Battle of Augusta

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Battle of Augusta
Part of the Franco-Dutch War
Naval Battle of Augusta by Ambroise-Louis Garneray.jpg
Naval Battle of Augusta, by Ambroise-Louis Garneray.
Date 22 April 1676
Location Near Augusta (present-day Italy)
Result French victory
Belligerents
 United Provinces
 Spain
 France
Commanders and leaders
Michiel de Ruyter  (DOW) Abraham Duquesne
Strength
17 Dutch + 10 Spanish ships of the line[citation needed] 29 ships of the line[citation needed]
Casualties and losses
about 700 killed[citation needed] about 500 killed[citation needed]

The naval Battle of Augusta (also known as the Battle of Agosta) took place on 22 April 1676 during the Franco-Dutch War and was fought between a French fleet of 29 man-of-war, five frigates and eight fireships under Abraham Duquesne and a Dutch-Spanish fleet of 27 (17 Dutch, 10 Spanish) plus five fireships with Dutch Lieutenant-Admiral-General Michiel de Ruyter in command. The battle was a short but intense affair and ended abruptly when Duquesne, after hearing that De Ruyter had been mortally wounded, retreated. Neither side lost a ship, though there were many dead and wounded, especially among the Dutch.

Order of battle[edit]

France (Abraham Duquesne)[edit]

First Squadron (Alméras)[edit]

  • Fidèle 56 (Chevalier de Cogolin)
  • Heureux 54 (Monsieur de La Bretesche)
  • Vermandois 50 (Chevalier de Tambonneau,killed)
  • Pompeux 72 (Chevalier de Valbelle, chef d'escadre)
  • Lys 74 (Lieutenant-Général Marquis Guillaume d'Alméras, killed; flag-captains Etienne Gentet and Chevalier de Montbron)
  • Magnifique 72 (Monsieur de La Gravière)
  • Parfait 60 (Monsieur de Chasteneuf)
  • Apollon 54 (Chevalier de Forbin)
  • Trident 38 (Chevalier de Bellefontaine)
Fireships
  • Ardent
  • Orage

Second Squadron (Duquesne)[edit]

  • Fortune 56 (Marquis d'Amfreville)
  • Aimable 56 (Monsieur de La Barre)
  • Joli 46 (Monsieur de Belle-Isle)
  • Éclatant 60 (Monsieur de Coü, killed; replaced by Monsieur de Saint-Germen)
  • Sceptre 80 (Comte Anne Hilarion de Tourville)
  • Saint-Esprit 72 (vice-admiral Abraham Duquesne)
  • Saint Michel 60 (Marquis de Preuilly d'Humiéres)
  • Mignon 46 (Monsieur de Relingues)
  • Aquilon 50 (Monsieur de Montreuil)
  • Vaillant 54 (Monsieur de Septesme)
Fireships
  • Salvador
  • Imprudent
  • Inquiet

Third Squadron (Gabaret)[edit]

  • Assuré 56 (Marquis de Villette-Mursay)
  • Brusque 46 (Chevalier De La Mothe)
  • Syrène 46 (Chevalier de Béthune)
  • Fier 60 (Monsieur de Chabert)
  • Agréable 56 (Monsieur d'Ailly)
  • Sans-Pareil 70 (chef d'escadre Jean Gabaret, flag-captain Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon)
  • Grand 72 (Monsieur de Beaulieu)
  • Sage 54 (Marquis de Langeron)
  • Prudent 54 (Monsieur de La Fayette)
  • Téméraire 50 (Chevalier de Levy)

Fireships:

  • Dangereux
  • Hameson
  • Dame-de-la-Mère

Netherlands/Spain (Michiel de Ruyter)[edit]

De Ruyters squadron[edit]

  • Spiegel 70 (Gilles Schey)
  • Groenwijf 36 (Jan Noirot)
  • Leiden 36 (Jan van Abkoude)
  • Leeuwen 50 (Frans Willem, Graaf van Limburg Stirum)
  • Eendracht 76 (Lt-Admiral Michiel De Ruyter, died; flag-captain Gerard Callenburgh)
  • Stad en Lande 54 (Joris Andringa)
  • Zuiderhuis 46 (Pieter de Sitter)
  • Damiaten 34 (Isaac van Uitterwijk)
  • Oosterwijk 60 (Jacob Teding van Berkhout)
  • Tonijn 8 (snauw, Philips Melkenbeek)
  • Kreeft 8 (snauw, Wijbrand Barendszoon)
  • Ter Goes 8 (snauw, Abraham Wilmerdonk)
  • Salm 4 (fireship, Jan van Kampen)
  • Melkmeisje 2 (fireship, Arent Ruyghaver)
  • Zwarte Tas 4 (Jacob Stadtlander)

De Haans squadron[edit]

  • Steenbergen 68 (Pieter van Middelandt)
  • Wakende Boei 46 (Cornelis Tijloos)
  • Edam 34 (Cornelis van der Zaan)
  • Kraanvogel 46 (Jacob Willemszoon Broeder)
  • Gouda 76 (Vice-Admiral Jan de Haan)
  • Provincie van Utrecht 60 (Jan de Jong)
  • Vrijheid 50 (Adam van Brederode)
  • Harderwijk 46 (Mattheus Megang)
  • Prinsen Wapen 8 (snauw, Hendrik Walop)
  • Rouaan 8 (snauw, Willem Knijf)
  • Roos 8 (snauw, Juriaan Baak)
  • Sint Salvador 6 (fireship, Jan Janszoon Bont)
  • Jakob en Anna 4 (fireship, Dirk Klaaszoon Harney)
  • Witte tas 4 (supply ship, Adriaan van Esch)

Spanish ships[edit]

10 or 12 ships among them:

  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Capitana Real) 64/74 (1000-1100 crew) Almirante Francisco Pereire Freire de La Cerda (or de La Zerda)
  • Santiago (Nueva Real) 80
  • San Antonio de Napoles 44/46 (500 crew)
  • San Felipe 40/44
  • San Carlo/Salvator delle Fiandre/San Salvador (Almiranta de Flandres) 40/42/48 (350 crew)
  • San Joaquin/San Juan 80
  • San Gabriel 40
  • Santa Ana 54/60
  • Nuestra Señora del Rosario 50
  • Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
  • Nuestra Señora del Rosario y Las Animas

References[edit]

Coordinates: 37°15′00″N 15°21′00″E / 37.2500°N 15.3500°E / 37.2500; 15.3500