Battle of Iconium (1069)
|Battle of Konya (Iconium)|
|Part of the Byzantine-Seljuk wars|
|Byzantine Empire||Seljuk Turks|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Romanos IV Diogenes||Alp Arslan|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Iconium (Greek: Μάχη του Ικονίου, Turkish: Konya Muharebesi) was an unsuccessful attempt by the Seljuk Turks to capture the city of Iconium, modern day Konya. After sacking Ani and Caesarea in 1063 and 1067 respectively speaking (some sources suggest as early as 1064), the Byzantine army in the East was in too poor a shape to resist the advance of the Turks. Had it not been for the efforts of the emperor Romanos IV Diogenes the Byzantine Empire would have suffered her "Manzikert" disaster sooner. From Syria, a successful counter-attack drove the Turks back. After the attack on Iconium was repelled, Romanos IV launched his second campaign. Further campaigning was met with some success by Romanos, despite the ill nature of his army which had been poorly led since the death of Basil II.
The victory was a short respite - sometime after Manzikert, in the midst of the petty and rather thoughtless civil conflict, Iconium fell to the Turks. The city saw a brief return to Christendom during the First Crusade, possibly under Byzantine rule but the Turks counter-attacked at the Crusade of 1101 and Konya would form the capital of Byzantium's most dangerous opponent. In 1190 Iconium fell briefly again to Christian hands of Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa, during the Third Crusade.
- Lock 2006, p. 15.