Battle of Bowmanville

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Battle of Bowmanville
Part of World War II
Date October 10–12, 1942
Location Camp 30 in Bowmanville, Ontario
Result Revolt failed
Belligerents
 Canada  Germany
Units involved
Veteran's Guard of Canada
Canadian Army cadet commandos
126 German POWs
Casualties and losses
1 Veteran's Guard injured Unknown

The Battle of Bowmanville was a 1942 revolt in the Bowmanville prisoner of war camp, Ontario, Canada. The prisoners, most of whom were higher-ranking German officers, objected to the intended shackling of 100 prisoners. The battle lasted for three days.[1]

The camp residents were mostly Germans captured by the British and sent to Canada for internment in anticipation of a potential invasion of Britain. They were guarded by the Veteran's Guard of Canada. The violence began after 126 prisoners were sent to another camp to be shackled as a reprisal for the chaining of Canadian soldiers captured at Dieppe. After a period of hand-to-hand fighting, during which one Canadian guard had his skull fractured, 400 prisoners barricaded themselves in a hall. They remained there for over a day while the guards awaited reinforcements. A group of students at a nearby commando course in Kingston, Ontario arrived on Canadian Thanksgiving, subduing the barricaded prisoners with fire hoses and tear gas.[2]

Many German prisoners were wounded, some severely. Oberfähnrich[3] Volkmar König from U-99 was shot in the back.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canada's forgotten PoW camps". CBC. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Prisoners: Battle of Bowmanville". Time Magazine. 26 October 1942. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Jean Hood: Submarine: An anthology of firsthand accounts of the war under the sea, 1939-45. Bloomsbury Publishing 2012, ISBN 1-844-8616-19: Book
  4. ^ Volkmar König