Battle of Carrizal

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Battle of Carrizal
Part of the Mexican Revolution, Border War
US Buffalo Soldiers Battle of Carrizal.jpg
Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Cavalry who were taken prisoner during the attack on Carrizal.
Date June 21, 1916
Location Carrizal, Chihuahua, México
Result Mexican victory
Belligerents
 United States  Mexico
Commanders and leaders
United States Charles Trumbull Boyd  Mexico Félix U. Gómez 
Strength
~100 cavalry ~150 infantry
Casualties and losses
50 killed
11 wounded
27 captured
27 killed
39 wounded[1][2]

The Battle of Carrizal occurred on the June 21, 1916. It was a major skirmish between United States Army troops of General John J. Pershing's Punitive Expedition and Carrancista troops fought at the town of Carrizal in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.

Battle[edit]

In June 1916, Gen. Pershing was informed that Pancho Villa could be taken at Carrizal, west of Ahumada.[3] When he sent Captains Boyd and Morey to investigate with C and K troops of the 10th Cavalry, they were confronted by Mexican Army troops, not Villa's men.[2] Boyd ordered the men to attack anyway. In the resulting battle, the American attack was repelled.

By legend Villa supposedly watched with delight as his two enemies fought it out with each other. However, this story is of doubtful veracity as Villa was badly injured at the time and being pursued by both the American Army and the federal Carrancistas. The cavalry lost two officers (Charles T. Boyd and Henry R. Adair) and 50 men killed and 27 taken prisoner. The Mexican forces lost 27, including the commanding officer, Gen. Félix U. Gómez. General Pershing was furious at this result and asked for permission to attack the Carrancista garrison at Chihuahua. President Wilson, fearing that such an attack would provoke a full-scale war with Mexico, refused. The Battle of Carrizal marked the effective end of the Mexican Expedition, which failed in both its missions. Pancho Villa survived, and small raids on American soil occurred while the expedition was in Mexico. The simultaneous deterioration of German-American relations while World War I raged made any escalation in México undesirable and so negotiations followed.

Gen. Felix U. Gómez

Legacy[edit]

  • Lt. Henry Rodney Adair was killed in this battle. During World War II Camp Adair was established in the Willamette Valley, Oregon, as an Army training facility in honor of his service.[4]
  • The Battle of Carrizal figured prominently in the plot of the 1917 race movie, A Trooper of Troop K.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes


Bibliography
  • Braddy, Haldeen (1957). "Pancho Villa: Fact, Fiction, or Folklore." Journal of American Folklore 70 (1957).
  • Calhoun, Frederick (1986). Power and Principle: Armed Intervention in Wilsonian Foreign Policy. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
  • Eisenhower, John (1993). Intervention!: The United States and the Mexican Revolution, 1913-1917. New York: Norton.
  • Mason, Herbert M (1970). The Great Pursuit. New York: Random House.
  • Salinas Carranza, Alberto (1937) La Expedicion Punitiva. Mexico, DF: Ediciones Botas.
  • (1916) "Seek Only Nation's Peace." New York Times June 23.
  • Sweeney, William (1919). History of the American Negro in the Great War. Chicago: Sapp.