Battle of El Número

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Battle of El Número
Part of the Dominican War of Independence
1859 Dufour Map of Hispaniola or Santo Domingo, West Indies (Haiti, Dominican Republic) - Geographicus - StDomingue-dufour-1859.jpg
Map of Hispaniola (1859)
Date April 17, 1849
Location Nearby Azua de Compostela, Azua Province
Result Dominican victory
Flag of the Dominican Republic (up to 1844).svg Dominican Republic Haiti Haiti
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Dominican Republic (up to 1844).svg Gen. Francisco Domínguez
Flag of the Dominican Republic (up to 1844).svg Gen. Antonio Duvergé
Haiti Faustin Soulouque
Haiti Gen. Jean Francois Jeannot
300 riflemen 10,000 regulars[1]

The Battle of El Número, was a major battle during the years after the Dominican War of Independence and was fought on April 17, 1849, nearby Azua de Compostela, Azua Province. A force of 300 Dominican troops, a portion of the Army of the South, led by General Francisco Domínguez, encountered an outnumbering force of 10,000 troops of the Haitian Army led by General Jean Francois Jeannot.

Campaign of 1849[edit]

Faustin Soulouque, who now governed Haiti, launched a new invasion with an army of some 10,000 men. On March 21, 1849, Haitian soldiers attacked the Dominican garrison at Las Matas. The demoralized defenders offered almost no resistance before abandoning their weapons.[2] Soulouque pressed on, capturing San Juan.[2] This left only the town of Azua as the remaining Dominican stronghold between the Haitian army and the capital. Since a Dominican flotilla dominated the coastal road with its guns, Soulouque was forced to use the longer approach through El Número and Las Carreras to reach Azua and could not be supplied or reinforced from the sea.[2]

These circumstances forced the president of the Dominican Republic, Manuel Jimenes, to call upon Pedro Santana, whom he had ousted as president, on April 2 to restore the confidence of the army and to lead the Dominicans against this new invasion. Santana hurried from El Seibo at the head of his mounted following, some 200 men. On the sixth, Azua fell to 18,000 Haitians and a 5,000-man Dominican counterattack failed.[2] Santana's force swelled to some 800 men as he advanced westward. On April 17 Gen. Francisco Domínguez defeated an element of the Haitian army at El Número, but, lacking supplies and potable water, he ordered a retreat to Las Carreras. Beginning on the twenty-first, Santana delivered the coup de grâce to the Haitian army personally commanded by Soulouque at the two-day Battle of Las Carreras.[2]

Soulouque had homes and mills burned as he retreated from Azua. In retaliation, a Dominican squadron composed of the brigantine 27 de Febrero (unk guns), commanded by Capt. Charles J. Fagalde, a Frenchman,[2] and schooner Constitución (unk guns), commanded by Juan Luis Duquela, raided the Haitian coasts, plundered seaside villages, as far as Cape Dame Marie, and butchered crews of captured enemy ships. Fagalde left the southern coast of Haiti aflame.



  • Scheina, Robert L. (2003). Latin America's Wars. Potomac Books. 
  • Authors, Multiple (2013). Imperial Wars 1815–1914. Amber Books Ltd.