Battle of Mesoten

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Battle of Mesothen
Part of the French invasion of Russia
Date26-30 September to 1 October 1812
Location56°26′N 24°03′E / 56.433°N 24.050°E / 56.433; 24.050
Result Prussian victory
Belligerents
Russian Empire Russian Empire Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Commanders and leaders
Russian Empire Fabian Steinheil Kingdom of Prussia Ludwig von Yorck
Strength
22,000[1] 16,000[1]
Casualties and losses
4,000[1] 1,250[1]
  current battle
  Prussian corps
  Napoleon
  Austrian corps

The Battle of Mesothen took place from 26-30 September to 1 October 1812, between the Russian Corps of Finland and the French-allied Prussian Auxiliary Corps. It was fought near the Latvian town of Mežotne (German: Mesothen), then part of the Courland Governorate.[1]

Background[edit]

In September 1812, Russian troops of General Steinheil entered Mitau, Gross Eckau and Bauska without a fight. However, they were spread out and vulnerable to enemy counterattacks. The Prussian command deployed its forces to defend the artillery stationed at the Bauska Castle and sent small squads to the ford across the river Lielupe.

Battle[edit]

Hans David Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg

On September 29, the Prussians launched a counterattack against the advancing Russian forces and attacked their vanguard at 5 pm. The struggle lasted until late at night and pushed the Russian troops back. On the same night, Ludwig von Yorck sent forces under the command of Friedrich Kleist against the troops of Alexander Belgard, which were chasing a retreating Prussian squad on the left bank of the Lielupe. The resulting battle was fought in darkness and involved only infantry units. Vastly outnumbering the enemy, the Prussians forced the Russian troops back and, after having received substantial reinforcements, went on the offensive.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

Faddey Fyodorovich Steinheil

As a result of the battle, Steinheil called off the advance and returned to Riga. Although a defeat, the battle eased some of the pressure on the Russian army of Peter Wittgenstein, helping it to eventually capture the city of Polotsk on October 20.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bodart 1908, p. 439.
  2. ^ Отечественная война 1812 года (2004), p. 13
  3. ^ Отечественная война 1812 года (2004), p. 615.

References[edit]

  • Отечественная война 1812 года: Энциклопедия (Patriotic War of 1812: an Encyclopedia) (in Russian). Moscow: РОССПЭН. 2004.
  • Bodart, Gaston (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905). Retrieved 7 April 2021.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Battle of Valutino
Napoleonic Wars
Battle of Mesoten
Succeeded by
Battle of Borodino