Battle of Delhi (1737)
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|First Battle of Delhi|
|Part of Mughal-Maratha Wars|
|Maratha Empire||Mughal Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Baji Rao I||
Mir Hasan Khan Koka|
Amir Khan Bahadur
Muin ul-Mulk (Mir Mannu)
The Mughals were devastated by the fierce attack, and lost half of their army which compelled them to ask for all regional rulers to help against the army of Marathas. Nizam of Hyderabad and Nawab of Bhopal left Hyderabad to protect the Mughal Empire from the invasion of Marathas but were defeated decisively in the Battle of Bhopal. The Marathas extracted large tributaries from Mughals and signed a treaty which ceded Malwa to the Marathas.
The Maratha plunder of Delhi weakened the Mughal Empire, which got further weakened after successive invasions of Nadir Shah in 1739 and Ahmad Shah Abdali in the 1750s. The continuous attacks led to another Battle of Delhi, in 1757, which largely effaced the remaining central authority of Mughal Empire.
- Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813
- An Advanced History of Modern India
- History Modern India
- Robinson, Howard; James Thomson Shotwell (1922). "Mogul Empire and the Marathas". The Development of the British Empire. Houghton Mifflin. p. 106-132.