Battle of Noonday Creek

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Battle of Noonday Creek
Part of the American Civil War
DateJune 10, 1864 (1864-06-10)-July 3, 1864 (1864-07-03)
Location
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
William T. Sherman
Kenner Garrard
Joseph Wheeler
Strength
5 Brigades 4,500[1]

The Battle of Noonday Creek was a series of combat events in the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War that took place between June 10 and July 3 of 1864.[2]

General Garrard was ordered by General Sherman to interpose between General Joseph Wheeler's cavalry and detached infantry at Noonday Creek, which was just a few miles from Sherman's headquarters at Big Shanty. When, after a week, Garrard failed to do so, two brigades of infantry and three brigades of cavalry with artillery support were advanced against the Confederate positions on June 9. Two charges failed, and the Union Army retired from the field. However, Wheeler's cavalry was moved to a position between Bell's Ferry and Canton Road.[3]

On June 10, the 15th regiment Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry pushed the enemy across Noonday Creek after heavy fighting.[4]

On June 15, a division of Union Cavalry attacked and was repelled. On June 17, the Federals pushed Wheeler down Bell's Ferry Road, where he retired to Robert McAffee's house located at the intersection of today’s Barret Parkway and Bells Ferry Roads. This location is often confused with the house of Doctor John McAfee, which was located at the intersection of the Canton and Marietta Road, and the Old Alabama Road in Woodstock. On June 10th Colonel Minty’s First Cavalry Brigade(U.S.) consisting of the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry, the 4th Michigan Cavalry, the 4th U.S. Cavalry, and a battery of the Chicago Board of Trade Artillery crossed Noonday Creek on the Old Alabama Road, and proceeded to McAfee’s Crossroads, where Doctor McAfee’s Home was located. Upon approaching the Crossroads the 7th Pennsylvania became heavily engaged, but drove in the Rebel pickets, and occupied the Crossroads. While Minty was deploying his line he was attacked by a brigade of Martin’s, and the entire Division of Ferguson’s cavalry. After fighting for about an hour the 7th Pennsylvania made a saber charge, and drove the Confederates south on the Canton and Marietta Road for a mile, until they entrenched on the crest of a hill. After an unsuccessful assault on that position, Minty withdrew back across Noonday Creek on the Old Alabama Road. Minty’s Brigade remained in position near McAfee’s Crossroads skirmishing daily with Wheeler’s Confederate Cavalry until June 20th.

 On June 19, the Union Army attacked but was driven off with heavy losses.[5]

On June 23, Colonel Eli Long, USA, crossed Noonday Creek with his brigade. He was attacked at that time, and repelled the attackers.[6]

The 4th Michigan Cavalry was attacked by 4,500 of Wheeler's cavalry at Latimar's Mill on Little Noonday Creek near Noonday Church.

Since the Civil War[edit]

Despite land development since the 1980s in the area near Town Center at Cobb, the McAfee house (and a historical marker at the street) is still located on Bells Ferry Road, on the northwest corner of what is now the intersection with Barrett Parkway (west) and Piedmont Road (east). (34°00′51″N 84°32′56″W / 34.0141°N 84.5488°W / 34.0141; -84.5488 (Robert McAfee house & historical marker))

Units[edit]

Union Army[edit]

Confederate Army[edit]

  • Kentucky 15th Cavalry Regiment
  • Confederate 1st Cavalry Regiment
  • 5th Georgia Cavalry
  • Company I, 37th. Alabama Regiment

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The Civil War in Michigan - 4th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment". Eastern Digital Resources. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  2. ^ The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union
  3. ^ Cracker cavaliers: the 2nd Georgia cavalry under Wheeler and Forrest
  4. ^ Fifteenth Regiment Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry
  5. ^ Cracker cavaliers: the 2nd Georgia cavalry under Wheeler and Forrest
  6. ^ History of the First Regiment, Ohio Volunteers

Coordinates: 33°56′N 84°35′W / 33.94°N 84.58°W / 33.94; -84.58 For the casualties at the Battle of Noonday Creek: http://saportareport.com/noonday-creek-trail-nearing-completion-in-northern-cobb-county/ History of the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry Minty and the Cavalry