The Battle of Cerro Muriano took place during the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
Cerro Muriano is a village currently within the municipal terms of Córdoba and Obejo in the Province of Córdoba.
The battle followed the August Córdoba offensive and lasted two days, 5 and 6 September 1936. After a 36-hour siege the Regulares and the Spanish Legion troops overran the Republican positions of the Columna Miaja leaving many dead.
The battle is famous owing to the picture of a "falling militiaman" taken by Robert Capa, a picture that sought to represent the tragic fate of the Spanish Republic.
Coordinates: 38°0′12″N 4°46′13″W / 38.00333°N 4.77028°W / 38.00333; -4.77028