Battle of Gemmano

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Battle of Gemmano
Part of the Italian Campaign of World War II
The British Army in Italy 1944 NA18394.jpg
Platoon commanders of 7th Battalion, Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry, part of 167th Brigade of 56th (London) Division, plan the attack on the village of Gemmano, 6 September 1944.
Date 4–15 September 1944
Location Gemmano, Italy
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
 Nazi Germany

 United Kingdom

Commanders and leaders
Lt-Gen Traugott Herr Lt-Gen Charles Keightley
Strength
German LXXVI Panzer Corps British V Corps
Casualties and losses
1000+[citation needed] at least 500[citation needed]

The Battle of Gemmano was fought between the German and Allied forces in World War II. It was part of the Allies' Operation Olive, the offensive in August 1944 on the Gothic Line, the German line of defence in the Apennines in northern Italy. It consisted of a series of four British attacks between 4 September to 15 September 1944, on the German defences in and around the village of Gemmano. The village itself was taken on 9 September during the second attack, two more actions being required to take the surrounding area. Fighting was heavy, and the Battle of Gemmano has been called the "Cassino of the Adriatic" by some historians.

Order of battle[edit]

Germany Britain and Empire
191st Regiment
194th Regiment
211th Regiment
117th Regiment
289th Regiment
290th Regiment
85th Regiment
100th Regiment
95th Mountain Artillery
992nd Regiment
993rd Regiment
994th Regiment
278th Rifle Battalion
2nd Royal Northumberland Fusiliers
128th Infantry Brigade
138th Infantry Brigade
139th Infantry Brigade
9th Manchester Regiment
6th Cheshire Regiment
167th Infantry Brigade
168th Infantry Brigade
169th Infantry Brigade
2nd Royal Tank Regiment
8th Royal Tank Regiment
51st Royal Tank Regiment
North Irish Horse
142nd Regiment Royal Armoured Corps
5th Indian Infantry Brigade
7th Indian Infantry Brigade
11th Indian Infantry Brigade
6th Royal Tank Regiment
12th Royal Lancers

References[edit]

  • Gerhard Muhm : German Tactics in the Italian Campaign, http://www.larchivio.org/xoom/gerhardmuhm2.htm
  • Gerhard Muhm : La Tattica tedesca nella Campagna d'Italia, in Linea Gotica avanposto dei Balcani, (Hrsg.) Amedeo Montemaggi - Edizioni Civitas, Roma 1993