Batticaloa Municipal Council

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Batticaloa Municipal Council
Type
Type
Leadership
Municipal Commissioner
V.Thavarajah (SLAS)
Municipal Deputy Commissioner
N.Thananjeyan (SLAS-III)
Seats 19
Elections
Last election
Sri Lankan local government elections, 2008

Batticaloa Municipal Council (BMC) is the local authority for the city of Batticaloa in eastern Sri Lanka.[1] BMC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 19 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. The territory of BMC is commensurate with that of Manmunai North Divisional Secretariat.[2]

History[edit]

Batticaloa was administered by a local board between 1884 and 1932.[3] The city was promoted to an Urban Council with eight wards in 1933.[3] The number of wards was increased to 10 in 1944. In 1956 the territory of the council was increased as well as the number of wards to 14. The council was merged with Manmunai North – East (Northern Portion) Village Council in 1967 and promoted to a Municipal Council.[3] BMC had 19 wards. The first mayor of BMC was Chelliah Rajadurai, the local Member of Parliament.

The council was dissolved in 1974 and administered by special commissioners until 1983 when local elections were held.[3] All members of the council resigned shortly after the election. Batticaloa was once again administered by special commissioners, this time until 1994 when local elections were held.[3] In 1988 BMC absorbed Valaieravu Rural Council. The council was dissolved on 31 March 1999. Special commissioners administered the city until 2008 when elections were held.

Mayors[edit]

The Mayor of Batticaloa is the head of Batticaloa Municipal Council.[3]

Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and secretaries[edit]

The following were some of the city's commissioners and secretaries:[3]

Secretaries[edit]

  • 1937-63 K. Thirunavukarasu
  • 1966-67 J. J. C. Tambinayagam

Commissioners[edit]

  • 1967-1970 J. J. C. Tambinayagam
  • 1988-1989 M. Sinniah (Acting)
  • 1989-1991 K. Karthigesu (Acting)
  • 1992-1994 C. Punniyamoorthy
  • 1994-1996 P. Kanapathipillai
  • 1996-2006 S. Navaneethan
  • 2006-2009 M. Uthayakumar
  • 2009-2013 K. Sivanathan
  • 2014-2016 M.Uthayakumar
  • 2017 - V.Thavarajah

Deputy Commissioners[edit]

  • 2013 - N.Thananjeyan

Election results[edit]

1983 local government election[edit]

Results of the local government election held on 18 May 1983:[4]

Alliances and parties Votes % Seats
  Tamil United Liberation Front 10,993 62.75% 13
  United National Party 6,229 35.55% 6
Independent 298 1.70% 0
Valid Votes 17,520 100.00% 19
Rejected Votes 62
Total Polled 17,582
Registered Electors 22,894
Turnout 76.80%

All members of the council resigned one month after being sworn in.[3] Batticaloa didn't have an elected local government for sporadic periods, this was due to various reasons.[5] Aljazeera, the Asiafoundation and the Daily Mirror attribute this to civil war;[6][7] Reuters and the US State Department attribute this to calls for election boycotts by the LTTE (enforced with brutal reprisals for non compliance)[8][9] and the Tamilnet attribute it to The Sri Lankan government's suspension of all local government in the north and east of the country in 1983 using Emergency Regulations.[10] Batticaloa was administered by special commissioners until 1994 when local elections were held.[3] The council was dissolved on 31 March 1999. Special commissioners administered the city until the 2008 elections.

2008 local government election[edit]

Results of the local government election held on 10 March 2008:[11]

Alliances and parties Votes % Seats
  United People's Freedom Alliance (TMVP et al.) 14,158 53.77% 11
Independent 1 (EPDP, EPRLF (P), PLOTE) 9,601 36.46% 6
  Sri Lanka Muslim Congress 1,788 6.79% 1
  Eelavar Democratic Front (EROS) 427 1.62% 1
National Development Front 291 1.11% 0
Independent 3 43 0.16% 0
Independent 2 23 0.09% 0
Valid Votes 26,331 100.00% 19
Rejected Votes 2,822
Total Polled 29,153
Registered Electors 54,948
Turnout 53.06%

The following candidates were elected:[12] Sivageetha "Pathmini" Prabhakaran (UPFA-TMVP), 4,722 preference votes (pv); Sellappillai "Chelliah" Aseerwatham (Ind 1), 949 pv; Kandiah Arumailingam (Ind 1-EPDP); Edwin Silva Krishnanandaraja alias Piratheep Master (UPFA-TMVP), 3,805 pv; John Baptist Fernando (UPFA); Abiragam George Pillai (UPFA); Namasivayam Karunanantham (UPFA); Thambiaiah Kirubarajah (UPFA); Maylvakanam Niskanandararajah (Ind 1); Rajanathan Prabhakaran (EROS); Wellington Rajendra Prasad (UPFA); Kanagasabai Preman (UPFA); Nagoor Khan Ramlan (SLMC); Pragasam Sagayamany alias Killi Master (UPFA-TMVP); Devanayagam Weerasingam Sathyananthan (UPFA); Mahendiramoorthy Suthenthiran (Ind 1); Kandasamy Thavarasa (UPFA); Benadit Thanabalasingam (Ind 1); and R. Thurairatnam (Ind 1-EPRLF).

Sivageetha Prabhakaran (UPFA-TMVP) and Edwin Silva Krishnanandaraja (UPFA-TMVP) were appointed Mayor and Deputy Mayor respectively.[13]

Edwin Silva Krishnanandaraja of UPFA-TMVP resigned as a member of BMC and was replaced by Selvarasa Sasikumar.[14] He was replaced as Deputy Mayor by Abiragam George Pillai (UPFA).[15]

R. Thurairatnam (Ind 1-EPRLF) resigned to contest the Eastern provincial council elections. He was replaced by Kandasamy Mahenthiraraja (Ind 1).[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Batticaloa Municipal Council". Government of Sri Lanka. 
  2. ^ "Geography". Batticaloa Municipal Council. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of Municipal Council". Batticaloa Municipal Council. 
  4. ^ Sarveswaran, K. (2005). The Tamil United Liberation Front: Rise and Decline of a Moderate Ethnic Party in Sri Lanka (1976-2000). Jawaharal Nehru University. 
  5. ^ Lanka cannot afford to despise UN system
  6. ^ In Northern Sri Lanka, Local Governments Prepare for Post-War Development
  7. ^ Sri Lankans vote in local elections
  8. ^ Sri Lanka's war-weary north votes amid intimidation, mistrust
  9. ^ US State Department
  10. ^ "TNA urges PM to put off NE local polls". TamilNet. 11 September 2002. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  11. ^ "Local Authorities Election 2008 Final Results Batticaloa Municipal Council". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  12. ^ "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1541/8. 18 March 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2008. 
  13. ^ "UPFA-TMVP councilors take oath in Colombo". TamilNet. 18 March 2008. 
  14. ^ "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance FILLING OF A VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF A MEMBER OF THE BATTICALOA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL UNDER SECTION 65A(2) OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE(CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1557/28. 11 July 2008. 
  15. ^ "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance FILLING OF A VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY MAYOR OF THE BATTICALOA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL UNDER SECTION 65A(1) OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1557/28. 11 July 2008. 
  16. ^ "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance FILLING OF A VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF A MEMBER OF THE BATTICALOA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL UNDER SECTION 65A(2) OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE(CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1557/28. 24 October 2008.