Battle of Abaran

Coordinates: 40°35′20.810″N 44°21′25.970″E / 40.58911389°N 44.35721389°E / 40.58911389; 44.35721389
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Battle of Bash Abaran
Part of the Caucasus Campaign of World War I

Monument to the Battle of Bash-Aparan, Aparan, Armenia.
DateMay 21–29,[1][2] 1918
Bash Abaran, Armenia
40°35′20.810″N 44°21′25.970″E / 40.58911389°N 44.35721389°E / 40.58911389; 44.35721389
Result Decisive Armenian victory[1]
Armenian National Council  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Drastamat Kanayan
Movses Silikyan
Jangir Agha
Esad Pasha
Kazim Pasha
6,000 17,000[1]
Casualties and losses
~1,000 ~8,000[3]
Battle of Abaran is located in Armenia
Battle of Abaran
Location within Armenia
Battle of Abaran is located in Caucasus mountains
Battle of Abaran
Battle of Abaran (Caucasus mountains)

The Battle of Bash Abaran (Armenian: Բաշ Աբարանի ճակատամարտ Bash Abarani chakatamart, Turkish: Baş-Abaran Muharebesi) was a battle of Caucasus Campaign of World War I that took place in the vicinity of Bash Abaran, in 1918. The Armenian victories at Bash Abaran, Sardarabad and Karakilisa, halted the Ottoman invasion of Eastern Armenia and were instrumental in allowing the formation of the short-lived First Republic of Armenia.[4][5]

The Turkish forces attacked on 21 May, driving towards Yerevan. They were opposed by Armenian forces under the command of Drastamat Kanayan. One prong of the three-pronged Ottoman attack, consisting of the 3rd Regiment of the 11th Caucasian Division, moved down from Hamamlu. They met an Armenian force of about 1000 riflemen under the command of Movses Silikyan at the defile of Bash Abaran, about a three-hour march from Yerevan. After three days of fierce fighting the Armenians launched a counter-attack against the Turks on 25 May.[1] The Turkish forces then retreated north back to Hamamlu on 29 May.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Yalçın Murgul, "Baku Expedition of 1917–1918: A Study of the Ottoman Policy towards the Caucasus", Master's Thesis, 2007, Department of History Bilkent University, p. 55. Archived September 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ William Edward David Allen, Paul Muratoff, Caucasian Battlefields: A History of the Wars on the Turco-Caucasian Border 1828–1921, Cambridge University Press, 2011, ISBN 978-1-108-01335-2, p. 476.
  3. ^ Avakian, Lindy V. (1965). The Cross and the Crescent. USC Press. p. 44. ISBN 0-943247-06-3.
  4. ^ Hohanissian, Richard G. (1997) The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. New York. St. Martin's Press, 299
  5. ^ Walker, Christopher (1980). ARMENIA: The Survival of a Nation. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 254. ISBN 0-7099-0210-7.