Battle Beyond the Stars
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Battle Beyond the Stars|
Theatrical poster by Gary Meyer
|Directed by||Jimmy T. Murakami|
|Produced by||Ed Carlin
|Screenplay by||John Sayles|
|Story by||John Sayles
|Music by||James Horner|
|Edited by||Allan Holzman
Robert J. Kizer
|Distributed by||New World Pictures|
|Box office||$7.5 million|
Battle Beyond the Stars is an American 1980 science fiction adventure film directed by Jimmy T. Murakami and produced by Roger Corman. The film, intended as a "Magnificent Seven in outer space", is based on The Magnificent Seven (in which Robert Vaughn also appeared), the Western remake of Akira Kurosawa's film Seven Samurai. The screenplay was written by John Sayles, the score was composed by James Horner, and the special effects were designed by James Cameron.
Several of the effects shots and clips were re-used for other films throughout the 1980s, including Bachelor Party, while the spaceship model was re-used in the film Space Raiders. The film was later picked up by Shout! Factory, who released it on DVD and Blu-ray in 2011 as part of the "Roger Corman's Cult Classics" series.
The farmers of the peaceful planet Akir are threatened by the space tyrant Sador (John Saxon) and his army of mutants, the Malmori. Sador's huge ship carries a weapon called a "Stellar Converter", which turns planets into small stars. He threatens to use the Converter unless the planet submits to him when he returns in several days. Zed (Jeff Corey), the last Akira warrior, is old and nearly blind. He suggests they hire mercenaries to protect the planet. Lacking valuable resources, they can only offer food and shelter in payment. Unable to go himself, Zed offers his ship for the job if they can find a pilot. The ship is fast and well-armed, but despite its AI navigation and tactical computer, Nell, cannot defeat Sador alone. Shad (Richard Thomas), a young man who has piloted the ship and is well known to Nell, volunteers for the recruiting mission.
Shad's first stop is the Hephaestus space station, which repairs androids. Expecting to find weapons, Shad instead finds only two humans among the androids: Doctor Hephaestus (Sam Jaffe), kept on life support, and his beautiful daughter Nanelia (Darlanne Fluegel). The doctor attempts to force Shad to mate with his daughter. Shad doesn't want to abandon his people, and escapes, with Nanelia following in her own ship. Although she has no weapons, her highly advanced computer systems might be useful. The two split up to look for more mercenaries.
Shad comes across Space Cowboy (George Peppard), a spacegoing truck driver from Earth. Shad learns that Cowboy is late delivering a shipment of laser guns to a planet which, as they watch, Sador destroys with his weapon. Lacking the fuel to carry the weapons home, Cowboy offers to deliver them to Akir. Shad talks him into teaching the Akira to use the guns. Later, Shad meets a set of five alien clones who share a group consciousness named Nestor. They admit their life is incredibly dull, since their whole race shares one mind. In order to be entertained, they have sent five members to join Shad's cause. Nestor does not require payment, saying they are completely self-sufficient. Next, Shad recruits Gelt (Robert Vaughn), a wealthy assassin who is so well known he can't show his face on any civilized planet. Gelt offers his services in trade for the ability to live peacefully hiding among the Akira. Gelt's spaceship is highly maneuverable and well armed. On his way back to Akir, Shad is approached by Saint Exmin (Sybil Danning), of the Valkyrie warriors. She is a headstrong woman looking to prove herself in battle. She pilots a small, barely armed, but extremely fast spaceship. Shad finds her annoying and wishes she would go away, but she tags along.
While waiting for Shad's return, Nanelia is captured by a reptilian slaver named Cayman (Morgan Woodward). Cayman possesses a powerful old ship with an eclectic crew of aliens. She quickly recruits Cayman to their cause when he learns that they are looking for mercenaries to fight Sador. The only payment Cayman wants is Sador's head, since Sador's forces had destroyed Cayman's homeworld.
The fleet of seven ships return to Akir. Shad takes the mercenaries down to the surface, but they are greeted with caution by the natives, who are not used to violent species. Eventually, Sador returns, but his fleet of fighters is intercepted by Shad and his new friends. In the opening battle, Gelt skillfully destroys several of Sador's ships but is mortally wounded when his ship crashes. Meanwhile, Cowboy and the Akiran natives, armed with his laser guns, fight off Sador's invading ground forces.
