Battersea North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Battersea North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County County of London, then Greater London
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Battersea
Created from Battersea

Battersea North was a parliamentary constituency in the then Metropolitan Borough of Battersea in South London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

It was created for the 1918 general election, when the former Battersea constituency was divided in two. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was reunited with most of Battersea South to form the new Battersea constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Battersea North in London 1918-49
A map showing the wards of Battersea Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.
Battersea North in London 1950-74

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Battersea wards of Church, Latchmere, Nine Elms, and Park.

1950-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Battersea wards of Church, Latchmere, Newtown, Nine Elms, Park, Queenstown, Vicarage, and Winstanley.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Wandsworth wards of Latchmere, Queenstown, St John's, St Mary's Park, and Shaftesbury.

The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918.[1] When seats were redistributed by the Representation of the People Act 1948 the seat was redefined as consisting of five wards by the addition of the Winstanley ward, transferred from Battersea South.[2] However the wards of the borough were redrawn in 1949 prior to the next general election in 1950.[3] Accordingly, changes were made under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. Of the 16 new wards, eight were included in each of the Battersea North and South constituencies.[4][5]

In 1965 Battersea became part of the London Borough of Wandsworth. This, however made no immediate change to the parliamentary constituencies. It was not until the general election of February 1974 that the constituency boundaries were altered. St John's and Shaftesbury wards were transferred from Battersea South.[6] These boundaries were used until abolition.

The constituency was abolished for the election of 1983, and was subsumed by the new Battersea seat, where it formed 61.5% of the total constituency (with the addition of Balham, Fairfield and Northcote wards from Battersea South).

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Richard Morris Coalition Liberal
1922 Shapurji Saklatvala Communist
1923 Henry Cairn Hogbin Liberal
1924 Shapurji Saklatvala Communist
1929 William Stephen Sanders Labour
1931 Arthur Marsden Conservative
1935 William Sanders Labour
1940 by-election Francis Douglas Labour
1946 by-election Douglas Jay Labour
1983 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 11,231 66.6 n/a
Labour Charlotte Despard 5,634 33.4 n/a
Majority 5,597 33.2 n/a
Turnout 43.7 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Communist Shapurji Saklatvala 11,311 50.5 n/a
National Liberal Henry Hogbin 9,290 41.6 n/a
Liberal Vivian Albu 1,756 7.9 n/a
Majority 2,021 9.5 n/a
Turnout
Communist gain from National Liberal Swing n/a
Henry Hogbin
General Election 1923: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Hogbin 12,527 50.4 +8.8
Communist Shapurji Saklatvala 12,341 49.6 -0.9
Majority 186 0.8 9.7
Turnout 61.9
Liberal gain from Communist Swing +4.9
General Election 1924: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Communist Shapurji Saklatvala 15,096 50.9
Constitutionalist Henry Hogbin 14,554 49.1
Majority 542 1.8
Turnout 73.1
Communist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Sanders 13,265 37.8 n/a
Unionist Arthur Marsden 10,833 30.8 n/a
Communist Shapurji Saklatvala 6,554 18.6 -32.3
Liberal Thomas Patrick Brogan 4,513 12.9 n/a
Majority 2,432 7.0 8.8
Turnout 69.7 -3.4
Labour gain from Communist Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Marsden 18,688 55.5%
Labour William Sanders 11,985 35.6%
Communist Shapurji Saklatvala 3,021 8.9%
Majority 6,703 19.9%
Turnout 33,694
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Sanders 17,596 58.7 23.1
Conservative Arthur Marsden 12,393 41.3 -14.1
Majority 5,203 17.4 N/A
Turnout 29,989 63.5 -4.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 18.6%

