Battle of Fort Blakely

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Coordinates: 30°44′32.67″N 87°55′37.34″W / 30.7424083°N 87.9270389°W / 30.7424083; -87.9270389

Battle of Fort Blakely
Part of the American Civil War
Storming of Fort Blakely
Date April 2, 1865 – April 9, 1865
Location Baldwin County, Alabama

Union victory

  • Fort Blakely surrendered to the U.S.
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
Edward Canby St. John R. Liddell
Units involved
Army of West Mississippi Fort Blakely Garrison
45,000 [1] 4,000 [1]
Casualties and losses
629 2,900

The Battle of Fort Blakely took place from April 2-April 9, 1865 in Baldwin County, Alabama, as part of the Mobile Campaign of the American Civil War.

Course of the battle[edit]

Positions of units involved.
Position of 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps.

Maj. Gen. Edward Canby's Union forces, the XVI and XIII Corps,[2] moved along the eastern shore of Mobile Bay, forcing the Confederates back into their defenses. Union forces then concentrated on Spanish Fort, Alabama and nearby Fort Blakely. By April 1, Union forces had enveloped Spanish Fort, thereby releasing more troops to focus on Fort Blakely. Confederate Brig. Gen. St. John R. Liddell, with about 4,000 men, held out against the much larger Union force until Spanish Fort fell on April 8 in the Battle of Spanish Fort. This allowed Canby to concentrate 16,000 men for the attack on April 9, led by Brig. Gen. John P. Hawkins. Sheer numbers breached the Confederate earthworks, compelling the Confederates, including Liddell, to surrender. The siege and capture of Fort Blakely was basically the last combined-force battle of the war. Yet, it is criticized by some (such as Ulysses S. Grant) as an ineffective contribution to Union war effort due to Canby's lateness in engaging his troops. The battle was actually fought hours after the Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox. The battle is considered the last major battle of the war.[3] African-American forces played a major role in the successful Union attack. As a result of this battle, Union forces would finally be able to occupy the city of Mobile, Alabama on April 12, 1865.


The site of the battle is now a historical park, Historic Blakeley State Park.

Opposing forces[edit]




  1. ^ a b Bodart (1908), p.542
  2. ^ "Battle of Blakeley". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Anderson, Marc D. (March 26, 2015). "Re-enactors to fire up Civil War battlefield Saturday, marking 150th anniversary of Battle of Fort Blakeley". Retrieved March 26, 2015. 


External links[edit]