Battle of Lalsot

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Battle of Lalsot
Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests
Date1787
Location
Result Rajput victory.[1]
Territorial
changes
No territorial change, Maratha Invasion of Jaipur repulsed.
Belligerents
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire Jaipur Kingdom
Jodhpur Kingdom
Mughals under Hamdani
Commanders and leaders
Mahadji Shinde
General de Boigne
Rana Khan
Pratap Singh of Jaipur
Muhammad Beg Hamdani 
Bhim Singh
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown
Unknown


The Battle of Lalsot was fought between the Rajputs of jaipur and jodhpur and the Maratha Empire. The Mughals under Hamdani at first promised assistance to the Marathas but defected and joined the Rajput army. The battle ended after three days, with the defeat of Mahadji Shinde at Tunga, close to Lalsot.[1]

Battle[edit]

The battle started with cannonade on both sides. The Jaipur army stayed back in a defensive position as they had long range artillery, the cannonade continued till 11 O'Clock, the Marathas faced some casualties as they had light artillery and could not counter attack effectively. The Rathor horsemen of Jodhpur however grew impatient and around 4000 of them charged the Maratha army. The Marathas shot the Rathors with artillery and musket fire killing many, the Rathors however charged the Marathas and broke into the left wing, many from the Maratha side were killed, the Rathors pushed deep into Maratha lines and attacked De Boigne, forcing him to retreat after a short fight. Rana Khan upon seeing his left wing crumble, sent reinforcements under Shivaji Vithal, Rayaji Patil and Khande Hari, they slowly rallied the fleeing soldiers and fought "the bloodiest and most obstinate struggle of the day". The Jaipur army however did not take advantage of this opening created by the reckless charge and held their positions. The Rathors upon seeing no reinforcements, started losing morale as the Maratha reserves were now approaching them, they were finally pushed back. The right wing of the Maratha army fared better as they unknowingly killed the Mughal General Muhammad Beg Hamdani by a stray shot from the cannon. The Mughal soldiers made a charge at the Maratha right wing, but were pushed back. Upon knowing that their general was dead the Mughals did not make another attempt to attack the Marathas. The Rathors did make attempts to capture the Maratha artillery, they charged the Marathas four times but could not make any gains. The two armies held their positions till midnight and then returned to their camps. The Marathas did not make any advances as they did not know about Muhammad Begs death. Mahadji also feared that the Rajput and Afghan mercenaries in his army may change sides. There was some cannonade but both sides remained in their camps for the rest of the war.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

Mahadji Scindia was forced to retreat on 1st August 1787. Both sides claimed victory in this battle. The Rajputs had higher casualties, mostly suffered by the Jodhpur army as they lost more than a thousand Rathor horsemen.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. "Supported by the Rajput rulers of Jodhpur and Udaipur, Partab Singh of Jaipur took a massive force southeast against Marathas under Mahadji Sindhia. When his Mughal cavalry under Mohammad Beg and his nephew Ismail Beg Hamadani defected, Sindhia was defeated in a bloody three-day battle at Tunga, near Lalsot.". Greenwood Press. p. 565. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  2. ^ Fall Of Mughal Empire Vol-3 (hb), Volume 3 By Jadunath Sarkar pg.219-227
  3. ^ Fall Of Mughal Empire Vol-3 (hb), Volume 3 By Jadunath Sarkar pg.227-228