Battle of Cogorderos

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Battle of Cogorderos
Part of the Peninsular War
Date 23 June 1811
Location Near Benavides, León, Spain
Result Spanish victory
Belligerents
France French Empire Spain Kingdom of Spain
Commanders and leaders
France Jean Valletaux  
France Jean Pierre François Bonet
Spain Francisco Taboada
Spain Federico Castañón
Strength
3,000[1] 6,000–7,300[1]
Casualties and losses
500 dead or wounded[2]
Hundreds of prisoners[2][3]
17 dead and 83 wounded[2]

The Battle of Cogorderos took place at Cogorderos, in the Province of León, Castile-León, on 23 June 1811, between a French force under Brigadier General Jean-André Valletaux and a Spanish force commanded by General Francisco Taboada y Gil during the Peninsular War.[4] After seven hours of battle, the French were defeated and retreated to León. Despite the victory, Taboada, threatened by the bulk of General Jean Pierre François Bonet's army, retired to Astorga.[4] However, Bonet and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bessières decided against sending more troops to Extremadura, which favored the advance of Wellington in the south.[4]

Background[edit]

Brig-General Jean-André Valletaux.

In June 1811, the French occupied the Páramo Leonés. In response, Spanish troops under the command of Field Marshal José María Santocildes launched a strong attack against the French garrison at León, and forced the French to evacuate the city. The garrison commander of León, Brigadier General Jean-Baptiste Jeanin, destroyed several sections of the wall of the city, and on 19 June, retreated to Benavente. On 22 June, Santocildes and his forces entered in León, after 14 months of French occupation; the imminent arrival of French reinforcements, however, forced them to withdraw a short time later.[4]

Meanwhile, General Jean Pierre François Bonet moved from Asturias to León, concentrating his troops on the right bank of the river Órbigo. On the morning of 23 June, Brigadier General Jean-André Valletaux with 5,000 men, relieved the French garrison in the town of Benavides. At heavy cost to themselves, the French forced the Spanish to retreat, who withdrew having suffered few casualties. The French general then decided to attack General Francisco Taboada y Gil's troops who located in the small town of Cogorderos.[4]

Battle[edit]

Despite having little knowledge of Taboada's troops, and possessing a smaller force than his opponent, Valletaux went on the attack. The Spanish fought tenaciously for more than four hours, until Brigadier General Federico Castañón arrived with three battalions of the Oviedo Regiment, which was commanded by Colonel Pedro Méndez de Vigo. In concert with Taboada's cavalry, the newcomers attacked the French flank and turned the tide of the battle. The Spanish launched three charges, inflicting heavy losses on the French, and after seven hours of battle, the French finally retreated, leaving behind a large amount of weapons and equipment, and several hundred of prisoners, including 11 officers. Valletaux himself was killed in the fighting, dying in the first Spanish charge. The Spanish captured three regimental eagles, and hunted down many of the French soldiers as they withdrew.[4] Total French casualties amounted to 500 dead or wounded, while the Spanish lost 17 dead and 83 wounded.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

Field Marshal José María Santocildes.

Despite the victory, Taboada, threatened by the bulk of the army of General Jean Pierre François Bonet, retired to Astorga. However, Bonet and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bessières suspended sending more troops to Extremadura, which favored Wellington's advance in the south. In July, the French army at León was reinforced with several thousand men under General Jean-Marie Dorsenne, who replaced Bessières.[4] The next battle took place 27 August 1811 at Riego de Ambrós where the French, commanded by General André-Philippe Corsin, were defeated by Spanish troops led by Brigadier General Federico Castañón.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Muñoz Maldonado p. 107
  2. ^ a b c d Muñoz Maldonado pp. 107–108
  3. ^ Priego López pp. 20–22
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Operaciones en el Reino de León pp. 81–144

References[edit]

  • Esdaile, Charles J. (1988). The Spanish Army in the Peninsular War. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-2538-9
  • Gates, David (2002) [1986]. The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. Pimlico. ISBN 0712697306
  • Muñoz Maldonado, José. (1833). Historia política y militar de la guerra de la independencia de España contra Napoleón Bonaparte desde 1808 á 1814. Tomo III. (Spanish)
  • Priego López, J. (1994). La Guerra de la Independencia. Vol. VI. Madrid, SHM. (Spanish)
  • Sarramon, Jean (1965). Operaciones en el Reino de León (mayo a septiembre de 1811). Revista de Historia Militar nº 19. Madrid, SHM. (Spanish)
  • Toreno, José María Queipo de Llano (1838). Historia del levantamiento, Guerra y Revolución de España. Tomo II. (Spanish)

External links[edit]