Battle of Nahrawan
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|Battle of Nahrawan|
|Part of the First Fitna|
|Rashidun Caliphate||Khawarij (Kharijites)|
|Commanders and leaders|
Ali ibn Abu Talib|
Hassan ibn Ali
Al-Ashath ibn Qays al-Kindi
Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi|
Abdullah ibn Ibad
Harqus bin Zuhair
Abdullah bin Shajara
The Battle of Nahrawan (Arabic: معركة النهروان, translit. Ma'rakat an-Nahrawān) was a battle between Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph and the extremist group called Kharijites near Nahrawan, twelve miles from Baghdad. The battle ended in a total defeat of the Kharijites. Ali led the battlefield himself with his two sons, Hassan and Hussein.
Ali said ' Without a doubt These people infer such wrong meanings out of books ,which are absolutely criminal in Islam and detrimental for humanity '.
Kumail said, 'the Kharijites had been thrashed completely O commander of the believers.' Ali replied: "By Allah! No, not yet. They still exist in the loins of men and wombs of women. Whenever a chief would appear from among them, he would be cut down till the last of them would turn thieves and robbers." Three years later, Ali was assassinated by a Kharijite extremist called Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam.
The Kharijites that fled from the battle managed to settle in Basrah, Sistan, Khurasan, Oman, Yemen, Tell Mozan, and elsewhere, where they had their offspring, spread their beliefs and recruited more followers. Extremists of today are believed to be their descendants and followers.
- Ludwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, p.235. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810861615.
- Al-Bayhaqi, al-Mahasin, 385
- al-Mas`udi, Muruj, II, 416
- al-Mubarrad, al-Kamil, II, 120
- Nahj Al-Balaghah, Sermon 60
- Al-Islam. "The Life of the Commander of the Faithful Ali Ibn Abu Talib (as)". Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- Kashf Al-Maghmah, Vol. 1 Pg. 267 Ch. 51, About the Actions of the Khawarij, H. 267