Battle of Erzincan

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Battle of Erzincan
Эрзинджанское сражение
Date 2–25 July 1916
Location Erzincan, Erzurum Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Result Russian victory
 Russian Empire  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Nikolai Yudenich
Sebastatsi Murad
Vehip Pasha
Russian Caucasus Army
Armenian Volunteers
Third Army
Casualties and losses
Unknown 34,000, of them 17,000 captured[1]

The Battle of Erzincan (Russian: Эрзинджанское сражение, Turkish: Erzincan Muharebesi) was a Russian victory over the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.

In February 1916, Nikolai Yudenich had taken the cities of Erzurum and Trabzon. Trabzon had provided the Russians with a port to receive reinforcements in the Caucasus. Enver Pasha ordered the Third Army, now under Vehip Pasha, to retake Trabzon.[2] Vehip's attack failed and General Yudenich counterattacked on July 2.[2] The Russian attack hit the Turkish communications center of Erzincan forcing Vehip's troops to retreat as well as losing 34,000 men, half taken as POWs.[2] As a result, the Third Army was rendered ineffective for the rest of the year.[3]


  1. ^ Boyd, Douglas. Other First World War: The Blood-Soaked Eastern Front. ISBN 0750957867. 
  2. ^ a b c A Global Chronology of Conflict, Volume Four, ed. Spencer C. Tucker, (ABC-CLIO, 2010), 1625.
  3. ^ David Eggenberger, An Encyclopedia of Battles: Accounts of Over 1,560 Battles from 1479 b.c. to the Present, (Courier Dover Publications, 1985), 137.


  • Spencer C. Tucker(Editor), A Global Chronology of Conflict, Volume Four, ABC-CLIO, 2010.
  • Erzurum-Erzincan