Battle of Honnecourt
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|Battle of Honnecourt|
|Part of the Thirty Years' War and the
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59)
The Battle of Honnecourt, by Pieter Snayers. Oil on canvas. in the Museo del Prado.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Antoine III de Gramont, Maréchal de Guiche||Francisco de Melo|
|Casualties and losses|
|3,700 dead or wounded
|500 dead or wounded|
The Battle of Honnecourt was a battle of the Thirty Years' War fought on 26 May 1642. The Spanish, led by Francisco de Melo, were victorious over the French under Antoine III de Gramont, Comte de Guiche.
In this battle the French Champagne army was all but annihilated. It lost three quarters of its men against a force double its size. 3200 men were killed and 3400 captured, including army commander Josias Rantzau, leaving Northern France wide open for the Spanish army. But the Spanish victory was not exploited because Francisco de Melo decided to be cautious.
One year later De Melo lost the historic Battle of Rocroi, making this Battle of Honnecourt a footnote in history.
- Hrnčiřík, Pavel: "La batalla de Honnecourt" de Peeter Snayers, Boletín del Museo del Prado, no. 41, pp. 60–69.