Battle of Mingolsheim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Memorial plate of the Battle of Mingolsheim
Battle of Mingolsheim
Part of the Thirty Years' War
Treffen1622.jpg
Battlefield in Mingolsheim / Bad Schönborn.
Date27 April 1622
LocationMingolsheim, 22 km (14 mi) south of Heidelberg
Result Protestant victory
Belligerents
Electoral Palatinate

 Holy Roman Empire

Commanders and leaders
Ernst von Mansfeld Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly
Strength
12,000 28,000
Casualties and losses
300-800 2,000
Mingolsheim is located in Neckar
Mingolsheim
Mingolsheim
Location within Neckar region
Mingolsheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Mingolsheim
Mingolsheim
Mingolsheim (Baden-Württemberg)
Mingolsheim is located in Germany
Mingolsheim
Mingolsheim
Mingolsheim (Germany)

The Battle of Mingolsheim (German: Schlacht bei Mingolsheim) was fought on 27 April 1622, near the German village of Wiesloch, 23 km (14 mi) south of Heidelberg (and 8 km or 5 mi south of Wiesloch), between a Protestant army under General von Mansfeld and the Margrave of Baden-Durlach against a Roman Catholic army under Count Tilly.

Early in the spring of 1621, a mercenary force under the command of Georg Friedrich, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, crossed the Rhine River from Alsace to junction with a force under Ernst von Mansfeld. Combined, the armies aimed to prevent a link-up between Count Tilly and Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, arriving with an army 20,000 strong from the Spanish Netherlands under orders from General Ambrosio Spinola. Tilly met the Protestant army at its rear guard and drove upon it. This attack was successful until he engaged the main Protestant body, and was then rebuffed. Tilly retreated and bypassed the stationary Protestant army to link up with de Córdoba later that month. After the battle, Mansfeld found himself at a distinct disadvantage until the armies of Christian of Brunswick could arrive from the north. The two armies would engage later in the month at the Battle of Wimpfen.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°13′0.64″N 8°39′29.84″E / 49.2168444°N 8.6582889°E / 49.2168444; 8.6582889