Battle of Dholpur

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Battle of Dholpur
Part of Rajput-Afghan wars
Rana Sanga.jpg
Rana Sanga Leader of the Rajput Confederation
Date1519
Location
Dholpur, India
Result Rajput Victory
Territorial
changes
boundaries of Sanga's military influence came to extend within striking distance of Agra. Chanderi bestowed to Medini Rai.[1]
Belligerents
Mewar.svg Kingdom of Mewar Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Lodi Empire
Commanders and leaders
Mewar.svg Rana Sanga
Mewar.svg Manik Chand Chauhan
Mewar.svg Chandrabhan Chauhan
Mewar.svg Ratan Singh Chundawat
Mewar.svg Raj Rana Ajja
Mewar.svg Rao Ramdas
Mewar.svg Gokaldas Parmar
Medini Rai
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Ibrahim Lodi
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Khan Khanan Farmuli
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Mian Maruf
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Mian Makhan
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Said Khan Furat 
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Haji Khan 
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Daulat Khan 
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Allahdad khan 
Delhi Sultanate Flag.svg Yusuf Khan 
Strength
10,000 Horsemen
5,000 Infantry[2]
30,000 Horsemen
10,000 infantry[2]

Ibrahim Lodi was smarting under his defeat at Battle of Khatoli. To avenge it, he made great preparations and moved against Rana Sanga. The Rajput armies were stretched because of wars with the Sultans of Malwa and Gujarat. Ibrahim Lodi was keen on taking advantage of this situation to crush the Rajputs. in hot action fought near Dholpur, the Rajputs, as in the earlier action, made a furious charge. "under its momentum, The Lodi army scattered like dead leaves caught in a gale". Ibrahim Lodi was once again humbled and Rana Sanga followed this victory by capturing most of present-day Rajasthan.

Battle[edit]

When the Sultan's army reached the Maharana's territory the Maharana advanced with his Rajputs. As the two armies came in sight of each other near Dholpur,[3] Mian Makhan made dispositions for the battle. Said Khan Furat and Haji Khan were placed on the right, Daulat Khan commanded the center, Allahdad khan and Yusuf Khan were placed on the left. The Sultans army was fully prepared to give the Maharana a warm reception.

The Rajputs started the battle with a cavalry charge which was personally led by Rana Sanga, his cavalry with their accustomed valour, advanced and fell on the Sultans army, and in a short time put the enemy to flight. "Many brave and worthy men were made martyrs and the others were scattered".[4] The Rajputs pushed the Sultans army up to Bayana.[5]

Hussain Khan taunted his fellow nobles from Delhi: "It is a hundred pities that 30,000 horsemen should have been defeated by so few Hindus."[2]

Aftermath[edit]

By this victory all that part of Malwa which had been usurped by Muhammad Shah (Sahib Khan), younger brother of Sultan Mahmud Khilji II of Mandu, during his rebellion against his brother, and had subsequently been taken possession of by Sultan Sikander Lodi, father of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, now fell into the hands of the Maharana. Chanderi was one of the many places which fell into the hands of the Maharana,[6] who bestowed it on Medini Rai.[7]


References[edit]

  1. ^ The Hindupat, the Last Great Leader of the Rajput Race. 1918. Reprint. London pg62
  2. ^ a b c (Elliot's History of India, Vol. V, page 19)
  3. ^ Erakine's History of india, vol I,p 480.
  4. ^ Tarikhi Salatini Afghana in Elliot's history of india vol V, p19.
  5. ^ The Hindupat, the Last Great Leader of the Rajput Race. 1918. Reprint. London pg60-61
  6. ^ Erskine's History of India, Vol. I, page 480.
  7. ^ The Hindupat, the Last Great Leader of the Rajput Race. 1918. Reprint. London pg 62