Battle of Khresili

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Battle of Khresili
Khresilis brdzola.png
The general representation of the positions.
Date December 14, 1757
Location Near Khresili
Result Decisive Georgian victory[1]
Belligerents
Georgia (country) Kingdom of Imereti Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders

Georgia (country)Solomon I of Imereti
Georgia (country)Papuna Tsereteli
Georgia (country)Khutunia Shervashidze  
Georgia (country)Katsia Dadiani
Georgia (country)Beri Tsulukidze
Georgia (country)Beso Lortkipanidze
Georgia (country)Kaikhosro Agiashvili
Georgia (country)Giorgi Abashidze
Georgia (country)Zurab Mikeladze

Georgia (country)Archil Batonishvili

Ottoman EmpireAli Pasha
Ottoman EmpireGola Pasha  
Ottoman EmpireKemkha Pasha  
Georgia (country)Levan Abashidze
Georgia (country)Rostom, Duke of Racha
Ottoman EmpirePasha of Poti
Ottoman EmpirePasha of Qutaisi

Barons of Tsutskvati, Baghdati and Shorapani.
Strength
11 000 main troops
5 000 additional forces
Total: 16,000 men[2]
30 000 Turkish army
15 000 soldiers garrisoned in Imereti
10 000 Georgian rebels
Total: 55,000 men[2]
Casualties and losses
Unknown c. 38,000–45,000

The Battle of Khresili (Georgian: ხრესილის ბრძოლა) was fought in 1757, between the armies of the Kingdom of Imereti and the Ottoman Empire. The king of Imereti Solomon I defeated the Turkish army. The battle took place on December 14, 1757. Solomon I was trying to establish a strong monarchy and unify western Georgia. His actions stained the relations between the Georgian King and Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans, in particular, wanted to stop Solomon's struggle against slavery. The Ottomans were in an alliance with rebellious Georgian nobles, one such example was Levan Abashidze, who was fighting against the King of Imereti. Abashidze arrived in Akhaltsikhe and led an Ottoman army to the Kingdom of Imereti. Solomon enticed them into a strategically adroit place near Khresili and decisively defeated them.[3]

Background[edit]

In the 17th century, western Georgia was a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman garrisons were dispatched to Tsutskvati, Poti and Shorapani fortresses. 12,000 slaves were sold in the Ottoman Empire every year from Mengrelia alone. Realizing that Georgia was facing the threat of heavy depopulation, the King of Imereti, Solomon I prohibited slavery, opposing turncoat Lords and wanted independence from the Ottoman Empire. Sultan sent Gola Pasha with a large army to punish Solomon I and re-establish Ottoman rule over the Kingdom of Imereti.

Purpose[edit]

The Ottomans wanted to destroy Solomon I and his supporters, and to finally conquer western Georgia[citation needed] The aim of the Georgians was to clear Imereti of Turks.[citation needed]

Battle[edit]

Early in the morning, the Georgians started the attack. King Solomon himself reached Ali Pasha and killed him.[citation needed] Ottomans became confused after death of their leader. The Georgians decisively defeated the Ottoman army.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Šotʻa Mesxia, An Outline of Georgian History, (Tbilisi University Press, 1968), 32.
  2. ^ a b Javakhishvili, Book 2, p. 127
  3. ^ Iobashvili g. Georgian Soviet History; tome 11, page 508, Tbilisi., 1987.

Coordinates: 46°38′08″N 32°37′01″E / 46.635417°N 32.616867°E / 46.635417; 32.616867