Battle of Courtrai (1794)
|Battle of Courtrai (1794)|
|Part of the War of the First Coalition|
Map of Kortrijk by Joseph de Ferraris
|Commanders and leaders|
Count of Clerfayt|
Duke of York
|Casualties and losses|
Willems: 2,400, 13 guns|
The Republican French army under Jean-Charles Pichegru attacked the Coalition forces commanded by The Austrian Fieldmarshall François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt and Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany.
On May 10, 1794, the French infantry formed square to repel Coalition cavalry charges for the first time during the war. Later in the day, after being bombarded by British artillery, three squares were finally broken with heavy losses. This attack by the 7th Light Dragoons is often referred to as the Battle of Willems  in Willems, Nord.
But the attack on the Count of Clerfayt on the 11th, who had chased the French out of Courtrai with the help of Dutch Allies, proved successful for the French Troops, and forced Clerfayt to retreat to the north Thielt. Both sides lost between 700-800 Men.
The next Coalition attempt to eliminate the French hold on the area resulted in the Battle of Tourcoing a week later.
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- Fortescue, Sir John William (1918). British Campaigns in Flanders, 1690-1794: Being Extracts from "A History of the British Army,". Macmillan and Company, limited. p.319
- Phipps, Ramsay Weston (2011). The Armies of the First French Republic: Volume I The Armée du Nord. USA: Pickle Partners Publishing. ISBN 978-1-908692-24-5.
- Rickard, J. (2009). "Battle of Courtrai, 11 May 1794". historyofwar.org. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- Rickard, J. (2009). "Battle of Willems, 10 May 1794". historyofwar.org. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.
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