Battle of Jiangnan (1856)
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|First rout of the Jiangnan Battalion|
|Qing Dynasty||Taiping Heavenly Kingdom|
|Commanders and leaders|
Imperial Commissioner Xiang Rong|
Second Class Senior General Her Chyun
Lieutenant General：Zhang GuoLiang
|80,000 Green Standard Army||460,000 militia forces|
|Casualties and losses|
39,000 killed or wounded|
Imperial Commissioner Xiang Rong (suicide)
Governor of Jiangsu Jeer Hungar (吉爾杭阿) KIA by artillery bomb
The First rout of the Jiangnan Battalion (simplified Chinese: 一破江南大营; traditional Chinese: 一破江南大營) took place between 1853 and 1856 when the Qing government raised the Green Standard Army to fight against the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The action involved Qing forces surrounding the city of Nanking, the capital of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
First rout of the Jiangnan Army Group
After the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom militia successfully occupied Nanking in the southern territory of Jiangnan, within ten days First Class Senior Gen. Xiang Rong, in command of 10,000 Green Standard Army troops, surrounded the walls of the city. The remnants of the former Qing garrison defending Nanjing were barricaded outside city walls inside the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum.
Alongside Xiang Rong, the Green Standard Army was led by Second Class Senior Gen. Her Chyun and Lt. Gen. Zhang Guoliang. The leaders of the Taiping forces were Shi Dakai, Yang Xiuqing, Qin Rigang(秦日綱) and Li Xiucheng.
The Qing army lost another battle later in the month and the remaining 36,000 troops retreated north. On August 9 Xiang Rong committed suicide by hanging himself, although others claimed he had a fatal overdose of opium due to the pain of his battle wounds in Danyang.
- Tucker, Spencer (2017). The Roots and Consequences of Civil Wars and Revolutions: Conflicts That Changed World History. Santa Barbara, California: ProQuest. pp. 225, 228. ISBN 9781440842948.
- Wacks, Gabriel (2018). "All Under Heaven: The Royal Court of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom" (PDF). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- Draft History of Qing
- 1. Tucker, Spencer (2017). The Roots and Consequences of Civil Wars and Revolutions: Conflicts That Changed World History. Santa Barbara, California: ProQuest. pp. 225. ISBN 9781440842948.
- 2. Wacks, Gabriel (2018). "All Under Heaven: The Royal Court of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom". pp. 31–32.
- 3. ^ Tucker, pp. 228.