Battle Beyond the Stars
|Battle Beyond the Stars|
Theatrical release poster
by Gary Meyer
|Directed by||Jimmy T. Murakami|
|Produced by||Ed Carlin|
|Screenplay by||John Sayles|
|Story by||John Sayles|
|Music by||James Horner|
|Edited by||Allan Holzman|
Robert J. Kizer
|Distributed by||New World Pictures|
|Budget||$2 million (estimated)|
|Box office||$7.5 million|
Battle Beyond the Stars is a 1980 American space opera film produced by Roger Corman, directed by Jimmy T. Murakami, and starring Richard Thomas, Robert Vaughn, George Peppard, John Saxon, Sybil Danning and Darlanne Fluegel.
Intended as a "Magnificent Seven in outer space", and based on The Magnificent Seven (in which Vaughn also appeared), the 1960 Western remake of Akira Kurosawa's 1954 film Seven Samurai, the screenplay was written by John Sayles with the score by James Horner and special effects designed by James Cameron.
The film was theatrically released by New World Pictures, and was a moderate box office success while receiving mixed reviews from critics.
The farming world Akir is threatened by the tyrannical warlord Sador (John Saxon), who rules the sinister Malmori Empire and, his body parts deteriorating, is capturing and appropriating them from others. Sador's huge dreadnaught (nicknamed "Hammerhead") mounts a "Stellar Converter", a weapon that turns planets into small stars. He demands that the peaceful Akira submit to him when he returns in "seven risings of your red giant", or he'll turn his Stellar Converter on their planet. Zed (Jeff Corey), last of the famous Akira Corsairs, is old and nearly blind. He suggests they hire mercenaries to protect their world. Since Akir lacks valuable resources, its people can offer just food and shelter in payment. Unable to go in person, Zed offers his ship for the job if they can find a pilot. The ship is fast and well-armed, but, despite its AI navigation/tactical computer Nell, cannot defeat Sador alone. Shad (Richard Thomas), a young man who has piloted the ship and is well known to Nell, volunteers for the recruiting mission.
Seeking weapons, Shad goes to the space station of Doctor Hephaestus (perhaps named after the weaponsmith of the Olympians Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades), an old friend of Zed. The station is populated mostly by androids, except for two humans — Hephaestus (Sam Jaffe), whose numerous life support-systems have turned him into a cyborg; and his beautiful daughter Nanelia (Darlanne Fluegel), who looks after him and the androids. The doctor wants Shad to mate with his daughter, by force if necessary. Shad can't bring himself to abandon his people; he convinces Nanelia to help him escape. She follows in her own ship; although she has no weapons, her highly advanced computer systems might be useful. The two split up to look for more mercenaries.
Shad encounters Cowboy (George Peppard), a freighter-pilot from Earth who is ambushed by Space Jackers while delivering a shipment of laser-handguns to the planet Umateal. Shad fights off the Jackers, thus saving Cowboy's life twice over; they arrive at Umateal just in time to watch Sador destroy the planet with his Stellar Converter. Lacking the fuel to carry his weapons back home, Cowboy offers them to Akir instead. Shad talks Cowboy into sharing his vast knowledge of gunslinging with the Akira.
Later, Shad meets a set of five alien clones who share a group consciousness named Nestor. They admit their life is incredibly dull, since their whole race shares one mind. In order to be entertained, they have sent five members to join Shad's cause. Nestor does not require payment, saying they are completely self-sufficient. Next, Shad recruits Gelt (Robert Vaughn), a wealthy assassin who can't show himself on any civilized planet on pain of retribution. Gelt offers his services in return for being allowed to live peacefully among the Akira. Gelt's ship is highly maneuverable and well-armed. On his way back to Akir, Shad is approached by Saint-Exmin (Sybil Danning) of the Valkyrie warriors. She is a headstrong woman looking to prove herself in battle. She pilots a small, but extremely fast ship with greater firepower than it normally uses. Shad finds her annoying and wishes she would go away, but she tags along.
While waiting for Shad's return, Nanelia is captured by a reptilian slaver named Cayman of the Lazuli (Morgan Woodward). Cayman possesses a powerful ship with an eclectic crew of aliens. She explains to Cayman that they are seeking mercenaries for a war against Sador. Cayman takes up their cause in return for the head of Sador, who destroyed Cayman's homeworld years ago. Back on Akir, Shad's sister Mol is captured by two Malmori warriors with the intent to rape her. As Shad and Company return, their approach frightens the Malmori into attempting to escape. Mol, in retaliation, interferes with their controls, allowing Gelt the opportunity to destroy their ship, killing all three. Upon reaching the planet's surface, the heroes are greeted with caution by the natives, who are wary of violent species. When Sador returns, his Malmori forces are intercepted by Shad's hired warriors. Gelt dogfights his way to Hammerhead, which shoots him down. Cowboy and the laser-toting Akira ward off an invasion backed by a Malmori Sonic Tank. Many of Sador's troops are killed, and their Sonic Tank is destroyed; however, many Akira die as well, including Zed.
