Battle of Garisi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Garisi
Part of Safavid invasions of Georgia
Date 1556 or 1558
Location Garisi (present-day Tetritsqaro)
Result Pyrrhic Georgian victory
Belligerents
Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Empire
Commanders and leaders
Luarsab I of Kartli  
Simon I of Kartli
Shahverdi Sultan  
Strength
6000 men 25000 men
Casualties and losses
3000 killed and wounded 10000 killed and wounded

The battle of Garisi was fought between the Georgian and Safavid Iranian armies at the village of Garisi (present-day Tetritsqaro) in 1556 or 1558, and resulted in a pyrrhic victory of the Georgians.

This conflict was an immediate consequence of the Treaty of Amasya signed between the Ottoman and Safavid empires in 1555. This peace deal left a fragmentized Kingdom of Georgia divided into spheres of influence. The kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti, and the eastern part of the principality of Samtskhe were allotted to the Safavids which had already garrisoned the Georgian capital of Tbilisi.

Luarsab I, the indomitable king of Kartli, refused to recognize the terms of the Amasya treaty and continued to worry Tbilisi. This provoked another Iranian expedition, the fourth in Luarsab’s reign. The Safavid forces, the Qizilbash, placed by Shah Tahmasp I under the command of Shāhverdī Khān Ziyādoghlū Qājār, beylerbey of Karabakh,[1] crossed into Kartli in 1556 or 1558. Lursab and his son Svimon met the invaders at Garisi. In a pitched battle, the Georgians managed to beat off the Qizilbash, but Luarsab was killed in action.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maeda, Hirotake (2006). "The forced migrations and reorganisation of the regional order in the Caucasus by Safavid Iran: Preconditions and developments described by Fazli Khuzani". In Ieda, Osamu; Uyama, Tomohiko. Reconstruction and interaction of Slavic Eurasia and its neighbouring worlds (PDF). Slavic Eurasian Studies, No.10. Sapporo: Slavic Research Centre, Hokkaido University. p. 241. ISBN 4938637391. 
  2. ^ Minorsky, Vladimir, "Tiflis", in: M. Th. Houtsma, E. van Donzel (1993), E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936, p. 758. Brill, ISBN 90-04-08265-4.
  3. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994), The Making of the Georgian Nation, p. 48. Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-20915-3

Coordinates: 41°33′N 44°28′E / 41.550°N 44.467°E / 41.550; 44.467