Battle of Nishapur (1447)

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Battle of Nishapur
Part of the Timurid Civil Wars
Date April 20, 1447
Location Nishapur, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran
Result Decisive Timurids of Khurasan Victory
Timurids of Khurasan Timurids of Samarkand
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Amirs?
Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza
Abdal-Latif Mirza

During the Second Timurid Succession Crisis, The Baysonqor brothers; Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza and Abul-Qasim Babur Mirza had acted in cognizance and blocked Abdal-Latif Mirza's chances of uniting with his father Ulugh Beg. Abul-Qasim Babur Mirza had taken Mazandaran and Jurjan whereas Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza had taken Mashad thereby surrounding Abdal-Latif Mirza at Nishapur. On April 20, 1447, Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza's army surprised and attacked the city of Nishapur. Abdal-Latif Mirza was defeated and imprisoned whereas, Goharshad and the Tarkhans were freed.They then marched towards Sadabad, Nishapur where Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza met Goharshad and together they marched with the army towards Herat. At Herat, Abdal-Latif Mirza was kept in the fort of Iktiyar-al-Din. The army of Khurasan now marched against Ulugh Beg towards Samarkand.


But when Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza reached Murghab he received news of the betrayal of his brother Abul-Qasim Babur Mirza who was marching forward to take Herat. At that moment arrived Ulugh Beg's envoy Sadr Nizam-al-Din Mirak Mahmud who conveyed to Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza a message of peace and a treaty was concluded whereby Chechektu valley (east of Murghab river) was the limit of Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza's territory and of the Murghab basin his North-western limit. Abdal-Latif Mirza was released as a part of the treaty and was now appointed governor of Balkh by his father. Ala-ud-Daulah Mirza then turned his attention towards his renegade brother Abul-Qasim Babur Mirza whom he managed to stave off by making another territorial treaty with him settling Quchan as the border between them.