 978-0313397509
- Batman and Robin #2 (September 2009)
- Batman and Robin #1 (August 2009)
- Detective Comics (vol. 2) #2 (October 2011)
- Detective Comics Annual (vol. 2) #1 (October 2012)
- Detective Comics Annual (vol. 2) #2 (July 2013)
- Detective Comics #17 (February 2012)
- "Detective Comics #841 Review". IGN.
- "DETECTIVE COMICS #841". Crave Online. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.
- Detective Comics #841 (April 2008)
- Batman: The Dark Knight (vol. 2) #8 (April 2012)
- "Modern Age (Year Twelve)". The Real Batman Chronology Project. October 13, 2009.
- Dark Victory #3 (February 2000)
- Legends of the Dark Knight Annual #2 (1992)
- Dark Victory #2 (January 2000)
- Forever Evil #7 (July 2014)
- Gotham Central #12 (December 2003)
- "DC to Give Bill Finger Official Credit on "Batman v Superman" and "Gotham"". Comic Book Resources.
- "BATMAN Co-Creator Bill Finger Finally Gets Credit on GOTHAM and BATMAN V. SUPERMAN". Nerdist.
- "Batman: Arkham Knight DLC Leak – Mr. Freeze, Ra's Al Ghul, Red Hood To Return". What Culture. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015.
- "GERRY CONWAY Calls Out DC On Character-Royalty Issues". Newsarama.
- "From Dick to Damian: A History of Robin, Batman's Superstar Sidekick". Comic Book Resources.
- Wizard: The Comics Magazine (vol 1) #153 (July 2004) "Comic Book Price Guide - Batman" pg 133
- "10 Best Batman V Superman Fights in DC Comic Books". Screenrant.
- "Top 25 Comic Battles". Comic Book Resources.
- "Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice". DC Comics.
- Daniels, Les (1998). Superman: The Complete History (1st ed.). Titan Books. ISBN 1-85286-988-7.
- Justice League (vol. 2) #2 (October 2011)
- Batman #612 (April 2003)
- Justice League: Trinity War (March 2014)
- "The Reason Batman Has The Greatest Villains Is Their Lack Of Superpowers". io9.
- "The 10 Greatest ROGUES GALLERIES of ALL TIME!". Newsarama.
- "30 Greatest Batman Villains Of All Time". What Culture.
- The Essential Batman Encyclopedia by Robert Greenberger