After surviving an assassination attempt by Nestor, Sador launches the remainder of his fleet in a retaliatory strike against Akir. Saint-Exmin blows herself up to knock out Sador's Stellar Converter. Although Sador's aerospace forces are wiped out, Hammerhead picks off all the remaining mercenaries with laser battery-fire and nuclear missiles. Only Nell, piloted by Shad and Nanelia, survives the Malmori onslaught. Crippled and unable to fight, Nell is captured by Hammerhead's tractor beam. Nanelia and Shad activate Nell's self-destruct program, then flee their ship in an escape pod. Sador commands Nell to surrender. Instead she detonates, causing his Stellar Converter to backfire and disintegrate Hammerhead. As Shad and Nanelia return to Akir, Nanelia despairs over their friends' deaths. Shad shares with her the teachings of Akir's "Varda": Nobody is truly dead when they have been loved and are celebrated by the living. The Akira will always remember the sacrifices made by the mercenaries, who will forever be honored in the legends of Akir.
- Richard Thomas as Shad, a young Akira farmer who looks for mercenaries to save his people. Over the course of the story, he evolves into the next Akira Corsair, brother of the ill-fated Mol.
- Robert Vaughn as Gelt, a notorious assassin with an intergalactic bounty on his head. Despite his vast riches, all he wants now is "a meal and a place to hide". Vaughn played Lee in The Magnificent Seven, essentially the same character as Gelt.
- John Saxon as Sador, leader of the evil Malmori raiders, is very old and keeps himself alive using transplants to renew his body. His character is similar to the character of Calvera from The Magnificent Seven.
- George Peppard as Space Cowboy, the only character from Earth, who is defined by his many one-liners and who becomes Shad's good friend.
- Darlanne Fluegel as Nanelia, Dr. Hephaestus' beautiful daughter and Shad's love interest.
- Sybil Danning as Saint-Exmin, a Valkyrie warrior looking to prove herself in battle.
- Sam Jaffe as Dr. Hephaestus, an old man on life support, who wants grandchildren to inhabit his space station.
- Jeff Corey as Zed the Corsair, once a famed Akira warrior and now almost blind. He is the former pilot of Shad's starship, whose system computer he affectionately calls "Old Girl".
- Morgan Woodward as Cayman of the Lambda Zone, a Zymer and slaver who has a score to settle with Sador for destroying his species.
- Marta Kristen as Lux, an Akira who works the early warning system and starts a relationship with Space Cowboy.
- Earl Boen as Nestor 1 the voice, usually, for the five clones.
- John Gowens as Nestor 2.
- Lynn Carlin as Nell's (voice), the computer which controls Zed's (now Shad's) starship. "She" is highly protective of Shad, whom she calls "wet behind the ears". The computer doesn't like it when anybody other than Zed addresses her as "Old Girl".
- Larry Meyers as Kelvin 1, one of Cayman's crew, communicates by radiating body heat.
- Lara Cody as Kelvin 2.
- Steve Davis as Quepeg, another member of Cayman's crew.
- Julia Duffy as Mol, Shad's sister.
Battle Beyond the Stars was budgeted at an estimated $2,000,000. At the time of its release, it was the most expensive film produced by Roger Corman. Much of the budget allegedly went toward paying the salaries of George Peppard and Robert Vaughn, since both of screenwriter Sayles' previous films were low-budget productions. To save on costs, the film was produced in Corman's own studio, his "renowned lumberyard facility" in Venice, California. Initially, the film came out of producer Roger Corman's desire to make a space opera-style film in the wake of the massive worldwide success of Star Wars. Up-and-coming screenwriter John Sayles had already written the Corman-produced The Lady in Red and Piranha, the latter of which was both a financial and critical success. At one point, Australian director Richard Franklin (Patrick, Psycho II) was attached to direct. However, he was replaced by Jimmy T. Murakami, a veteran animator who had previously been an uncredited co-director on Corman's Humanoids from the Deep.
The planet Akir and its inhabitants, the Akira, a peaceful alien race at the center of the conflict, were named in honor of director Akira Kurosawa, whose film Seven Samurai provided the framework for the plot.
