Battle of Las Queseras del Medio
|Battle of Las Queseras del Medio|
|Part of Venezuelan War of Independence|
Arturo Michelena, Vuelvan Caras. The painting depicts the incident in which José Antonio Páez ordered his llaneros to turn around and attack the Spanish cavalry that was pursuing them.
|Venezuelan Patriots||Spain; Venezuelan Royalists|
|Commanders and leaders|
|José Antonio Páez||Pablo Morillo|
|153 cavalry||1,200 cavalry|
|Casualties and losses|
|2 dead, 6 wounded||400|
The Battle of Las Queseras del Medio was an important battle of the Venezuelan War of Independence. It took place on April 2, 1819. The forces of José Antonio Páez consisted of 153 lancers, who were llaneros. They were pitted against more than 1,000 Spanish cavalry. The battle is noted for a phrase of Páez’s that became famous: ¡Vuelvan Caras! (“About face!”) –although some sources state that he actually said ¡Vuelvan, Carajo! (“Return [to the battle], damn it!”).).
It was April 1819 when Bolívar upon reaching the Arauca River, a tributary of the Orinoco south of the Apure plains, met cavalry division of General Páez encamped on the southern bank of the mighty river, some 300 miles south of Caracas. Together the llaneros of Paez and Bolívar's troops numbered about 3,000 men.
The army of Spanish General Pablo Morillo, which was stationed across the river at "Las Queseras del Medio", about a mile from its banks, was 6,000 strong.
Paez took command of 153 llaneros and with their horses crossed the river swimming to a point some two miles above Morillo's encampment. Upon reaching the protection of the steep river bank on the opposite side, Páez formed his men into six or seven platoons and advanced into the open savannah. Morillo on seeing Páez organized his forces; the vanguard consisting of 800 cavalry armed with lances, and 200 cavalry armed with carbines, which he placed in the center with his infantry and artillery and charged. Páez and his men retreated in the direction where one of Bolivar's infantry units was stationed. Morillo's cavalry tried to surround Páez by flanking him on both sides. Páez ordered one of his platoons to attack the infantry in the center. The purpose of this action was to force the two flanking cavalry columns to come together, at which moment Páez would pull back his men to avoid being enveloped. The maneuver was well executed and with great speed, creating pandemonium in the royalists ranks, while withdrawing before the two wings of the Spanish cavalry closed ranks into a solid mass.
It was, at this point, with the Spanish cavalry in full pursuit, that Páez gave his famous order, Vuelvan Caras! (turn around) and ordered all his llaneros to fall back upon the disconcerted enemy; many contemporary historians believe the actual phrase he said was "Vuelvan carajo!". "Carajo" being a curse word in Spanish but was embellished for euphemistic purposes . The Spanish cavalry, confused, turned around in panic and fled, leaving a trail of casualties in their wake. Spanish casualties amounted to 400 dead, while Páez lost 8 men in the action.
Narciso López had fought on the Spanish side of this battle.
- The date is disputed; although most sources state that it took place on April 2, José Antonio Páez writes in his autobiography that it took place on April 3.
- Jorge Gómez Jiménez - Aspectos formales de la narrativa
- (in Spanish) Las Queseras del Medio
- (in Spanish) Batalla de Las Queseras del Medio
- (in Spanish) Batalla de Las Queseras del Medio[permanent dead link]