Battle of Jahra

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Battle of Jahra
Part of the Kuwait-Najd War
Date10 October 1920
Location
Result

Ceasefire

Belligerents

Sultanate of Nejd

Flag of Kuwait 1914-1921.png Sheikhdom of Kuwait

Commanders and leaders
Faisal al-Dwaish

Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
(Commander of Defense Security Force Cavalry and Infantry of Al-Kout Fortress)
Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah
(General cavalry commander)
Other cavalry commanders:

  • Sheikh Ali Khalifa Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah
  • Sheikh Duaij Salman Al-Sabah
  • Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah 
Strength
2,500–4,000 men 1,500–3,000 men
Casualties and losses
500 killed 300 killed

The Battle of Jahra was a battle during the Kuwait–Najd War fought between Kuwaiti forces and Saudi-supported militants. The battle took place in Al-Jahra, west of Kuwait City on 10 October 1920 around the Kuwait Red Fort.

The battle[edit]

The battle took into effect as the result of the Battle of Hamdh.[2] A force of three to four thousand Ikhwan, led by Faisal Al-Dawish, attacked the Red Fort at Al-Jahra, defended by fifteen hundred men. The fort was besieged and the Kuwaiti position precarious; had the fort fallen, Kuwait would likely have been incorporated into Ibn Saud's empire.[2] In the event, reinforcements from Kuwait City arrived by sea, and combat support was provided also by the Sheikhs of the Shammar; who arrived over land.[2]

The Ikhwan attack repulsed for the while, negotiations began between Salim and Al-Dawish; the latter threatened another attack if the Kuwaiti forces did not surrender. The local merchant class convinced Salim to call in help from British troops, who showed up with airplanes and three warships, ending the attacks.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reeva S. Simon; Philip Mattar; Richard W. Bulliet (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East - Volume 1. p. 119. Fighting between Kuwait's forces and Wahhabi supporters of Ibn Sa'ud broke out in May 1920, and the former were soundly defeated. Within a few weeks, the citizens of Kuwait constructed a new wall to protect Kuwait City.
  2. ^ a b c d Toth, Anthony B. (2005). "Tribes and Tribulations: Bedouin Losses in the Saudi and Iraqi Struggles over Kuwait's Frontiers, 1921-1943". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 32 (2): 145–67. doi:10.1080/13530190500281424. JSTOR 30037690.