Corman initially hired James Cameron as a model maker for his studio after being impressed with his short film Xenogenesis. When the original art director for the film was fired, Cameron became responsible for the majority of the film's special effects, or, as Cameron later put it, "production design and art direction". This was Cameron's first "big break" in the entertainment industry, and it helped to propel his career forward. He was recommended by long-time working partner and future wife Gale Anne Hurd, who was at the time working for Corman.
While Cameron initially worked on camera rigging, he soon started working on special effects and production design of interior sets. The low-budget led to Cameron designing the spaceship's corridors out of spray-painted McDonald's containers. Cameron paid great attention to detail, and hardly slept for weeks while working on the film. His hard work paid off, as the special effects were one aspect of the film highly received by both fans and critics, opening the door for his later successes.
According to Hurd, actor Bill Paxton was employed on the set as a carpenter, which is where she first met him, before working with him and Cameron on Aliens: "So my first memory of Bill was him pounding nails and cracking everybody up. I mean, we’d be working at three or four in the morning and he would be the one who kept all our spirits up. He was that person on and off set".
This was composer James Horner's third film score. He had previously worked on Roger Corman's Humanoids from the Deep and The Lady in Red, and the producer brought him back for Battle Beyond the Stars. The score features several elements that would become regular staples of Horner's many science fiction and adventure film scores. Several fans have noted similarities between these scores and those for later films, such as Krull and Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Horner would go on to become a regular collaborator with James Cameron, eventually winning an Academy Award for Best Original Score for Titanic.
The supervising sound editor, also responsible for special sound effects, such as Robert Vaughn's "laser shot" – based on Clint Eastwood's .44 Magnum from Dirty Harry – was David Yewdall, a regular contract-worker for Corman films. Yewdall later remarked on the "film's frugal sound editorial budget" in his Practical Art of Motion Picture Sound, and explained some of the movie's sounds: each of the seven spaceships had its own sound. The Nestor ship's sound was made from human voices generated by the community choir from his hometown college in Coalinga, California; Robert Vaughn's ship was based on the recording of a dragster.
Prior to production, a Hollywood trade paper announced that John Wayne would star in the film, under the direction of Ingmar Bergman. In all likelihood, this was a joke, either by the trade paper or the film's publicist.
The starship footage was reused in another Roger Corman science fiction film, Space Raiders, blasted by critics, as well as in the ultra-low budget Corman features Starquest II, Dead Space, and Forbidden World. This same footage was also reused in later films and video games: a clip from the film (in 3-D) is shown during the movie theater fight scene at the end of Bachelor Party, and footage was also used for the LaserDisc game Astron Belt. The soundtrack was later recycled by Corman for Raptor and other films. Sections of Horner's score were reused in Space Raiders and other Corman films. Several of the effects shots and clips were re-used for other films throughout the 1980s, including Bachelor Party, while the spaceship model was re-used in the film Space Raiders. The film was later picked up by Shout! Factory, who released it on DVD and Blu-ray in 2011 as part of the Roger Corman's Cult Classics series.
Battle Beyond the Stars was released in theatres on September 8, 1980. The film was released on DVD on February 6, 2001, by New Concorde. Corman recouped his costs upon selling the foreign distribution to Orion Pictures for $2.5 million. He also resold cable rights to HBO for $750,000.
Battle Beyond the Stars received mixed reviews from critics due to its similar space opera styling, capitalizing upon the success of Star Wars. Cameron's special effects were praised as being impressive, considering the film's low budget, and helped to open the door for his future success. The film has since garnered a cult following, in part due to its effects-heavy action set-pieces and creative production design. The film review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 45%, based on reviews from 11 critics.
Awards and nominations
- Best Science Fiction Film: 1981
- Best Special Effects: Chuck Comisky – 1981
- Best Costumes: Durinda Wood – 1981
- Best Make-Up: Sue Dolph, Steve Neill, Rick Stratton – 1981
Battle Amongst the Stars
A prequel comic book, set 30 years before the BBTS film, was launched by Bluewater Productions in March 2010. Battle Amongst the Stars is a four-part miniseries that tells the story of how Zed, the old man played by Jeff Corey in BBTS, began his adventures from the planet Akir with Nell. It also has the characters of Dr. Hephaestus and Sador of the Malmori.
- "Battle Beyond the Stars". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- Evans, Greg; Pedersen, Erik (November 11, 2016). "Robert Vaughn Dies: 'Man From U.N.C.L.E' Star Was 83". Deadline Hollywood. United States: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Verswijver, Leo (2003). Movies Were Always Magical: Interviews with 19 Actors, Directors and Producers from the Hollywood of the 1930s through the 1950s. New York City: McFarland & Company. p. 27. ISBN 978-0786411290.
