Battery Gladden Light

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battery Gladden Light
Battery Gladden Light is located in Alabama
Battery Gladden Light
Location Mobile Bay
Coordinates 30°40′3″N 88°1′22″W / 30.66750°N 88.02278°W / 30.66750; -88.02278Coordinates: 30°40′3″N 88°1′22″W / 30.66750°N 88.02278°W / 30.66750; -88.02278
Year first lit 1872
Deactivated 1913
Foundation iron screw-pile
Construction wood frame
Tower shape square house with lantern on roof
Focal height 45 feet (14 m)[1]
Original lens lens lantern[1]
ARLHS number USA-1006

The Battery Gladden Light was a lighthouse in Mobile Bay which marked a turn in the old ship channel. It was deactivated in 1913 and no longer exists.

History[edit]

Battery Gladden was constructed on an artificial island as part of the defenses set up in the Civil War.[2][3] Dredging operations after the war established a ship channel which ran towards the light and turned to the west just south of the island.[4] In order to direct ships through the channel a square screw-pile house was built in 1872 on the old fortification and equipped with a fourth order Fresnel lens.[2][3] Channel dredging continued and a new channel was dug to the west, bypassing the portion marked by this light, which was extinguished in 1913.[5] The house remained standing as a daymark, finally succumbing to the elements around 1950.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b List of Lights and Fog Signals on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States. Government Printing Office. March 1, 1907. p. 234. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b c "Lighthouses of Alabama". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  3. ^ a b c Harrison, Tim; Jones, Ray (1999). Lost Lighthouses: Stories and Images of America's Vanished Lighthouses. Globe Pequot. p. 101. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  4. ^ see for example on Chart 188: Mobile Bay (Map). US Coast and Geodetic Survey. 1877. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  5. ^ Addenda to the Hydrographic Office Publication No. 64 of 1907. Government Printing Office. 1914. p. 23. Retrieved 2014-01-25.