Battagram District

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ضلع بٹگرام
بټګرام ولسوالۍ
Top: View of Battagram
Bottom: Madrassa at Kas-Pul
Battagram District (red) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Battagram District (red) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Coordinates: 34°25′N 73°06′E / 34.41°N 73.1°E / 34.41; 73.1
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
RegionMulk E Pakhal
EstablishedJuly 1993
Founded bySwati tribe
City HallBattagram
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • MNAPrince Nawaz Khan Swati (Pakistan Tehreek Insaf)
 • MPA Battagram-IEngr Zubair Khan Swati
 • MPA Battagram-IITaj Muhammad Khan Swati
 • Total1,301 km2 (502 sq mi)
1,038 m (3,406 ft)
 • Total476,749
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC5 (PST)
Zip/Postal Code
Area code0997
Number of Tehsils1

Battagram (Pashto: بټګرام ولسوالۍ, Urdu: ضلع بٹگرام) is a tribal district in Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan.[2][3][4] The headquarter is Battagram, which is about 75 km from Mansehra.[2] It was part of historic Yaghistan before 1965.

Overview and history[edit]

The district of Battagram is located at a latitude of 34.41 and longitude of 73.1. It is surrounded by Kohistan District to the north, Mansehra District to the east, (Torghar District) to the south, and Shangla District to the west.[2]

It has a land area of 1,301 square kilometres (502 sq mi). Battagram obtained the status of a district in July 1993, when it was upgraded from a Tehsil and separated from Mansehra District.[5]


This place was named Batta Gram, because of saraswat Bhatt brahmin . It is said that Swat Valley was also once full of SARASWAT Brahmins. The word gram (Gram panchayat) is derived from Sanskrit which means village, Batta gram means village of bhatta brahmins. Battagram is in the northern part of Pakistan about 1 and a half hours away from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It was the only area in Pakistan that was never ruled by a foreign power during the medieval era and was conquered from Sikhs in the late 1800s by Ghazi Naseer Khan. Battagram obtained the status of district in July 1993 when it was upgraded from a Tehsil and separated from Mansehra District.

Location and Altitude[edit]

  • Battagram is situated at 34°41’N 73°1’E and has an altitude of approximately 1,038 meters (3,408 feet) above sea level.
  • It is nestled amidst the picturesque mountains of northern Pakistan.


  • Battagram experiences a mild and generally warm climate.
  • The average temperature hovers around 18.5°C (65.3°F), and the annual precipitation averages about 1,427 millimeters (56.18 inches).
  • June is the hottest month, while January is the coldest.


  • Several schools and colleges contribute to improving the literacy rate in the area.
  • NGOs and foreign funds have played a role in building schools to enhance education.

Historical Significance[edit]

  • Battagram was never ruled by a foreign power during the medieval era.
  • It was conquered from Sikhs in the late 1800s by Ghazi Naseer Khan.
  • The valley was ruled by tribal Khans until they signed the Instrument of Accession with Pakistan in 1949.

2005 Earthquake[edit]

  • Battagram was significantly affected by the devastating earthquake of October 8, 2005.
  • More than 4,500 people lost their lives, and approximately 35,000 were injured.

District Status[edit]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1961 94,357—    
1972 174,009+5.72%
1981 339,119+7.70%
1998 307,278−0.58%
2017 476,749+2.34%

At the time of the 2017 census the district had 68,807 houseolds and a population of 476,749. Battagram had a sex ratio of 1000 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 36.31% - 53.81% for males and 19.36% for females. The entire population was rural. 33.74% of the population was under 10 years of age. 161 (0.03%) people in the district were from religious minorities.[1]

Languages of Battagram district (2017)

  Pashto (82.19%)
  'Others' (mainly Kohistani) (14.32%)
  Hindko (2.87%)
  Others (0.62%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 82.19% of the population spoke Pashto and 2.87% Hindko as their first language. 14.32% of the population spoke a language recorded as 'Other' on the census, mainly Kohistani languages.[1]


The district has geographical borders with the districts of Kohistan to the north, Mansehra to the east and southeast, Torghar to the south and Shangla to the west. The district consists of only one sub-division or Tehsil, containing 12 in total. Union Councils:[7]

In 2022, Allai Tehsil was separated and upgraded to District status.

Tehsil Urdu name Pashto name No. of Unions Name of Unions Remarks
Allai Tehsil تحصیل آلائی الائي تحصیل 8 Banna, Bateela, BatkulBiari, Jambera, Pashto, Rashang and Sakargah In 2022, Upgraded to

Allai District

Batagram Tehsil تحصیل بٹگرام بټګرام تحصیل 12 Ajmera, Banian, Battagram, Batamori, Gijbori, Kuza Banda, Paimal Sharif, Peshora, Rajdhari, Shumlai, Thakot and Trand

Provincial Assembly[edit]

Member of Provincial Assembly Party Affiliation Constituency Year
Zubair Khan Swati (Allai Khan) Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Pk-34 Battagram-I 2024
Taj Muhammad Khan Swati (Trand Khan) Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Pk-35 Battagram-II 2024

2005 earthquake[edit]

Battagram was one of the areas affected by the Pakistan earthquake of October 8, 2005 when more than 4,500 people were killed and approximately 35,000 were injured.[2][8] Many residents of the area were rendered homeless and without shelter. Since October 8, 2005, the NGOs and the governmental organization Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority have been engaged in reconstruction work but as of 2009, the reconstruction work is not completed. In some cases residents have rebuilt houses themselves.[9]


  1. ^ a b c "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ a b c d "District Profile BATTAGRAM (PDF)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-30. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  3. ^ Correspondent, A (2017-09-29). "Hazara varsity campus sought in Battagram". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  4. ^ "Abaseen division to be approved after population census: Hoti". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  5. ^ PCO 1998, p. 18.
  6. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951-1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  7. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Battagram – Government of Pakistan, NRB, archived from the original on 9 February 2012, retrieved 19 March 2012
  8. ^ "Aftermath: What if a killer earthquake were to strike Karachi - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  9. ^ "NRC PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE SITUATION REPORT – WEEK ENDING 5TH FEB 2006" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2017-12-02.


  • 1981 District Census report of Mansehra. District Census Report. Vol. 23. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983.
  • 1998 District Census report of Batagram. Census publication. Vol. 18. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.