Battle of Jahra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Jahra
Part of Kuwait–Najd War and
Unification of Saudi Arabia
Date 10 October 1920
Location Al Jahra, Kuwait
Result Truce agreement through which Ikhwan forces would retreat from the Kuwait Red Fort and the village of Al-Jahra
Belligerents

Flag of the Second Saudi State.svg Ikhwan (Wahhabis)[1]

Kuwait

Commanders and leaders
Faisal Al-Dawish

Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah

General Cavalry Commander

  • Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah

Cavalry Commanders

  • Sheikh Ali Khalifa Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah
  • Sheikh Duaij Salman Al-Sabah
  • Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah[2][3]
Strength
2500-4,000 men 1,500-3,000 men
Casualties and losses
500 300
(including Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah)[3][4]

The Battle of Jahra was a battle during the Kuwait–Najd War fought between Kuwaiti forces and Saudi-supported militants. The battle took place in Al Jahra, west of Kuwait City on October 10, 1920 around the Kuwait Red Fort.

The battle[edit]

The battle took into effect as the result of the Battle of Hamdh.[citation needed] A force of three to four thousand Ikhwan, led by Faisal Al-Dawish, attacked the Red Fort at Al-Jahra, defended by fifteen hundred men. The fort was besieged and the Kuwaiti position precarious; had the fort fallen, Kuwait would likely have been incorporated into Ibn Saud's empire.[citation needed] In the event, reinforcements from Kuwait City arrived by sea, and combat support was provided also by the Sheikhs of the Shammar; who arrived over land.[5]

The Ikhwan attack repulsed for the while, negotiations began between Salim and Al-Dawish; the latter threatened another attack if the Kuwaiti forces did not surrender. The local merchant class convinced Salim to call in help from British troops, who showed up with airplanes and three warships, ending the attacks.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East - Volume 1. p. 119. Fighting between Kuwait's forces and Wahhabi supporters of Ibn Sa'ud broke out in May 1920, and the former were soundly defeated. Within a few weeks, the citizens of Kuwait constructed a new wall to protect Kuwait City. 
  2. ^ [1], Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)( featured at "U.N.E.S.C.O (United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization) ceremony award"
  3. ^ a b Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense, (Section Arabic Read, Kuwait Armed Forces/الجيش الكويتي)
  4. ^ [2], Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)( featured at "U.N.E.S.C.O (United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization) Award Ceremony")
  5. ^ a b Toth, Anthony B. (2005). "Tribes and Tribulations: Bedouin Losses in the Saudi and Iraqi Struggles over Kuwait's Frontiers, 1921-1943". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 32 (2): 145–67.