- Ryan 1998, p. 33.
- Julius, Marshall (1997). Action! the Action Movie A--Z (1st ed.). Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0253332448.
- Sayles, John (1999). Diane Carson (ed.). John Sayles: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers). Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi. p. xxxii. ISBN 978-1578061372.
- "Battle Beyond the Stars Movie Trivia – The 80s Movies Rewind". Fast-Rewind. Eberswalde, Germany. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- Ryan 1998, p. 23.
- Gray 2004, p. 147.
- Donovan, Barna William (2008). The Asian influence on Hollywood action films. New York City: McFarland & Company. p. 45. ISBN 978-0786434039.
- Meyers 2001, p. 193.
- Meyers 2001, p. 80.
- Molyneaux, Gerry (2000). John Sayles: An Unauthorized Biography of the Pioneer Indy Filmmaker (Renaissance Film Biography). Milwaukee: Renaissance Books. p. 92. ISBN 978-1580631259.
- Naha, Ed; Corman, Roger (1982). The films of Roger Corman: brilliance on a budget (1st ed.). New York City: Arco Publishing Company, Inc. p. 81. ISBN 978-0668053082.
- "John Sayles Finishes Shooting a Low-Budget Sci-Fi Comedy". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Media Network. November 20, 1993. p. K.03.
- Yewdall 2011, p. 412.
- "Oz in LA", Cinema Papers, May–June 1979 p332
- Beale, Lewis. "Why Akira Kurosawa's 'Seven Samurai' keeps inspiring new retellings like 'The Magnificent Seven'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- Emery, Robert J. (2002). The directors: take one, Volume 1. New York City: Allworth Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-1581152180.
- "James Cameron: Full Biography". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
- Nashawaty, Chris (2013). Crab Monsters, Teenage Cavemen and Candy Stripe Nurses - Roger Corman: King of the B Movie. New York City: Abrams Books. p. 175. ISBN 978-1419706691.
- Gray 2004, p. 150.
- Gray 2004, p. 151.
- Leon, Melissa (April 26, 2017). "Game Over, Man: 'Aliens' Cast Remembers the 'Irreplaceable' Bill Paxton on Alien Day". The Daily Beast. United States. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
- Yewdall 2011, p. 257.
- Yewdall 2011, p. 192.
- Yewdall 2011, p. 256.
- Moorhead, Jim; Beamon, William (November 24, 1983). "Uninspired Turkeys: Our Reviewers Gobble Up Year's Worst Flicks". Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida: Times Publishing Company. p. 17. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
- "Movie connections for Battle Beyond the Stars (1980)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
- "astron belt video game, sega enterprises, ltd. (1983)". arcade-history.com. April 24, 2009. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- Gray 2004, p. 222.
- "Battle Beyond the Stars". New Concorde. Los Angeles: New Horizons Picture Corp. ASIN B000055ZF1. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- "Battle Beyond the Stars". American Film Institute. United States. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- Harper, Erick (May 4, 2001). "DVD Verdict Review – Battle Beyond The Stars". DVD Verdict.com. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- Koetting, Christopher T. (2013). Mind Warp!: The Fantastic True Story of Roger Corman's New World Pictures (1st ed.). Parkville, Maryland: Midnight Marquee Press Inc. p. 172. ISBN 978-1936168422.
- Gray 2004, p. 148.
- "Battle Beyond the Stars". Rotten Tomatoes. United States: Fandango. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- 1981 Saturn Awards
- 1981 IMDb Saturn Awards
- "Bluewater Productions March Releases Archived February 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine" bluewaterprod.com. Retrieved September 26, 2010.
- Ryan, Jack (January 1, 1998). John Sayles, Filmmaker: A Critical Study of the Independent Writer-Director: With a Filmography and a Bibliography (2nd ed.). New York City: McFarland & Company. p. 271. ISBN 978-0786405299.
- Gray, Beverly (2004). Roger Corman: Blood-sucking Vampires, Flesh-eating Cockroaches, and Driller Killers. New York City: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 318. ISBN 978-1560255550.
- Meyers, Richard (January 1, 2001). Great Martial Arts Movies: From Bruce Lee to Jackie Chan and More. New York City: Citadel Press. p. 276. ISBN 978-0806520261.
- Yewdall, David Lewis (May 20, 2011). Practical Art of Motion Picture Sound (4th ed.). Waltham, Massachusetts: Taylor & Francis. p. 657. ISBN 978-0240808659.