Battle of Bhopal

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Battle of Bhopal
Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests
Date24 December 1737

Maratha victory

  • Treaty of Bhopal
    • Mughals pay 50 lakh rupees as war expenses to the Marathas.
Mughals cede large territory of Malwa (central India)
Maratha Empire

Mughal Vassals

Commanders and leaders
Baji Rao Yar Muhammad Khan Bahadur
Asaf Jah I
Saadat Ali Khan I
Sultan Muhammad Khan Bahadur
Iswari Singh
Diwan Raja Ayamal
Pratap Singh
80,000[1] 70,000 with 120 cannons drawn by war-elephant corps, 3,000 Camel-drawn Zamburak gunnery[2][3]

The Battle of Bhopal, was fought on 24 December 1737 in Bhopal between the Maratha Empire and the combined army of the Nizam and several Mughal generals.


As the Mughal empire continued to weaken after Aurangzeb's death, the Maratha Peshwa Bajirao I invaded Mughal territories such as Malwa and Gujarat. The Mughal emperor was alarmed by Marathas conquest. In 1737, the Marathas invaded the northern frontiers of the Mughal empire, reaching as far as the outskirts of Delhi, Bajirao defeated a Mughal army here and were marching back to Pune.

The Mughal emperor asked for support from the Nizam. The Nizam intercepted the Marathas during the latter's return journey. The two armies clashed near Bhopal.[4][5]


The battle was fought between the Maratha Empire and Mughal forces led by Nizam of Hyderabad near Bhopal in India in December 1737. The Marathas poisoned the water and the replenishment supplies of the besieged Mughal forces. Chimaji was sent with an army of 10,000 men to stop any reinforcements while Bajirao blockaded the city instead of directly attacking the Nizam. The Nizam was forced to sue for peace after he was denied reinforcements from Delhi.[6] The battle resulted in decisive Maratha victory mainly through the swift tactics of Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao.[5]


Later, on 7 January 1738, a peace treaty was signed between Peshwa Bajirao and Jai Singh II, in Doraha near Bhopal.[7] Marathas were given the territory of Malwa [5]


  1. ^ Advance Study in the History of Modern India (Volume-1: 1707-1803) Pg.26 — "The Peshwa accepted the challenge happily, collected eighty thousand Maratha soldiers and leaving Chimnaji with ten thousand"
  2. ^ Dighe, V.G., Peshwa Bajirao & the Maratha Expansion, p.145
  3. ^ Advance Study in the History of Modern India (Volume-1: 1707-1803) Pg.26 — "the Nizam was joined by several other Mughal chiefs and at the head of seventy thousand soldiers"
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b c An Advanced History of Modern India
  6. ^ Advance Study in the History of Modern India (Volume-1: 1707-1803) Pg.26
  7. ^ S.R. Bakshi and O.P. Ralhan (2007). Madhya Pradesh Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. p. 384. ISBN 978-81-7625-806-7.

Coordinates: 23°15′N 77°25′E / 23.250°N 77.417°E / 23.250; 77.417