Battle of Jeddah (1925)
|Battle of Jeddah|
|Part of Saudi conquest of Hejaz|
|Sultanate of Nejd||Kingdom of Hejaz|
|Commanders and leaders|
Abdulaziz Ibn Saud|
Sultan bin Bajad
Ali bin Hussein|
40 Pieces of artillery
30 Machine guns
|Casualties and losses|
Unknown number of deaths|
The Battle of Jeddah or the Siege of Jeddah took place in 1925, as part of the Ibn Saud's campaign to conquer the Kingdom of Hejaz. Jeddah was the last major stand of the Hashemites against the Saudis.
Following the fall of Mecca to King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud in early December 1924, King Ali bin Hussein moved back to Jeddah, trying to defend it against the Nejd Army. Ali's remaining army started to build fortifications around the city and place mines. Ali requested help and supply from his brothers' states, King Abdullah of Transjordan and King Faisal of Iraq. They both supplied Ali with arms and men. Also, Ali's two old airplanes were not enough for the incoming battle so he bought five aircraft from Italy and several tanks from Germany.
Regardless, Ali could not stand for long. The nearby clans were Ibn Saud's allies. The supplies from Aqaba traveled slowly to Jeddah, besides he had only two pilots, one of whom died during the battle. Eventually, the chiefs of Jeddah decided to surrender the city to Ibn Saud, while King Ali escaped to Baghdad over the Red Sea. The siege ended on 23 December 1925 (1343 A.H.).
Notes and references
- Al-Harbi, Dalal: King Abdulaziz and his Strategies to deal with events: Events of Jeddah. 2003, King Abdulaziz national library. ISBN 9960-624-88-9.
- Al-Rehani: Nejd and its followers.
- From Bullard to Mr ChamberLain. Jeddah , 1925 Feb. (No.# secrets) - Archived Post
- "Chronology 1925". www.indiana.edu. Retrieved 2019-06-03.