Battle of Gavinana
|Battle of Gavinana|
|Part of the War of the League of Cognac|
|Holy Roman Empire||Florence|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Philibert of Châlon †,
|Francesco Ferruccio †|
|3,000-3,500 infantry||5,000-7,000 infantry
The Imperial forces were led by Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange, with reinforcements under Fabrizio Maramaldo arriving later in the battle. The Florentine forces were led by the florentine commissary Francesco Ferruccio.
At first the Florentines drove back the Imperial army, despite being outnumbered. In the process, the Prince of Orange was fatally shot in the chest by two arquebus balls.
However, when Maramaldo arrived with 2,000 troops the tide was reversed. After being wounded and captured, Ferruccio was executed personally by Maramaldo. Ferrucci's last response to his murderer, tu uccidi un uomo morto (you are killing a dead man) led him to long lasting fame and to become one of the major icons of the Italian risorgimento. In contrast, Maramaldo's behavior, echoed by several historical reports, gave his name a shameful reputation, and in modern Italian maramaldo means cowardly murderer.
- Battle of Gavinana on World History Database
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