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Battersea North by-election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Francis Douglas 9,947 92.6 +33.9
Independent E.C. Joyce 791 7.4 N/A
Majority 9,156 85.2 +67.8
Turnout 10,738 25.1 -38.4
Labour hold Swing N/A
General Election 1945: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Francis Douglas 14,070 73.9 +15.2
Conservative J G W Paget 4,969 26.1 -15.2
Majority 9,101 47.8 +30.4
Turnout 19,039 71.1 +15.4
Labour hold Swing
Battersea North by-election, 1946
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 11,329 68.9 −5.0
Conservative B A Shattock 4,858 29.6 +3.5
Ind. Labour Party Hugo Dewar 240 1.5 N/A
Majority 6,471 39.3 −8.5
Turnout 16,427 55.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 24,762 69.57 -4.33
Conservative Martin Madden 9,084 25.52 -0.58
Liberal Edward Richter Handscombe 1,090 3.06 N/A
Communist John Mahon 655 1.84 N/A
Majority 15,678 44.05
Turnout 35,591 80.7
Labour hold Swing -3.75
General Election 1951: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 25,882 72.53 +2.96
Conservative Ian Percival 9,905 27.47 +1.95
Majority 16,077 45.05 +1.00
Turnout 35,787 80.24 -0.46
Labour hold Swing +0.51
General Election 1955: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 20,980 70.73 -1.8
Conservative Ian Percival 8,058 27.17 -0.3
Independent Eric Fenner 622 2.10 N/A
Majority 12,922 43.57 -1.58
Turnout 29,660 69.35 -10.89
Labour hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1959: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 19,595 67.84 -2.89
Conservative Robert Taylor 9,289 32.16 +4.99
Majority 6,533 35.68 -7.89
Turnout 28,884 70.56 1.21
Labour hold Swing -3.94

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 14,930 63.71 -4.13
Conservative Robert Taylor 5,847 24.95 -7.21
Liberal Stephen R Jakobi 2,187 9.33 N/A
Communist Gladys M Easton 471 2.01 N/A
Majority 9,083 38.76 +3.08
Turnout 23,435 65.72 -4.84
Labour hold Swing +1.54
General Election 1966: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 15,522 72.12 +8.41
Conservative C Peter M Davidson 5,350 24.86 -0.06
Communist Gladys M Easton 650 3.02 +1.01
Majority 10,172 47.26 +8.5
Turnout 21,522 63.21 -2.51
Labour hold Swing +4.24

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 11,621 65.51 -6.61
Conservative Anthony V Bradbury 4,927 27.77 +2.91
Liberal Hester M G Smallbone 1,012 5.70 N/A
Communist D Welsh 179 1.01 -2.01
Majority 6,694 37.74 -9.52
Turnout 17,739 58.69 -3.52
Labour hold Swing -6.15
General Election 1974: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 18,503 58.79 -6.72
Conservative Simon Randall 8,080 25.67 -2.10
Liberal John Savile 4,683 14.88 +9.18
Communist (ML) Carol Reakes 208 0.66 N/A
Majority 10,423 33.12 -4.62
Turnout 31,474 70.72 12.03
Labour hold Swing -2.31
General Election 1974: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 17,161 62.22 +3.43
Conservative Simon J C Randall 6,019 21.82 -3.85
Liberal C R Williams 3,048 11.05 -3.43
National Front R Friend 1,250 4.53 N/A
Communist (ML) Carol Reakes 102 0.37 -0.29
Majority 11,142 40.40 +7.28
Turnout 27,580 61.56 -9.16
Labour hold Swing +3.64
General Election 1979: Battersea North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Douglas Jay 15,384 56.22 -6.00
Conservative P Phillips 9,358 33.22 +11.40
Liberal W Brown 2,021 7.18 -3.87
National Front Michael Salt 772 2.74 -1.79
Workers (Leninist) A Lavelle 104 0.37 N/A
Workers Revolutionary P Clay 47 0.17 N/A
Community Party J Harwell 30 0.11 N/A
Majority 6,746 22.99 -17.41
Turnout 27,716 67.98 6.42
Labour hold Swing -8.70

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918 (1918 C.64), Schedule 9
  2. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, (1948, C.65), Schedule 1
  3. ^ Battersea (Wards) Order 1949 (S.I. 1949/552)
  4. ^ The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) (No. 2) Order, 1949 (S.I. 1949 No. 1440)
  5. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I: Southern England, London, 1979
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (1970 No. 1674)