Battle of Fort Anderson

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Battle of Fort Anderson
Part of the American Civil War
DateMarch 13, 1863 – March 15, 1863
LocationCoordinates: 35°08′18″N 77°02′09″W / 35.1383°N 77.0358°W / 35.1383; -77.0358
Result Union victory
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
Hiram Anderson
Alexander Murray
Daniel H. Hill
Units involved
1st Division, XVIII Corps Hill's Division
45,000 12,000
Casualties and losses
2 killed[1]
4 wounded
2 killed[2]
21 wounded
Map of Fort Anderson Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.

The Battle of Fort Anderson, also known as the Battle of Deep Gully, took place March 13–15, 1863, in Craven County, North Carolina, as part of Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's Tidewater operations during the American Civil War.[3]

Lt. Gen. Longstreet took charge of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina on February 25 and initiated his Tidewater Operations. He directed Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill, commander of the North Carolina District, to advance on the Union stronghold of New Bern with about 12,000 men. Maj. Gen. William H. C. Whiting, who commanded the Wilmington garrison, refused to cooperate. After an initial success at Deep Gully on March 13, Hill sent Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew against the well-entrenched Federals at Fort Anderson on March 14–15, the opposite side of the river from New Bern. Pettigrew was forced to retire upon the arrival of Union gunboats. The city's garrison was heavily reinforced, and Hill withdrew to threaten Washington, North Carolina.

After Gen. Pettigrew’s withdraw, General Hill was forced to remove his troops from New Bern and head to Washington, NC. The mission was not a complete failure; General Hill was able to fill wagons with food supplies for the troops from areas that were not guarded by Union forces.[4]


  1. ^ Cyclopedia of Battles p.409
  2. ^ Cyclopedia of Battles p.409
  3. ^ "Fort Anderson". National Park Service. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Battle of Deep Gully and Fort Anderson (Federal)". North Carolina History Project. Retrieved 15 March 2016.

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