Siege of Narva (1704)

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For other Battles of Narva, see Battle of Narva.
Battle of Narva
Part of the Great Northern War
ZauerveydNA Petr1UsmirDA19.jpg

Peter the Great leads the Russian troops capturing Narva in 1704
Date 9 August 1704
Location Narva
Result Russian victory
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Sweden Flag of Russia.svg Russia
3,800 infantry and 1,300 cavalry 20,000[1]:697
Casualties and losses
3,200 dead or wounded 1900 captured up to 3,000 dead or wounded[2]
Memorial in Narva

The Battle of Narva was the second Russian siege of Swedish Narva during the Great Northern War, resulting in the capture of the town by Russia on the 9th of August, 1704, and the subsequent massacre of some of its Swedish inhabitants.[3]

Four years after the first battle of Narva, Tsar Peter I marched again to the area with a reorganized army in an attempt to capture Narva and occupy Ingria, previously a Swedish logistical center.[1]:697 Marshal Boris Sheremetev's force of 20,000 captured Tartu on 24 June.[1]:697 Sheremetev then besieged Narva, with the garrison under the Commandant Major-General Henning Rudolf Horn af Ranzien and consisting of only 3,800 infantry and 1,300 cavalry. After a long siege followed by a three-fronted attack the Russians captured Narva on the 20th of August, 1704, massacring hundreds of its Swedish garrison and inhabitants before Peter I stopped them.[1]:69 General Horn, several officers and a large number of Swedish soldiers were captured, after roughly 3,200 casualties in the siege and aftermath. The Russians lost up to 3,000 men in total.[2] On the 11th of September, citizens of Narva swore allegiance to Peter I in the courtyard of the town hall.[4] The city was incorporated into the Russian Tsardom.

In August, Peter I signed the Treaty of Narva in the town.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Tucker, S.C., 2010, A Global Chronology of Conflict, Vol. Two, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, ISBN 9781851096671
  2. ^ a b Военный энциклопедический лексикон. Часть 9-я. СПб, 1845, с. 376
  3. ^ Dupuy, Richard Ernest; Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt (1986). The encyclopedia of military history from 3500 B.C. to the present (2 ed.). Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-181235-8. 
  4. ^ Петров А.В. Город Нарва, его прошлое и достопримечательности. СПб, 1901, с. 175