Battenberg family

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Battenberg
Arms of Battenberg-Mountbatten.svg
Battenberg arms
Arms of Bulgaria 1880-1887.svg
Arms of the Bulgarian branch of the family (which formerly ruled Bulgaria)
Parent houseHesse-Darmstadt branch of the House of Hesse
Place of originGrand Duchy of Hesse
MembersPrincess Julia of Battenberg, Princess Marie of Battenberg, Prince Louis of Battenberg
Connected membersPrincess Alice of Battenberg, Princess Louise of Battenberg, Prince George of Battenberg
Cadet branchesMountbatten family

The Battenberg family was formally a morganatic branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, rulers of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in Germany. The first member was Julia Hauke, whose brother-in-law Grand Duke Louis III of Hesse created her Countess of Battenberg with the style Illustrious Highness (H. Ill.H.) in 1851, at her morganatic marriage to Grand Duke Louis' brother Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine, and elevated her title to Princess of Battenberg with the style Serene Highness (HSH) in 1858. The name Battenberg was last used by her youngest son, Prince Francis Joseph of Battenberg, who died childless in 1924. Most members of the family, residing in the United Kingdom, had renounced their German titles in 1917, due to rising anti-German sentiment among the British public during World War I, and changed their name to Mountbatten, an anglicised version of Battenberg. The name Battenberg refers to the town of Battenberg in Hesse.

Creation[edit]

Prince Alexander (1823–1888) was the third son of Grand Duke Louis II of Hesse and by Rhine and of Wilhelmina of Baden, yet it was openly rumoured his biological father was actually Baron Augustus de Senarclens, his mother's chamberlain. His spouse, Julia von Hauke (1825–1895), was a mere Countess – the orphaned daughter of Count Johann Moritz von Haucke, a Polish nobleman of German ancestry who had been a General in the Russian army and then Deputy Minister of War of Congress Poland – and therefore of insufficient rank for her children to qualify for the succession to the throne of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. For this reason, her brother-in-law Grand Duke Louis III created the title of Countess of Battenberg (German: Gräfin von Battenberg) for her and for the couple's descendants (a previous family of counts of Battenberg had become extinct in the 14th century). In 1858, the title, which referred to the town of Battenberg, Hesse, was elevated to princely status. There was never a corresponding Principality of Battenberg; the title was a non-sovereign one in the nobility of the Grand Duchy of Hesse.

The children of this union bore the title of Prince (German: Prinz) or Princess (German: Prinzessin) and the style Serene Highness (German: Durchlaucht). Battenberg thus became the name of a morganatic cadet branch of the Grand Ducal family of Hesse, without right of succession.

Members[edit]

Relations to royal families[edit]

One of the original couple's sons, Prince Alexander of Battenberg, was made Sovereign Prince of Bulgaria; he was later forced to abdicate.

Another son, Prince Henry of Battenberg, married Princess Beatrice, the youngest daughter of Queen Victoria; their daughter, Victoria Eugenia Julia Ena, became queen consort of Spain. Her uncle Edward VII elevated her style to Royal Highness, so that she would have the necessary status to marry into the Spanish royal house.

Alexander and Julia's eldest son, Prince Louis of Battenberg, became the First Sea Lord of the Royal Navy. Due to anti-German feelings prevalent in Britain during World War I, he anglicised his name to Mountbatten, as did his children and nephews, the sons of Prince Henry and Princess Beatrice. They renounced all German titles and were granted peerages by their cousin, George V: Prince Louis became the 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, while Prince Alexander, Prince Henry's eldest son, became the 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke.

Prince Louis's second daughter Princess Louise of Battenberg become Queen Consort of Sweden as she married Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden in 1923 and his younger son Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma served as the last Viceroy of India. Prince Louis's elder daughter, Princess Alice of Battenberg, married Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark; their son, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (now Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh), married the heir presumptive of the British throne, later Elizabeth II, after having renounced his Greek titles and taken his maternal grandfather's and uncle's surname, Mountbatten. The name Battenberg, in its anglicised form, is now a part of the personal surname, Mountbatten-Windsor, of some members of the British Royal Family. Prince Francis Joseph of Battenberg married Princess Anna of Montenegro, sister of Queen Elena of Italy and a maternal aunt of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia.

