Battle of Coyotepe Hill
|Battle of Coyotepe Hill|
|Part of the Nicaraguan Civil War, Occupation of Nicaragua, Banana Wars|
Two Marines with Coyotepe Hill in the background in October of 1912.
|United States||Nicaraguan Rebels|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Joseph H. Pendleton
2 artillery pieces
~4 artillery pieces
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Coyotepe Hill was a significant engagement during the United States occupation of Nicaragua from August through November 1912 during the insurrection staged by Minister of War General Luis Mena against the government of President Adolfo Díaz.
Coyotepe is an old fortress located on a 500 foot hill overlooking the strategic railroad line near Masaya roughly half-way between Managua and Granada, Nicaragua. On October 2–4, 1912, a Nicaraguan rebel force led by General Benjamín Zeledón occupying Coyotepe and another hill, Barranca fort, overlooking the strategic rail line, refused to surrender to government troops under President Adolfo Díaz.:152 U.S. Marine Major Smedley Butler's marine battalion, that Zeledón's rebels had skirmished with on September 19, returned from its capture of Granada, Nicaragua on October 3 and shelled the rebel stronghold on Coyotepe. During pre-dawn hours on October 4, Butler's battalion, in concert with two marine battalions and one from the USS California led by marine Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton converged from different positions to storm the hill and capture it. Zeledón was killed during the battle, probably by his own men.:153
- Musicant, I, The Banana Wars, 1990, New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., ISBN 0025882104
- American Naval History, An Illustrated Chronology of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, by Jack Sweetman, p. 114