Battle of Hingston Down

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Battle of Hingston Down
Part of the Viking invasions of England
Date838 AD
Location
Result Anglo-Saxon victory
Belligerents
Anglo-Saxons Cornish
Danish Vikings
Commanders and leaders
Egbert Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown
A map of Britain during the middle of the 9th century, including a map of the location of the Anglo Saxon battle with Danes at Hingston Down, and its predecessor the battle of Carhampton

The Battle of Hingston Down took place in 838, probably at Hingston Down in Cornwall between a combined force of Cornish and Vikings on the one side, and West Saxons led by Ecgberht, King of Wessex on the other. The result was a West Saxon victory.[1] According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which called the Cornish the West Welsh:

In this year a great naval force arrived among the West Welsh, and the latter combined with them and proceeded to fight against Ecgberht, king of the West Saxons. When he heard that, he then went hither with his army, and fought against them at Hingston Down, and put both the Welsh and the Danes to flight.[2]

Historians of early medieval Britain identify the site of the battle as Hingston Down north-east of Callington in Cornwall,[3] but some writers argue for Hingston Down near Moretonhampstead, Devon.[4][5]

The British kingdom of Dumnonia, which covered Devon and Cornwall, survived into the early eighth century, when eastern Devon was conquered by Wessex. Conflict continued throughout the 8th century with Wessex pushing further west. In 815 King Egbert raided Cornwall 'from east to West' which, given later battles at Gafulford and Hingston Down probably indicates the conquest of the remaining parts of West Devon.

This was the last recorded battle between the Cornish and the West Saxons and ended roughly a century of warfare that began at the Battle of Llongborth in 710 (see Geraint of Dumnonia). The last known king of Cornwall, Dungarth, died in 875, but he is thought to have been an under-king subject to Wessex.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles-Edwards, p. 92
  2. ^ Whitelock, p. 187
  3. ^ Charles-Edwards, p. 431; Hadley, p. 200; Stenton, p. 235
  4. ^ Fletcher, John (2022). The Western Kingdom. Cheltenham: The History Press. pp. 88–90. ISBN 9781803990002.
  5. ^ Weatherhill, Craig. "Where was Hengestdun?". Cornish World Magazine. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2022.
  6. ^ Charles-Edwards, pp. 428-31; Padel, "Cornwall"; Davies, p. 342; Stenton, p. 235

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 50°31′16″N 4°14′50″W / 50.521°N 4.2473°W / 50.521; -4.2473