Battle of Dathin

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Battle of Dathin
Part of the Arab–Byzantine Wars
Date634
LocationDathin, near Gaza, Palaestina Prima
Result Rashidun victory
Belligerents
Rashidun Caliphate Simple Labarum2.svg Byzantine Empire
Commanders and leaders
'Amr ibn al-'As Dux Sergius 
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
7,000 300


The Battle of Dathin (Arabic: داثن‎)[1] was a minor battle during the Arab–Byzantine Wars between the Rashidun Caliphate and the Byzantine Empire in February 634, but became very famous in the literature of the period.[2]

The battle took place following a series of Arab raids around Gaza. The Byzantine commander (dux and candidatus) Sergius assembled a small detachment of soldiers (due to a shortage of troops), and led that mounted army from his base at Caesarea some 125 kilometers south to the vicinity of Gaza. From there he proceeded against an Arab force that was numerically superior[3] and commanded by 'Amr ibn al-'As.[4][5] The opposing forces met at the village of Dathin on February 4, not far from Gaza.[6] The Byzantines were defeated and the candidatus Sergius himself was killed, together with 300 of his soldiers.[7]

According to the near-contemporary Doctrina Jacobi nuper baptizati, the Muslim victory was celebrated by the local Jews,[2] who had been a persecuted minority within the Roman Empire.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Le Strange, p. 574. Variant forms of the name include al-Dāthinah, al-Dabiyyah and al-Dābiyah; al-Tabari, p. 108 & n. 587
  2. ^ a b Kaegi, p. 94
  3. ^ Kaegi, p. 93, speculated that the Arab army may have numbered "more than one thousand, perhaps double or triple that."
  4. ^ Al-Tabari, p. 108
  5. ^ Crawford 2013, p. 110.
  6. ^ Kaegi, p. 93; "Extract," pp. 18-19
  7. ^ Kaegi, pp. 90-93. Al-Tabari, p. 108, and al-Baladhuri, pp. 167-68, do not name the Byzantine commander, referring to him only by the general rank of patrician (baṭrīq). Theophanes, p. 37, names Sergius, but does not specify the location of the battle and dates it to 632-633 AD.

References[edit]

  • Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad ibn Jabir. The Origins of the Islamic State, Part I. Trans. Philip Khuri Hitti. New York: Columbia University, 1916.
  • "Extract From a Chronicle Composed About AD 640." The Seventh Century in the West-Syrian Chronicles. Trans. Andrew Palmer. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-85323-238-5
  • Kaegi, Walter E. Byzantium and the early Islamic conquests. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-521-41172-6
  • Le Strange, Guy. Palestine Under the Moslem: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land, From A.D. 650 to 1500. London: A. P. Watt, 1890.
  • Al-Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir. The History of al-Tabari, Volume XI: The Challenge to the Empires. Trans. Khalid Yahya Blankinship. Ed. Ehsan Yar-Shater. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. ISBN 0-7914-0851-5
  • Theophanes the Confessor. The Chronicle of Theophanes. Ed. and trans. Harry Turtledove. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982. ISBN 0-8122-1128-6
  • Crawford, Peter. The War of the Three Gods: Romans, Persians, and the Rise of Islam. Skyhorse Publishing. p. 110. ISBN 978-1629145129.