Battle of Kirk Kilisse
|Battle of Kirk Kilise|
|Part of the First Balkan War|
Map of the battle
|Commanders and leaders|
| General Radko Dimitriev
General Ivan Fichev
| Mahmud Muhtar Pasha
Kölemen Abdullah Pasha
|153,745 men||98,326 men|
|Casualties and losses|
|887 killed, 4,034 wounded and 824 missing||1,500 killed and wounded,
58 artillery captured,
2 airplanes captured
The Battle of Kirk Kilisse or Battle of Kirkkilise or Battle of Lozengrad was part of the First Balkan War between the armies of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. It took place on 24 October 1912, when the Bulgarian army defeated an Ottoman army in Eastern Thrace.
The initial clashes were around several villages to the north of the town. The Bulgarian attacks were irresistible and the Ottoman forces were forced to retreat. On 10 October the Ottoman army threatened to split 1st and 3rd Bulgarian armies but it was quickly stopped by charge by 1st Sofian and 2nd Preslav brigades. After bloody fights along the whole town the Ottomans began to pull back and on the next morning Kırk Kilise (Lozengrad) was in Bulgarian rule.
After the victory, the French minister of war Alexandre Millerand stated that the Bulgarian Army was the best in Europe and that he would prefer 100,000 Bulgarians for allies than any other European army. 
- Министерство на войната (1928), p. 204
- Necdet Hayta, Togay S. Birbudak, Balkan Savaşları’nda Edirne, Genelkurmay Basımevi, Ankara, 2010, page 23.
- Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in detail: the Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913 , Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 978-0-275-97888-4, p. 86, 181.
- В. Мир, № 3684, 15. X. 1912.
- Министерство на войната, Щаб на войската (1928). Войната между България и Турция, vol. II. Държавна печатница, София.
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