Sador survives an assassination attempt by one of the captured Nestors and launches all of his ships in retaliation against the planet. The Akira ground troops, led by Cowboy, defeat Sador's army, but Zed is killed in the fighting. There is another huge space battle and the mercenaries' ships are destroyed one by one. However, the mercenaries are successful in destroying all of Sador's star fighters and the Stellar Converter, leaving only Sador's flagship. Shad and Nanelia, piloting Nell, are captured by the flagship in a tractor beam. The pair escape in a lifepod after Shad orders Nell to activate the ship's self-destruct program. Sador's ship is destroyed in the explosion. As Shad and Nanelia return to Akir, Nanelia despairs over the deaths of their friends. Shad tells her that the Akira believe that no one is truly dead when they are remembered and beloved by the living. The Akira will remember the sacrifices made by the mercenaries and honor them forever.
- Richard Thomas – Shad, a young Akira farmer who looks for mercenaries to save his people.
- Robert Vaughn – Gelt, an experienced assassin with a price on his head looking for a place to hide. Vaughn played Lee in The Magnificent Seven, who is essentially the same character as Gelt.
- John Saxon – Sador, leader of the evil Malmori raiders. Very old, keeps himself alive using transplants to renew his body. His character is similar to the character of Calvera from The Magnificent Seven.
- George Peppard – Space Cowboy, the only character from Earth, who has many one liners and becomes Shad's good friend. George Peppard was originally considered to play Vin, Steve McQueen's character, in The Magnificent Seven.
- Darlanne Fluegel – Nanelia, Dr. Hephaestus' beautiful daughter and Shad's love interest.
- Sybil Danning – Saint-Exmin, a Valkyrie warrior looking to prove herself in battle.
- Sam Jaffe – Dr. Hephaestus, an old man on life support who wants his grandchildren to inhabit his space station.
- Jeff Corey – Zed, a blind old Akira who used to be a warrior. Former pilot of Nell.
- Morgan Woodward – Cayman of the Lambda Zone, a Zymer and slaver who has a score to settle with Sador for destroying his species.
- Marta Kristen – Lux, an Akira who works the early warning system and starts a relationship with Space Cowboy.
- Earl Boen – Nestor 1, usually speaks for the five clones.
- John Gowens – Nestor 2.
- Lynn Carlin – Nell (voice) computer of Shad's ship, protective of the kid, who she thinks is "wet behind the ears".
- Larry Meyers – Kelvin 1, one of Cayman's crew, communicates by radiating body heat.
- Lara Cody – Kelvin 2.
- Steve Davis – Quepeg, another member of Cayman's crew.
- Julia Duffy – Mol, an Akira woman who is kidnapped by the Malmori.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2015)|
Prior to production, a Hollywood trade paper announced that John Wayne would star in the film, under the direction of Ingmar Bergman. In all likelihood, this was a joke, either by the trade paper or the film's publicist.
The film came initially out of producer Roger Corman's desire to make a space opera-style film in the wake of the massive worldwide success of Star Wars. Up-and-coming screenwriter John Sayles had already written the Corman-produced The Lady in Red and Piranha, the latter of which was both a financial and critical success. At one point, Australian director Richard Franklin (Patrick, Psycho II) was attached to direct. However, he was replaced by Jimmy T. Murakami, a veteran animator who had previously been an uncredited co-director on Corman's Humanoids from the Deep.
At the time of its release, it was the most expensive film produced by Roger Corman, with an estimated production budget of $2,000,000 Much of the budget allegedly went toward paying the salaries of George Peppard and Robert Vaughn, since both of screenwriter Sayles' previous films were low-budget productions. To save on costs, the film was produced in Corman's own studio, his "renowned lumberyard facility" in Venice, California. Corman recouped his costs upon selling the foreign distribution to Orion Pictures for $2.5 million. He also resold cable rights to HBO for $750,000.
Corman initially hired James Cameron as a model maker in his studio after being impressed with his short film Xenogenesis. After the original art director for the film had been fired, Cameron became responsible for the majority of the film's special effects, or, as Cameron later put it, "production design and art direction." This was Cameron's first "big break" in the entertainment industry, and it helped propel his career. He was recommended by long-time working partner and future wife Gale Anne Hurd, who was at at he time working for Corman.
While Cameron initially worked on camera rigging, he soon started working on special effects and production design of interior sets. The low-budget led to Cameron designing the spaceship's corridors out of spray-painted McDonald's containers. Cameron paid great attention to detail, and hardly slept for weeks while working on the film; his hard work paid off, as the special effects were one aspect of the film highly-received by both fans and critics, opening the door for his later success.
The production sound mixer, also responsible for special effects, such as Robert Vaughn's "laser shot" – based on Clint Eastwood's .44 Magnum from Dirty Harry – was David Yewdall, a regular contract-worker for Corman films. Yewdall later remarked on the "film's frugal sound editorial budget" in his Practical Art of Motion Picture Sound, and explained some of the movie's sounds: each of the seven spaceships had its own sound. The Nestor ship's sound was made from human voices generated by the community choir from his hometown college in Coalinga, California; Robert Vaughn's ship was based on the recording of a dragster.
This was only composer James Horner's second score, he had previously worked on Murakami's Humanoids from the Deep, and as such the director brought him back for the film. The score features several elements that would become regular staples of Horner's many sci-fi and adventure, and several fans have noted similarities between this scores and those of later films such as Krull and Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Horner would go on to become a regular collaborator of James Cameron, eventually winning an Academy Award for Best Original Score for Titanic.
The spaceship used in the film was reused for another science fiction film blasted by critics, the Roger Corman film Space Raiders, and in the ultra-low budget Starquest II and Dead Space. Footage was also used in later films and games: a clip from the film (in 3-D) is shown during the movie theater fight scene at the end of Bachelor Party, and footage was also used for the Laserdisc game Astron Belt. The soundtrack was later recycled by Corman for Raptor and other films. Sections of Horner's score were reused in Space Raiders and other Corman films.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2015)|
It received mixed reviews from critics due to it's derivative style, presumably used to ride off the success of Star Wars. Cameron's special effects were praised as being impressive considering the film's low budget, and helped to open the door for his future success. The film has since gained a cult following, in part due to it's effects-heavy action set-pieces and creative production design. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes retrospectively gave the film a score of 45% based on reviews collected from 11 critics.
Awards and nominations
- Best Science Fiction Film: 1981
- Best Special Effects: Chuck Comisky – 1981
- Best Costumes: Durinda Wood – 1981
- Best Make-Up: Sue Dolph, Steve Neill, Rick Stratton – 1981
Battle Amongst the Stars
A prequel comic book, set 30 years before the BBTS film, was launched by Bluewater Productions in March 2010. It is a four-part miniseries that tells the story of how Zed, the old man played by Jeff Corey in BBTS, began his adventures from the planet Akir with Nell. It also has the character of Dr. Hephaestus and Sador of the Malmori.
- Gerry Molyneaux, "John Sayles, Renaissance Books, 2000 p 92
- Christopher T Koetting, Mind Warp!: The Fantastic True Story of Roger Corman's New World Pictures, Hemlock Books. 2009 p 172
- Gray, Beverly (2004). Roger Corman: blood-sucking vampires, flesh-eating cockroaches, and driller killers. Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-56025-555-0.
- Donovan, Barna William (2008). The Asian influence on Hollywood action films. McFarland. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-7864-3403-9.
- Meyers, Richard (2001). Great Martial Arts Movies: From Bruce Lee to Jackie Chan and More. Citadel Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-8065-2026-1.
- Stafford, Roy (2001). Seven samurai. Longman. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-582-45256-5.
- "Oz in LA", Cinema Papers, May–June 1979 p332
- "Battle Beyond the Stars Movie Trivia – The 80s Movies Rewind". Fast-Rewind.com. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
- Naha, Ed; Roger Corman (1982). The films of Roger Corman: brilliance on a budget. Arco. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-668-05308-2.
- "John Sayles Finishes Shooting a Low-Budget Sci-Fi Comedy". Philadelphia Inquirer. 1993-11-20. p. K.03.
- Yewdall, David Lewis (2007). Practical art of motion picture sound. Focal Press. p. 412. ISBN 978-0-240-80865-9.
- Emery, Robert J. (2002). The directors: take one, Volume 1. Allworth Communications. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-58115-218-0.
- "James Cameron: Full Biography". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- Chris Nashawaty, Crab Monsters, Teenage Cavemen and Candy Stripe Nurses - Roger Corman: King of the B Movie, Abrams, 2013 p 175
- Gray, Roger Corman, 150.
- Gray, Roger Corman, 151.
- Yewdall, Practical Art, 257.
- Yewdall, Practical Art, 192.
- Yewdall, Practical Art, 256.
- Moorhead, Jim; William Beamon (1983-11-24). "Uninspired Turkeys: Our Reviewers Gobble Up Year's Worst Flicks". The Evening Independent. p. 17. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- "Movie connections for Battle Beyond the Stars (1980)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- "astron belt video game, sega enterprises, ltd. (1983)". arcade-history.com. April 24, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
- Gray, Roger Corman, 222.
- Harper, Erick (May 4, 2001). "DVD Verdict Review – Battle Beyond The Stars". DVD Verdict.com. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
- Gray, Roger Corman, 148.
- 1981 Saturn Awards
- 1981 IMDb Saturn Awards
- "Bluewater Productions March Releases" bluewaterprod.com. Retrieved September 26, 2010.