Battle of Jahra
|Battle of Jahra|
|Part of Kuwait–Najd War and
Unification of Saudi Arabia
|Commanders and leaders|
General Cavalry Commander
|2500-4,000 men||1,500-3,000 men|
|Casualties and losses|
(including Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah)
Part of a series on the
|History of Kuwait|
|Prehistoric and ancient|
|18th century to 1961|
|Kuwait since 1961|
The Battle of Jahra was a battle during the Kuwait–Najd War fought between Kuwaiti forces and Saudi-supported militants. The battle took place in Al Jahra, west of Kuwait City on October 10, 1920 around the Kuwait Red Fort.
The battle took into effect as the result of the Battle of Hamdh. A force of three to four thousand Ikhwan, led by Faisal Al-Dawish, attacked the Red Fort at Al-Jahra, defended by fifteen hundred men. The fort was besieged and the Kuwaiti position precarious; had the fort fallen, Kuwait would likely have been incorporated into Ibn Saud's empire. In the event, reinforcements from Kuwait City arrived by sea, and combat support was provided also by the Sheikhs of the Shammar; who arrived over land.
The Ikhwan attack repulsed for the while, negotiations began between Salim and Al-Dawish; the latter threatened another attack if the Kuwaiti forces did not surrender. The local merchant class convinced Salim to call in help from British troops, who showed up with airplanes and three warships, ending the attacks.
- Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East - Volume 1. p. 119.
Fighting between Kuwait's forces and Wahhabi supporters of Ibn Sa'ud broke out in May 1920, and the former were soundly defeated. Within a few weeks, the citizens of Kuwait constructed a new wall to protect Kuwait City.
- , Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)( featured at "U.N.E.S.C.O (United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization) ceremony award"
- Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense, (Section Arabic Read, Kuwait Armed Forces/الجيش الكويتي)
- , Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)( featured at "U.N.E.S.C.O (United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization) Award Ceremony")
- Toth, Anthony B. (2005). "Tribes and Tribulations: Bedouin Losses in the Saudi and Iraqi Struggles over Kuwait's Frontiers, 1921-1943". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 32 (2): 145–67.
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