Battle of Khresili

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Khresili
Khresilis brdzola.png
The general representation of the positions.
Date December 14, 1757
Location Near Khresili
Result Decisive Georgian victory
Belligerents
Georgia (country) Kingdom of Imereti Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders

Georgia (country)Solomon I of Imereti
Georgia (country)Papuna Tsereteli
Georgia (country)Khutunia Shervashidze  
Georgia (country)Katsia Dadiani
Georgia (country)Beri Tsulukidze
Georgia (country)Beso Lortkipanidze
Georgia (country)Kaikhosro Agiashvili
Georgia (country)Giorgi Abashidze
Georgia (country)Zurab Mikeladze

Georgia (country)Archil Batonishvili

Ottoman EmpireAli Pasha
Ottoman EmpireGola Pasha  
Ottoman EmpireKemkha Pasha  
Georgia (country)Levan Abashidze
Georgia (country)Rostom, Duke of Racha
Ottoman EmpirePasha of Poti
Ottoman EmpirePasha of Qutaisi

Barons of Tsutskvati, Baghdati and Shorapani.
Strength
11 000 main troops
5 000 additional forces
Total: 16,000 men[1]
30 000 Turkish army
15 000 soldiers garrisoned in Imereti
10 000 Georgian rebels
Total: 55,000 men[1]
Casualties and losses
minor losses[citation needed] 38 000-45 000[citation needed]

The Battle of Khresili (Georgian: ხრესილის ბრძოლა) was fought, in 1757, between the armies of the Kingdom of Imereti and the Ottoman Empire. The king of Imereti Solomon I defeated the army of Turks. The battle took place in 14 December 1747. Solomon I was trying to establish a strong monarchy and unify western Georgia. Those actions stained the relations between Georgian King and Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans in particular wanted to stop Solomon's struggle against slavery. The Ottomans were in alliance with rebellious Georgian nobles. Levan Abashidze, who was fighting against King of Imereti, arrived in Akhaltsikhe and led Ottoman army to the Kingdom of Imereti. Solomon enticed them in strategically adroit place near Khresili and heavily defeated them.[2]

Background[edit]

In 17th century western Georgia was vassal of Ottoman Empire. Ottoman garrisons were disposed In Tsutskvati, Poti and Shorapani fortresses. Only from Mengrelia (part of Georgia) 12 000 slaves were sold in Ottoman Empire every year. Georgians were in a danger of extinction. King of Imereti Solomon I prohibited slavery, opposed betrayer Lords and wanted independence from Ottoman Empire. Sultan sent Gola Pasha with large army to punish Solomon I and reestablish Ottoman rule over Kingdom of Imereti.

Purpose[edit]

Ottomans wanted to destroy Solomon I and his supporters and to finally conquer western Georgia[citation needed] The aim of Georgians was to clear Imereti of Turks.

Battle[edit]

Early morning Georgians started attack. King Solomon himself reached Ali Pasha and killed him. Ottomans became confused after death of their leader. Georgians heavily defeated Ottoman army.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Javakhishvili, Book 2, p. 127
  2. ^ Iobashvili g. Georgian Soviet History; tome 11, page 508, Tbilisi., 1987..

Coordinates: 46°38′08″N 32°37′01″E / 46.635417°N 32.616867°E / 46.635417; 32.616867