Battle of Maskin

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The Battle of Maskin (Arabic: معركة مسكن‎‎), also known as Battle of Dayr al-Jathaliq (Arabic: معركة دير الجثاليق‎‎) from a nearby Nestorian monastery, was a decisive battle of the Second Islamic Civil War (680s-690s), fought near Baghdad on the western bank of the river Tigris between the army of the Umayyads under Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan and the forces of Mus'ab ibn al-Zubayr, governor of Iraq for his brother, the Meccan anti-Caliph Abdallah ibn al-Zubayr.

Location[edit]

Baghdad's Dayr al-Jathaliq (Catholicos monastery), originally Dayr Kelilishu (Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܟܠܝܠܐ ܝܫܘܥ‎, means Wreath of Yeshua/Jesus monastery), which was renamed after Catholicos Timothy I where he was buried, was a Nestorian monastery built on the western bank of the river Tigris during the Sassanid Empire rule over Mesopotamia.[1]

Background[edit]

In 687, Mus'ab ibn al-Zubayr who were the ruler of Basrah managed to defeat Mukhtar al-Thaqafi, the ruler of Kufa, in that he controlled Iraq entirely.

Battle[edit]

In 691, Abd al-Malik came to a region called Maskin near Dujail where he had carefully cultivated contacts among the Arab tribal leaders of Iraq, and most of Mus'ab's army deserted him. With a few followers such as Ibrahim ibn al-Ashtar, Mus'ab fought on and was killed. His tomb later became a site of pilgrimage.

Aftermath[edit]

The battle was the turning point of the long civil war, as Abd al-Malik took possession of Iraq. Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr was now isolated in his original stronghold of Mecca, which was retaken after a siege in 692.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "دير الجاثليق أو دير كليليشوع". kaldaya.net. Retrieved 22 August 2017. 

External Links[edit]