Coats of arms[edit]

Besides those depicted above;

Family tree[edit]

Genealogical Table of the Battenberg, Mountbatten and Mountbatten-Windsor Family


Battenberg/
Mountbatten
House of Hesse-DarmstadtHouse of Windsor(UK)House of Romanov(Russia)Greek Royal FamilySwedish Royal FamilySpanish Royal Family
T08 Grossherzog.svg Louis II
(1777–1848)
Grand Duke of Hesse and by the Rhine,1830

Arms of the Grand Duchy of Hesse 1806-1918.svg
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg Queen Victoria

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Albert, Prince Consort

Arms of Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.svg
Prince Charles of Hesse and by the Rhine
(1809–1877)
T08 Grossherzog.svg Louis III
(1806–1877)
Grand Duke of Hesse and by the Rhine,1848
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by the Rhine
(1823–1888)
Julia v. Hauke Mainz Arms.svg[a]
(1825–1895)
Countess, later Princess of Battenberg

BattenbergArms.svg
Marie
(1824–1880)
Empress Maria Alexandrovna
Heraldic Imperial Crown of Russia.svg Emperor Alexander II of Russia
(1818–1881)
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg Edward VII

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Princess Alice
(1843–1878)
Arms of Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse.svg
T08 Grossherzog.svg Louis IV
(1837–1892)
Grand Duke of Hesse and by the Rhine,1877
Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
(1857–1944)

Arms of Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg.svg
Prince Henry of Battenberg
(1858–1896)

Arms of Battenberg-Mountbatten.svg
T08 Grossherzog.svg Prince Alexander of Battenberg
(1857–1893)
Prince of Bulgaria
(1879–1886)
Arms of Bulgaria 1880-1887.svg
Prince Francis Joseph of Battenberg
(1861–1924)
Heraldic Imperial Crown of Russia.svg Emperor Alexander III of Russia
(1845–1894)
Crown of the Kingdom of Greece.svg King George I of Greece,1863
(1845–1913)
Royal Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg George V

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
T08 Grossherzog.svg Ernest Louis
(1868–1937)
Grand Duke of Hesse and by the Rhine,1892 – abd 1918
Alix
(1872–1918)
Empress Alexandra of Russia
Heraldic Imperial Crown of Russia.svg Emperor Nicholas II of Russia
(1868–1918)
Victoria
(1863–1950)
Prince Louis of Battenberg[b]

Arms of Battenberg-Mountbatten.svg
(1854–1921)
from 1917 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven
Alexander
(1886–1960)
Arms of Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke.svg
from 1917 Alexander Mountbatten, Marquess of Carisbrooke
Leopold
(1889–1922)
from 1917 Lord Leopold Mountbatten
Prince Maurice of Battenberg
(1891–1914)
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
(1887–1969)

Arms of Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1906).svg

Queen of Spain,1906 –1931
Heraldic Royal Crown of Spain.svg King Alfonso XIII of Spain
(1886–1941)
dep 1931
Crown of the Kingdom of Greece.svg King Constantine I of Greece,1913-17 & 1920-22
(1868–1923)
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg George VI

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse
(1906–1937)
Louis, Prince of Hesse and by Rhine
(1908–1968)
Princess Alice of Battenberg
(1885–1969)
Coat of Arms of Princess Alice of Battenberg (Order of Queen Maria Luisa).svg
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
(1882–1944)
Arms of a Prince of Greece.svg
Royal crown of the King of Sweden.svg Louise Mountbatten
(1889–1965)
Queen of Sweden
Greater coat of arms of Queen Louise (Sweden).svg
Royal crown of the King of Sweden.svg King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
(1882–1973)
King, 1950
Great coat of arms of Sweden (shield and chain).svg
George
(1892–1938)
Earl Mountbatten of Burma-CoA-Shield.svg
2nd Marquess of Milford Haven
Lord Louis Mountbatten[c]
(1900–1979)
Earl Mountbatten of Burma-CoA-Shield.svg
1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
(1913–1993)
Crown of the Kingdom of Greece.svg King Paul of Greece,1947
(1901– 1964)
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg Elizabeth II

