Battle of Burgos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Battle of Burgos
Part of the Peninsular War
Batalla gamonal.JPG
Battle of Burgos or Gamonal (National Library of Spain)
Date10 November 1808
Gamonal ,near Burgos, Spain
42°21′21″N 3°40′05″W / 42.3558°N 3.6681°W / 42.3558; -3.6681
Result French victory[1]
France French Empire  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Jean-Baptiste Bessières Conde de Belveder
Vicente Genaro de Quesada Surrendered
Fernando María de Alós
18,000 infantry[1]
6,500 cavalry[1]
9,800 infantry[1]
1,200 cavalry[1]
Casualties and losses
200[1] 3,400[1]
Peninsular war: Napoleon's invasion
  current battle

The Battle of Burgos, also known as Battle of Gamonal, was fought on November 10, 1808, during the Peninsular War in the village of Gamonal, near Burgos, Spain. A powerful French army under Marshal Bessières overwhelmed and destroyed the outnumbered Spanish troops under General Belveder, opening central Spain to invasion.[2]


The French were attacking the Spanish positions in Burgos with a ratio 2:1. Only two divisions of the Army of Extremadura were in Burgos and the so the result of the battle was clear. Arrayed in an open plain at Gamonal, the Spaniards were broken by a massive cavalry charge and fled in panic, leaving the invaders to sack Burgos.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bodart 1908, p. 390.
  2. ^ Porlier 2007.
  3. ^ Esdaile 2003, p. 133.


  • Bodart, Gaston (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905). Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  • Esdaile, Charles J. (2003). The Peninsular War. Palgrave MacMillan. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  • Porlier, Juan Díaz (2007). "El Marquesito". Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2021.