Battle of Curuzú
|Battle of Curuzú|
|Part of the Paraguayan War|
Brazilian (all blue uniform) and Argentine (blue and red uniform) troops landing in Curuzú
|Commanders and leaders|
|Colonel Manuel Antonio Gimenez||
Gen. Baron de Porto Alegre
|2,500 men and 13 Cannon:61||
4,500 infantry and 3,800 dismounted cavalry|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Curuzu occurred between September 1 and 3, 1866 during the Paraguayan War.
On September 1, five Brazilian ironclads, Bahia, Barroso, Lima Barros, Rio de Janeiro and Brasil began bombarding the batteries at Curuzu, which continued the next day. That is when the Rio de Janeiro hit two mines and sank immediately along with her commander Américo Brasílio Silvado, and 50 sailors.
Simultaneously, 8,391 men of the Brazilian 2nd Corps, under the command of Gen. Baron de Porto Alegre, attacked the Paraguayan batteries at Curuzu, south of the main stronghold of Humaitá on the shores of Paraguay River.:61
On September 3, the fort, commanded by Colonel Jimenez, was stormed. The defenders relied on the advantage of the wetlands and bushes around the fort. The fort was conquered after a heavy bombardment, and the Paraguayan army was pursued until the vicinity of Curupaiti.:61
The ironclad "Rio de Janeiro" had a hole blown in her bottom by a torpedo, and sank almost immediately – the greater part of her crew, together with her captain, being drowned. This was the only ironclad which was sunk during the war.
Taking the battery of Curuzu (3 September) by the Brazilian 2º Army Corps, under the command of lientenant-General Viscount of Porto Alegre (according to a sketch of Mr. Paranhos).
Bombardment of Curuzú (Edoardo De Martino).
Battleship Rio de Janeiro sunk by a torpedo in front of Curuzú.
Naval Warfare in Paraguay: Destruction of the Brazilian Gunboat Rio de Janeiro by a torpedo.
- DONATO, Hernâni. Dicionário das batalhas brasileiras. 2a ed, IBRASA, 1996, ISBN 978-85-348-0034-1, 593 pp.
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