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Philip[d]
(1921–)
Duke of Edinburgh
Arms of Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.svg
Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
(1906–1947)
David Mountbatten
(1919–1970)
3rd Marquess of Milford Haven
Lady Pamela Hicks
(1929
Patricia Knatchbull
(1924–2017)
2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma
m. John Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne
Heraldic Royal Crown of Spain.svg King Juan Carlos I of Spain
(1938–)
King of Spain,1975-2014
Crown of the Kingdom of Greece.svg King Sophia
(1938)
Crown of the Kingdom of Greece.svg King Constantine II of Greece,1964–73 & 1920-22
(1940)
Prince Charles, Prince of Wales
(1948–)

Arms of Charles, Prince of Wales.svg
Anne, Princess Royal
(1950–)

Arms of Anne, the Princess Royal.svg
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
(1960–)

Arms of Andrew, Duke of York.svg
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
(1964–)

Arms of Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg
Royal crown of the King of Sweden.svg King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
(1946–)
King, 1973
George Mountbatten
(1961–)
4th Marquess of Milford Haven
Lord Ivar Mountbatten
(1963–)
Norton Knatchbull
(1947–)
3rd Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Lord Mountbatten of Burma-CoA-Knatchbull-Shield.svg
6 othersHeraldic Royal Crown of Spain.svg Felipe VI
(1968–)
King of Spain,2014
Crown Prince Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
(1967)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This coat of arms is reported in the "Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe", by Jiri Louda and Michael Maclagan, Clarkson N. Potter, Inc. Publishers, New York, 1981, p216, table 109. While these arms are virtually the same as the city of Mainz, it is a common heraldic law that identical arms are allowed when the bearers are of different nations, but within a nation they are not (see for England, Warbelton v Gorges and Scrope v Grosvenor). However, Wikipedia reports a different set of arms for the family at the article on Hauke-Bosak (Hauke Counts.jpg. However, these arms are for the family in Russia, and the reference given is an expired page in the Polish Wikipedia. There is no reference for the family seen in the Rietstap Armorial General.
  2. ^ Admiral of the Fleet, RN
    GCB, GCVO, KCMG, PC
    First Sea Lord, RN (1912–14)
  3. ^ Admiral of the Fleet, RN
    KG GCB OM GCSI GCIE GCVO DSO PC FRS
    Chief of Combined Operations, Chiefs of Staff Committee (UK) and Combined Chiefs of Staff (US & UK) (1941–1943)
    Supreme Allied Commander,  South East Asia Command(1943–1946)
    Viceroy and Governor-General of India(1947)
    Governor-General of India(1947-48)
    Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet, RN (1952–1954)
    Fourth Sea Lord, RN (1950–1952)
    First Sea Lord, RN (1955-59)
    Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom) (1959–1965)
  4. ^ Prince Philip was born a member of the Danish and Greek Royal House of Glucksborg and was known as Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark.
    On his marriage he became a naturalized British subject, disclaimed his Greek and Danish titles, and adopted his mother's maiden name of Mountbatten as his surname. As documented in the Mountbatten family and Mountbatten-Windsor articles, the dynastic name of the British Royal Family remains Windsor. However, the personal surname of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip's descendants is Mountbatten-Windsor (e.g. Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, James Mountbatten-Windsor, Viscount Severn and Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor).
    Philip was created Duke of Edinburgh on his marriage. In 1957, Queen Elizabeth created him a British Prince.

External links[edit]

Battenberg family
House of Battenberg
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt
Preceded by
House of Shishman
Ruling House of Bulgaria
1879–1886
Succeeded by
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha