Battle Cry (film)
Battle Cry DVD cover
|Directed by||Raoul Walsh|
|Produced by||Jack L. Warner|
|Screenplay by||Leon Uris|
|Based on||Battle Cry|
by Leon Uris
|Narrated by||James Whittmore|
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Edited by||William H. Ziegler|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$8 million (US/ Canada rentals)|
Battle Cry is a 1955 Warner Color film, starring Van Heflin, Aldo Ray, James Whitmore, Tab Hunter, Anne Francis, Dorothy Malone, Raymond Massey, and Mona Freeman in CinemaScope. The film is based on the 1953 novel by former Marine Leon Uris, who also wrote the screenplay, and was produced and directed by Raoul Walsh. The film was shot at Camp Pendleton, California, and featured a large amount of cooperation from the United States Marine Corps.
In January 1942, as many young men respond to the call for Marine Corps recruits, All-American athlete Danny Forrester boards a train in Baltimore, Maryland, after saying goodbye to his family and girl friend Kathy. The train picks up other recruits en route to the Marine training camp near San Diego, including womanizing lumberjack Andy Hookans, bookish Marion Hodgkiss, Navajo Indian Shining Lighttower, troublemaking "Spanish" Joe Gomez, L. Q. Jones of Arkansas, Speedy of Texas, and the Philadelphian Ski, who is eager to escape the slums, but upset to leave his girl friend Susan.
Several weeks later, after the arduous training of boot camp, the men are accepted into radio school and assigned to the battalion commanded by Maj. Sam "High Pockets" Huxley. The Marines continue their military training and receive rigorous communication instruction from Sgt. Mac, but on weekends they get passes to San Diego. In a sleazy bar there, Ski drowns his sorrows in alcohol and women to forget that Susan has married another man. Concerned about him, Mac and his fellow Marines go to the bar, believing they are coming to his rescue, and get in a brawl with others there. Danny is saved from excessive drinking by the married USO worker Elaine Yarborough, and begins a relationship with her, until Mac, noticing a change in his performance, arranges for him to call Kathy long-distance. Recognizing the young man's loneliness, Mac and Huxley grant him a furlough to Baltimore, during which Danny elopes with Kathy. Meanwhile, the meditative Marion, who hopes to write about his wartime experiences, meets the beautiful and mysterious Rae on the Coronado ferryboat. Although she meets him there frequently and seems to admire him greatly, she will not share with him details about her life. Marion learns why she has been evasive, when she shows up with other B-girls ordered by Joe, at a party celebrating the regiment's orders to ship out.
The men are sent to Wellington, New Zealand, where they are warmly received. Andy, who respects no woman, tries to woo the married Pat Rogers by suggesting that he fill the void left by her husband, whom he believes is fighting in Africa. After the offended Pat tells him her husband died in action, Andy apologizes for the first time ever. Pat later invites the reformed Andy to visit her parents' farm, where, despite their attraction, they agree to remain friends only. After Christmas, the Sixth Regiment, now known as "Huxley's Harlots," is sent to Guadalcanal after the invasion to "mop up" a resistant band of Japanese soldiers.
Afterward, the battle-weary men, minus Ski, who was killed by a sniper, return to New Zealand, where Pat nurses the malaria-stricken Andy and decides to risk a short-term romance with him. To restore the men's stamina, Huxley, newly promoted to lieutenant colonel, orders them to compete in a brutal 60-mile hike, and while other companies are trucked back to camp, Huxley has his men hike the whole way, blistered and near collapse, but in record-breaking time. Aware that his men are special, Huxley is frustrated when they are not ordered to Tarawa with the main invasion, but held back to clear out remaining Japanese resistance afterward. Pat is afraid of losing another love to the war and tells Andy that she wants to break up, but Andy refuses and asks her to marry him. Although frightened, she accepts and only then admits that she is pregnant. With Huxley's assistance in cutting through red tape, Andy and Pat marry, but two days later, when the men are to ship out, Andy considers deserting to stay with Pat. Instead of arresting him, Huxley asks Pat to convince Andy to return voluntarily.
At Tarawa, Huxley's men fulfill their mission, but Marion and many others are killed. Afterward, while standing by on reserve on a Hawaiian island, Huxley receives word that other battalions are being moved out for combat. Sensing the restlessness of his men, Huxley risks court-martial to convince Gen. Snipes that the talents of his battalion are being wasted. Although at first offended by Huxley's "impudence," Snipes assigns the battalion to the invasion of Red Beach, the most dangerous mission in the Saipan campaign. The men are isolated from the rest of the division, and suffer heavy casualties from artillery fired from the hills above them. Huxley is killed, and Danny and Andy are seriously injured. However, the battalion holds out until a Navy destroyer pins down the Japanese, freeing the Marines to complete their mission. Later, at a rest camp, while recuperating from the loss of a leg, Andy becomes too demoralized to communicate with Pat or his concerned friends, but tough words from Mac make him realize that Pat still loves him. Andy returns to her and his baby son after completing rehabilitation. Danny is also given a medical discharge and returns by train to Baltimore, accompanied by Mac, who is visiting the families of men killed in action. In Baltimore, they say goodbye and Danny reunites with the waiting Kathy, as fresh recruits board the train.
- Van Heflin as Major (later, Lt. Col.) Sam "High Pockets" Huxley (CO, 2nd Bn., 6th Marine Regt.)
- Aldo Ray as PFC Andy Hookens
- Nancy Olson as Pat Rogers/Mrs. Pat Rogers
- James Whitmore as Master Technical Sgt. Mac
- Tab Hunter as PFC./Cpl. Danny Forrester
- Anne Francis as Rae, party girl
- Dorothy Malone as Mrs. Elaine Yarborough, USO Manager
- Raymond Massey as Maj. Gen. Snipes
- Mona Freeman as Kathy, Danny's girl/Mrs. Danny Forrester
- William Campbell as PFC. 'Ski' Wronski
- John Lupton as Pvt. / Cpl. Marion 'Sister Mary' Hotchkiss
- Justus E. McQueen as Pvt. L.Q. Jones 
- Perry Lopez as Pvt. Joe Gomez aka Spanish Joe
- Fess Parker as Pvt. Speedy
- Willis Bouchey as Mr. Forrester
- Jonas Applegarth as Pvt. Lighttower (Navajo phonetalker)
- Felix Noriego as Pvt. Crazy Horse (Navajo phonetalker)
- Rhys Williams as Pat Rogers's father
Awards and reception
Battle Cry received an Academy Award nomination for Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture by composer Max Steiner. The film also got critical reception from Bosley Crowther of The New York Times who criticized the film for being too focused on love then war, which was the opposite of what the Marines had experienced in Pacific during World War II.
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1955', Variety Weekly, January 25, 1956
- The actor then adopted his character's name as his stage name.
- "1956 Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- Bosley Crowther (February 3, 1955). "Screen: Warners' Salute to Marines; Leon Uris' 'Battle Cry' Opens at Paramount Van Heflin Leads His Gyrenes Into Action". The New York Times.
- Art Mooney. ""Honey-Babe" Chart Position". Retrieved August 20, 2019.