Battle of Nahrawan
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|Battle of Nahrawan|
|Part of the First Fitna|
|Rashidun Caliphate||Khawarij (Kharijites)|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Ali ibn Abu Talib
Hassan ibn Ali
Al-Ashath ibn Qays al-Kindi
|Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi
Abdullah ibn Ibad
Harqus bin Zuhair
Abdullah bin Shajara
|Casualties and losses|
|8 killed||2791 killed, 9 escaped.|
|Part of a series on|
The Battle of Nahrawan (Arabic: معركة النهروان, translit. Ma'rakat an-Nahrawān) was a battle between Ali ibn Abi Talib (the first Shi'ah Imam and the fourth Sunni Caliph) and the Kharijites commanded by ‘Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi, near Nahrawan, twelve miles from Baghdad.
Having disposed of the Kharijites at Nahrawan, according to some Shia sources Ali resumed his march to Syria. However, the chiefs of his followers urged him to stop at Kufa to let the men rest before the long journey and to enable the army to repair their weapons and armor. Ali agreed to this request and camped at al-Nukhaylah outside Kufah. The soldiers were allowed to leave the camp for a day.
On the next day, hardly any men returned and at length, Ali entered Kufah and gave a stern sermon to the people. However, nobody came forward and no one wanted to fight and finally, Ali turned away from them in disappointment. The Syrian expedition was abandoned, never to be resumed.
Others argue that the Kharijites had been making every one fight and after they separated, Ali himself also did not want to fight the Syrians.
Later on, in 40 A.H Ali was assassinated by a Kharijite called Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam, who attacked him with a poisoned sword while Ali was praying, in his sujood. In the mosque of Kufah, on the 19th of the month of Ramadan, finally succumbing to poison on the 21st of the month of Ramadan.
When Ali was told that the Kharijites had been killed, he replied: "By Allah! No, not yet. They still exist in the loins of men and wombs of women. Whenever a chief would appear from among them, he would be cut down till the last of them would turn thieves and robbers."
The nine Kharijites that survived the battle against Ali managed to flee to Basrah, Sistan, Khurasan, Oman, Yemen, Tell Mozan, and elsewhere, where they had their offspring, spread their beliefs and recruited more followers. Today Ibadis of Oman (and parts of Africa) are known as their descendants and followers.
- Ludwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, p.235. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810861615.
- Al-Islam. "The Life of the Commander of the Faithful Ali Ibn Abu Talib (as)". Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- Al-Bayhaqi, al-Mahasin, 385
- al-Mas`udi, Muruj, II, 416
- al-Mubarrad, al-Kamil, II, 120
- Nahj Al-Balaghah, Sermon 60
- Kashf Al-Maghmah, Vol. 1 Pg. 267 Ch. 51, About the Actions of the Khawarij, H. 267
- Article on the Battle of Nahrawan Play & Learn Website