Bato, Camarines Sur

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Municipal hall
Municipal hall
Official seal of Bato
Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of Bato
Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of Bato
Bato is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°21′22″N 123°21′50″E / 13.3561°N 123.3639°E / 13.3561; 123.3639Coordinates: 13°21′22″N 123°21′50″E / 13.3561°N 123.3639°E / 13.3561; 123.3639
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
District 4th district
Barangays 33
 • Mayor Frank Bernaldes
 • Total 107.12 km2 (41.36 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 52,137
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4435
IDD:area code +63 (0)54
Income class 3rd class;[2] partially urban

Bato (Rinconada Bikol: Banwāan ka Bato; Tagalog: Bayan ng Bato) is a third class[2] rural municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 52,137 people.[3]

The municipality of Bato, like Buhi town, is home to a lake teeming with various kinds of fishes. Sinarapan, the world's smallest commercially harvested fish, occupies the waters of Lake Bato. Also present, the lake abounds with tilapia housed in fish cages.


This town was formerly called as "Kaliligno" or "Caligno" named by the natives that settled along the river area. See also, the Bato's native Pre-Spanish Era Early Settlers.

This small village later was elevated into a status of a town under the decree of Spanish Superior Government on February 15, 1753. Years back, a parish was already existing which was also made under the same decree. This parish adopted "The Most Holy Trinity" as its patron; its feastday is celebrated every Sunday after the Pentecost.Known for best noodles called pansit bato.


Bato is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.[2]

  • Agos
  • Bacolod
  • Buluang
  • Caricot
  • Cawacagan
  • Cotmon
  • Cristo Rey
  • Del Rosario
  • Divina Pastora (Pob.)
  • Goyudan
  • Lobong
  • Lubigan
  • Mainit
  • Manga (Mangga)
  • Masoli
  • Neighborhood
  • Niño Jesus
  • Pagatpatan
  • Palo
  • Payak
  • Sagrada (Sagrada Familia)
  • Salvacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan
  • San Miguel
  • San Rafael (Pob.)
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Pob.)
  • Santiago (Pob.)
  • Sooc
  • Tagpolo
  • Tres Reyes (Pob.)


Population census of Bato
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 5,111 —    
1918 6,044 +1.12%
1939 11,537 +3.13%
1948 14,816 +2.82%
1960 21,078 +2.98%
1970 25,985 +2.11%
1975 28,492 +1.86%
1980 29,774 +0.88%
1990 35,294 +1.72%
1995 38,771 +1.78%
2000 42,739 +2.11%
2007 44,437 +0.54%
2010 48,306 +3.08%
2015 52,137 +1.46%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

In the 2015 census, the population of Bato, Camarines Sur, was 52,137 people,[3] with a density of 490 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,300 inhabitants per square mile.

Only about 58.27% of the household population is considered as literate.

Mother tongue of the majority is Riŋkonāda also known as Bikol Rinconada, one of the languages of Bicol region. The population speaks a different form of Rinconada Bikol called Bato variant, a lowland dialect (sinaranəw). Natives are also conversant with Coastal Bikol, Filipino/Tagalog and English languages.

Religious affiliation:

  • Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion, followed by the Iglesia Ni Cristo as the largest minority.
  • Other religious denominations include Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; United Churches of Christ in the Philippines Seventh Day Adventist; Bible Baptist; Born Again; Jehovah’s Witnesses; Protestants; Aglipay and Islam.


Bato noodles originated from this town.

Majority of employment is within agriculture, fishery, poultry and construction industry groups.

Commerce and industry:

  • 96 commercial establishments engaged in retail trade
  • 46 commercial establishments engaged in services
  • 1 commercial establishment engaged in real estate
  • 1 engaged in banking and finance
  • 31 industrial establishments

Natural resources include clams, pearls, local shrimps, tabios, and tilapia, particularly within Lake Bato; forest products such as anahaw leaves and local bamboo; non-metallic mineral resources such as white clay among others.

Agriculture Sector:

  • 78.087 square kilometers of Agricultural Lands devoted to crop production
  • Rice, corn, coconut, root crops, vegetables, and fruit-bearing trees.
  • Numerous farm and poultry products found

Tourist attractions[edit]

Lake Bato is the largest lake in the Region
  • white sand beaches, white caves, natural falls and springs
  • Bato Parish Church considered as Historical landmark
  • seven last words at Mount Calvary foot and lacustral procession during town fiesta celebration and the Annual Foundation Day Celebration



  • Municipal Health Center and Barangay Health Stations total bed capacity: Eight (8) beds
  • Health personnel numbers only about seventeen (17)


Bato Fire Station

Facilities for police protection include Police Station Headquarters near the Municipal Hall in the Poblacion, Police Substation in Barangay Tres Reyes, Police Outpost in Barangay San Miguel. The bureau of Fire Protection of Bato has about eleven (11) firemen personnel.


  • 19.550 kilometers of National Roads
  • 45,650 kilometers of Provincial Road
  • 7.206 kilometers of municipal roads
  • 38.683 kilometers of Barangays Roads
  • six (6) bridges
  • 235 privately owned vehicles
  • public utility vehicles and government vehicles


Water supply is provided on 3 levels:

  • Level I: wells, springs, or water peddlers common in rural barangays and households
  • Level II: communal faucet system
  • Level III: Bato Water District provides Level III Water Supply Service generally within the poblacion only

Power and electricity:

  • Camarines Sur Electric Cooperative (CASURECO) which provides retails electrical supply to the municipality and maintains a substation
  • Domestic Consumptions
  • 95.18% with total average consumption rate of 35,595.40 KWH/month Industrial and Commercial Consumption have only about 0.48% connections
  • Public buildings, streetlights and other account for the remaining 1.72% number of consumption

Communication facilities include telephone/cellular services, postal services, telegraph services, cable television services, and print and broadcast media services.


  • 1 private college - Holy Trinity College of Cam. Sur
  • 15 public elementary schools
  • 4 public secondary schools
  • 4 private schools


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Province: CAMARINES SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]